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Maya Ethnobotany. M ORRO T REE C RESCENTIA ALATA Folder: FLAAR-Photos; Ethnobotany; morro_Crescentia_alata_many_650
N O COST OR OBLIGATION TO USE FLAAR P OWER P OINT PRESENTATIONS ( IF COPYRIGHT NOTICE AND LOGO REMAIN IN PLACE ) PowerPoint presentations are courtesy of FLAAR Reports for colleges, universities, museums, nature parks, or any comparable educational and scientific institution. There is no cost or obligation to use these PowerPoint presentations from FLAAR Reports as long as the format, logo, and reference to remain in place.www.maya-ethnobotany.org However these photographs are all copyright and are not intended for inappropriate use. Inappropriate use is dumping them on your own web site and pretending they are your photos. The ethical way to do this is to leave them on the FLAAR web site(s) and link to them If there are other pre-Columbian Mesoamerican flowers,plants or trees that you really wish to have a PPT on from FLAAR, please let us know. Also, if you wish Dr Hellmuth to give this lecture himself, at your university, museum, club, or group, anywhere in the world, he lectures around the world every year, especially relative to Maya iconography of plants and animals, and on digital photography of flora and fauna. If you find this innovative concept of a non-profit research institute providing no-cost PowerPoint presentations to curators, faculty, and students as a good idea, please let us know. If you find any error or omission in this presentation, or if you know anything that we missed, please let us know to consider it. Write to We have deliberately left the PPT with no text so the speaker who borrows this can add their own words. © FLAAR Mesoamerica
A SACRED PLANT, M ORRO T REE (C RESCENTIA ALATA ) © FLAAR Mesoamerica Folder: Ethnobotany; morro_Crescentia_alata_tree_644
A SACRED PLANT, M ORRO T REE (C RESCENTIA ALATA ) © FLAAR Mesoamerica 2011 Family: Bignoniaceae Sientific name: Crescentia alata Common name: Morro Distribution: From Mexico to Colombia, Peru and Brazil. 3 Folder: Ethnobotany; morro_Crescentia_alata_many_660
This species is cauliflorous, meaning that the fruit and the flowers grow directly attached to the trunk and branches. Another tree that is cauliflorous is cacao trees ( Theobroma cacao). A SACRED PLANT, M ORRO T REE (C RESCENTIA ALATA ) © FLAAR Mesoamerica Folder: Ethnobotany; Morro_Crescentia_alata_Jenya 095
A SACRED PLANT, M ORRO T REE (C RESCENTIA ALATA ) © FLAAR Mesoamerica 2011 Morro flowers have an odor of musk, that is strongest during the night. This odor attracts bats. Flower buds 5 Folder: Ethnobotany; morro_immature_barely_open_flower_669
A SACRED PLANT, M ORRO T REE (C RESCENTIA ALATA ) © FLAAR Mesoamerica Folder: Ethnobotany; morro_flower_bud_barely_cracked_open691 Folder: Ethnobotany; morro_immature_flower_648 These are immature flowers. Here the bud is beginning to open, and you can see the flower coming out At the beginning not all the flowers present purple color, but as they grow they become purple
A SACRED PLANT, M ORRO T REE (C RESCENTIA ALATA ) © FLAAR Mesoamerica These is a sequence of the bud opening and becoming the flower Folder: Ethnobotany; morro_bud_cracking_open _barely_640 Folder:Ethnobotany; morro_immature_opening_flowe r_666 Folder: Ethnobotany; Morro_Autosafari_August_2011:_ MG_5853 Folder: Ethnobotany; Morro_Autosafari_August_2011:_ _MG_5868
A SACRED PLANT, M ORRO T REE (C RESCENTIA ALATA ) © FLAAR Mesoamerica 2011 Folder: Ethnobotany; morro_flowers_two_stages_opening_708 8 Here the flower has grown more, and is starting to open.
