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SENSORY EVALUATION OF FOODS WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO FRUITS AND VEGETABLES Next.

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Presentation on theme: "SENSORY EVALUATION OF FOODS WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO FRUITS AND VEGETABLES Next."— Presentation transcript:

1 SENSORY EVALUATION OF FOODS WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO FRUITS AND VEGETABLES Next

2 Introduction Next The sensory properties of foods are related to three major attributes: Appearance - colour, size, shape; Flavour - odour, taste; and Texture - mouth feel, viscosity and hearing. The consumer integrates all of those sensory inputs— appearance, aroma, flavor, hand-feel, mouth-feel and chewing sounds—into a final judgment of the acceptability of that fruit or vegetable. End

3 Sensory Analysis is a scientific discipline used to evoke, measure, analyze and interpret reactions to those characteristics of foods as they are perceived by the senses of sight, smell, taste, touch and hearing. It means more than just food tasting. Sensory analysis is a recognised science. Sensory Evaluation Definition Next EndPrevious

4 Applications of Sensory Evaluation It can be used to: evaluate a range of existing food products analyse a test sample for improvement estimate consumer response to a product check that a final product meets its original specifications evaluate differences in similar products analyse specific attributes e.g. crunchiness of carrots Next EndPrevious

5 Appearance Role of senses Color, gloss, translucency Size & shape Surface characteristics Interior appearance Clarity Discoloration Mode of presentation Next EndPrevious

6 Mode of presentation Role of senses Factors to be considered are: Product description - name, price, ingredient, etc; Packaging - shape, design, colour; Contrast - phenomena of adjacent colours; and Illumination - affects apparent product colour. Next EndPrevious

7 Odor/ Aroma/ Fragrance Odor of a product is detected when food volatiles enter the nasal passage and are perceived by the olfactory system Volatility – related to the temperature of the food and the nature of the compounds Aroma – perceptions caused by volatile substances released from a product in the mouth (lemon, mint, buttery) Role of senses Next EndPrevious

8 Flavour Role of senses Flavor, is the combined impression perceived via the chemical senses from a product in the mouth, i.e., it does not include appearance and texture. It includes aromatics taste and chemical feeling factors – compounds that stimulate nerve ends in the soft membranes of the mouth and nasal cavity (spicy hot, cool, metallic). Next EndPrevious

9 Role of senses Texture/mouthfeel Sensory manifestation of the structure or inner make up of a food product (solids or semi-solids) Sounds produced by a food during mastication (chewing) or physical handling. Includes pitch – frequency of sound loudness – intensity of the sound persistence – endurance of sound over time Noise Next EndPrevious

10 Role of senses In the process of perception, most or all of the attributes overlap, i.e., we receive a jumble of near-simultaneous sensory impressions, and without training we will not be able to provide an independent evaluation of each Next EndPrevious

11 Types of Sensory Tests Sensory tests are of three types: Descriptive testing – using descriptive words in a sensory evaluation to characterize food samples. Affective testing – panelists are used to determine the acceptability or preference between products Difference testing – panelists are used to determine whether detectable differences exist between products. Next EndPrevious

12 Sensory Panels 12 Sensory Evaluation Panels consists of groups of people who evaluate food samples. There are 3 main groups: Trained panels: Judge the quality based on standards set by the food industry. May be 5 to 8 in number. Laboratory Panels: Small groups that work at a company's lab. Help develop new products and determine how to change existing products. Usually in number. Consumer Panels: Used to test foods outside the laboratory (grocery stores, malls, market research forms) using scientific terms to tell how much they like or dislike the product. May be in number. Next EndPrevious

13 13 Let Us Sum Up The consumer acceptance of fruits most often relies upon the inherent flavor and textural quality of the product. Incorporating sensory evaluation will help in the selling a consumer friendly product with increased acceptance. When done properly, sensory information can provide reliable and useful information about fruits and vegetables which no instrument can measure – their perceptual characteristics. End Previous


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