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Website Development Working with Databases. What you will achieve today! Connecting to mySql Creating tables in mySql Saving data on a server using mySql.

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Presentation on theme: "Website Development Working with Databases. What you will achieve today! Connecting to mySql Creating tables in mySql Saving data on a server using mySql."— Presentation transcript:

1 Website Development Working with Databases

2 What you will achieve today! Connecting to mySql Creating tables in mySql Saving data on a server using mySql Getting data from the server using mySql

3 : Customer browser request service access page interpret set data present html return html get data databasescripting language web server Reminder of the general process today’s emphasis

4 The database A relational database is made up of tables (sometimes known as relations) Tables are made up of rows (records) and columns (fields, attributes) Table structure is described in terms of its columns (fields, attributes) E.g. cars (make, model, doors, fuel, cost) Tables are usually linked to other tables via relationships

5 Outline MySQL PHPMyAdmin Simple database communication using PHP

6 MySQL is a relational database management system. A relational database stores data in separate tables rather than putting all the data in one big storeroom. This adds speed and flexibility. The tables are linked by defined relations making it possible to combine data from several tables on request. The SQL part of MySQL stands for "Structured Query Language" - the most common standardized language used to access databases.

7 MySQL Lightweight Easy to administer Runs on low power machines Great for development Not quite there when compared to Oracle, MS SQL Server or IBM DB2 but coming along fast (http://www.devx.com/dbzone/Article/20743 )http://www.devx.com/dbzone/Article/20743

8 Installing on your machine If you are going to work at home with PHP/MySQL I recommend one of the distributed packages for web development The one we use at uni is called Wamp and is available from There are other alternatives

9 GUI Most common is phpMyAdmin Hermes link is – – Normal username and password Let’s have a look at it…

10 The Four SQL Commands SELECT INSERT UPDATE DELETE These only affect values in the database, not the structure, but once you know these four you are set for life* * not guaranteed

11 SELECT The example table is called "Cars" Each record is made up of data describing ID Make Model Doors Fuel and Cost The SQL to retrieve all rows and all columns is:- SELECT * FROM Cars The * indicates that all columns from ‘Cars’ are to be included. This could have been written as:- SELECT ID Make Model Doors Fuel and Cost FROM Cars

12 Query result The code for all (*) would result in the following being returned SELECT *FROM Cars 1 Audi A4 4 Petrol £19,300 2 Audi A3 2 Petrol £16,250 3 Audi A4 Avant 5 Petrol £20,400 4 Audi A6 4 Diesel £28,880..etc

13 More precise SELECT Model FROM Cars A4 A3 A4 Avant A6..etc

14 More precise SELECT Model,Fuel FROM Cars A4 Petrol A3 Petrol A4 Avant Petrol A6 Diesel..etc

15 Conditional SQL ? We can use WHERE, along with = <> >= <= BETWEEN and LIKE, to narrow down our search: SELECT Model FROM Cars WHERE Fuel='Diesel' A6 Corolla Corolla 330..etc

16 Conditional query SELECT Model,Fuel FROM Cars WHERE cost<10,000 Corolla Petrol Corolla Petrol Corolla Petrol Corolla Diesel Corolla Petrol..etc

17 Wild cards and Like SELECT Model FROM Cars WHERE Model LIKE '3%' Coupe 330

18 Conditional logic SELECT Model,Fuel FROM Cars WHERE cost BETWEEN £20,000 AND £25,000 A4 Avant Petrol

19 Multiple conditions With AND and OR we are not limited to one condition: SELECT Model,Fuel,Cost FROM Cars WHERE cost<20,000 AND Model = 'Audi' A3 Petrol £16,250

20 The IN Keyword This is a neat way of doing multiple ORs. For example, suppose we wanted a listing of all rows where the make is “AUDI” or “ALPHA” We could obviously do this with an OR but we can also do it with IN. SELECT * FROM Cars WHERE MAKE IN (“AUDI”, “ALPHA”) You can have as many alternatives as you like in the brackets above.

