Sodium Fluoroacetate Plant based poison Chemically manufactured Bio-degradable Used for pest control to kill: I. Possums II. Rats III. Stoats that eat poisoned rats
1080 is water soluble 1649 water samples tested 1990-2003 At 2.0ppb concentrate a 60kg person would have to drink 60,000 Litres for a lethal dose or 2,300 Litres per day to suffer sub-lethal effects
Vulnerable to 1080 Not vulnerable to 1080 Rats Possums Rabbits Feral Deer Stoats Dogs Cats Pigs Livestock Robins Kiwi Kaka Kokako Crayfish Longfin Eel Watercress Puha
Blocks the essential body process “kerb cycle” Over stimulating the CNS Causes alternation of cardiac functions resulting in myocardial depression, cardiac arrhythmias and circulatory collapse. 0.06mg/kg lethal dose to a dog CNS stimulation is main effect in dogs Target organs being the brain and heart
Signs can appear as little as half an hour or several hours after poisoning Disorientated Hyperventilation Nervousness Weakness Fecal and urinary incontinence Sensitive to touch Exhibit severe pain Aggressive Hyperactive Drool at the mouth Vomit Show muscle tremors Convulsions Restless Depression Anxiety Affected animals can die within hours after signs first appear.
Con’s Pro’s Poison found in carcass for 3 months after death Dogs are highly sensitive Ingested, inhaled, or percutaneous Accidental poisoning Biodegradable Dilutes in water Animals that don't consume a lethal dose excrete poisons without any harm Save native wildlife
First made as rodenticide in the late 1930’s Commercial use 1944 First Nz trail 1954 1957 the poison had become worldwide
Public notification Media Pesticide summaries. Warning signs Warn dog owners, May issue muzzles May issue emetics Applicator must:
Animals that survive more than 2 hours after exposure will recover completely New Zealand is the largest user of 1080 95% of North Island brown kiwi chicks Possums are the highest carrier of TB New Zealand has one of the highest extinction rates 1080 drops during winter and spring
HortResearch After several years and testing on rats, rabbits and sheep an antidote provided successful in trails. But before testing on dogs, HortResearch assessed if there was a public or industry demand for an antidote. Their still in debate! Dogs A simple emetic treatment can be used if administered within a hour of bait being eaten Solutions of salt Washing soda
Hunting Trapping Other Poisons Biological control Labour intensive Requires easy access Costly Aerial drops of 1080 achieves 90% reduction in possum populations over large area of rugged and inaccessible country
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