Presentation on theme: "Expenditure. Opportunity Cost Is making a decision/choice based on limited/scarce resources. The item not selected is the opportunity cost- opportunity."— Presentation transcript:
Opportunity Cost Is making a decision/choice based on limited/scarce resources. The item not selected is the opportunity cost- opportunity foregone.
Example I have €2.00. I can buy ice-cream or Pringles. I choose ice-cream. Opportunity cost = Pringles. Financial cost = €2.00
Impulse Buying Buying on the spur of the moment. Without thinking or planning. Eg. We’re so cute! Buy us
False Economy Buying something because it is cheap even when you don’t need it. Eg 2 for 1 BOGOF…..
Fixed Expenditure Is money that is spent at the same time each week, month, year. The amount is usually the same.
Eg. Mortgage Rent Loan repayments Insurance TV licence
Irregular Expenditure The amount paid out varies. It is paid at different times. Eg. ESB, heating, petrol, phone Groceries School uniform & supplies Shoes & clothes………
Discretionary Expenditure Is money you spend on things you can live without (luxuries) The amount varies. Eg. Sky tv, playstation, Wii, brand name clothes, holidays, Presents, entertainment, alcohol, cigs..
Prioritising If you have a limited income you must plan to spend. You must make sure you have enough for: Fixed expenditure first, Then irregular expenditure And finally only if you have money left can you afford discretionary expenditure.
If you have a deficit You must reduce Discretionary expenditure first.
Current Expenditure Revenue Expenditure Is spending money on day to day items. Eg. Food, drink, petrol, phone credit,
Capital Expenditure Is spending on durable items. Items that last a long time. Eg. Car, TV, house, furniture, Washing machine……
Calculating and ESB Bill Subtract present from previous meter reading. Multiply by the rate per unit. Add the standing charge (rental of equipment)
ESB Meter Reading Present6734 Previous5890 No of units used 844 Rate per unit.20 Sub total Standing charge Total charge178.00
ESB Meter Reading Present6534 Previous-4850 No of units used Rate per unitX.30 Sub total Add Standing charge Total charge