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Smart City - Frame Work Energy and Electric Vehicle Ashok Jhunjhunwala, Bhaskar Ramamurthi, Krishna Vasudevan & Lakshmi Narasamma, Prabhjot Kaur, IIT Madras,

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Presentation on theme: "Smart City - Frame Work Energy and Electric Vehicle Ashok Jhunjhunwala, Bhaskar Ramamurthi, Krishna Vasudevan & Lakshmi Narasamma, Prabhjot Kaur, IIT Madras,"— Presentation transcript:

1 Smart City - Frame Work Energy and Electric Vehicle Ashok Jhunjhunwala, Bhaskar Ramamurthi, Krishna Vasudevan & Lakshmi Narasamma, Prabhjot Kaur, IIT Madras,

2 Energy in Smart Cities  Energy powers the Technologies which are the foundations of Smart City.  Assuring 24X7 Power to all Smart Cities  Energy should be operated with completely Smart Grid Technology. DC Powered Smart-city2

3 24X7 Power in Smart Cities DC Powered Smart-city3  Concept of UDC : Un-interrupted Limited DC  Decentralised Solar PV at Homes  DC wiring in every Home/complex of the smart city so as to efficiently integrate the Solar PV directly  Usage of DC-powered Appliances like LED lights and BLDC Fans.

4 24X7 Power in Smart Cities  Green Power Solutions  Homes that can be energised both with Grid and Solar  GOA (Green Offices and Apartments) Solutions for Big Apartments  Energy should be operated based on Smart grid Technology DC Powered Smart-city4

5 Energy on Smart Grid Technology  Energy Communication Interface Unit  Electricity usage, costs and control  Manage huge volume of data  Tools to help the consumers control their usage so they can lower their bills  Management of the peak loads by reducing the demand  Help consumers to manage their usage and power bills. DC Powered Smart-city5 Single Communication System handling power in the smart cities In-Home Display Units Power Theft Detection ECI

6 Energy on Smart Grid Technology  Electricity usage, costs and control  Manage huge volume of data  Tools to help the consumers control their usage so they can lower their bills  Management of the peak loads by reducing the demand  Help consumers to manage their usage and power bills  How much energy is needed and helps utility to lower the purchased power cost.  Financial incentives to companies that reduce their load in response to a request.  A smart city having a smart technology based grid should be provided with Ultra high speed internet, voice and video access to all the consumers, City wide Wi-Fi network for city and utility, Street light controls, Surveillance cameras. This will help to manage automatic outage and faults in an elegant manner.  Energy Communication Interface unit. DC Powered Smart-city6

7 Unified Metering UM DC Powered Smart-city7 UM Electricity Cooking Gas Water Electrical Vehicles Telephoneothers  Every smart meter should be Interfaced to cloud.  Scalability and adaptability for the utility and customers.  Time of Day metering  Diagnosis of power quality problems  Customer handling their own energy needs  Cost saving for infrastructure and management systems.

8 Centralized City Management System (CCMS) DC Powered Smart-city8 CCMS Data Management Smart MetersWeatherCrime alerts Outage Management DisasterBlackoutNetwork Profiling Energy ResourcesTelecomTraffic

9 Features CCMS  Central Control Office for monitoring, control and management  Capable to support regular operations, planning and handling emergencies  Interface between Public and Government  Compatible with individual control interface, like ECI. DC Powered Smart-city9

10 Electric Vehicles in Smart Cities DC Powered Smart-city10

11 Can India’s 50% vehicles be Electric by 2030?  Rationale  India does not have much oil  Our oil imports rising continuously: hurts Indian economy  No solution in site in short, medium or long-term  Our cities and towns are highly congested  Highly polluting urban India Year cost Mechanical Drive-train Electrical Drive-train Recent Year cost Petrol cost per Km Battery + charge cost per Km Li-Ion Battery costs fall 8% per annum Cost of mechanical (IC Engine) drive-train (MDT) goes up year after year Electrical drive-train without batteries (EDT) cost goes down year after year (R&D, Moore’s law and SW) Crosses each other and Gap increase year after year Cost of Fuel (Petrol) per Km increases every year Total cost of battery per Km (life-time depreciation, interest, maintenance and charging of battery) keeps coming down Crossed over recently and gap likely to only accelerate DC Powered Smart-city 11

12 Vehicles and Charging stations  Vehicles to work on a clean energy resource, minimising the carbon emission.  Maximum renewable energy consumption  ID tagging for billing automation  Charging stations  at multiple convenient points such as Petrol stations, Hotels and Parking lots.  Portable charging station for smaller vehicles at every home.  Cashless billing facility combined with UM through cloud. DC Powered Smart-city12 DST and DHI has set up a TAG

13 Thank You DC Powered Smart-city13


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