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Abcdefghijkl Some results of new SHS Transport questions (2005 Q1-3) Frank Dixon and Mairi MacAskill, Transport Statistics branch, Scottish Executive.

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Presentation on theme: "Abcdefghijkl Some results of new SHS Transport questions (2005 Q1-3) Frank Dixon and Mairi MacAskill, Transport Statistics branch, Scottish Executive."— Presentation transcript:

1 abcdefghijkl Some results of new SHS Transport questions (2005 Q1-3) Frank Dixon and Mairi MacAskill, Transport Statistics branch, Scottish Executive

2 abcdefghijkl New (or reinstated) questions in 2005 covered in this talk  Views on increase in traffic on Scotland’s roads, motoring taxes and charges, and congestion  Traveline Scotland  Use of concessionary fare pass  Other purposes of car/van driver journey to work  Motorcycling  Injury road accidents  Non-users’ views of rail services

3 abcdefghijkl Concerned by increase in traffic? % of adults in each age-group (“very” or “quite”)

4 abcdefghijkl Concerns about increase in traffic 100% = all adults who were “quite” or “very” concerned  45% - busier roads / streets  38% - congestion / increased travel times  33% - air pollution  19% - more accidents  17% - carbon emissions / global warming / environment  16% - more dangerous for pedestrians / cyclists / children  10% - parking problems  9% - health problems (e.g. respiratory illness)  other reasons included “effect on countryside / landscape”, “more/bigger lorries”, “noise”, and “makes me/others angry/irritable”. However (apart from an “other” category) each was given by at most 7% of the “concerned” people.

5 abcdefghijkl How concerns vary between sub-groups In the slides which follow:  100% = everyone in the specified sub-group who said that they were either “very concerned” or “quite concerned” about the increase in traffic on Scotland’s roads  e.g. the left-hand side of the next slide shows that, of the year olds who expressed concern about the increase in traffic on the roads, when asked what concerned them about traffic growth in Scotland:  47% said “air pollution”  33% said “busier roads / streets”  26% said “congestion / increased travel times”  25% said “more accidents”

6 abcdefghijkl Main concerns %s of “concerned”, by age-group

7 abcdefghijkl Main concerns %s of “concerned”, by ann. net h’hold inc.

8 abcdefghijkl Main concerns %s of “concerned”, by freq. of driving

9 abcdefghijkl Main concerns %s of “concerned”, by urban / rural

10 abcdefghijkl Main concerns %s of “concerned”, by Depriv. Ind. Quint.

11 abcdefghijkl Some other findings: among those concerned by the increase in traffic on Scotland’s road, concern …  about “carbon emissions / global warming / environment” falls from % of y.o. to 5-8% of 70+ y.o.  about “effect on countryside / landscape” rises from 6% in urban areas to % in rural areas  about “congestion …” higher among men (44%) than women (33%)  higher among women than men for “air pollution” (35% vs. 30%), “more dangerous for pedestrians/…” (19% vs. 13%) and “more accidents” (22% vs. 16%)  about “more/bigger lorries” up from 1-2% of y.o. to 7-11% of 70+ y.o.  about “congestion” higher among self-employed or employed full-time or self-employed (47-50%) than among those permanently retired (30%) or looking after home or family (25%)  about “carbon emissions / global warming / environment” rises from 13% in “most deprived 20%” areas to 21% in “least deprived 20%” areas.

12 abcdefghijkl “Other” reasons  20% of those who expressed concern gave a reason which wasn’t covered by the interviewers’ lists  Interviewers typed in brief descriptions of such reasons  SHS contractors looked at these, and identified the most- often quoted ones  New codes added with effect from January 2006:  Road condition deterioration  Effects on business costs  Deters tourists

13 abcdefghijkl Views on motoring taxes and charges % of adults in each age group

14 abcdefghijkl Views on motoring taxes and charges % of adults who gave each reason – by sex

15 abcdefghijkl Views on motoring taxes and charges % of adults who gave each reason – by car availability

16 abcdefghijkl Traffic congestion  Asked of those who drive a car/van at least once a week:  How often one drives in congested traffic  If ever drives in congested traffic; impact of this and views on what should be done about congestion

