Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Chapter 5 Status Offenders and Nonviolent Offenders

Similar presentations

Presentation on theme: "Chapter 5 Status Offenders and Nonviolent Offenders"— Presentation transcript:

1 Chapter 5 Status Offenders and Nonviolent Offenders
Juvenile Justice Chapter 5 Status Offenders and Nonviolent Offenders

2 Measuring the Number of Juvenile Offenses Committed
Three methods used to measure the nature and extent of unlawful acts by juveniles Uniform Crime Report (UCR) Complied by FBI from 15,000 police departments Divides crime into Part I and Part II crimes Part I includes eight major crimes: homicide and non-negligent manslaughter, forcible rape, robbery, aggravated assault, burglary, larceny, arson and motor vehicle theft. 80 – 90% of children under the age of 18 commit crimes that they could be arrested for BUT Only 3% of youth are actually arrested. Other sources of official stats come from the Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS) the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) and National Institute of Justice (NIJ)

3 Measuring the Number of Juvenile Offenses Committed
Self-Reports Dark Figure of Crime Crime not known to officials crime not gathered from official stats, but by self-reports. Self-reports include one-on-one interviews, surveys and anonymous questionnaires

4 Measuring the Number of Juvenile Offenses Committed
Victimization Data National Crime Victimization Survey U.S. Department of Justice’s Bureau of Justice Statistics and U.S. Census Bureau 2 X’s year on 50,000 people 12 years and older Gather information about crime, including those not reported to police.

5 STATUS OFFENDERS Offenses that an adult would not be arrested for.
Truancy, curfew violations, running away, alcohol use, incorrigibility. 142,000 youth arrested for running away in 2000 Truancy is most frequent offense for youth below the age of 15 Curfew violations most common status offense 154,700 juveniles arrested for curfew and loitering violations in 2001 Liquor violations most frequent offense for youth 16 years and older Binge Drinking reported in 2 out of 5 college students Linked to 1,400 student deaths

6 STATUS OFFENDERS Alcohol and Drug Use Computer Crimes
139,238 arrested for drug abuse 92,326 arrested for liquor law violations 13,397 arrested for drunkenness 13,971 arrested for DUI Computer Crimes Juveniles use computers to hack into other systems, counterfeit money, traffic in child porn and stealing passwords from internet providers

7 Juvenile Delinquents Juvenile delinquent is defined as a youth who commits an act that would be considered a crime if committed by an adult Characteristics of juvenile Delinquent Socially assertive Defiant Ambivalent about authority Resentful Hostile Suspicious Destructive Impulsive Lacking of self-control

8 Juvenile Arrest Statistics
Between 1980 and 2000 juvenile arrests for violent crimes increased more for females than males Although Blacks make-up for only 16% of the juvenile pop., black youth accounted for: 41% of motor vehicle theft arrests 28% of drug abuse violations 26% of larceny-theft 25% for curfew violations

9 Juvenile Arrest Statistics
Table 5.5 Arrest by age. 2001 Delinquency tends to increase with age, peaking in mid-teens then drops significantly by age 21 in Part I crimes

10 Vandalism Experiments: Broken-Window Theory
Stanford psychologist Phillip Zimbardo place two cars without license plates and their hoods up in the following places: Bronx, New York Palo Alto California Broken-Window Theory Unattended property becomes fair game for people out to have fun. In 2000, 114,000 juveniles arrested for vandalism Down in 2001 with 71,962 arrests

11 Other Part I Crimes Motor Vehicle Theft: Larceny-Theft Arson Burglary:
2000, 50,800 arrest resulting in a 51% decrease from 1991 Larceny-Theft Most frequent crime for juveniles Streaming: band of juvenile shoplift from stores 363,500 arrests Arson With exception of runaways and loitering, arson is the offense with greater proportion of arrests Average of 415 arrest in 1980’s Increase of 53% in 2000 Juveniles accounted for 49% of all arson arrests. Burglary: In 2000, 95,800 arrests for ages 10-17 2001 down to 61,623

12 Recap of Causes that Contribute to Delinquency
Biological Theory Criminals are born not made Genetic abnormality Violence and aggression associated with the presence of certain chemicals in the brain. Richard Speck who murdered 8 nurses, had one extra male chromosome.

13 Recap of Causes that Contribute to Delinquency
BEHAVIORAL Theories Criminals are made not born People become who they are because of their life experiences Children first learn from their families their rules of conduct Wrongdoing is reflected by what was learned Children who are corrected by their parents/guardians are more likely to conform to society rules If not corrected, they are likely to ignore society rules.

14 Recap of Causes that Contribute to Delinquency
Sociological Theories Take behavioral position one step forward. During socialization process, children likely to learn antisocial behaviors through their social and cultural environments Delinquency often begins in school. Most youths will test limits with theft/shoplifting, but they usually outgrow this

15 Recap of Causes that Contribute to Delinquency
Psychological Approaches Most delinquent youth have to deal with poverty and/or destructive relationships Unhealthy environments can lead to a disturbed personality structure. Adolescence is crisis…….with added psychological disturbances, problems worsen. Emotional foundation that is weak is related to delinquency

16 Recap of Causes that Contribute to Delinquency
Acting Out behaviors are a major characteristic of delinquency Lack of self-control and impulses Desire for immediate gratification May give youth a sense of importance A way to overcome feelings of inadequacy and inferiority

17 Recap of Causes that Contribute to Delinquency
Other factors include: Divorce Alcohol and/or Drug abuse Diminished supervision of children Family Criminal History Transient Family patterns (moving all the time) Special Education needs or ADD

18 Development Pathways Developmental pathways is a progressive process where delinquent behavior occurs. Stages occur over time See Figure 5.3 on page 159 Authority Pathway: Stubbornness & disobedience Can lead to running away Covert Behavior: Property crimes Overt Behavior: Violence

Download ppt "Chapter 5 Status Offenders and Nonviolent Offenders"

Similar presentations

Ads by Google