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Www.scotland.gov.uk/simd Scottish Index of Multiple Deprivation (SIMD) 2009 Dumfries & Galloway Andrew White Office of the Chief Statistician 05 th February.

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Presentation on theme: "Www.scotland.gov.uk/simd Scottish Index of Multiple Deprivation (SIMD) 2009 Dumfries & Galloway Andrew White Office of the Chief Statistician 05 th February."— Presentation transcript:

1 Scottish Index of Multiple Deprivation (SIMD) 2009 Dumfries & Galloway Andrew White Office of the Chief Statistician 05 th February 2010

2 SIMD 2009 Background to SIMD Points to watch Results Overall Dumfries & Galloway Interactive mapping Where to go for more information

3 What is the SIMD? The Scottish Index of Multiple Deprivation identifies small area concentrations of multiple deprivation across all of Scotland Relative measure ranking the 6,505 datazones in Scotland from 1 being most deprived to 6,505 being the least deprived

4 What are datazones? Statistical geography Criteria – Population size – Existing boundaries – Compactness of shape 6,505 datazones in Scotland; 193 in Dumfries & Galloway Average population of 750 people

5 What is the SIMD? The Scottish Index of Multiple Deprivation identifies small area concentrations of multiple deprivation across all of Scotland Relative measure ranking the 6,505 datazones in Scotland from 1 being most deprived to 6,505 being the least deprived Uses include –Allocation of Fairer Scotland Fund –Targeting of resources by Local Authorities

6 History of SIMD Scottish Indices of Deprivation (SID) 2003 –produced by Oxford University – used electoral ward geography SIMD 2004 –Produced by Scottish Executive –31 indicators across 6 ‘domains’ –used datazone geography SIMD 2006 –Update to SIMD 2004 –37 indicators across 7 domains

7 SIMD 2009 Update to SIMD 2006 Minimise change since SIMD 2006 to ensure comparability 38 indicators across 7 aspects of deprivation (domains) Same domains as in SIMD 2006 Some changes to indicators Mostly 2007 / 2008 data

8 What is in the SIMD 2009? (1) Domains based on counts of people –Income domain % of population income deprived Now includes tax credit data –Employment domain % of population employment deprived No change from 2004 or 2006 –Crime domain SIMD crimes – not all crimes –Housing domain Still using 2001 census data

9 Domains constructed using ‘factor analysis’ –Education domain –Health domain –Access domain Drive time sub-domain – GP, petrol station, post office, shopping facilities, primary school, secondary school Public transport sub-domain – GP, post office, shopping facilities What is in the SIMD 2009? (2)

10 How is the SIMD constructed? Combine the rankings in each domain using the weightings: –Income 28% –Employment 28% –Health 14% –Education 14% –Access 9% –Crime 5% –Housing 2%

11 Points to watch The Index is relative i.e. shows an area is more or less deprived than another one but not how much more or less deprived. There will always be 976 datazones in the 15% most deprived – if a datazone moves out another will move in. The least deprived area is not the most affluent, it just lacks deprivation e.g. in the income domain there is a lack of benefit claimants. Not everyone living in a deprived area is deprived, and not all deprived people live in the most deprived areas.

12 More points to watch Data from 2007 and 2008 means the recent economic downturn not picked up but it is unlikely to have a large effect on the relative differences across Scotland. Changes to methodology so care is needed when comparing over time e.g. crime domain, tax credit data. No datazones in the 15% most deprived does not mean no deprivation, just no concentrations of multiple deprivation Index identifies deprived datazones in both urban and rural areas - just fewer concentrations of multiple deprivation and more mixed populations.