21 The BETWEEN Keyword We want to list all rows where cost is greater than or equal to and less than or equal to We could do this as SELECT * FROM Cars WHERE cost >= AND cost <= An alternative way of writing this is to use the BETWEEN keyword. SELECT * FROM Cars WHERE cost BETWEEN AND 20000

22 INSERT INSERT INTO table_name VALUES (value1, value2,....) Or INSERT INTO table_name (column1, column2,...) VALUES (value1, value2,....)

23 UPDATE UPDATE table_name SET column_name = new_value WHERE column_name = some_value Multiple values with a comma seperated UPDATE table_name SET column_name = new_value, column_name2 = new_value2 WHERE column_name = some_value

24 DELETE DELETE FROM table_name WHERE column_name = some_value

25 Tutorial Go to and ‘play’ with SELECT sql – Try the examples on the page and create a few of your own Use phpMyAdmin at to ‘play’ with a mysql database

26 Accessing MySQL from PHP

27 Connecting to PHP We can now write SQL and setup our MySQL database But we want to be able to talk to the database using PHP Its easy! For now simple table editing (update data, delete etc), later database editing (create, dump tables etc)

28 Creating the connection mysql_connect($hostname, $user, $password);

29 Then choose a database… mysql_select_db(‘carsDB’);

30 Now ask it a question… $result = mysql_query(“SELECT * FROM Cars”);

31 Lets see how many results came back… $num = mysql_num_rows($result);

32 Now output it to the screen… Options for dealing with $result – mysql_fetch_row - returns row as enumerated array – mysql_fetch_array – returns row as an associative array mysql_fetch_row used to be fastest, but mysql_fetch_array is the preferred favourite now

33 Output to the screen… while($row = mysql_fetch_array($result)) { print($row[‘Make’]. $row[‘Model’]. $row[‘Price’]. “ ”); }

34 Putting data into the database Example uses cars database MakeModelPrice SmartRoadster14000 Rover216si1800 RobinReliant10

35 Psuedo code Take inputs from form Write sql string including inputted data Connect to database Run sql command string Check to see if it was successful

36 The form Example html Make: Model: Price:

37 Get data from the form $Make = $_POST['Make']; $Model = $_POST['Model']; $Price = $_POST['Price'];

38 Create the sql string $sql = "INSERT INTO cars (Make,Model,Price) VALUES ('$Make','$Model',$Price)";

39 Connect to mysql and the database mysql_connect('localhost','root') or die("cant talk to mysql"); mysql_select_db(‘cars') or die("cant connect to the database");

40 Run the mysql command $result = mysql_query($sql);

41 Check to make sure it was successful if(mysql_affected_rows() == 1) { print("yay, it worked"); } else { print("something went horribly wrong!"); }

42 Why 2 files? Sometimes we need everything to be done in one file E.g. I fill in a form, submit to another page, but something went wrong, now I have to go back and fill in everything again! To solve this do all the processing in one page where the form submits to itself.

43 "> Make: " /> Model: " /> Price: " />

44 Editing data in the database Pseudo code – Find the data to be changed from the database – Output the data into an editable area (e.g. a form) – Resubmit the data – Update the database

45 Connect to the database mysql_connect('localhost','root') or die("cant talk to mysql"); mysql_select_db(‘cars') or die("cant connect to the database"); $sql = "SELECT * FROM cars"; $result = mysql_query($sql); while($row = mysql_fetch_array($result)) { print("$row[0] $row[1] - edit "); }

46 $Make = $_GET['Make']; $Model = $_GET['Model']; $Price = $_GET['Price']; $success = 0; $submit = $_GET['submit']; if($submit == "Update" && $Make != NULL && $Model != NULL && $Price != NULL) { $sql = "UPDATE cars SET Make='$Make', Model='$Model', Price=$Price WHERE Make='$Make' AND Model='$Model'"; mysql_connect('localhost','root') or die("cant talk to mysql"); mysql_select_db(‘cars') or die("cant connect to the database"); $result = mysql_query($sql); if(mysql_affected_rows() == 1) { print("yay, it worked"); $success = 1; } else{ print("something went horribly wrong!");} } if($success != 1) { ?> "> Make: " /> Model: " /> Price: " />

47 A whole system… Admin area would need – A menu – A page for viewing data – A page for adding new data – A page for editing existing data – A page for deleting existing data


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