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2008-09 Climate Recap and 2009-10 Seasonal Outlook Dr. John Abatzoglou Assistant Prof, Department of Geography University of Idaho Many Thanks to Eric.

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Presentation on theme: "2008-09 Climate Recap and 2009-10 Seasonal Outlook Dr. John Abatzoglou Assistant Prof, Department of Geography University of Idaho Many Thanks to Eric."— Presentation transcript:

1 Climate Recap and Seasonal Outlook Dr. John Abatzoglou Assistant Prof, Department of Geography University of Idaho Many Thanks to Eric Salathe, CIG, UW

2 2008 Global Recap

3 Warming of 2009 Jan-Sep 2009, 6 th warmest on record globally AMSU Satellite Data (CH4) Suggests Jul 18, 2009 was warmest day in satellite era (0.5F warmer than previous day in 2005). Since July 10 th, global daily maximum temperature records have been set over >30% of days

4 Western US Winter Recap Oct-May Precip (% of Normal)Oct-May Temperature Anomaly Westmap, WRCC NOAA

5 Fire Season 2009 WestWide Drought Tracker, University of Idaho - WRCC

6 Fire Season 2007

7 Idaho Recap

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15 Statewide Cool Season (Oct-May) Precipitation was near 71-00’ normals Above normal precip in the Bitterroots and Salmon River Basin

16 Winter Temperature Summary Statewide Cool Season (Oct-May) Temperatures were slightly above 71-00’ normals

17 Role of Temperature Rain Snow Freezing level (m) Melt No Melt

18 Daily Freezing Level NOAA RISA, WRCC-UI Operational 2010

19 SNOTEL

20 SNOTEL

21 U.S. Drought Monitor: Idaho

22 Statewide Drought Conditions Change from one Year Ago

23 Seasonal Outlook Basis for Outlook –Long-lived boundary conditions (climate- memory) Long-term trends Soil moisture (summer) / snow cover (winter-spring) Ocean Temperatures –Statistical Tools Low-frequency Climate Variability (e.g., ENSO) –Climate Models CFS: Climate Forecast System

24 Global SST Departures ( o C) Sea surface temperatures (SST) were at least 1.0°C above-average across much of the central and east-central equatorial Pacific.

25 Recent Evolution of ENSO Conditions SST Departures ( o C) El Niño La Niña Neutral El Niño is present across the equatorial Pacific Ocean. Anomalies strongest in central Pacific “Central Pacific El Nino” “El Nino Modoki”

26 ENSO Forecast 1.Observations in the NINO3.4 region indicate weak El Nino conditions. 2.SST anomalies are lacking canonical El-Nino structure 3.Atmospheric response (SOI) has not been noted thus far 4.Forecasts call for a strengthening of El Nino conditions into winter, with a weak to moderate El Nino 5.Atmospheric manifestation of El Nino typically begin in Nov.

27 CFS Seasonal Outlook

28 CPC Forecast (DJF)

29 CPC Forecast (MAM)

30 Implications for Idaho

31 El Nino’s Footprint in Idaho Oct-Mar Precipitation (% of Normal)

32 MEI vs. April 1 SWE La Niña neutral El Niño Northern IdahoCentral Idaho

33 Modulation of Freezing Level during El Nino Years Freezing Level 100m higher

34 Modulation of Freezing Level during El Nino Years Freezing Level m higher

35 Summary 1) El Nino generally associated with sub-par precipitation across the state, impacts accentuated over the northern portion of the state Strongest in early to mid-winter due to the enhancement of the subtropical jet and direction of storm track over the southern tier of the country Spring precipitation (MAM) increases during El Nino events 2) El Nino generally associated with warmer than normal condition Higher freezing level results in a decrease in the percent of precipitation falling as snow for lower-elevation watersheds, accelerates spring melt Likelihood of extremely “warm” spring 3) Influence of long-term trends with a moderate El-Nino are likely to result in sub-par winter for Idaho snowpack, particularly lower elevation watersheds over the central and northern portion of the state

36 Station Based Historical Analysis

37 NOAA RISA, WRCC-UI Operational 2010 Monthly Freezing Level

38 Seasonal Cycle of SWE Data from the VIC model aggregated over region for all pixels that average >5cm SWE on 1 April Blue/grey: Climatological SWE, 80% C.I. Red/pink: El Nino years SWE, 80% C.I.

39 Station Based Historical Analysis

40 Cold Spell Dec 11-Jan 4 th

41 MEI vs. PPT La Niña neutral El Niño Northern IdahoCentral Idaho

42 El Nino’s Footprint in Idaho 1 April SWE (% of Normal)


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