17 abcdefghijkl Frequency of driving in congested traffic % of adults, including non-drivers

18 abcdefghijkl What impacts does congestion have? - % of adults who ever drove in congested traffic  38% - Longer journey times  23% - Stress  18% - Makes me angry/irritable  10% - Uncertainty/unreliable journey times  8 % - Get home later than would like to  31% said that congestion has no impact on them

19 abcdefghijkl Impacts of congestion % of “drivers in congested traffic” in each age group

20 abcdefghijkl What should be done about congestion? - % of adults who ever drove in congested traffic  33% - Improve public transport services  16% - Public transport should be cheaper  13% - Build more roads  11% - Add lanes to existing roads  9% - Move goods by rail/fewer lorries on road  25% said that they don’t know what should be done about congestion  27% gave “other” suggestions

21 abcdefghijkl What should be done about congestion? % of adults who ever drove in congested traffic

22 abcdefghijkl New options added in January 2006  Encourage car sharing  Provide more park & ride facilities  Ban cars from town centres  Introduce bypass

23 abcdefghijkl Traveline – use and awareness % of adults in each age group

24 abcdefghijkl Traveline  16.3% had heard of Traveline  4.5% had ever used it  Of those that had used it, 18% had used it in the past two weeks

25 abcdefghijkl Traveline – SHS also asks  If person has heard of it, how they heard of it  If person has used it, how they prefer to use it  If person has heard of it, whether would use certain new means of access  If person has used it – has it led to a change from “car” to “public transport”?  If so, how many times in the past two weeks

26 abcdefghijkl Concessionary travel pass – frequency of use - % of pass holders

27 abcdefghijkl Use of concessionary fare pass cumulative % of all adults – by sex

28 abcdefghijkl Use of concessionary fare pass cumulative % of all adults – driving licence possession

29 abcdefghijkl Use of concessionary fare pass cumulative % of all adults aged by income

30 abcdefghijkl Car/van drivers to work/education – what else they usually do in the course of their journeys (100% = all who drive car/van to work/education)  74% said “nothing done as part of journey to work / education”  11% take children to school  3% take spouse/partner to work / education  4% take friends / family to work / education  4% buy newspaper / milk etc for work  4% go shopping / other errands  3% do “other things”

31 abcdefghijkl Car/van drivers to work … %s who usually take children to school en route (100% = all in sub-group who drive car/van to work/ed.)  11% overall  6% of men; 17% of women  18% of year olds; 15% of year olds  13% of those from “£30-40,000 p.a.” households; 16% of those from “over £40,000” households  15% for “large urban areas”; 21% for “small ‘remote’ towns” (NB: for the latter, underlying n = 87 )

32 abcdefghijkl Ridden motorcycle in past 12 months? %s by age-group

33 abcdefghijkl Main purposes for which ridden motorcycle 100% = all motorcyclists  55% - day trip / recreational journey  29% - travel to/from work  26% - visiting friends and relatives  14% - other personal business  10% - shopping  8% - entertainment / other public activities  7% - coming/going on holiday  7% - participating in sport  etc  14% - other unspecified type of journey

34 abcdefghijkl Single main purpose for which ridden motorcycle 100% = all motorcyclists  44% - day trip / recreational journey  20% - travel to/from work  6% - visiting friends and relatives  5% - other personal business  4% - participating in sport  3% - entertainment / other public activities  2% - coming/going on holiday  2% - shopping  etc  11% - other unspecified type of journey

35 abcdefghijkl SHS also asks  Engine size  Estimated mileage in past 12 months  How long (in total) person has ridden motorcycles  Since started m/cycling, any periods of >1 year in which not motorcycled?  If so, how long since most recent one?