13 Headline findings Improvements in Glasgow

14 Change in Glasgow

15 Headline findings Improvements in Glasgow Concentrations of multiple deprivation becoming more spread out geographically Concentrations of deprivation in most deprived datazones reduced slightly 101 datazones moved into 15% MD and 101 moved out - Movement between 10-15% and 15-20% bands. 4 in 5 datazones that moved out between 04 and 06 stayed out. 4 in 5 datazones in 15% in SIMD 09 have been in on both SIMD 04 and SIMD 06

16 Most deprived datazone S East end of Glasgow. Ranked 62 in SIMD 2006 DZ ranked 1 in SIMD 2006 now ranked 2

17 Most deprived datazone in Dumfries & Galloway S Stranraer Ranked 156 Also most deprived in SIMD ranked 90 66% income deprived – 26 th most deprived in Scotland 23% employment deprived

18 SIMD 2009 – National Share (part 1) *The national share is the number/percentage of datazones in the (e.g.)15% most deprived in Scotland that fall in each Local Authority

19 SIMD 2009 – National Share (part 2) *The national share is the number/percentage of datazones in the (e.g.) 15% most deprived in Scotland that fall in each Local Authority

20 SIMD 2009 – National Share (part 3) *The national share is the number/percentage of datazones in the (e.g.) 15% most deprived in Scotland that fall in each Local Authority

21 SIMD 2009 – Local Share (part 1) *The local share is the percentage of datazones within a Local Authority that fall within the (e.g.) 15% most deprived in Scotland

22 SIMD 2009 – Local Share (part 2) *The local share is the percentage of datazones within a Local Authority that fall within the (e.g.) 15% most deprived in Scotland

23 SIMD 2009 – Local Share (part 3) *The local share is the percentage of datazones within a Local Authority that fall within the (e.g.) 15% most deprived in Scotland

24 Distribution of employment deprived* people *Claiming Incapacity Benefit or Severe Disablement Allowance or on unemployment claimant count or New Deal participants. Not ‘worklessness’ and not ‘unemployed’

25 Results for Dumfries & Galloway

26 Key Points 9 Dumfries & Galloway datazones in the 15% most deprived, 20 in the 20% most deprived.

27 Datazones in the 15% most deprived in each domain

28 5 most deprived datazones

29 5 most deprived datazones : CRIME domain

30 Crime

31 Comparing domains

32 Key Points 9 Dumfries & Galloway datazones in the 15% most deprived, 20 in the 20% most deprived. Between SIMD 2006 and SIMD 2009 –No new datazones moved in to the 15% most deprived and 2 datazones moved out between SIMD 2006 and SIMD 2009 – they didn’t move far, they stayed in the 20% most deprived.

33 Moving out - Whithorn

34 Employment domain improvements

35 Moving out – Central Stranraer

36 Key Points 9 Dumfries & Galloway datazones in the 15% most deprived, 20 in the 20% most deprived. Between SIMD 2006 and SIMD 2009 –No new datazones moved in to the 15% most deprived and 2 datazones moved out – they didn’t move far, they stayed in the 20% most deprived. –4 datazones moved in to the 20% most deprived and none moved out; mainly due to worsening in income and employment domains 11% of population of Dumfries & Galloway employment deprived – same as for Scotland as a whole.

37 Employment deprivation

38 Key Points 9 Dumfries & Galloway datazones in the 15% most deprived, 20 in the 20% most deprived. Between SIMD 2006 and SIMD 2009 –No new datazones moved in to the 15% most deprived and 2 datazones moved out between SIMD 2006 and SIMD 2009 – they didn’t move far, they stayed in the 20% most deprived. –4 datazones moved in to the 20% most deprived and none moved out; mainly due to worsening in income and employment domains 11% of population of Dumfries & Galloway employment deprived – same as for Scotland as a whole. 16% of population of Dumfries & Galloway income deprived compared to 17% for Scotland

39 Income deprivation

40 Income deprivation

41 Interactive mapping website

42 Interactive mapping

43 Dumfries & Galloway

44 Dumfries - Overall SIMD

45 Dumfries - Income

46 Dumfries - Employment

47 Dumfries - Health

48 Dumfries - Education

49 Dumfries - Access

50 Dumfries - Crime

51 Dumfries - Housing

52 Where to find more.. General report with initial analysis Technical report Guidance leaflet Interactive mapping website Statistical Compendium –tables, charts & maps Background data for SIMD More to come…

53 ANY QUESTIONS? Contacts: Andrew White Tel: Neighbourhood Statistics (SNS & SIMD) Tel:

54 Part 2 – Rural indicators

55 SIMD and rural areas Index identifies deprived datazones in both urban and rural areas. Identifies small area concentrations of multiple deprivation. The indicators which make up the SIMD are chosen because they are measures of deprivation regardless of where a person lives. However deprivation more spatially dispersed in rural areas. Other factors, such as population decline, may also pose particular challenges for rural areas.

