Presentation on theme: "The Urinary System By: Paige Berglund & Danielle White"— Presentation transcript:
1The Urinary System By: Paige Berglund & Danielle White
2Unit Learning Target: Investigate the structures of the urinary system that help maintain homeostasis by balancing concentrations of water, electrolytes, and hydrogen ions in the body
3Learning Target: List the functions of the urinary system (knowledge)
4The urinary system1.) Removes certain salts and nitrogenous wastes (wastes made by cellular processes) 2.) Maintains normal concentration of water and electrolytes (controlled through output in urine) 3.) Regulates the pH and volume of our body fluids Word Bank: Processes, pH, electrolytes, output
5Learning Target: Identify the structures of the urinary system and state the function of each structure (knowledge)
6Label a diagram of the urinary system 1234Word Bank: Bladder, Urethra, Ureters, Kidneys
7Match the 4 main structures of the urinary system with their function KidneysUretersBladderUrethraTransports urine to the bladderReceives urine from the uretersCarries urine from the bladder to an orifice (opening)Helps maintain homeostasis by regulating the composition, volume, and pH of extracellular fluid
8Identify the structures of the kidney Word Bank: Renal Pelvis, Renal Medulla, Renal Capsule, Renal Cortex1Renal MedullaRenal Capsule2Renal Cortex3Renal Pelvis4
9Match the structure in the kidneys with the function Renal CortexRenal MedullaRenal CapsuleRenal PapillaRenal PelvisUrine drains into minor calyxFunnels urine to ureterCovering, and maintains pressureSite of absorptionSite of filtration
10True or False: The kidneys are located on the anterior walls of the abdominal wall? False: The kidneys are actually located on the posterior abdominal wall
11What kind of tissue holds the kidneys in place? A. KleenexB. AdiposeC. Dense ConnectiveD. B and C
12What kind of tissue protects the kidneys? A. Dense ConnectiveB. AdiposeC. SmoothD. A and B
13Functions of the kidneys include A. Maintain pH levels and H+ ionsB. Regulate composition of electrolytesC. Filters wastesD. Secrete hormones and enzymesE. All of the above
14Secretion of hormones and enzymes associated with the kidneys ErythropoietinReninCalcitriolAn enzyme that regulates blood pressureA hormone that helps maintain calcium for bonesA hormone that stimulates bone marrow to make red blood cells
15Learning Target: Using diagrams, explain the role of the nephron in urine formation. (reasoning)
16Identify nephron structures and know the function of each structure 3241567Afferent arterioles, efferent arterioles, glomerulus, glomerular capsule, proximal convoluted tubule,loop of Henle, distal convoluted tubule
17What happens to the unfiltered blood once it enters the renal corpuscle? It sits thereIt gets filteredLeaves directly out the urethraReenters the blood stream
18True or False During tubular reabsorption the blood reabsorbs needed substances from the proximal convoluted tubule. TRUE!
19True or False During Tubular reabsorption additional items are added to the forming urine. secretion
20How does urine leave the nephron? Collecting ductPeritubular capillaryDescending limbGlomerular capsule
21Learning Target: What disorders are associated with the kidney and how are they treated? (knowledge)
22Diabetic Kidney Disease If glucose stays in the blood instead of breaking down, it can act like a poison, damaging the (nephrons / renal capsule).
23High Blood PressureCan damage the small blood vessels in the (liver / kidneys) so they cant filter wastes.
24Glomerular DieseasesThis attacks the tiny blood vessels, ( glomerulus / tubules ) within the kidney.
25Polycystic kidney disease Is a genetic disorder in which many ( cysts / ulcers ) grow in the kidneys.
26TYLER QUINN!!! True or False: Dialysis is the process by which toxic compounds from the blood are removed?TRUUUUUUUUUE
27Kidney Dialysis Summarized FUN FACT A dialysis machine is used to remove toxic waste from the blood of a patient who has chronic kidney failure. A healthy kidney is involved in removing waste products from the blood. If the kidney ceases to function adequately the toxic waste in the blood will accumulate which can rapidly cause death.
28Learning Target: Describe a normal urine sample (knowledge)
29A normal urine sample would include: A pH of around ( / 2.1 – 5)A volume of (0.6 – 2.5 / 6.0 – 6.5) L/dayA color of (dark green / pale yellow or amber)A clarity of (transparent or clear / cloudy)
30Given the results of a urine test, determine what condition the patient may have (skill)
31YEAST INFECTION Patient 2 Patient 2 is 19 year old female named Laverne. Laverne has been complaining of constant discomfort while urinating. She also has complained about a bad odor every time she goes.When given a urine test the results showedYeast presentDarker colorAnd a bad odorWhat can you diagnose Laverne with based on the results of the test?YEAST INFECTION
32Learning Target: Evaluate a patients test results for water, electrolytes, and pH balance. (skill)
33Why is the balance of water, electrolytes, and pH important? Balance of water is important becauseWater only leaves the bodyWater is continuously entering the bodyTo maintain homeostasis water is continuously entering and leaving the body
34What body system supports the urinary system in water, electrolytes, and pH importance? Digestive SystemUrinary SystemRespitory SystemCirculatory System
35Routes of water balance and regulation When too much sweating or salt is present water content of blood is (low/high)Then brain then produces more (ADH/Enzymes)(Low/High) volumes of water are reabsorbed by the kidneyUrine out put is (high/low)
36Routes of water balance and regulation When too much water is present water content in blood is (low/high)The brain then produces (more/less) ADH(Low/high) volumes of water is reabsorbed by the kidneysUrine out put is (low/high)
37Water intake is regulated by ( thirst, feces) Water intake is regulated by ( thirst, feces). Water output is regulated by ( urine production, food)
38True or FalseThe abnormal accumulation of water in the body which results in swelling is called edema. TRUE
39List routes by which electrolytes enter and leave the body Electrolytes enter the body throughA. foodB. beveragesC. A and BElectrolytes leave the body throughA. sweat, feces, skin/lungs, urineB. sweat, water, urineC. sweat, feces, respiration
40What happens when pH is not balanced? A. Overweight, underweight, fatigue, acneB. Sores on body, odor, nauseaC. Frequent urination, diarrhea