36 abcdefghijkl Injury road accidents  1.3 % of adults had been injured in a road accident in the past year  if so, SHS also asks:  when accident happened (month and year)  what type of road user  63% driver  22% passenger  9% pedestrian  5% cyclist  2% other)  were the Police informed (65% said “yes”)

37 abcdefghijkl Views on rail services % of each sub-group who agree (“strongly” or “tend to”)

38 abcdefghijkl SHS also asks (not “new in 2005”)  Frequency of use of train services  Users’ views of several other aspects of train services  Frequency of use of bus services  Users’ views of aspects of bus services  Infrequent / non-users’ reasons for not using buses more often  Frequency of use of evening bus and train services; perception of safety from crime

39 abcdefghijkl Other new / reinstated / amended questions in 2005 and 2006  Community transport (asked Q1-Q2 05):  whether used;  if so, for what purpose; and what was the main purpose  Expenditure on public transport fares in past seven days  Additional pre-coded answers:  reasons for change of mode of travel to work  means of planning car/van and public transport journeys  reasons why public transport journeys were delayed  Minor changes with effect from 2006  additional pre-coded answers for “concern about traffic growth” and “what should be done about congestion”  Concessionary fare pass questions – reword for new arrangements from 1 April 06

40 abcdefghijkl Any questions ?

41 abcdefghijkl Annex Where to find SHS Transport results

42 abcdefghijkl Publication of SHS Transport results  Transport Statistics bulletins  Other Transport Statistics publications  Available from  Blackwell’s Bookshop   Also included in SHS publications

43 abcdefghijkl Household Transport Main results for Scotland (apart from Travel Diary)  Car availability, possession of driving licences and frequency of driving  Frequency of use of local bus and train services  Frequency of walking and cycling, as means of transport and for pleasure or to keep fit  Usual means of travel to work and travel to school  Other topics, some of which may vary from edition to edition – e.g. in “2004” edition  How drivers make particular journeys, and could they use other means of transport  Methods of obtaining journey planning information  Frequency of evening travel by bus and by train, and perceptions of safety then  Place of work and working pattern  Means of travel to work a year ago, and reasons for changes  Reasons for use of means of travel to school, whether those who go by car could use public transport, and reasons why they don’t/can’t  Adults with limited mobility, and with Blue Badges – transport-related activities which they would find difficult to manage on their own

44 abcdefghijkl Transport across Scotland main results for Council areas (apart from Travel Diary) biennial  Car availability, driving licences and frequency of driving  Frequency of walking and cycling  Availability and frequency of bus services  Views on the convenience of public transport  Travel to work  Travel to school  Other topics, may vary from edition to edition – e.g. in “2003/2004”  Perception of safety from crime when travelling in the evening  Could car/van commuters use public transport  Where commuters usually park

45 abcdefghijkl SHS Travel Diary results journeys (over ¼ mile / 5 mins walk) reported by adults  Some results for individual Council areas and/or Council groups  Purpose of journey  Main mode of transport  Distance travelled, and duration of journey  Time of day, and day of the week, of travel  Car occupancy  Other topics, may vary from edition to edition – e.g. in “2003” one:  Journey origins and destinations  Journeys into and within Edinburgh and Glasgow  Estimated trip rates

46 abcdefghijkl Other Transport Statistics publications  Bus and Coach Statistics  more detailed analysis of bus-related questions – including:  Availability and frequency of bus services  Views on the quality of public transport  Frequency of use of bus services  Reasons for not using bus services more often  Travel to work  Frequency of evening travel by bus, and perception of safety from crime  Other topics, some of which vary from edition to edition  Scottish Transport Statistics contains some “key” results:  Car availability and driving licences (chapter 1)  Bus passengers’ views (chapter 2)  Drivers’ experience of congestion (chapter 6)  Freq. of driving, walking and cycling; travel to work and school (chapter 12)

47 abcdefghijkl Which publication? Which edition? An Annex in Household Transport :  lists all (non-Travel Diary) Transport topics  shows in which years they were included in the SHS questionnaire  identifies which editions of Household Transport, Transport across Scotland and Bus and Coach Statistics analyse them Next edition of SHS Travel Diary results (due 20 th March) will list topics covered in previous editions

48 abcdefghijkl SHS publications which include Transport results  SHS Annual Report  Frequency of travelling by bus and train in the evening, and perceptions of safety from crime (chapter 4)  Travel to work or adults’ education (chapter 5)  Travel to school (chapter 5)  Cars available to the household (chapter 6)  Convenience of public transport, and other services (chapter 7)  Topic Reports  Accessibility and Transport  Mode Choice  Long-distance Commuting (forthcoming)


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