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Co-ordinating action on drug issues Drug Related Deaths Drug Related Deaths Dave Liddell.

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Presentation on theme: "Co-ordinating action on drug issues Drug Related Deaths Drug Related Deaths Dave Liddell."— Presentation transcript:

1 Co-ordinating action on drug issues Drug Related Deaths Drug Related Deaths Dave Liddell

2 Co-ordinating action on drug issues Drug-related deaths, Scotland 1996 – 2002 Source:GRO

3 Co-ordinating action on drug issues Drug-related deaths by Health Board Area: Source:GRO

4 Co-ordinating action on drug issues Drug-related deaths by Health Board Area: 1996 – 2002 Source:GRO

5 Co-ordinating action on drug issues Drug-related deaths; selected drugs involved, Scotland 1996 – 2002 Source GRO

6 Co-ordinating action on drug issues Poly drug use Heroin/diazepam combinations Diazepam Heroin/Diazepam Heroin

7 Co-ordinating action on drug issues Injecting opiates – low tolerance Source: Andrew Preston Blood level of heroin lethal dose unconsciousness acute intoxication

8 Co-ordinating action on drug issues High tolerance Source: Andrew Preston Blood level of heroin Time lethal dose unconsciousness acute intoxication

9 Co-ordinating action on drug issues Poly drug use & high tolerance Source: Andrew Preston temazepam

10 Co-ordinating action on drug issues Greater Glasgow drug-related deaths 2002: Age Groups Source: GGDAT 55% aged 30 and over

11 Co-ordinating action on drug issues Prison release & drug-related deaths, Greater Glasgow 2002 Source: GGDAT

12 Co-ordinating action on drug issues Drug Deaths by Deprivation categories 2002 Greater Glasgow Source: GGDAT

13 Co-ordinating action on drug issues Drug deaths – what we know High purity heroin seldom the cause of overdose death Overdose less common among new or inexperienced users – older users predominate Large proportion of deaths are a mixture of opiates and Benzodiazepines –many also include alcohol Most are not in specialist ‘treatment’ Recent history of overdose

14 Co-ordinating action on drug issues Drug deaths – what we know Factors potentially adding to poly drug use and therefore increased overdose risk Low purity heroin? Liver damage of those on methadone(heroin?) Low dose methadone prescribing

15 Co-ordinating action on drug issues Drug deaths – what we know Loss of tolerance and increased risk of overdose from :- Prison releases Detoxification

16 Co-ordinating action on drug issues Drug deaths – what we know 137 individuals Source: John Strang et al BMJ May 2003 At discharge: 43 Still Tolerant 57 Reduced Tolerance 37 Lost Tolerance 3 deaths occurred within four months all within the last group

17 Co-ordinating action on drug issues Drug deaths – what we can do Improve prescribing Methadone dosage, other prescribing options, access, end to ‘zero tolerance regimes’ Higher overdose in high risk groups - outreach Most overdoses are witnessed – critical incidents training

18 Co-ordinating action on drug issues Drug deaths – what we can do High overdose rates over 30s – routes out/employability Better aftercare/continuity of care for those who have under gone detoxification Retox for high risk individuals leaving prison

19 Co-ordinating action on drug issues Conclusion An impact can be made on reducing the number of deaths Services and DAATs need to regular review practice Recent death figures are encouraging


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