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1 Air Quality Impact Analysis and Other PSD Requirements Donald Law U.S. EPA Region 8.

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Presentation on theme: "1 Air Quality Impact Analysis and Other PSD Requirements Donald Law U.S. EPA Region 8."— Presentation transcript:

1 1 Air Quality Impact Analysis and Other PSD Requirements Donald Law U.S. EPA Region 8

2 2 Main requirements 1.Install Best Available Control Technology (BACT) 2.Perform air quality analysis to assess impacts on air quality 3.Perform Class I Area analysis to assess impacts on national parks and wilderness areas or other Class I Areas 4.Perform additional impacts analysis 5.Provide opportunities for public involvement Review: PSD Program Requirements

3 3 Pollutant-specific analysis that involves An assessment of existing air quality and Modeling estimate of ambient concentrations from proposed project and future growth associated with project Purpose is to determine if new plus existing emissions will cause or contribute to a violation of a NAAQS and/or PSD increment Air Quality Impact Analysis (AQIA)

4 4 A new source or modification cannot cause or contribute to significant deterioration of air quality in attainment areas Maximum amount of deterioration allowed is called an increment Increments exist for 3 pollutants (PM, PM10 and PM2.5; SO 2 and NO 2 ) Various averaging periods (annual, 1-hour) 3 area classifications (Class I, Class II, Class III) AQIA for Increment Compliance PM2.5 Increments by Area Classification (  g/m 3 ) NAAQS (  g/m 3 ) Averaging PeriodClass IClass IIClass III Annual hr291835

5 5 Change in air quality measured against a certain baseline Not all sources consume increment Two important concepts Baseline area All portions of attainment area in which PSD applicant proposes to locate and/or would have significant ambient impact (i.e. higher than Significant Impact Level) Limited to intrastate areas: baseline areas not triggered across state lines Baseline date When increment consumption starts, pollutant specific AQIA for Increment Compliance (cont.)

6 6 Baseline Date(s) - when increment consumption starts, pollutant specific AQIA for Increment Compliance (cont.) Major Source Baseline Date Minor Source Baseline Date SO 2 and PM - Jan. 6, 1975 NO 2 - Feb. 8, 1988 Date of first complete permit application for a major source or major modification when actual emission changes from all sources affect the available increment when actual emissions associated with construction at a major source affect increment Start

7 7 A new source or modification cannot cause or contribute to a violation of any NAAQS in any area Compliance with any NAAQS is based on proposed source and all other sources in baseline area No baseline dates exist Analysis requirements similar to increment analysis NAAQS analysis is independent from increment analysis AQIA for NAAQS Compliance

8 8 Compliance determined by using air quality models Preliminary analysis (significant impact analysis) Screening approach Representative meteorology Only proposed source or modification emissions Refined receptor grids Full impact analysis (cumulative impact analysis) Refined model Representative meteorology All applicable increment affecting sources More refined receptor grids (smaller grid spacing) AQIA Steps

9 9 Evaluation of NAAQS, Class I increments and Air Quality Related Values (AQRVs) when a major source’s emissions may affect a Class I area Class I Area – areas reserved for special air quality protection, usually national parks and wilderness areas Class I Areas have stringent increments AQRVs – feature or property of a Class I Area that may be affected by a change in air quality (such as scenic, cultural, physical, biological, ecological, or recreational resources Generally for sources within 100 km of Class I area, not always Federal Land Manager (FLM) must be notified of potential impacts on Federal Class I Areas Determines data and analyses needed Class I Area Impact Analysis

10 10 Map of Class I Areas

11 11 Role of FLM: evaluates a source’s projected impact on AQRVs, makes recommendations to permitting agency FLM may recommend that permit application be denied if FLM determines a source will adversely impact AQRV’s, even where applicable increments are not exceeded FLM may suggest permit conditions FLM definition of adverse impact: an impact that Diminishes area’s national significance Impairs structure or functioning of ecosystems, or Impairs quality of visitor experience Class I Area Impact Analysis (cont.)

12 12 AQRVPotential Air Pollution-Caused Changes Flora and faunaGrowth, mortality, reproduction, diversity, visible injury, succession, productivity, abundance WaterTotal alkalinity, metals concentration, pH, anion and cation concentration, dissolved oxygen VisibilityContrast, visual range, coloration Cultural-archeological and paleontological Decomposition rate Odor Examples of AQRV’s for Class I Area Impact Analysis and Potential Air Pollution-Caused Changes

13 13 State or Indian governing body is responsible Can define AQRV’s at own discretion Establishes criteria for determining an adverse impact on AQRV’s EPA may be asked to resolve permit disputes Managing Air Quality and Protecting AQRV’s in non-federal Class I areas

14 14 Assesses potential effects of increased air, ground and water pollution from proposed source and associated growth on: Soils and vegetation Visibility Pollutant-specific Performed within impact area of proposed source Additional Impact Analysis

15 15 Criteria for evaluating completeness and adequacy of applicant’s analyses Whether applicant has presented a clear and accurate portrait of soils, vegetation, and visibility in proposed impacted area Whether applicant has provided adequate documentation of potential emissions impacts on soils, vegetation, and visibility Whether data and conclusions are presented in a logical manner understandable by the affected community and interested public Additional Impacts Analysis (cont.)

16 16 CAA section 165(a)(2) provides that a PSD permit cannot be issued unless there is an opportunity for a public hearing at which the public can appear and provide comment on the proposed source, including “alternatives thereto” and “other appropriate considerations.” CAA allows EPA to consider environmental justice issues in issuing PSD permits Public Involvement

17 17 If your tribe has satisfied requirements for TAS for purposes of CAA sections 126(a) and (b), your tribe is entitled to 60-days notice prior to PSD source’s construction, and your tribe may petition EPA Administrator for a finding that the transported emissions from a proposed PSD source would contribute to nonattainment or interfere with maintenance of NAAQS in area covered by your TIP Technical Support Document (TSD), generally including responses to comments, may also be available with final permit Public Involvement (cont.)

18 18 To obtain a PSD permit, an applicant must Apply best available air control technology (BACT) Conduct an ambient air quality analysis to demonstrate that its new emissions would not cause or contribute to a violation of the NAAQS and/or PSD increment Analyze whether its proposed emissions increases would impair visibility or adversely affect soils or vegetation Not adversely impact a Class I Area Public and tribes may comment on impacts of the proposed project, including environmental justice aspects Summary


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