2THE CARBON CYCLEThe carbon cycle is just one of several recycling processes, but it may be the most important process since carbon is the basic building block of life.
3Carbon cycleThe carbon cycle is the process in which carbon atoms are recycled over and over again on Earth. Carbon recycling takes place within Earth's biosphere and between living things (biotic) and the nonliving (abiotic) environment.
4Since a continual supply of carbon is essential for all living organisms, the carbon cycle is the name given to the different processes that move carbon from one to another. The complete cycle is made up of "sources" that put carbon back into the environment and "sinks" that absorb and store carbon.
11RespirationWhen that plant is eaten, the cells of the animal break down the plant's tissues during digestion. This releases the stored carbon and other nutrients into the animal's system.As the animal breathes out (exhales), carbon dioxide is released into the air (atmosphere) and the cycle can begin again. This is known as respiration.
12“The major exchange of carbon between the atmosphere and the lithosphere results from photosynthesis and respiration”
13CARBON AND RESPIRATION CONTINUED WHEN ANIMALS RELEASE CARBON DIOXIDE TO THE ATMOSPHERE, THEY DECOMPOSE, DECAY, AND FROM POOLS OF ENERGY CALLED FOSSIL FULES (INCLUDING COAL, OIL, AND NATURAL GASES)
14DecompositionMUSSELS, CLAMS AND OYSTERS MAKE SHELLS OF CALCIUM CARBONATE FROM C02The dead organisms fall to the bottom of the ocean where they collect and become fossilized
15Decomposition – Oil and Coal WHEN TREES DIE, THEY FALL INTO SWAMPY MUD, WITH A LACK OF OXYGEN. THEREFORE, NORMAL DECOMPOSITION CANNOT OCCUR
20RECAP Photosynthesis – Carbon in carbs made Respiration – plants eaten, carbs used and converted into carbon dioxide and water.Decomposition – collected in watersheds, the carbon is in shells and trees which fall to the bottom of the ocean where they compress and become fossilized.
21Recap cont.Weathering of Rocks – Shells and trees become fossilized making limestone.Buring of Fossil Fuels – Humans use fossil fuels (coal and oil) creating massive amounts of carbon dioxide.
23Example: Tracing Matter Grandma JohnsonDescribe the path of a carbon atom from Grandma Johnson’s remains, to inside the leg muscle of a coyote. *NOTE: The coyote does not dig up and consume any part of Grandma Johnson’s remains.
27What is a connection between a car driving down the road, a tree growing in a forest, and global warming?CO2CO2CO227
28CARBON DIOXIDE CONTRIBUTES THE GREENHOUSE EFFECTCARBON DIOXIDE CONTRIBUTES
29THE GREENHOUSE EFFECTKEEPS ALL EARHT’S HEAT FROM ESCAPING TO THE OUTER ATMOPSHERECARBON RESPONSIBLE FOR GREENHOUSE GASES AND 55% OF THE GREENHOUSE EFFECTCARBON DIOXIDE IS TRANSPARENT TO LIGHT BUT OPAQUE TO HEAT RAYS, THEREFORE THE ATMOSPHERE RETARDS THE RAIATION OF HEAT FROM THE EARTH BACK INTO SPACE