Presentation on theme: "Recap: Ghana, Mali, & Songhai. Ghana Questions What made Ghana wealthy? Who were the Berbers and what did they do in Ghana? Who attacked and conquered."— Presentation transcript:
Ghana Questions What made Ghana wealthy? Who were the Berbers and what did they do in Ghana? Who attacked and conquered Ghana?
Mali Questions Who was the founder of Mali? What was Timbuktu and why was it important? Who was Mali’s most famous king? What was the result of his pilgrimage to Mecca? What factors caused Mali’s decline?
Songhai Questions How did the Songhai Empire begin? Who was Askia Muhammad and how did he affect the religious beliefs of people in Songhai? What factors caused Songhai’s decline?
Ghana Grew rich from gold-salt trade Berbers Muslim nomads in North Africa who traded salt across Sahara to West Africa – Introduced Islam & Arabic to West Africa Islam – City-Dwellers & Upper class – converted to Islam – Farmers & Lower classes – mostly kept old religion OR combined old ways with Islam Conquered by Almoravids (Muslims from N. Africa)
Mali Founded by Sundiata Timbuktu – capital of Mali – Trade/cultural center on Niger River – Center of Islamic learning Mansa Musa – most famous king of Mali – Pilgrimage to Mecca in 1324 impressed people who saw him Fell apart b/c of internal (rebellions) and external (Berber invasions) problems
Songhai Rebelled against Mali & conquered lands in former Mali & Ghana empires Askia Muhammad – expanded Songhai empire & spread Islam throughout empire – Cities converted to Islam – Countryside blended old religion with Islam Fell apart b/c of weak leaders & outside invasions