A SACRED PLANT, M ORRO T REE (C. ALATA ) © FLAAR Mesoamerica These flowers are completely open. Folder: Ethnobotany; morro_flowers_three_stages_opening_711
A SACRED PLANT, M ORRO T REE (C. ALATA ) © FLAAR Mesoamerica Folder: Ethnobotany; morro_immature_open_flower_632 Folder: Ethnobotany; morro_flower_profile_994 C. alata flowers are pollinated by bats, so they are more open during the night. But they also begin to pop out of their bud enclosures during the afternoon.
A SACRED PLANT, M ORRO T REE (C. ALATA ) © FLAAR Mesoamerica Folder: Ethnobotany; morro_flowers_three_stages_opening_711 Since the flowers tend to always look closed, it is hard to judge what stage they are. And we have not done much study of the trees in the middle of the night. It is also not easy to tell which flowers are “closed”(meaning immature before opening) and when they are finished blooming.
A SACRED PLANT, M ORRO T REE (C. ALATA ) © FLAAR Mesoamerica Folder: Ethnobotany; morro_flower_Monterrico_frontal_964 Folder: Ethnobotany; morro_flower_Monterrico_961 These pictures were taken in Monterrico, at the end of the afternoon. Here you can see fresh flowers really open. We need to also study the trees at night to see if the flowers open even further.
A SACRED PLANT, M ORRO T REE (C. ALATA ) © FLAAR Mesoamerica Folder: Ethnobotany; morro_flower_Monterrico_fruit-bud_980 After the flower falls off the tree, the fruit starts to grow. Folder: Ethnobotany; Morro_Autosafari_August_2011: _MG_5840 Folder: Ethnobotany; morro_flower_Monterrico_fruit-bud_990
A SACRED PLANT, M ORRO T REE © FLAAR Mesoamerica The fruit, same as the flower, grows directly from the trunk. The fruit spends up to seven months in the tree, maturing until it falls off the tre. Folder: Ethnobotany; CF Folder: Ethnobotany; morro_Crescentia_alata_many_650 Folder: Ethnobotany; morro_small_oval_fruit_above _string_bud_659
A SACRED PLANT, M ORRO T REE (C RESCENTIA ALATA ) © FLAAR Mesoamerica The leaves of Crescentia alata are trifoliate, or in juvenile stages the leaves can be simple or bifoliate. The leaves allow you to distinguish C. alata from C. cujete Trifoliate leaves Folder:Ethnobotany; Morro_Crescentia_alata_Jenya 048
A SACRED PLANT, M ORRO T REE (C RESCENTIA ALATA ) © FLAAR Mesoamerica This plant is very common on plains and slopes that are seasonally dry. In Guatemala the natural habitat is distributed in Alta Verapaz, Baja Verapaz, Chimaltenango, Chiquimula, El Progreso, Jalapa, Jutiapa, Santa Rosa, Zacapa and Izabal (cultivated). Folder: Ethnobotany; Morro_tree_9944 But in fact you find these trees also in Peten, in house gardens. But their natural habitat is in areas that are much drier.
WWW. M AYA E THNOBOTANY. ORG For more information visit All photos were taken by FLAAR Mesoamerica staff. To quote the presentation and the pictures: Photos (FLAAR 2011) FLAAR Mesoamerica PowerPoint Presentation about Pacaya © FLAAR Mesoamerica
WWW. M AYA E THNOBOTANY. ORG Other PowerPoint presentations with photos of other Maya ethnobotany plants from the FLAAR Photo Archive include: - Achiote (Bixa orellana) - Papaya (Carica papaya) © FLAAR Mesoamerica
A CHIOTE, B IXA ORELLANA © FLAAR Mesoamerica 2011 Folder: Achiote, Ethnobotany; Achiote_Chisec_2006.
P ALO DE P ITO, E RYTHRINA BERTEROANA © FLAAR Mesoamerica 2011
Maya Ethnobotany P ACAYA PALM, C HAMAEDOREA TEPEJILOTE Folder: FLAAR-Files; ETHNOBOTANY; Pacaya; Pacaya_002.
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