Presentation on theme: "Abcdefghijkl Some results of new SHS Transport questions (2005 Q1-3) Frank Dixon and Mairi MacAskill, Transport Statistics branch, Scottish Executive."— Presentation transcript:
abcdefghijkl Some results of new SHS Transport questions (2005 Q1-3) Frank Dixon and Mairi MacAskill, Transport Statistics branch, Scottish Executive
abcdefghijkl New (or reinstated) questions in 2005 covered in this talk Views on increase in traffic on Scotland’s roads, motoring taxes and charges, and congestion Traveline Scotland Use of concessionary fare pass Other purposes of car/van driver journey to work Motorcycling Injury road accidents Non-users’ views of rail services
abcdefghijkl Concerned by increase in traffic? % of adults in each age-group (“very” or “quite”)
abcdefghijkl Concerns about increase in traffic 100% = all adults who were “quite” or “very” concerned 45% - busier roads / streets 38% - congestion / increased travel times 33% - air pollution 19% - more accidents 17% - carbon emissions / global warming / environment 16% - more dangerous for pedestrians / cyclists / children 10% - parking problems 9% - health problems (e.g. respiratory illness) other reasons included “effect on countryside / landscape”, “more/bigger lorries”, “noise”, and “makes me/others angry/irritable”. However (apart from an “other” category) each was given by at most 7% of the “concerned” people.
abcdefghijkl How concerns vary between sub-groups In the slides which follow: 100% = everyone in the specified sub-group who said that they were either “very concerned” or “quite concerned” about the increase in traffic on Scotland’s roads e.g. the left-hand side of the next slide shows that, of the year olds who expressed concern about the increase in traffic on the roads, when asked what concerned them about traffic growth in Scotland: 47% said “air pollution” 33% said “busier roads / streets” 26% said “congestion / increased travel times” 25% said “more accidents”
abcdefghijkl Main concerns %s of “concerned”, by age-group
abcdefghijkl Main concerns %s of “concerned”, by ann. net h’hold inc.
abcdefghijkl Main concerns %s of “concerned”, by freq. of driving
abcdefghijkl Main concerns %s of “concerned”, by urban / rural
abcdefghijkl Main concerns %s of “concerned”, by Depriv. Ind. Quint.
abcdefghijkl Some other findings: among those concerned by the increase in traffic on Scotland’s road, concern … about “carbon emissions / global warming / environment” falls from % of y.o. to 5-8% of 70+ y.o. about “effect on countryside / landscape” rises from 6% in urban areas to % in rural areas about “congestion …” higher among men (44%) than women (33%) higher among women than men for “air pollution” (35% vs. 30%), “more dangerous for pedestrians/…” (19% vs. 13%) and “more accidents” (22% vs. 16%) about “more/bigger lorries” up from 1-2% of y.o. to 7-11% of 70+ y.o. about “congestion” higher among self-employed or employed full-time or self-employed (47-50%) than among those permanently retired (30%) or looking after home or family (25%) about “carbon emissions / global warming / environment” rises from 13% in “most deprived 20%” areas to 21% in “least deprived 20%” areas.
