Physical Properties The physical properties of matter include properties that describe the substance, such as color, smell, boiling point, density or others.
Chemical Properties Solubility Explosion Specific Heat
Extensive Property Extensive properties are properties of matter that are dependent on the amount of a substance present, such as mass, number of particles, or energy. Mass - A measurement of the amount of matter in a object (grams). Weight - A measurement of the gravitational force of attraction of the earth acting on an object. Volume - A measurement of the amount of space a substance occupies. Length
Intensive Property Intensive properties are physical properties of matter that are not dependent on the amount of a substance present such as density, ductility, and boiling point. Color Odor Luster - How shiny a substance is. Malleability - The ability of a substance to be beaten into thin sheets. Ductility - The ability of a substance to be drawn into thin wires. Conductivity - The ability of a substance to allow the flow of energy or electricity. Hardness - How easily a substance can be scratched. Melting/Freezing Point - The temperature at which the solid and liquid phases of a substance are in equilibrium at atmospheric pressure. Boiling Point - The temperature at which the vapor pressure of a liquid is equal to the pressure on the liquid (generally atmospheric pressure). Density - The mass of a substance divided by its volume
Questions What are the differences between physical and chemical changes? What are the differences between physical and chemical properties? What are the differences between extensive properties and intensive properties? What distinguishes a pure substance from a mixture?
Chemical or Physical Together Odor Burning Taste Flammability Ability to Rust Ability to Tarnish Hardness Texture Color
As A Group Number of Protons Melting Point Number of Electrons Boiling Point State of Matter Specific Heat Transparency Ability to react with Acid
Alone Density Atomic Number Alters the substance Does not alter the substance Chemical Formula Solubility Atomic Mass
Give Your Own Definition Physical Property: Chemical Property:
2 Which of the following is an example of a chemical change? A Ice cracking B Sugar dissolving C Milk souring D Lead melting
5Which of these changes in rocks is a physical change? A Acid rain damaging marble B Iron in rock combining with oxygen to form hematite C Carbonic acid weathering limestone D An ice wedge shattering a slab of shale