Presentation on theme: "Sponge: Set up Cornell Notes on pg. 47 Topic: 12. 3: Sense of Smell Essential Question: 1. Where are the olfactory receptors located? 2. Create your own."— Presentation transcript:
Sponge: Set up Cornell Notes on pg. 47 Topic: 12. 3: Sense of Smell Essential Question: 1. Where are the olfactory receptors located? 2. Create your own example of sensory adaptation in regards to smell. 2.1 Atoms, Ions, and Molecules 12.3 : Sense of Smell Tape: 42- Receptor Lab HW: Diagnosing and Managing Pain Reading (Read/Highlight/?s)
2 Sensory Adaptation What does it mean to “adapt” to something? Sensory adaptation is the ability to ignore unimportant stimuli or “get used” to Why is this important??? If you don’t ignore it, you would be overwhelmed by unimportant information Involves a decreased response to a particular stimulus from the receptors Sensory impulses become less frequent and may cease Stronger stimulus is required to trigger impulses Pg. 44
Ex: you are probably unaware of the pressure of your clothing on your skin until it is brought to your attention 3
Video Notes Olfactory Organs Picture Pg.46 Relationship of Taste and Smell Slim Goodbody: Olfactory Organs The Chemistry of Smell 2-5 bullets each!!!
5 REVIEW: Special Senses Location of special senses? sensory receptors are within large, complex sensory organs in the head smell in olfactory organs------>olfactory receptors taste in taste buds-----> Taste cells (gustatory cells) hearing and equilibrium in ears------>hair cells sight in eyes----->Rods and cones
6 Sense of Smell Olfactory Receptors chemoreceptors- respond to chemicals dissolved in liquids Similar to taste Function together and aid in food selection 75-80% of flavor is actually the sense of smell!
Relationship of Taste and Smell (1m7s) 7
8 Olfactory Organs Contain: 1. Olfactory receptors 2. Supporting epithelial cells covered with hair-like cilia only nerve cells in direct contact with the outside environment subject to damage the only neurons regularly replaced
Slim Goodbody: Olfactory Organs (1m 26s) 9
10 Where do you think the olfactory organs are located? Olfactory organs located high in the nasal cavity above the usual pathway of inhaled air sniffing and forcing air over receptor areas may be necessary to smell a faint odor
11 Please draw this picture on the top ½ of pg 46 *Olfactory Receptor cells Brain Ethmoid bone
12 How are Taste and Smell Related?
13 Olfactory Stimulation Olfactory receptors undergo sensory adaptation rapidly sense of smell drops by 50% within a second after stimulation within a minute the receptors may become insensitive to a given odor
15 Olfactory Code Leading hypothesis- each odor likely stimulates a distinct set of receptor cells the brain then recognizes the particular combination as an olfactory code or particular smell
The Chemistry of Smell (3m1s) 16
Sponge: Set up Cornell Notes on pg. 49 Topic: Smell- Olfactory Nerve Pathways Essential Question: 1. Using your Nerve Pathways Flow Map, please write a “Smelly Story”. This story could be about any odor, good or bad. 2.1 Atoms, Ions, and Molecules Smell- Olfactory Nerve Pathways
18 Olfactory Nerve Pathways Once olfactory receptors are stimulated, nerve impulses travel through… olfactory nerves olfactory bulbs olfactory tracts limbic system and olfactory cortex
19 Set up this flow map on pg. 49 Olfactory Nerve Pathways Odorant Olfactory Olfactory Olfactory Limbic Olfactory Molecules Nerves Bulbs Tracts System Cortex picture
20 Odorant Molecules Enter nasal cavity as gases Dissolve partially in watery fluids that surround the cilia Bond to receptor proteins on cilia Stimulate olfactory receptors Generate nerve impulse!
Smell Receptors- Odors Magic School Bus (2m30s) 21
22 Olfactory Nerves Contain sensory neurons located in the lining of the upper nasal cavity Translate the chemical signal into the electrochemical language of the nervous system
23 Olfactory Bulbs Extensions of cerebral cortex (brain) Sensory impulses are analyzed and sent along to olfactory tracts
24 Olfactory Tracts impulses travel along these tracts to cerebral centers of the brain (passageway)
25 Limbic System Brain center for memory and emotion Scents bring back memories Spilled baby powder > Reminds you of your child as a baby
26 Olfactory Cortex Located deep in the temporal lobes Interpret the impulses You recognize the smell!
Essential Oils in the E.R. (3m11s) 27
EQ: Your “Smelly Story” Using your flow map, create a “story” based on a smell you encounter. –Remember to include a description for EACH part. Odorant molecules Olfactory Nerves Olfactory Bulbs Olfactory tracts Limbic System Olfactory Cortex 28 Pg. 48
The Memory of my Father As I pass a man walking down the street, I inhale a pleasant odor in the air (Odorant molecules). In an instant, my olfactory nerves translate this scent into a chemical signal that my nervous system can understand. My olfactory bulbs analyze these sensory impulses and these impulses are sent along my olfactory tract to my brain. As the signals pass through my limbic system, I am reminded of memories of my father and I feel happy. I realize that the man I just passed was wearing the same type of cologne that my father always wore when I was a child. (Olfactory cortex). 29
Let’s Share the Smelliest Story! Table Share: EVERY person must read their “Smelly Story” Choose a story that best demonstrates the olfactory nerve pathways Class share: Each table will share their favorite story –The person reading the “Smelly Story” to the class does not need to be the person who wrote it 30