Presentation on theme: "Smart City - Frame Work Energy and Electric Vehicle Ashok Jhunjhunwala, Bhaskar Ramamurthi, Krishna Vasudevan & Lakshmi Narasamma, Prabhjot Kaur, IIT Madras,"— Presentation transcript:
Smart City - Frame Work Energy and Electric Vehicle Ashok Jhunjhunwala, Bhaskar Ramamurthi, Krishna Vasudevan & Lakshmi Narasamma, Prabhjot Kaur, IIT Madras,
Energy in Smart Cities Energy powers the Technologies which are the foundations of Smart City. Assuring 24X7 Power to all Smart Cities Energy should be operated with completely Smart Grid Technology. DC Powered Smart-city2
24X7 Power in Smart Cities DC Powered Smart-city3 Concept of UDC : Un-interrupted Limited DC Decentralised Solar PV at Homes DC wiring in every Home/complex of the smart city so as to efficiently integrate the Solar PV directly Usage of DC-powered Appliances like LED lights and BLDC Fans.
24X7 Power in Smart Cities Green Power Solutions Homes that can be energised both with Grid and Solar GOA (Green Offices and Apartments) Solutions for Big Apartments Energy should be operated based on Smart grid Technology DC Powered Smart-city4
Energy on Smart Grid Technology Energy Communication Interface Unit Electricity usage, costs and control Manage huge volume of data Tools to help the consumers control their usage so they can lower their bills Management of the peak loads by reducing the demand Help consumers to manage their usage and power bills. DC Powered Smart-city5 Single Communication System handling power in the smart cities In-Home Display Units Power Theft Detection ECI
Energy on Smart Grid Technology Electricity usage, costs and control Manage huge volume of data Tools to help the consumers control their usage so they can lower their bills Management of the peak loads by reducing the demand Help consumers to manage their usage and power bills How much energy is needed and helps utility to lower the purchased power cost. Financial incentives to companies that reduce their load in response to a request. A smart city having a smart technology based grid should be provided with Ultra high speed internet, voice and video access to all the consumers, City wide Wi-Fi network for city and utility, Street light controls, Surveillance cameras. This will help to manage automatic outage and faults in an elegant manner. Energy Communication Interface unit. DC Powered Smart-city6
Unified Metering UM DC Powered Smart-city7 UM Electricity Cooking Gas Water Electrical Vehicles Telephoneothers Every smart meter should be Interfaced to cloud. Scalability and adaptability for the utility and customers. Time of Day metering Diagnosis of power quality problems Customer handling their own energy needs Cost saving for infrastructure and management systems.
Centralized City Management System (CCMS) DC Powered Smart-city8 CCMS Data Management Smart MetersWeatherCrime alerts Outage Management DisasterBlackoutNetwork Profiling Energy ResourcesTelecomTraffic
Features CCMS Central Control Office for monitoring, control and management Capable to support regular operations, planning and handling emergencies Interface between Public and Government Compatible with individual control interface, like ECI. DC Powered Smart-city9
Electric Vehicles in Smart Cities DC Powered Smart-city10
Can India’s 50% vehicles be Electric by 2030? Rationale India does not have much oil Our oil imports rising continuously: hurts Indian economy No solution in site in short, medium or long-term Our cities and towns are highly congested Highly polluting urban India Year cost Mechanical Drive-train Electrical Drive-train Recent Year cost Petrol cost per Km Battery + charge cost per Km Li-Ion Battery costs fall 8% per annum Cost of mechanical (IC Engine) drive-train (MDT) goes up year after year Electrical drive-train without batteries (EDT) cost goes down year after year (R&D, Moore’s law and SW) Crosses each other and Gap increase year after year Cost of Fuel (Petrol) per Km increases every year Total cost of battery per Km (life-time depreciation, interest, maintenance and charging of battery) keeps coming down Crossed over recently and gap likely to only accelerate DC Powered Smart-city 11
Vehicles and Charging stations Vehicles to work on a clean energy resource, minimising the carbon emission. Maximum renewable energy consumption ID tagging for billing automation Charging stations at multiple convenient points such as Petrol stations, Hotels and Parking lots. Portable charging station for smaller vehicles at every home. Cashless billing facility combined with UM through cloud. DC Powered Smart-city12 DST and DHI has set up a TAG