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Presentation on theme: "OVERALL CLASSIFICATION 10 December 2013 ARCYBER The Next Battlefield UNCLASSIFIED."— Presentation transcript:


2 CYBERSPACE: A global domain within the information environment consisting of the interdependent network of information technology infrastructures, including the Internet, telecommunications networks, computer systems, and embedded processors and controllers. (JP 1-02) Not special or separate – part of every unit’s Operating Environment Physical, logical (virtual), and social characteristics Instantaneous operational reach – global battlefield. Man-made domain – ever changing Interdependent w/ traditional war-fighting domains. Constant presence – evolves at the speed of code! Cyberspace as a Domain UNCLASSIFIED 2

3 Past Classical – AirLand Battle Today Classical–Network Enabled Future Land Cyber OPTEMPO Increasing CYBER Evolution of the Operational Environment (Emergence of Cyberspace) 3 Convergence has taken place between land-human-cyber; so successful Unified Land Operations will require integrated and successful cyberspace operations UNCLASSIFIED

4 Threat…Contested Environment Sophisticated, Growing and Evolving Exploiting daily, Increasing disruption, Developing destruction capabilities Current approach is not defendable or affordable –Limited Situation Awareness –Disparate Networks –Reactive Defense (Signature-based) –Compliance is our first line of defense Threats Developing Faster Than We Can Protect Against Them UNCLASSIFIED 4

5 U.S. International Strategy for Cyberspace : “…combine Diplomacy, Defense & Development to enhance prosperity, security & openness…” Dissuading and Deterring Strengthening Partnerships Building Prosperity and Security Our strategic approach is always grounded by our unshakable commitments to fundamental freedoms of expression, privacy, and the free flow of information Department of Defense Strategy for Cyberspace Treat cyberspace as an operational domain Employ new defense operating concepts Enable a whole of government cybersecurity strategy Build relationships with U.S. allies and International partners Leverage the Nation’s ingenuity United States Cyber Strategy 5 U.S. Joint Cyberspace Doctrine is Emerging and Evolving

6 U.S. Cyber Command On June 23, 2009, the Secretary of Defense directed the Commander of U.S. Strategic Command (USSTRATCOM) to establish a sub-unified command, United States Cyber Command (USCYBERCOM). Full Operational Capability (FOC) was achieved October 31, The command is located at Fort Meade, MD. 6 UNCLASSIFIED Service elements include: Army Cyber Command (ARCYBER); Air Forces Cyber (AFCYBER); Fleet Cyber Command (FLTCYBERCOM); and Marine Forces Cyber Command (MARFORCYBER). The Command is also standing up dedicated Cyber Mission Teams to accomplish the three elements of our mission.

7 U.S. Cyber Command 7 Defend the Nation DoD Information Networks (DODIN) Combatant Command Support Cyber National Mission Forces DISA/Services Cyber Protection Forces Cyber Combat Mission Forces (CCMD Aligned) 1. DODIN Operations 2. Defensive Cyber Operations (DCO) 3. Offensive Cyber Operations (OCO) 3 Lines of Operations - Running Throughout the Mission Areas UNCLASSIFIED

8 Army Cyber Command 2 nd Army / Our Mission Army Cyber Command/2 nd Army plans, coordinates, integrates, synchronizes, directs, and conducts network operations and defense of all Army networks; when directed, conducts cyberspace operations in support of full spectrum operations to ensure U.S./Allied freedom of action in cyberspace, and to deny the same to our adversaries. Serve as Cyber Proponent Conduct Information Operations Army Cyber Command Cyberspace Operations = Build + Operate + Defend + Exploit + Attack UNCLASSIFIED 8

9 Command & Control…Evolving Unity of Effort for Cyberspace Operations ARCYBER/ 2 nd Army Army PROPONENT Army Cyber Operations and Integration Center (ACOIC) ARNG Cyber Units USAR Cyber Units NETCOM/ 9 th SC 1 ST IO CMD (L) INSCOM CYBERCOMSTRATCOM CYBER BDE (780 th MI) Organize to Support Combatant Commands Train, Organize, Equip to Meet Requirements 9 Cyber Center of Excellence (TRADOC) Army Cyber Center (USMA) UNCLASSIFIED

10  Defense of All Army Networks  Serves as Service Component to U.S. Cyber Command  Train, Organize and Equip  Provide Trained & Ready Forces  Build Joint Force Headquarters-Cyber capability  Integrate Cyberspace into Planning and Exercises  Cyber Education, Training and Leader Development  Build Partner Capacity  Conduct Information Ops for the Army  Support to Institutional Cyber Force Development Army Cyber Command Roles 10 UNCLASSIFIED

11 Defending All Army Networks Army Networks 400+ Network Connections 700+ Circuits Over 800,000 Workstations Over 35,000 Servers Over 90,000 Mobile Devices Over 1,200,000 Users A Global footprint 11 Must Defend to Maintain the Freedom to Operate Collapse to a defendable enterprise network Provide all-source indications and warnings Maintain cyber situational awareness Ensure Intel-Ops-Signal (“2-3-6”) integration Train and equip all Army HQs, units, and users to defend their networks Recognize and understand the importance of trusted and disciplined system and network administrators Monitor and enforce compliance Conduct forensics of all attacks Obtain required tools and capabilities Identify and defend cyber key terrain Ensure future integration into the Joint Information Environment framework UNCLASSIFIED

12 Cyber “In Stride” Initiatives Cyber Home Station Training Pilot 12 Do What We Can Now While More Develops Cyber Security Assessment Teams FY14 FORSCOM Training Guidance Commanders Program on Cyberspace Risk World Class Cyber Opposing Force Mission Command Assessment Teams Cyber-Electromagnetic Activities (CEMA) Elements TRADOC Plan for Cyber Center of Excellence FORSCOM Cyber Summit Strategic Landpower Cybersecurity Awareness Week LandCyber White Paper UNCLASSIFIED

