Presentation on theme: "11 Chapter Emotional and Social Development from One to Three Contents"— Presentation transcript:
111ChapterEmotional and Social Development from One to ThreeContentsSection 11.1 Emotional Development from One to ThreeSection 11.2 Social Development from One to Three
2Section 11.1 Emotional Development from One to Three Children go through a series of emotional stages.Each child develops differently based on his or her experiences and temperament.Adequate sleep is vital to good emotional development.
4Emotional Patterns Emotional development goes in cycles. Experiences and temperament contribute to emotional development.Children’s emotions go through predictable changes.4
5Specific Emotions Even young babies have specific emotions. Until age two or three, children express their emotions openly.From age 18 months to three years, children can show anger, fear, love, affection, jealousy, and empathy.empathyThe ability to understand how another person feels.5
6Emotional AdjustmentThere are clear signs when a child and parents have a healthy relationship.Relationship with siblings is one indicator of a child’s emotional adjustment.6
7Emotional AdjustmentChildren form their self-concept in response to others’ actions, attitudes, and comments.Parents must discourage negative behavior without damaging the child’s self-concept.self-conceptHow people see themselves.7
8Sleep and Emotional Behavior Sleep problems are one of the most common problems children experience.There are several causes of sleep problems.Lack of sleep can affect temperament and the ability to do things.Children go through sleep cycles each night.What are some possible causes of sleep problems?8
9Section 11.2 Social Development from One to Three Children learn to get along with others through a process called socialization.They begin to make friends and deal with conflict.With adult guidance, they gradually achieve self-discipline.
11General Social Patterns Young children gradually learn how to get along with other people.At 18 months, children develop independence and engage in parallel play.parallel playWhen children play near, but not actually with, other children.
12General Social Patterns At three years, children work in small groups and engage in cooperative play.cooperative playA type of play in which children play and interact with one another.
13General Social Patterns Social Developmental Milestones – Ages 1 - 3AgeDevelopmental Milestones
14Making FriendsThe ability to make friends is important to normal social development.
15Making FriendsWhen young children spend most of their time with adults, they may have difficulty interacting with children their own age.Imaginary friends can help a child experiment with different feelings.How is playing with an adult different than playing with other children?
16Guiding BehaviorGuiding with understanding and firmness helps children learn self-discipline.Guidance helps children with moral development.self-disciplineThe ability of children to control their own behavior.
17Guiding Behavior Parents and caregivers should: set limits. encourage independence.promote sharing.Aggressive behavior must be dealt with.
18Emotional Development from One to Three Chapter SummarySection 11.1Emotional Development from One to ThreeChildren go through a series of emotional stages.Each child develops emotionally in his or her own way, based on temperament and past experiences.With help, children learn to show empathy for others and to handle emotions such as anger and jealousy.Adequate sleep is critical to many areas of a child’s development.18
19Social Development from One to Three Chapter SummarySection 11.2Social Development from One to ThreeThe socialization process involves gradually developing social skills and learning to get along with others.Behavior needs to be guided by caregivers.With the caregivers’ guidance, children begin to develop a conscience.19
20ReviewDo you remember the vocabulary terms from this chapter? Use the following slides to check your knowledge of the definitions.The slides in this section include both English and Spanish terms and definitions.Start
21self-centered egocéntrico Thinking about one’s own needs and wants and not those of others.Pensar sobre las necesidades de uno mismo y no en las de los demás.Show Definition
22Doing the opposite of what others want. negativismnegativismoDoing the opposite of what others want.Hacer lo contrario a lo que otros quieren.Show Definition
23temper tantrum pataleta When children release anger or frustration by screaming, crying, kicking, pounding, and sometimes holding their breath.Cuando los niños desahogan rabia o frustración gritando, llorando, pateando, golpeando y algunas veces conteniendo la respiración.Show Definition
24phobia fobia An unexplainable and illogical fear. Un miedo ilógico e inexplicable.Show Definition
25ansiedad de separación separation anxiety The fear of being away from parents, familiar caregivers, or the normal environment.Miedo de estar lejos de los padres, de otras personas conocidas que cuidan al niño, o del ambiente normal.Show Definition
26rivalidad entre hermanos sibling rivalry The competition between brothers or sisters for parents’ affection and attention.La competencia entre hermanos o hermanas por el cariño y la atención de los padres.Show Definition
27The ability to understand how another person feels. empathycompasiónThe ability to understand how another person feels.Habilidad de entender cómo se siente alguien más.Show Definition
28self-concept concepto de sí mismo How people see themselves. Como la persona se ve a sí misma.Show Definition
29Lacking adequate sleep. Que le falta sueño. estar privado de sueñosleep-deprivedLacking adequate sleep.Que le falta sueño.Show Definition
30REM sleep sueño MOR A sleep cycle characterized by rapid eye movement. Ciclo del sueño caracterizado por el movimiento ocular rápido.Show Definition
31A cycle of sleep in which rapid eye movement does not occur. NREM sleepsueño NMORA cycle of sleep in which rapid eye movement does not occur.Ciclo de sueño en el que el movimiento ocular rápido no ocurre.Show Definition
32socialización socialization The process of learning how to interact and express oneself with others.El proceso de aprender a llevarse bien con otros.Show Definition
33When children play near, but not actually with, other children. parallel playjuego paraleloWhen children play near, but not actually with, other children.Cuando los niños juegan cerca deotros niñossin jugar con ellos.Show Definition
34A type of play in which children play and interact with one another. cooperative playjuego cooperativoA type of play in which children play and interact with one another.Tipode juego en el que los niños interactúan entre sí.Show Definition
35The ability of children to control their own behavior. self-disciplineautodisciplinaThe ability of children to control their own behavior.La habilidad de los niños para controlar su propio comportamiento.Show Definition
36Independencia, capacidad de tomar decisiones y llevarlas a cabo. autonomyautonomíaPersonal independence and the capacity to make decisions and act on them.Independencia, capacidad de tomar decisiones y llevarlas a cabo.Show Definition
37time-outpausaWhen a child is removed from the group, perhaps by being required to sit in a special chair for a short period of time.Cuando un niño es aislado del grupo y se le requiere que, por ejemplo, se siente en un asiento especial por un corto periodo de tiempo.Show Definition
38Observant; quick to understand things. perceptiveperceptivoObservant; quick to understand things.Observador; rápido para entender cosas.Show Definition
39Sufficient in quantity or quality to meet a need. adequateadecuadoSufficient in quantity or quality to meet a need.Suficiente en cantidad o calidad.Show Definition
40To form a judgment of something uncertain or variable. gaugeestimarTo form a judgment of something uncertain or variable.Juzgar algo incierto o una variable.Show Definition
41A diversion; something that interferes with concentration. distractiondistracciónA diversion; something that interferes with concentration.Diversión; algo que interfiere con la concentración.Show Definition