Nature vs. Nurture debate NATURE- a product of the genes, a genetically inherited predisposition NUTURE- a learned pattern of behaviour acquired through reinforcement, imitation of the behaviour of others and general environmental influences INTERACTION-combination of influences
Traits Trait theory states that we have primary traits and secondary traits E.g. Primary trait – Extrovert Secondary traits – Adventurous, confident, sociable, enthusiastic
Psychodynamic Theory What is happening in the picture?
The ego will release the desire of the id. Often this will result in an undesired response if the superego fails as a mechanism of control. The superego inhibits our basic intentions, and this can be developed to bring about productive and desirable behaviour in sport
How can a coach use knowledge of their performers personality as a tool to develop their performance / motivation?
There are 2 different approaches to the use of personality profiling in sport
Sceptical Approach This questions the link between personality and sports performance
Credulous Approach This supports the links between sports performance and a particular personality type.
Revise as you go. Test your knowledge and understanding Page 226
Next week we will start the next section. Attitudes
Understand the reasons we give for messing up or succeding in sport What is the most random excuse you have heard from a sports performer to account for under-performance?