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Main slide Bitter Almond seeds. Medical plant names. Description and native land. Constituents. Uses and drugs. Sweet Almond seeds. Names, constituents.

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Presentation on theme: "Main slide Bitter Almond seeds. Medical plant names. Description and native land. Constituents. Uses and drugs. Sweet Almond seeds. Names, constituents."— Presentation transcript:

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2 Main slide Bitter Almond seeds. Medical plant names. Description and native land. Constituents. Uses and drugs. Sweet Almond seeds. Names, constituents and uses. Black Mustard seeds. Black Mustard names. Description and native land. Constituents. Uses.

3 Cinnamon brown seed Rose colour flowers Main slide

4 Bitter Almond seeds Bitter Almond seeds Prunus amygdalus Family : Rosaceae Main slide

5 Description and Bitter Almond Origin Perennial mild trees about 5 m height. The seeds length from 1.5 cm to 5 cm, rounded from one end and pointed at the other end. The seeds color : Cinnamon brown. Odor : characteristic ( benzaldehyde odor ). Taste : bitter. Origin: Iran & M.S.R and now cultivated in the warm temperate regions. Main slide Main slide

6 Chemical constituents 1.Fixed oil % 2.Proteins 3.Enzyme emulsin 4.Glycoside :Cyanogenic group – Amygdalin. Amygdalin enzyme emulsin + H 2 O HCN + + benzaldehyde (V.O) +glucose Main slide

7 Uses 1.Demulcent. 2.Mild laxative. 3.Treatment of heart burn. N.B! Toxic in large doses. Almond oil uses : 1.Solvent for certain kinds of drugs (oily injections ). 2.Cosmetics – hair and skin creams and lotions. DRUGS: Balmandol® (liquid) –emollient for dry skin (Almond oil + paraffin ). Main slide

8 Sweet Almond seeds Prunus communis Rosaceae Perennial large trees Seeds have bland taste and odour. Cinnamon brown colored. Contain : 1- fixed oil 40-55% 2- proteins Uses : 1-Nutritive 2- Food industry Main slide

9 Main slide

10 Small,globular & various colored (reddish brown, black,yellow ). Yellow flower Cruciferous leaf Main slide

11 Main slide

12 Black Mustard seeds Brassica nigra Family : Cruciferae Main slide

13 Description and origin Annual herbaceous plant with yellow flowers and large cruciferous leaves. The seeds are small,globular & various colored (reddish brown, black,yellow ). Odor : characteristic ( when crushed ). Taste :slight pungent. Origin : Europe Main slide

14 Chemical constituents 1.Fixed oil 30% – 50% 2.Proteins 20% 3.Glycoside (isothiocyanate group): Sinigrin 0.7%- 1.3%. 4.Enzyme myrosin. Sinigrin myrosin +H 2 O allylisothiocyanate (v.o) (Mustard oil) + glucose +KHSO 4 Main slide

15 Uses 1.Rubefacient (plaster). 2.Counter irritant 3.Emetic (10g). 4.Condiment. Main slide


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