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Fundamentals of “Universal” Instruments:. To date you’ve learned: *#17 Explorer To date you’ve learned: -Gracey 1/2 -204s.

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Presentation on theme: "Fundamentals of “Universal” Instruments:. To date you’ve learned: *#17 Explorer To date you’ve learned: -Gracey 1/2 -204s."— Presentation transcript:

1 Fundamentals of “Universal” Instruments:

2 To date you’ve learned: *#17 Explorer To date you’ve learned: -Gracey 1/2 -204s

3 2 Types of Universal Instruments: 1. Scalers- (in cross-section) pointed tip pointed tip pointed back pointed back supragingival calculus removal supragingival calculus removal 2. Curets - (in cross-section) rounded tip rounded tip rounded back rounded back sub/supragingival calculus removal sub/supragingival calculus removal

4 Let’s first talk about the Sickle Scalers

5 Types of Sickle Scalers:  Anterior- ‘straight’ shank instrument  Posterior- ‘curved’ or multiple shank instrument –(actually can be used universally in the mouth)

6 Anterior Sickle

7 Top instrument (Unpaired) is an example of a curet (on the left) and an anterior sickle on the (right) Bottom instrument (paired) is an example of a posterior sickle on both ends.

8 Design Characteristics: Basically there are 2 cutting edges at each end. The Face of the Sickle is at a 90 degree angle to the terminal shank. Flat “face” Terminal shank

9 Sickle instrument have two cutting edges on each end of the instrument:

10 Terminal shank is at a 90 degree angle to the Face

11 Face

12

13  Your instrument casetes do not include the Anterior Sickle.  You will use the Posterior Sickle throughout the mouth including the anterior teeth.

14 Let’s get prepared to Initial scaling with the Sickle Scaler

15 P. 210 p.290 In Nield Book (mirror) (mirror, sickle, etc.) (sickle)

16 (fulcrum)

17 Keep In Mind:  Operator and Client Positioning  Instrument Blade Selection  Grasp  Fulcrum  Insertion  Adaptation  Angulation

18 Please remember: The Sickle instrument is used SUPRAGINGIVAL! (You can go sub about 1-2 mm if necessary, but not more than that!!!)

19 Anterior Scaler The above shows a straight shanked sickle. Since we will not use this type of instrument, please focus instead on the Terminal Shank and its cutting edges and how it relates to the tooth. Initial point of insertion is always at the line angle

20

21 Mandibular Anteriors: Buccal Right Handed Clinician 1.From a 12:00 position, insert at the Distal Buccal Line Angle of #22 (tip towards the col) 2.Initiate walking stroke towards and into the distal col. Remove at end of pull stroke 3.Reinsert at the Mesial Buccal Line Angle of #22 (tip towards the mesial col) 4.Initiate walking stroke toward and into the mesial col. Remove at end of pull stroke 5.Move onto #23 D and then #23 M, then #24D, #24 M, etc. #22#23#24#25#26#

22 Mandibular Anteriors: Lingual Right Handed Clinician 1.From a 12:00 position, insert at the Distal Lingual Line Angle of #22 (tip towards the col) 2.Initiate walking stroke towards and into the distal col. Remove at end of pull stroke 3.Reinsert at the Mesial Lingual Line Angle of #22 (tip towards the mesial col) 4.Initiate walking stroke toward and into the mesial col. Remove at end of pull stroke 5.Move onto #23 D and then #23 M, then #24D, #24 M, etc. #22#23#24#25#26#27

23 Mandibular Anteriors: Buccal Left Handed Clinician 1.From a 12:00 position, insert at the Distal Buccal Line Angle of #27 (tip towards the col) 2.Initiate walking stroke towards and into the distal col. Remove instrument at upward stroke 3.Reinsert at the Mesial Buccal Line Angle of #27 (tip towards the mesial col) 4.Initiate walking stroke toward and into the mesial col. Remove instrument at upward stroke 5.Move onto #26 D and then #26 M, then #25D, #25 M, etc. #22#23#24#25#26#

24 Mandibular Anteriors: Lingual Left Handed Clinician 1.From a 12:00 position, insert at the Distal Lingual Line Angle of #27 (tip towards the col) 2.Initiate walking stroke towards and into the distal col. Remove at end of pull stroke 3.Reinsert at the Mesial Lingual Line Angle of #27 (tip towards the mesial col) 4.Initiate walking stroke toward and into the mesial col. Remove at end of pull stroke 5.Move onto #26 D and then #26 M, then #25D, #25 M, etc. #22#23#24#25#26#27

