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Blackfin BF533 EZ-KIT Control The O in I/O Activating a FLASH memory “output line” Part 3 – New instruction recap Tutorial.

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Presentation on theme: "Blackfin BF533 EZ-KIT Control The O in I/O Activating a FLASH memory “output line” Part 3 – New instruction recap Tutorial."— Presentation transcript:

1 Blackfin BF533 EZ-KIT Control The O in I/O Activating a FLASH memory “output line” Part 3 – New instruction recap Tutorial

2 Blackfin BF533 I/O2 Agenda Processors need to send out control signals (high / low 1 / 0 true / false) –General purpose input / output GPIO on processor chip (16) –FLASH memory chip has additional I/O ports connected to Ez-Lite KIT LED’s Making the FLASH memory I/O port control the Ez-KIT LED’s The new Blackfin assembly language instructions needed

3 Blackfin BF533 I/O3 LEDs connected to FLASH port BACK FORWARD RIGHT LEFT ??? CONTROL ON Might be connected to other things DON’T CHANGE BEHAVIOUR

4 Blackfin BF533 I/O4 Activating LEDs -- REVIEW Get the FLASH to work correctly –InitFlashASM( ) Get the Port to work correctly as output for pins PB5  PB0, leaving other pins unchanged –InitFlashPortASM( ) Write the value we want to LEDs –WriteFlashLEDASM( int value) Read back the value the LEDs show –int ReadFlashLEDASM( )

5 Blackfin BF533 I/O5 Blackfin Memory Map If P0 is 0x then R0 = [P0]; reads a value from FLASH BANK 0 If R0 is 6 and P0 is 0x1000 then [P0] = R0; places a value into SDRAM

6 Blackfin BF533 I/O6 InitFlashASM( ) -- REVIEW Get the FLASH to work correctly May be “many” processes running on the Blackfin. All these processes may want to use InitFlashASM( ) InitFlashASM( ) { If FLASH memory already configured – return without initializing Else { configure Memory Bank control register THEN configure Global control (turns on the FLASH) }

7 Blackfin BF533 I/O7 Set the Bank control register Kit documentation recommends 0x7BB0 7 cycles not not 15 B = cycles 3 cycles IGNORE 4 cycles

8 Blackfin BF533 I/O8 Set General Control Register Documentation says set to “0xF” for this particular FLASH chip ENABLE ALL

9 Blackfin BF533 I/O9 Key issues -- REVIEW InitFlashASM( ) Does not sound too big a deal –Set P0 to point to EBIU_AMBCTLO –Then R0 = 0x7BB07BB0 –Then [P0] = R0 –Then make sure “write occurs” NOW as this processor can delay doing writes “until convenient” Do the same for the other “32 bit” registers

10 Blackfin BF533 I/O10 Obvious problem – value needed EBIU_AMBCTL0 = ? Code review 2 obvious errors

11 Blackfin BF533 I/O11 Corrected code – still fails No “=“ in a define statement No “spaces” in number Spell check “0” not “O” DEFECTS in code process Pair programming cost 3 * $5

12 Blackfin BF533 I/O12 MIPS and Blackfin behave same You can’t load a 32-bit register with a 32-bit immediate value using one instruction WRONG R0 = 0x7BB07BB0; Must load low 16-bit of register R0.L = 0x7BB0; Then load high 16-bits of register R0.H = 0x7B00; You handle P0 = 0xFFC00A04

13 Blackfin BF533 I/O13 More readable code Self documenting code I do “define” and then cut-and-paste the label

14 Blackfin BF533 I/O14 WriteFlashLEDASM(long in_value) Write ‘1’ (on) or ‘0’ (off) to the Port to activate LEDs connected to pins PB5  PB0, leaving other pins unchanged.

15 Blackfin BF533 I/O15 WriteFlashLEDASM(long in_value) –Read “LED data register” into processor data register (makes a copy) –Keep “top” 2 bits (AND operation) of copy –Keep “bottom” 6 bits of “in-par” 32-bit in_value –OR the two processor data registers –Write “modified copy” back into “LED data register” PROBLEM “byte” read and writes

16 Blackfin BF533 I/O16 Now identify the registers to use In_par is in R0 We can use R1, R2 and R3 without saving registers to the stack

17 Blackfin BF533 I/O17 Add in the code we understand Fixed typo Still another syntax problem

18 Blackfin BF533 I/O18 8 bit and 32 bit writes [P0] = R0; 32-bit write (4 bytes) –Places all 32-bits of processor data register into “long word” (32 bit) address starting at memory location P0 –If P0 = 0x1000 – then place “32-bit” value at memory location 0x1000 B[P0] = R0; 8-bit write –Places “bottom” 8-bits of processor data register into “byte” (8 bit) address starting at memory location P0

19 Blackfin BF533 I/O19 8 bit and 32 bit reads R0 = [P0]; 32-bit read (4 bytes) –Places all 32-bits of “long word” (32 bit) address starting at memory location P0 into processor data register –If P0 = 0x1000 – then place “32-bit” value at memory location 0x1000 R0 = B[P0] (Z); 8-bit read –Places “byte” (8 bit) address starting at memory location P0 into “bottom” 8-bits of processor data register and puts “0” into the “top” 24 bits of register –Must convert “8-bit” read operation into a “32” bit “store in register” operation

20 Blackfin BF533 I/O20 Add byte read and write operations Is this correct for keeping top 2 bits of an 8-bit value? “DEFECT” if not corrected Still syntax problems ”ERRORS” Fix as exercise

21 Blackfin BF533 I/O21 InitFlashPortASM() to complete Set direction to 1 on lower pins leaving other direction values unchanged – around 12 lines Read “direction” byte register into processor data register (makes a copy) –Set another processor data register to 0x3F –OR the two data registers (HOW?) –Write “modified copy” back into “direction byte register”

22 Blackfin BF533 I/O22 InitFlashASM( ) -- Exercise InitFlashASM( ) { If FLASH memory already configured – return without initializing Else { configure Memory Bank control register THEN configure Global control (turns on the FLASH) } } instructions – many cut-and-paste-modify IF CLOCK ACTIVATED THEN ASSUME ANOTHER PROCESS HAS ALREADY SET THE FLASH “AND” on BIT 0 of EBIU_AMG CTL register followed by “IF” set then JUMP

23 Blackfin BF533 I/O23 Work in pairs for the solutions These exercises will form part of take-home quiz 1 IF-THEN-ELSE SYNTAX Do bits 7 to 4 of register R0 contain 12??? R0 = ????; R1 = 0x000000F0; // MASK R2 = 0x000000C0; // Expected value R1 = R0 & R1; // KEEP old value CC = R1 == R2; // Check to see if 12 is there IF CC JUMP IS_TRUE; IF !CC JUMP IS_FALSE;

24 Blackfin BF533 I/O24 This slide is not in the course notes

25 Blackfin BF533 I/O25 This slide is not in the course notes

26 Blackfin BF533 I/O26 This slide is not in the course notes

27 Blackfin BF533 I/O27 Agenda Processors need to send out control signals (high / low 1 / 0 true / false) –General purpose input / output GPIO on processor chip (16) –FLASH memory chip has additional I/O ports connected to Ez-Lite KIT LED’s Making the FLASH memory I/O port control the Ez-KIT LED’s The new Blackfin assembly language instructions needed


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