56 Rural indicators SG looked into creating new ‘population’ domain and combining it with existing income, employment and access domains Possible population indicators included: –Population density –Population change –Change in population aged 0-15 –Change in population of pension age –Change in ratio of population aged 0-15 to working age population –Change in ratio of population of pension age to working age population

57 Population domain Investigation suggested that these indicators weren’t sufficiently correlated with each other to allow creation of a population domain

58 Lack of correlation between indicators

59 Population domain Investigation suggested that these indicators weren’t sufficiently correlated with each other to allow creation of a population domain Also showed that, in general, population decline not worse in more rural areas Likely that there are particular rural areas experiencing problems but that these problems are not necessarily an issue for all rural areas. Also possible that population decline in a rural area poses a more significant problem than a similar level of population decline in an urban area.

60 Population change by 8-fold Urban-Rural Classification

61 Rural dataset? Since it appears a population domain is not feasible we may produce a dataset containing the indicators mentioned earlier (or variations of them) along with the following: –Income domain rank, –% of population who are income deprived, –Employment domain rank, –% of population who are employment deprived, –Access domain rank, Drive time sub-domain rank, Public transport sub-domain rank. This will then allow identification of areas where there may be population decline etc. whilst also providing other relevant data about these areas.

62 Additional slides

63 Employment domain Income domain Health domain Education domain Access to services Crime domain Housing domain SIMD 2009 domains

64 Employment Deprivation Domain Based on benefits data (2008) –Unemployment Claimant Count 12 month average –Incapacity Benefit recipients Working age –Severe Disablement Allowance Working age –Compulsory New Deal Participants No change to 2004 indicators for 2006 or 2009 Datazone SAPE –Working age population

65 Income Deprivation Domain Not measuring income Based on benefits data (2008 and 2007) –Income support adults and children –Guarantee Pension Credit adults –Job Seekers Allowance adults and children 2004 used WFTC and DTC data 2009 – WTC and CTC (2006 data) Datazone SAPE –Total population

66 Health Deprivation Domain Indicators used: –Standardised Mortality Ratio –Hospital Episodes related to alcohol use –Hospital Episodes related to drug use –Comparative Illness Factor –Emergency Admissions to Hospital –Proportion of population being prescribed drugs for anxiety, depression or psychosis –Proportion of live singleton births of low birth weight Methodological changes since 2004 Minor changes for 2009 Combined using factor analysis

67 Education Deprivation Domain Indicators –School pupil absences –Pupil Performance on SQA at Stage 4 –Working age people with no qualifications –17-21 year olds enrolling into HE –People ages not in full time education, employment or training NEET indicator change for 2009 Populations relevant to indicator Combined using factor analysis

68 Access to Services Domain Drive Times –GP –Shopping facilities (Supermarket in 2004) –Petrol Station –Primary and Secondary Schools (Primary only in 2004) –Post Office Public Transport (Not included in SIMD 2004) –GP –Shopping Facilities –Post Office Population weighted based on COAs Factor analysis within sub-domains Methodology and modelling changes Change to sub-domain weights.

69 Crime Domain Relevant to Neighbourhood Deprivation ‘SIMD crime’ not ‘Total Crime’ –Crimes of violence –Drug Offences –Domestic Housebreaking –Minor Assault –Vandalism Does not include crimes in/near police station First included in 2006 Total populations – rate per 10,000 Move to financial year for SIMD 2009

70 Housing Deprivation Domain Census data –No change since SIMD 2004 –Persons in households which are overcrowded –Persons in households without central heating Census populations –Total population No new indicators identified

71 Domains and Weightings Domainsweight % of overall weightDomainsweight % of overall weightweight % of overall weight Current Income629Current Income Employment629Employment Health314Health6146 Education, Skills and training314 Education, Skills and training6146 Geographic Access and Telecommu nications2 10Geographic Access: 4949 ~ Drive times ~ Public transport times Housing Crime2525


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