abcdefghijkl “Other” reasons 20% of those who expressed concern gave a reason which wasn’t covered by the interviewers’ lists Interviewers typed in brief descriptions of such reasons SHS contractors looked at these, and identified the most- often quoted ones New codes added with effect from January 2006: Road condition deterioration Effects on business costs Deters tourists
abcdefghijkl Views on motoring taxes and charges % of adults in each age group
abcdefghijkl Views on motoring taxes and charges % of adults who gave each reason – by sex
abcdefghijkl Views on motoring taxes and charges % of adults who gave each reason – by car availability
abcdefghijkl Traffic congestion Asked of those who drive a car/van at least once a week: How often one drives in congested traffic If ever drives in congested traffic; impact of this and views on what should be done about congestion
abcdefghijkl Frequency of driving in congested traffic % of adults, including non-drivers
abcdefghijkl What impacts does congestion have? - % of adults who ever drove in congested traffic 38% - Longer journey times 23% - Stress 18% - Makes me angry/irritable 10% - Uncertainty/unreliable journey times 8 % - Get home later than would like to 31% said that congestion has no impact on them
abcdefghijkl Impacts of congestion % of “drivers in congested traffic” in each age group
abcdefghijkl What should be done about congestion? - % of adults who ever drove in congested traffic 33% - Improve public transport services 16% - Public transport should be cheaper 13% - Build more roads 11% - Add lanes to existing roads 9% - Move goods by rail/fewer lorries on road 25% said that they don’t know what should be done about congestion 27% gave “other” suggestions
abcdefghijkl What should be done about congestion? % of adults who ever drove in congested traffic
abcdefghijkl New options added in January 2006 Encourage car sharing Provide more park & ride facilities Ban cars from town centres Introduce bypass
abcdefghijkl Traveline – use and awareness % of adults in each age group
abcdefghijkl Traveline 16.3% had heard of Traveline 4.5% had ever used it Of those that had used it, 18% had used it in the past two weeks
abcdefghijkl Traveline – SHS also asks If person has heard of it, how they heard of it If person has used it, how they prefer to use it If person has heard of it, whether would use certain new means of access If person has used it – has it led to a change from “car” to “public transport”? If so, how many times in the past two weeks
abcdefghijkl Concessionary travel pass – frequency of use - % of pass holders
abcdefghijkl Use of concessionary fare pass cumulative % of all adults – by sex
abcdefghijkl Use of concessionary fare pass cumulative % of all adults – driving licence possession
abcdefghijkl Use of concessionary fare pass cumulative % of all adults aged by income
abcdefghijkl Car/van drivers to work/education – what else they usually do in the course of their journeys (100% = all who drive car/van to work/education) 74% said “nothing done as part of journey to work / education” 11% take children to school 3% take spouse/partner to work / education 4% take friends / family to work / education 4% buy newspaper / milk etc for work 4% go shopping / other errands 3% do “other things”
abcdefghijkl Car/van drivers to work … %s who usually take children to school en route (100% = all in sub-group who drive car/van to work/ed.) 11% overall 6% of men; 17% of women 18% of year olds; 15% of year olds 13% of those from “£30-40,000 p.a.” households; 16% of those from “over £40,000” households 15% for “large urban areas”; 21% for “small ‘remote’ towns” (NB: for the latter, underlying n = 87 )
abcdefghijkl Ridden motorcycle in past 12 months? %s by age-group
abcdefghijkl Main purposes for which ridden motorcycle 100% = all motorcyclists 55% - day trip / recreational journey 29% - travel to/from work 26% - visiting friends and relatives 14% - other personal business 10% - shopping 8% - entertainment / other public activities 7% - coming/going on holiday 7% - participating in sport etc 14% - other unspecified type of journey
abcdefghijkl Single main purpose for which ridden motorcycle 100% = all motorcyclists 44% - day trip / recreational journey 20% - travel to/from work 6% - visiting friends and relatives 5% - other personal business 4% - participating in sport 3% - entertainment / other public activities 2% - coming/going on holiday 2% - shopping etc 11% - other unspecified type of journey
abcdefghijkl SHS also asks Engine size Estimated mileage in past 12 months How long (in total) person has ridden motorcycles Since started m/cycling, any periods of >1 year in which not motorcycled? If so, how long since most recent one?
