2 Ghana Questions What made Ghana wealthy? Who were the Berbers and what did they do in Ghana?Who attacked and conquered Ghana?
3 Mali Questions Who was the founder of Mali? What was Timbuktu and why was it important?Who was Mali’s most famous king? What was the result of his pilgrimage to Mecca?What factors caused Mali’s decline?
4 Songhai Questions How did the Songhai Empire begin? Who was Askia Muhammad and how did he affect the religious beliefs of people in Songhai?What factors caused Songhai’s decline?
5 Ghana Grew rich from gold-salt trade Berbers Muslim nomads in North Africa who traded salt across Sahara to West AfricaIntroduced Islam & Arabic to West AfricaIslamCity-Dwellers & Upper class – converted to IslamFarmers & Lower classes – mostly kept old religion OR combined old ways with IslamConquered by Almoravids (Muslims from N. Africa)
6 Mali Founded by Sundiata Timbuktu – capital of Mali Trade/cultural center on Niger RiverCenter of Islamic learningMansa Musa – most famous king of MaliPilgrimage to Mecca in 1324 impressed people who saw himFell apart b/c of internal (rebellions) and external (Berber invasions) problems
7 SonghaiRebelled against Mali & conquered lands in former Mali & Ghana empiresAskia Muhammad – expanded Songhai empire & spread Islam throughout empireCities converted to IslamCountryside blended old religion with IslamFell apart b/c of weak leaders & outside invasions