Presentation on theme: "Page 1 Country Experience : Sustainable Consumption and Production of Thailand Wilasinee Poonuchaphai German Technical Cooperation (GTZ) ….Contributes."— Presentation transcript:
page 1 Country Experience : Sustainable Consumption and Production of Thailand Wilasinee Poonuchaphai German Technical Cooperation (GTZ) ….Contributes to Green Growth : A Path of Good Governance Seminar 29 March-1 April 2010, Seoul, Korea
Thailand’s Strategies on SCP have been developed to accommodate the 10th National Economic and Social Development Plan The plan follows H.M. King Bhumipol’s philosophy on sustainable development via sufficiency. To achieve the ultimate goal of sustainable development, specific strategies, road maps and work plans are required. SCP has been developed in conjunctions with other national strategies to ensure the success of 10th Plan implementation. The National Economic and Social Development Board (NESDB) is responsible for formulating, implementing, and evaluating national plans and strategies. SCP identifies implementing agencies which are responsible for developing road maps and detailed work plans. NESDB then acts as SCP coordinator SCP indicators and performance evaluation criteria have been designed Getting SCP Process Started:
1992, Thailand set up the Ministry of Science Technology andEnvironment, which later changed its name to Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment, was responsible for Agenda 21 Main activity was to promote Sustainable Production by promoting Cleaner Technologies. After the Johannesburg Declaration on SustainableDevelopment, Competitiveness andSustainable Development Promotion Committee appointed by cabinet. In2004, the committee initiated the green government procurement policy to promote production and consumption of environmental friendly products or “green products”.
Thailand’s SCP Development process
Thailand case I : Standard and Green Labeling The Thai Green Label Scheme was initiated by the Thailand Business Council for Sustainable Development (TBCSD) Launched in August 1994 by Thailand Environment Institute (TEI) in association with the Ministry of Industry. Green Label is an environmental certification awarded to specific products that are shown to have minimum detrimental impact on the environment in comparison with other products serving the same function. The Thai Green Label Scheme applies to products and services, not including foods, drinks, and pharmaceuticals. Participation in the scheme is voluntary
Objectives: To provide reliable information and guide customers in their choice of products To create an opportunity for consumers to make an environmentally conscious decision To reduce environmental impacts which may occur during manufacturing, utilization, consumption and disposal of products.
Criteria Development : An environmental assessment of the product using life cycle consideration, taking into account all aspects of environmental protection. Solving specific issues of high political priority, e.g. reduction of waste production, and minimization of energy and water consumption. Capability to meet proposed criteria with reasonable process modification and/or improvement. Possession of appropriate test methods.
Thai Green Label criteria for 39 categories (11 categories are under the study) Participation in the scheme is voluntary and there are 30 companies have been awarded the Green Label certification at this time
Remark : Campaigning CFL measure Thailand has been promoting Compact Florescence Lamp (CFL): Energy efficiency No.5 more 10 years, initiated by Electricity Generating Authority of Thailand (EGAT) In year 2007, it estimated that 3 million CFL have been replaced Reducing electricity consumption 1,500 million unit/year Cost saving 4,500 million BHT/year Reducing electricity demand 300 MegaWATT/year CO2 reduction 700,000 Tons/year (equivalent to 240,00 car/year) 25 Watt CFL Saving 1,574 BHT (49 US Dollas)
Measure for campaigning CFL ; Energy Effi No 5 Advertisement through all media Distributing free 800,000 CFL throughout Thailand Cooperating with private CFL producers to develop the market mechanism of CFL e.g. price incentive Joint implementation with distributors, retailers or other trade channel e.g for distributing CFL
Other labeling scheme : Carbon Footprint Thailand Greenhouse Management Organization is promoting the carbon footprint in order to support the Thai industrial sector in implementing the low carbon trend.. The use of a carbon footprint on Thai products should increase the competitiveness of Thai industries in the world market The carbon footprint takes into account the quantity of greenhouse gas emissions from each production unit for the whole life cycle of a particular product. So far, 20 producers (20 products) applied to the first commitment period (April 2009 to October 2009) A training courses on data collection and calculation of the carbon footprint will be supported by National Metal and Materials Technology Center, Thailand (MTEC) and National Science and Technology Development Agency (NSTDA) as well as LCA experts from universities.
National LCI database
Thailand case III : Bio Gas Methane65% CO2 30% Others 5% Component of Bio Gas UASB and fixed-dome are most popular technology in Thailand EPPO has provided subsidy continuously for nearly 15 years
Energy aspects Reflect to renewable energy policy Reducing energy import from outside country Enviromental aspects Reducing waste water pollution Reducing Methane gas emssion (CH 4 ) Social aspects Reducing odor, air, waste water pollution Composting fertilizer
Year 2006 Number of pig 7.15 million Waste Water capacity 76 Million m 3 /year Equivalent to (per year) Fuel oil160 Mil Littre Diesel175Mil Littre benzene 195Mil Littre LPG134Mil. Kg. Electricity407Mil kWh Wood436Mil Kg. Bio gas capacity 291 Million m3 /year
Biogas pool project at Sobsa Village The main biogas pipeline connected to digester The main biogas pipeline belong to main street of village Sub-pipeline connected to household Benefit : For household, the saving of LPG is around US$ 2, (US$ per household) For the farm, the saving is around US$ or kg. Intangible benefit : pathogen control, odour and air pollution, and water pollution prevention,
Potential of Bio Gas production : Industrial sector CategoriesAmountCapacity (Mi.m 3 /Year) DoneOn process AmountCapacity (Mi.m 3 /Year) AmountCapacity (Mi.m 3 /Year) Starch Industry Alcohol, Liquor, Beer Frozen Food Canned Food Butchery2, Palm Oil Total3, , Year 2006
Weakest points for SCP implementation Implementation is ad hoc and project based There are many line ministries / departments involved but coordination has not been built in place The existing projects of line agencies are more on SP, with limited actions on SC) The outcome is rather slow No feedback system
Future planning and implementation of concerted SCP Institutional framework and in particular coordination need to be strengthened (strengthening, coordination) Regulatory framework must be updated (updates of relevant Laws and regulations) Capacity building (training/education) & Awareness Raising not only with policy makers but also private sectors and civil society at large are essential to foster SCP Mechanisms for driving the implementation of SCP must be developed (economic measures profitable for both C and P) M & E (indicators, measurements, MIS) framework and activities must be developed in order to provide decision makers with relevant information