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Minerals Mr. Skirbst Earth Science Topic 22
Minerals Naturally occurring, inorganic solid that has a definite chemical composition and crystal structure
5 Characteristics of Minerals 1.Naturally occurring – Found in nature, not synthetic
5 Characteristics of Minerals 1.Naturally occurring - 2.Inorganic - Not formed by or from living things
5 Characteristics of Minerals 1.Naturally occurring - 2.Inorganic - 3.Solid - Definite shape and volume
5 Characteristics of Minerals 1.Naturally occurring - 2.Inorganic - 3.Solid - 4.Definite Composition - Has a specific chemical formula
5 Characteristics of Minerals 1.Naturally occurring - 2.Inorganic - 3.Solid - 4.Definite Composition - 5.Crystal Structure - Repeating pattern of atoms
Mineral Identification 1.Color Very variable, Not reliable
Mineral Identification 2.Luster
Mineral Identification 2.Luster The way light reflects off surface (metallic or non-metallic)
Mineral Identification 3.Hardness
Mineral Identification 3.Hardness Resistance to scratching (Mohs scale and field hardness)
Mineral Identification 4.Streak
Mineral Identification 4.Streak Color of powder when rubbed (streak plate is used)
Mineral Identification 5.Density
Mineral Identification 5.Density Mass per unit volume (“heft” used in field)
Mineral Identification 6.Crystal Shape
Mineral Identification 6.Crystal Shape Six basic shapes
Mineral Identification 7.Breakage
Mineral Identification 7.Breakage The way a mineral breaks:
Mineral Identification 7.Breakage The way a mineral breaks: Cleavage – smooth surface
Mineral Identification 7.Breakage The way a mineral breaks: Cleavage – smooth surface Fracture – rough surface
Mineral Identification 8.Special Properties
Mineral Identification 8.Special Properties magnetic, radioactive, odor, taste, glow, chemically reactive
Mohs Hardness Scale 1.6. 2.7. 3.8. 4.9. 5.10.
Field Hardness Scale 1.6. 2.7. 3.8. 4.9. 5.10.
7 th Grade Science. Minerals A mineral is Naturally occurring Inorganic or not dead material Solid Crystal Structure Definite chemical composition
Minerals. What is a mineral? 5 Characteristics of a mineral Naturally Occurring Naturally Occurring Inorganic (Not Living) Inorganic (Not Living) Always.
What they are, how they form, and how we use ‘em.
What are minerals?. Minerals are naturally occurring inorganic solids formed from an element or compound. There are more than 2,000 minerals in the Earth’s.
MINERALS. What is a Mineral A naturally occurring, inorganic solid that has a definite chemical composition and crystal shape.
Minerals. What is a mineral? A naturally formed, inorganic solid with a definite chemical composition and crystalline structure.
Ms. Hartnett's Earth Science1 Minerals A mineral is a naturally occurring, inorganic solid with distinct physical and chemical properties. Facts about.
Minerals. What is a Mineral? A mineral is inorganic. Minerals are naturally occurring. Minerals are solids. Minerals have a crystal structure. Minerals.
Hosted by Mr. Mariano Mineral Anything Mineral Characteristics Mineral IDMineral Anything
What is a mineral? Naturally occurring (gold silver, diamonds) Inorganic Solid Crystalline structure (ruby) Physical and chemical composition.
What is this? Are you sure this is a rock? What else could it be? What tests could you do to determine the type of rock you just picked up?
Minerals Characteristics of Minerals. Minerals are… Naturally occurring (not man made) Naturally occurring (not man made) Yes - Diamonds No – Cubic Zirconia.
Protons, Electrons and Neutrons make up atoms Element is a substance composed of a single kind of atom Minerals are made from one or more elements.
Minerals Essential question: What makes a mineral?
Minerals Chapter 3 Sec. 1 & 2. What Is a Mineral? A mineral is a naturally formed, inorganic solid that has a definite crystalline structure. All minerals.
Minerals. What are minerals? Naturally occurring Inorganic Solid Specific chemical compositions Made up of specific compounds or elements
Unit 2 Rocks and Minerals. Minerals: Occur naturally in the Earth Inorganic – not formed by living things Solid Crystal structure – atoms or molecules.