13 Evolving Doctrine JP 3-12 (Cyberspace Operations):  Cyberspace Operations are the employment of cyberspace capabilities where the primary purpose is to achieve objectives in or through cyberspace  Most aspects of Joint Operations rely in part on cyberspace  Commanders conduct cyberspace ops to retain freedom of maneuver in cyberspace and deny freedom of action to adversaries FM 3-38 (Cyber-Electromagnetic Activities): Activities leveraged to seize, retain, and exploit an advantage over adversaries and enemies in both cyberspace and the electromagnetic spectrum, while simultaneously denying and degrading adversary and enemy use of the same and protecting mission command systems UNCLASSIFIED 13

14 Army Cyber Training Vision: A team of elite, trusted and disciplined cyber warriors trained to operate and defend Army networks Individual Level Increase individual cyber awareness (passwords, software updates, suspicious attachments); Begin with Initial Military Training Certification is a first step…Every user has training requirements Ensure leaders understand and are capable of planning Cyber ops Unit Level Train units for a degraded cyber environment Seek opportunities to integrate and evaluate Cyber ops into planning, training, and exercises at all levels Synchronization of Cyber ops with all other operations is imperative Establish cyber OPFOR capability Service/Joint Establish and meet Joint cyber training standards 14 Making the US Army “Second to None” in Cyberspace… Training and Leader Development is the Key UNCLASSIFIED

15 Establish New Systems Engineering FA26 LTCCOLMAJLT/CPT Operations

16 Candidates for MOS, as follows: MOS Immaterial A SSG ALC graduate with at least 8 years TIS At least 4 years of experience in IA and IT. This experience must be verified IA Certification: Must hold a current certification under either IAT Level II or IAM Level I IAW DoD M 811 HQDA Approved 25D MOS Nov 2013 Five CND Specialties JAN 2014: Recruiting Target MOS 25B predominate pool 25D - Cyber Network Defender Qualifying Scores. A minimum score of 105 in aptitude areas GT and ST on Armed Services Vocational Aptitude Battery (ASVAB) tests administered on and after 1 July 2004 Possess a security clearance of TOP SECRET (TS) sensitive compartmented information (SCI) U.S. citizen Meet service remaining requirement per AR (36 months) A physical demands rating of medium A physical profile of Normal color vision

17 Ongoing Initiatives Science, Technology, Engineer, Math (STEM) 50% SC Accession Targets Additional Point on OML for STEM Cadets Voluntary Transfer Incentive Program (VTIP) for FA and BR MOCS Action approved requiring STEM and TS-SCI for FA53 Increased Throughput FA53 ISMC Submitted request to document Civilian Certifications on ORB Cyberspace Operations and Security Training With Industry (TWI) Zero-based update of all ACS/TWI Requirements Documented CPT officer positions as Cyber related ACS utilization assignments CMF KD positions in DA Pam for AOC 24A, 25A, 53A & Signal WO 40 Seats USAF Cyber 200 Course and 45 at 300 Course for FY 14 (CW4 instructor AFIT) 8 annual ACS seats for AFIT Cyber related MS Degree Programs (PhD instructor AFIT) Implemented TS-SCI Cyber Threat briefing for all Signal PCC Piloting ECOPS for all Signal PCC Signal Regimental Officer Transformation MOCS Action (AOC 25G and FA 26) Increased SC WO accessions to meet CMF build requirements HQDA approved 25D MOCS Action / 25D Pilot course 25D In-Service Screening Test (ISST) CIO/G6 provided DoDD 8570 annual IA/Cybersecurity recertification vouchers

18 Developing Initiatives Incorporate SANS MS Degree into FA 26 education program Organic ACOPC instructor capability in the Cyber Leader College Cyberspace Technological Enrichment Program (CTEP) (HIA) Non-MEL4 NCCIC and FCC for field grade and warrant officers USCC/NSA CMF equivalency for SC AOC/MOS qualification training course SIGCoE Course Emphasis on Blended Education vice Training Army Career Tracker Pilot for all Signal Regiment Officers, WO, Enlisted Select SC 2LT to USAF Undergraduate Cyber Keesler AFB Army Cyber Assessment (ACA) transfer of responsibility from ARCYBER

19 What We Must Do Embrace cyberspace as a contested domain Know the threat….It is not random Treat the Network as a weapon system Enforce Compliance with Basic Standards and Discipline Cyber security is not a given and remediation is expensive This is leader’s business Conduct Training and Leader Development Make people the Centerpiece, not Technology Strong partnerships are critical to success 19 UNCLASSIFIED

20 Vision: Professional team  Elite, trusted, precise, disciplined warriors  Culture of trust, respect, and dignity Who  Defend and operate all military networks  Provide dominant effects in cyberspace  Ensure Mission Command  Enable Unified Land Operations  Ensure a decisive advantage—Land and Cyber The Key to Cyberspace Operations is People, not Technology Cyber Warriors 20 UNCLASSIFIED

21 Questions “Transforming Cyberspace While at War… Can’t Afford Not To!” UNCLASSIFIED 21

22 The Cyber-Enabled Commander Expects  Freedom to Operate Defend and Secure Critical Information Understand Operational Impact, Risk and Mitigation  Common Operational Picture See Yourself, the Threat & the Cyberspace Terrain  Integrated Cyber Planning and Execution Cyber Effects tied to Commander’s Objectives Synchronize Lethal & Non-Lethal  Network as an Operational Platform Single, Secure Network Enable Cyberspace Operations  Trained and Ready Forces Leader Development, Training, and Education is Key 22 UNCLASSIFIED

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