Presentation on theme: "Eat and Speciate Kate Aubrecht, Melissa Fierke, Jeffrey Levinton, Greg McGee, Peg Riley Jen Nauen & Christov Roberson Northeast Summer Institute 2013."— Presentation transcript:
Eat and Speciate Kate Aubrecht, Melissa Fierke, Jeffrey Levinton, Greg McGee, Peg Riley Jen Nauen & Christov Roberson Northeast Summer Institute 2013
Evolution Unit: Intro Biology Learning Goals 1.Know what a species is 2.Know how species evolve 3.Understand how speciation increases biodiversity
Activity Learning Outcomes Students should be able to: – Describe processes leading to speciation – Interpret experimental data
Clicker Question 1 Review Which of the following are different species? A.Red and blue individuals coexisting in the same population B.Two groups of individuals that look similar but can not produce fertile offspring when they mate C.A population of fish that is separated and placed into two different fish tanks
Clicker Question 2 Review This schematic represents what type of speciation? A.Allopatric B.Sympatric C.Neither
Mating arena Fruit flies reared on diets of starch or cornmeal/molasses/yeast (CMY) for 11 generations Reared for 1 generation From Shannon et al., PNAS CMY
Data from: Shannon et al., PNAS 107 (46): Group-think-share
Add antibiotics to food… + antibiotics
Data reconstructed from: Shannon et al., PNAS 107 (46): Group-think-share
Clicker Question 3 Was there evidence of speciation during this experiment? A.Yes B.No
Group-think-share If this experiment was allowed to continue (without antibiotics), could speciation occur? If so, how? Genetic divergence due to reproductive isolation.
Let’s look at a real life example of speciation potentially aided by microbiome differences Species of parasitoid wasps Nasonia, closely related but with different microbiomes Brucker & Bordenstein 2013 Science
Cross closely related Nasonia vitripennis & N. longicornis Different species have different microbiomes – Crosses lethal for >90% of males! Administer antibiotics and they produce viable offspring Different species have likely evolved differently in response to their species microbiome – Leads to increases in biodiversity
Muddiest Point Don’t forget… by 6:00 today go onto the course website and post the least clear aspect of today’s exercise.