Presentation on theme: "February Revolution: Recap. Causes of February Revolution What are the basic Social, Political, Economic & in this case Military factors that contributed."— Presentation transcript:
Causes of February Revolution What are the basic Social, Political, Economic & in this case Military factors that contributed to the February Revolution?
Historiography SOVIET VIEW The fall of Tsarism was part of inevitable change It would have happened with or without the war N.B. Written during Soviet dictatorship, little access to archives though many were serious historians. LIBERAL VIEW Tsarism was vulnerable before war (long term factors) War was just final straw Bolsheviks not seen as hugely important N.B. Relied on memoirs, no access to archives.
Historiography REVISIONISTS Challenge traditional views WWI made revolutionary feeling increasingly political Feb was unorganised & chaotic N.B. Revisionists argue amongst themselves POST GLASNOST Critical of Communism More sympathetic to Nicholas II Russian writers after the fall of Communism in 1990 Sometimes go over the top!
To what extent was the collapse of Tsarist autocracy by February 1917 due to social and economic, rather than military, factors? Economic: Figes ‘Born in the bread queues’ Political: Smith ‘collapse of popular support in the govt.’ Social: Service, ‘Nicholas II…it was the general situation and not his personality that enfeebled the regime…’ Military: Acton, ‘…not the workers movement but the soldiers’ mutiny’
Your argument…. Focus: social & economic rather than military SO……. Because, because, because, because……
Figes agues that the February Revolution was ‘born in the bread queues’. Explain what he means by this EVIDENCE that economic problems were a cause of the Feb Rev. SOLID FACTS, NOT WAFFLE! What does this evidence mean? In what way does it show that economic factors were a cause of Feb Rev? However, does anyone disagree with Figes argument? Why do they disagree? Is there any evidence to suggest that economic factors were not the most important cause? Explain why the evidence suggest that. What does your essay believe/argue? Why does your essay believe this?