PROPERTIES OF MINERALS MRS SANDY GOMEZ. CHARACTERISTICS OF MINERALS Naturally Occuring: Formed by natural processes in the world.
Ms Politano at Sterling Hill Mine. Minerals Natural Solid Inorganic Definite chemical composition Crystal structure due to internal arrangement of atoms.
Chapter 4 - Minerals. Mineral - definition Naturally Naturally occurring Inorganic Inorganic Solid Solid Specific Specific chemical composition Definite.
Chapter 1: Minerals of the Earth’s Crust. A mineral is a naturally occurring, inorganic solid that has a definite chemical composition and a crystal structure.
Minerals. What is the difference in picture A and B? (Other than the obvious) AB.
What is a Mineral? A mineral is a naturally occurring, inorganic solid that has a crystal structure and a definite chemical composition. Pyromorphite.
Properties of Minerals S E C T I O N Objectives What are the characteristics of a mineral? How are minerals identified?
Naturally Occurring Solid Crystal Structure Inorganic.
Chap. 2 Minerals 2.1 Notes Properties of Minerals.
Standard/Objective: S6E5.b. Investigate the contribution of minerals to rock composition..
Naturally occuring Solid Formed by inorganic processes Have a crystal structure Definite chemical composition To be a mineral – MUST HAVE.
(How can we identify which mineral is which?) 8 Ways to Identify Minerals.
Minerals Properties…... What is a Mineral? A mineral is : crystal structure definite chemical composition. Must occur naturally Must be inorganic.
Minerals Mineral Mineral Formation A naturally formed, inorganic solid that has a definite crystalline structure. – Naturally formed – not made by people.
Minerals. What is a mineral? A mineral occurs naturally, it’s inorganic, a solid that has crystal structure and definite chemical composition.
Composition and Structure of Minerals. It occurs naturally It is a solid It has a definite chemical composition Its atoms are arranged in an orderly.
Minerals. What is a Mineral? Solid Solid Naturally Occurring Naturally Occurring Inorganic Inorganic Definite Crystal Structure Definite Crystal Structure.
ALL ABOUT THE PROPERTIES OF MINERALS How Are Minerals Identified?
Minerals CHARACTERISTICS, IDENTIFYING, HOW DO MINERALS FORM? https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-DSzlxeNCBk.
Rocks & Minerals. Physical properties See, hear, touch, taste, smell Density D = Mass ÷ Volume Hardness What it is made of.
Chapter 3: Minerals of the Earth’s Crust Standard: Composition of rocks in terms of minerals.
Minerals CH 2 Prentice Hall p CH 2 Prentice Hall p
Minerals Are: * Solid, inorganic materials that form naturally on or beneath the E’s surface.
Properties of Minerals. What is a mineral? A naturally occurring, inorganic solid that has a crystal structure and a definite chemical composition. More.
Minerals The building blocks of rocks. Atoms, Elements, & Minerals Atom –Smallest component of an element f.
DEFINITION OF MINERAL Naturally occurring, Inorganic Solid with a definable chemical composition and crystal structure Physical Properties Crystal Form.
Minerals. Matter Anything that takes up space and has mass. Physical Properties: characteristics that can be observed with out changing the composition.
Minerals That compose the Earth’s Crust. What is a mineral? Is it inorganic? Nothing alive or alive at one time qualifies. Does it occur naturally? Nothing.
Properties of Minerals Chapter 2.1. What is a mineral? For something to be a mineral it must consist of the following: – It must be naturally occurring.
Earth Science With Mr. Thomas Minerals All rocks & minerals on earth are made of elements. How is a rock different than an mineral? Rocks are made of.
Minerals. 4 requirements to be considered a mineral: 1. Naturally Occurring (not manmade)
1-2 Identifying Minerals 1.Classify Minerals using common mineral identification techniques. 2.Explain special properties of minerals.
2-1. Objective: Identify minerals and their properties. Homework: Mineral lab Due Friday Bell work: Are water and ice minerals? Can minerals be.
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