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AKS 44 Recap Industrialization Imperialism Nationalism

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Presentation on theme: "AKS 44 Recap Industrialization Imperialism Nationalism"— Presentation transcript:

1 AKS 44 Recap Industrialization Imperialism Nationalism
World History AKS 44 Recap Industrialization Imperialism Nationalism

2 Industrialization Factors of production
Land Labor Capital Great Britain industrializes first Access to abundant quantities of all three factors of prod. Textile industry industrializes first – Flying shuttle, spinning jenny, etc. Factories streamline production Water-powered first, then steam-powered later Impact of industrialization – see chart p. 727

3 Industrialization (cont.)
Industrialization spreads to continental Europe France Germany Then to the Americas and the Unites States by beginning of 1800s Shift in population From rural areas to cities looking for work in factories Industrial-age cities Factory work was long, monotonous, dangerous Child labor Housing was overcrowded, unhygienic Disease was rampant Reform movements: Industrial-age working conditions eventually lead to: Child labor laws Abolition of slavery Increased rights for women

4 Capitalism v Socialism
Factory owners become incredibly wealthy (Bourgeoisie) Factory workers struggle to make a living (Proletariat) Industrial capitalism emerges – p. 734 Adam Smith Laissez-Faire economics Supply, demand, and the ‘invisible hand’ Opponents to capitalism: Karl Marx, Friedrich Engels – Socialism Bourgeoisie v. Proletariat Predicted a Proletariat uprising and the creation of a society in which goods & services would be shared equally See chart p. 737

5 Russia & Japan Industrialize
Later than other movements – Late 1800s State-sponsored and very quick Japan: Meiji government Russia: Romanov Czars Both modeled their industrialization techniques after those of the west. As in the west, industrialization in these countries will eventually lead to imperialism

6 Imperialism Industrialized nations race to claim foreign lands as colonies As sources of raw materials As new markets As a source of power and prestige Felt responsible for bringing technology to ‘un-civilized’ areas “The White Man’s Burden” Fueled economic/military competition among powers Types of imperialist styles: (all on P. 780) Direct v Indirect Paternalism

7 Imperialism (cont.) In Africa:
European countries begin to conflict over African territory In order to avoid war, they decide to meet in Berlin: Berlin Conference ( ) European delegates ONLY African continent divided among European nations (map p. 777) Little regard for ethnic / historical boundaries & differences Boer War Britain v Netherlands over South African territory Britain wins, Union of South Africa established

8 Imperialism (cont.) In India:
British first establish indirect control through the BEIC After the Sepoy Mutiny (1857) pp , Britain takes over directly – “The Raj” India becomes the main supplier of raw materials for British industry, and its largest market for manufactured goods. Became known as the “Jewel in the Crown” of the British Empire Native resentment against British rule fueled nationalism More on this later in the unit…

9 Imperialism (cont.) In Asia China:
Unfavorable balance of trade leads the British to sell opium High number of Chinese become addicted; Chinese government calls for the British to stop the sale of opium; British refuse Opium War (1839 – 1842) British military far superior to Chinese (industrialization) 1842 Treaty of Nanjing (Nanking) p. 806 signed: British take control of Hong Kong China forced to grant ‘extraterritorial rights’ within ‘spheres of influence’ Opium trade continued (highly lucrative) Native resentment to foreign rule eventually leads to the Taiping Rebellion (p. 807)

10 Imperialism (cont.) In Japan
Initially forced to trade with the West after signing the Treaty of Kanagawa (1854) p. 810 Japan forced to open up its ports to western trade Forced to grant extraterritorial rights Rise of the Meiji (Meiji Restoration) reverses this trend Long-term result is that Japan undergoes western-style industrialization and becomes an imperial power in Asia. Japan occupies & annexes Korea (1907 – 1910) Japan invades China (Sino-Japanese War) – 1895 Russ0-Japanese War ( ) Result shatters the myth of European cultural superiority All on pp

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