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Death Penalty.  Prohibits excessive bail and fines  Prohibits cruel and unusual punishment AMENDMENT 8.

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Presentation on theme: "Death Penalty.  Prohibits excessive bail and fines  Prohibits cruel and unusual punishment AMENDMENT 8."— Presentation transcript:

1 Death Penalty

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3  Prohibits excessive bail and fines  Prohibits cruel and unusual punishment AMENDMENT 8

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5  This case led to a 4-year moratorium (delay/suspension) on death penalty sentences  Capital punishment varied for each state  Led to two phases:  1) Jury decides if defendant is guilty of murder  2) Jury hears new evidence to determine if the death penalty is warranted AMENDMENT 8: Furman v. GA (1972)

6  The Supreme Court held that the death penalty was not considered cruel and unusual punishment AMENDMENT 8: Gregg v. GA (1976)

7  The 8 th Amendment forbids executing people for crimes they committed when they were under 16 AMENDMENT 8: Thompson v. OK (1988)

8 DateName Age at execution Age at offense GenderStateMethod 101985-09-11September 11Rumbaugh, Charles Francis2817MaleTexasLethal injection 201986-01-10January 10Roach, James Terry2517MaleSouth CarolinaElectrocution 301986-05-15May 15, 1986Pinkerton, Jay Kelly2417MaleTexasLethal injection 401990-05-18May 18, 1990Prejean, Dalton3017MaleLouisianaElectrocution 501992-02-11February 11Garrett, Johnny Frank2817MaleTexasLethal injection 601993-07-01July 1, 1993Harris, Curtis Paul3117MaleTexasLethal injection 701993-07-28July 28, 1993Lasley, Frederick2917MaleMissouriLethal injection 801993-08-24August 24,Cantu, Ruben Montoya2617MaleTexasLethal injection 901993-12-07December 7Burger, Christopher3317MaleGeorgiaElectrocution 1001998-04-24April 24, 1998Cannon, Joseph John3817MaleTexasLethal injection 1101998-05-18May 18, 1998Carter, Robert Anthony3417MaleTexasLethal injection 1201998-10-14October 14,Wright, Dwayne Allen2417MaleVirginiaLethal injection 1301999-02-04February 4,Sellers, Sean Richard2916MaleOklahomaLethal injection 1402000-01-10January 10Thomas, Douglas Christopher2617MaleVirginiaLethal injection 1502000-01-13January 13Roach, Steve Edward2317MaleVirginiaLethal injection 1602000-01-25January 25McGinnis, Glen Charles2717MaleTexasLethal injection 1702000-06-22June 22, 2000Graham, Gary Lee3617MaleTexasLethal injection 1802001-10-22October 22Mitchell, Gerald Lee3317MaleTexasLethal injection 1902002-05-28May 28, 2002Beazley, Napoleon2517MaleTexasLethal injection 2002002-08-08August 8Jones, T. J.T. J. Jones2517MaleTexasLethal injection 2102002-08-28August 28Patterson, Toronto Markkey2417MaleTexasLethal injection 2202003-04-03April 3, 2003Hain, Scott Allen3217MaleOklahomaLethal injection

9  Overruled the Thompson case and held that crimes committed before 18 could not be used for the death penalty  Prior to this decision, 22 juveniles had been executed since 1976 AMENDMENT 8: Roper v. Simmons (2005)

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11 State # of Inmates State # of Inmates State # of Inmates California721S. Carolina63Connecticut10 Florida398U.S. Gov't61Utah9 Texas321Mississippi60Kansas9 Penn.219Missouri50Washington9 Alabama206Arkansas43U.S. Military6 N. Carolina165Kentucky36Maryland5 Ohio159Oregon34Colorado4 Arizona138Delaware20South Dakota3 Georgia103Idaho16Montana2 Tennessee87Illinois**16New Mexico*2 Louisiana86Indiana14Wyoming1 Nevada81Nebraska12 New Hampshire 1 Oklahoma77Virginia11