abcdefghijkl Injury road accidents 1.3 % of adults had been injured in a road accident in the past year if so, SHS also asks: when accident happened (month and year) what type of road user 63% driver 22% passenger 9% pedestrian 5% cyclist 2% other) were the Police informed (65% said “yes”)
abcdefghijkl Views on rail services % of each sub-group who agree (“strongly” or “tend to”)
abcdefghijkl SHS also asks (not “new in 2005”) Frequency of use of train services Users’ views of several other aspects of train services Frequency of use of bus services Users’ views of aspects of bus services Infrequent / non-users’ reasons for not using buses more often Frequency of use of evening bus and train services; perception of safety from crime
abcdefghijkl Other new / reinstated / amended questions in 2005 and 2006 Community transport (asked Q1-Q2 05): whether used; if so, for what purpose; and what was the main purpose Expenditure on public transport fares in past seven days Additional pre-coded answers: reasons for change of mode of travel to work means of planning car/van and public transport journeys reasons why public transport journeys were delayed Minor changes with effect from 2006 additional pre-coded answers for “concern about traffic growth” and “what should be done about congestion” Concessionary fare pass questions – reword for new arrangements from 1 April 06
abcdefghijkl Any questions ?
abcdefghijkl Annex Where to find SHS Transport results
abcdefghijkl Publication of SHS Transport results Transport Statistics bulletins Other Transport Statistics publications Available from Blackwell’s Bookshop Also included in SHS publications
abcdefghijkl Household Transport Main results for Scotland (apart from Travel Diary) Car availability, possession of driving licences and frequency of driving Frequency of use of local bus and train services Frequency of walking and cycling, as means of transport and for pleasure or to keep fit Usual means of travel to work and travel to school Other topics, some of which may vary from edition to edition – e.g. in “2004” edition How drivers make particular journeys, and could they use other means of transport Methods of obtaining journey planning information Frequency of evening travel by bus and by train, and perceptions of safety then Place of work and working pattern Means of travel to work a year ago, and reasons for changes Reasons for use of means of travel to school, whether those who go by car could use public transport, and reasons why they don’t/can’t Adults with limited mobility, and with Blue Badges – transport-related activities which they would find difficult to manage on their own
abcdefghijkl Transport across Scotland main results for Council areas (apart from Travel Diary) biennial Car availability, driving licences and frequency of driving Frequency of walking and cycling Availability and frequency of bus services Views on the convenience of public transport Travel to work Travel to school Other topics, may vary from edition to edition – e.g. in “2003/2004” Perception of safety from crime when travelling in the evening Could car/van commuters use public transport Where commuters usually park
abcdefghijkl SHS Travel Diary results journeys (over ¼ mile / 5 mins walk) reported by adults Some results for individual Council areas and/or Council groups Purpose of journey Main mode of transport Distance travelled, and duration of journey Time of day, and day of the week, of travel Car occupancy Other topics, may vary from edition to edition – e.g. in “2003” one: Journey origins and destinations Journeys into and within Edinburgh and Glasgow Estimated trip rates
abcdefghijkl Other Transport Statistics publications Bus and Coach Statistics more detailed analysis of bus-related questions – including: Availability and frequency of bus services Views on the quality of public transport Frequency of use of bus services Reasons for not using bus services more often Travel to work Frequency of evening travel by bus, and perception of safety from crime Other topics, some of which vary from edition to edition Scottish Transport Statistics contains some “key” results: Car availability and driving licences (chapter 1) Bus passengers’ views (chapter 2) Drivers’ experience of congestion (chapter 6) Freq. of driving, walking and cycling; travel to work and school (chapter 12)
abcdefghijkl Which publication? Which edition? An Annex in Household Transport : lists all (non-Travel Diary) Transport topics shows in which years they were included in the SHS questionnaire identifies which editions of Household Transport, Transport across Scotland and Bus and Coach Statistics analyse them Next edition of SHS Travel Diary results (due 20 th March) will list topics covered in previous editions
abcdefghijkl SHS publications which include Transport results SHS Annual Report Frequency of travelling by bus and train in the evening, and perceptions of safety from crime (chapter 4) Travel to work or adults’ education (chapter 5) Travel to school (chapter 5) Cars available to the household (chapter 6) Convenience of public transport, and other services (chapter 7) Topic Reports Accessibility and Transport Mode Choice Long-distance Commuting (forthcoming)