25 Stroke Sequence for Posterior Teeth: Stroke Sequence for Posterior Teeth: 2

26 Notice that you will begin your working stroke at the Distal Line Angle (1) and proceed into the distal col. You will then reinsert tip at the Mesial Line Angle (2) (tip now pointing towards the Mesial). Remember, Terminal shank of instrument is parallel to the line angle- proceed with walking stroke into the mesial col area

27 Correct: Terminal Shank Auxiliary Shank

28 Incorrect : Terminal Shank Auxiliary Shank

29 Correct angulation

30 Incorrect angulation

31

32

33

34 Do Not use the sickle on direct buccal/lingual surfaces!!!

35 Walking Sequence (per quadrant): (limited radius) AreaPatient’s Head Clock Position 1. UR and LR Buccal Left10:00-11:00- 12:00 (Anteriors) 2. UR and LR Lingual Right11:00 12:00 (Anteriors) UL BuccalRight11:00 12:00 (Anteriors) 2. UL LingualRight11:00 12:00 (Anteriors) 2. LL BuccalRight10:00-11:00 12:00 (Anteriors) 1. LL LingualLeft10:00-11:00 12:00 (Anteriors) For Right Handed Clinicians: Midline Notice that operator position and the direction of the instrument handle changes at the canine on the dominant side

36 Walking Sequence (per quadrant): (limited radius) AreaPatient’s Head Clock Position 1. UL and LL Buccal Right2:00-1:00 12:00 (Anteriors) 2. UL and LL Lingual Left2:00-1:00 12:00 (Anteriors) UR BuccalLeft1:00 12:00 (Anteriors) 2. UL LingualLeft1:00 12:00 (Anteriors) 2. LR BuccalLeft2:00-1:00 12:00 (Anteriors) 1. LR LingualRight2:00-1:00 12:00 (Anteriors) For Left Handed Clinicians: Notice that operator position and the direction of the instrument handle changes at the canine on the dominant side. Midline 1. 2.

37 So, what are we saying? You will be using the Posterior Sickle on ALL ALL proximal surfaces in the mouth. When you are scaling only the anterior teeth- please follow the sequence in slides (slides #20-23) When scaling posterior and anterior teeth in a single session- instrumentation sequence is: quadrant at a time! (slides #35/36) quadrant at a time! (slides #35/36)

38 In Review You Should ALWAYS Keep in Mind:  Lateral Pressure  Strokes  Stroke Direction  Stroke Length  Reinforcement

39 Now, Let’s take a look at the Universal Curet

40  The Universal curet is similar to the Sickle in that it also has two cutting edges per end.  The difference between them is that the tip of the Universal curet is rounded- not pointed like the Sickle.  This allows you to use this instrument SUBGINGIVAL!!! SUBGINGIVAL!!!

41 Universal Curets: Scalers- (in cross-section)  pointed tip pointed back pointed back supragingival calculus removal supragingival calculus removal Curets - (in cross-section) rounded tip rounded tip rounded back rounded back sub & supragingival calculus removal sub & supragingival calculus removal

42 Universal Curets  Columbia  Barnhardt  Younger Good  Blade size, shank length and design will determine preferred area usage.

43 So, Let’s Keep in Mind...  Fulcrum rest must be near, but not directly over the surface being scaled (fulcrum on same arch).  Determine correct working end of instrument:  Terminal shank parallel to MESIAL line angle of molar  Foot of instrument curves towards the tooth  Angle for insertion is 0-40 (closed blade)

44 Continued....  With closed blade, insert subgingival to JE- lateral pressure should be fairly light.  Open angle to 45-90° (subgingival) and initiate exploratory stroke (pull stroke)  Lateral pressure against tooth should remain fairly light unless a ‘bump’ is felt. Return back to JE and apply firmer pressure during pull stroke to remove ‘bump’  calculus?  Fulcrum pressure increases during pull stroke

45 Continued...  Relax fingers during exploratory stroke  Apply greater lateral pressure during pull stroke.  Strokes should be short and controlled, with moderate pressure from the base of the pocket, toward the gingival margin.  Stroke direction – vertical, oblique & horizontal (overlapping) remaining primarily in the gingival sulcus.

46 Please remember~  You should ALWAYS scale a tooth to completion!!!  That means: Look at the clock and budget your time!!!  Quesstimate how long it will take you to scale a lingual/buccal surface  Dependant on : How ‘heavy’ the calculus is  How ‘tenacious’ the calculus is  How good is your technique?!?  Then determine how many teeth you can scale thoroughly and completely with the amount of time you have...


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