12 Executed PersonDate of ExecutionVictim (s) Under Governor 1Robert Alton HarrisApril 21, 1992John Mayeski and Michael Baker Wilson 2David Edwin MasonAugust 24, 1993 Joan Picard, Arthur Jennings, Boyd Johnson, Antionette Brown, and Dorothy Land 3William George BoninFebruary 23, 1996 Marcus Grabs, Donald Hyden, David Murillo, Dennis Frank Fox, Charles Miranda, James McCabe, Ronald Gatlin, Harry Todd Turner, Russell Rugh, Glenn Barker, Steven Wood, Darin Lee Kendrick, Lawrence Sharp, and Steven Jay Wells 4Keith Daniel WilliamsMay 31, 1996Lourdes Meza, Miguel Vargas and Salvador Vargas 5Thomas Martin ThompsonJuly 14, 1998Ginger Fleischli 6Jaturun SiripongsFebruary 9, 1999Packovan Wattanporn and Quach Nguyen Davis 7Manuel Pina BabbittMay 4, 1999Leah Schendel 8Darrell Keith RichMarch 15, 2000 Annette Fay Edwards, Patricia Ann Moore, Linda Diane Slovik, and Annette Lynn Selix 9Robert Lee MassieMarch 27, 2001Boris G. Naumoff 10Stephen Wayne AndersonJanuary 29, 2002Elizabeth Lyman 11Donald Jay BeardsleeJanuary 19, 2005Stacey Benjamin and Patty Geddling Schwarzenegger 12Stanley Tookie WilliamsDecember 13, 2005Albert Owens, Yen-Yi Yang, Tsai-Shai Lin, and Yee-Chen Lin 13Clarence Ray AllenJanuary 17, 2006Bryon Schletewitz, Josephine Rocha, and Douglas White California Death Row: Number of Executions Since 1976

13  As of 2012, there are 721 offenders (including 19 women) on California's death row.  Of those, 126 involved torture before murder, 173 killed children, and 44 murdered police officers.  Because California's death penalty was enacted through the voter-initiative process, the only way to replace it is through a voter-approved ballot measure.  An attempt to remove the death penalty in 2012, Proposition 34, was defeated with 53% of the vote against it. California Death Row

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15 Method # of executions by method since 1976 # of states authorizing method Jurisdictions that Authorize Lethal Injection 1143 (incl. 36 by one-drug protocol) 35 states + U.S. Military and U.S. Gov't AlabamaAlabama, Arizona, Arkansas, California, Colorado, Connecticut*, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Idaho, Indiana, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Mexico*, North Carolina, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Virginia, Washington, Wyoming, U.S. Military, U.S. GovernmentArizonaArkansasCaliforniaColoradoConnecticutDelawareFlorida GeorgiaIdahoIndianaKansasKentuckyLouisianaMarylandMississippiMissouri MontanaNebraska,NevadaNew HampshireNew MexicoNorth CarolinaOhio OklahomaOregonPennsylvaniaSouth CarolinaSouth DakotaTennesseeTexas UtahVirginiaWashingtonWyomingU.S. MilitaryU.S. Government *New Mexico abolished the death penalty in 2009. However, the law wasn't retroactive, leaving two people on the state's death row. Connecticut abolished the death penalty in 2012. However, the law wasn't retroactive, leaving 11 people on the state's death row. Electrocution157 9 states (all have lethal injection as primary method) AlabamaAlabama, Arkansas, Florida, Kentucky, [Oklahoma], South Carolina, Tennessee, VirginiaArkansasFloridaKentucky[Oklahoma]South CarolinaTennessee Virginia Gas Chamber11 4 states (all have lethal injection as primary method) ArizonaArizona, California, Missouri, [Wyoming]CaliforniaMissouri[Wyoming] Hanging3 2 states (all have lethal injection as primary method) New HampshireNew Hampshire, WashingtonWashington Firing Squad31 state (all have lethal injection as primary method) [Oklahoma][Oklahoma], Utah Utah no longer offers the firing squad as an option, but would allow it only for inmates who chose this method prior to its elimination.Utah Oklahoma offers firing squad only if lethal injection and electrocution are found unconstitutional.

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