Presentation on theme: "Parenteral Medications Part 1 Equipment. What is meant by the term “Sterile”?"— Presentation transcript:
Parenteral Medications Part 1 Equipment
What is meant by the term “Sterile”?
Identify the parts of a needle and syringe that must remain STERILE when preparing an injection.
Needle Gage Parts of a Needle
Sterile Parts of the Syringe
List three examples of how contamination can occur while preparing an injection. How can contamination be avoided?
How are the following syringes calibrated?
3 cc or 3 ml Syringe
Tuberculin or TB Syringe
Needles are sized by gage and length Which is larger? 18 gauge needle 28 gauge needle Common lengths 3/8 to 1 1/2 inches
Bevel- The slanted opening. Always go “bevel up” Shaft-The steel part Hub-The plastic, colored part
The best size is the smallest needle that will do the job! This means that the needle must be large enough to place the medication in the correct place without unnecessary trauma to the site.
NEVER, NEVER, NEVER recap a dirty needle! Dispose of it immediately in the sharps container You MAY recap clean needles (needles that have not entered skin) Recapping If you must recap, use the one-handed SCOOP method Lay the cap down and scoop the needle into the cap Click the lid closed using the other hand but not pushing from the top This Is Important You need to have a healthy respect for needles. It’s easy to stick yourself.
Describe the protocol to be followed if you stick yourself with a contaminated needle. &
Working with an Ampule
Drawing up a medication from an ampule: Move fluid to the bottom Safely open the ampule with alcohol wipe Break away from you Use a filter needle if possible Change needles and inject Demo partments/ahs/emsp/mDrwAmp.smilhttp://irtreal.austincc.edu/ramgen/de partments/ahs/emsp/mDrwAmp.smil Use alcohol instead of 4x4
Working with a Vial
Once opened, how long can a multi-dose vial be used assuming that it has not been contaminated?
Differentiate between the 2 expiration dates found on an opened multi-dose vial.
Labeling a Newly Opened Vial Date & Time Opened and Your Initials: 0930 CM Date & Time Vial Expires - 30 Days: 0930
How can a multi-dose vial be protected from contamination?
How much air is injected into a multi-dose vial prior to withdrawing the desired volume of liquid? ts/ahs/emsp/mDrwVial.smil Immediately put new needle on or cap with sterile caphttp://irtreal.austincc.edu/ramgen/departmen ts/ahs/emsp/mDrwVial.smil
Intramuscular Syringe? –Up to 4 ml except in deltoid. No more than 1ml in deltoid Needle? –21-23g, 1-1.5” long Angle? –90 degrees Always aspirate for blood return –You will be very close to blood vessels and nerves –If you see blood return, withdraw the needle immediately
Let’s give it a try! Draw up 1 ml. of saline consider.2ml for airlock Prep a site Give an injection Demo partments/ahs/emsp/mIM.smilhttp://irtreal.austincc.edu/ramgen/de partments/ahs/emsp/mIM.smil –2x2 gauze
Subcutaneous Syringe? –TB or insulin syringe Needle? –25-29 g 3/8-5/8” Angle? –Short needle-- 90 degrees –Long needle-- 45 degrees –Don’t aspirate with insulin and heparin Do not massage site Pinch up skin or hold taut Demo
Evidence based practice Research is the basis for nursing practice, The buzz word for this research or analysis is Evidenced based practice. An example is this article on how fast to inject heparin sq synergy.com/doi/abs/ /j x?cookieSet=1&journalCode=ja nhttp://www.blackwell- synergy.com/doi/abs/ /j x?cookieSet=1&journalCode=ja n
Intradermal Syringe? –Tuberculin—Up to 1 ml Needle? –25-27g, ¼-1/2 “ long Angle? –10-15 degrees –Bevel up Make a wheal or bleb Demo
Dissolving a powdered Drug: Common diluents Volume selection Mixing techniques Which do you use?
Let’s reconstitute the Practi-Powder, prepare a dose, and actually give an injection! Practi Powder
Preparing a Dose Using a Powdered Medication Reconstitute with 6 ml of Bacteriostatic N/S Each ml. of reconstituted Practi-medication contains 500 mg of medication Order states administer 750 mg IM How much medication will you administer? Demo Practi - Powder