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Odor Cues During Slow-Wave Sleep Prompt Declarative Memory Consolidation Rasch, B., Buchel, C., Gais, S., & Born, J. Presented by: Suiki Zhang.

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Presentation on theme: "Odor Cues During Slow-Wave Sleep Prompt Declarative Memory Consolidation Rasch, B., Buchel, C., Gais, S., & Born, J. Presented by: Suiki Zhang."— Presentation transcript:

1 Odor Cues During Slow-Wave Sleep Prompt Declarative Memory Consolidation Rasch, B., Buchel, C., Gais, S., & Born, J. Presented by: Suiki Zhang

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3 Introduction sleep facilitates the consolidation of newly acquired memories for long-term storage Consolidation of hippocampus-dependent memories benefits particularly from slow- wave sleep (SWS) Odours are excellent contextual retrieval cues for various types of memories

4 Introduction Purpose: used an odour to reactivate memories in human during sleep Hypothesis: odour-induced reactivations boosting the consolidation of hippocampus- dependent declarative memories are related to hippocampal activity during SWS

5 Methods 18 participants Olfactory stimulus = smell of a rose Learned a 2D object location task (locations of 15 card pairs on a computer screen) & a procedural finger-tapping task in the evening before sleep 4 different conditions

6 Methods

7 Results Re-exposure to the odour during SWS improved the retention of hippocampus- dependent memories but not of hippocampus-independent procedural memories Odour re-exposure was ineffective during REM sleep or wakefulness or when the odour had been omitted prior learning

8 Results

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10 Discussion Odour cues activate the hippocampus during SWS to a much greater extent than during wakefulness Supports the theory that memory consolidation evolves from repeated reactivation of newly encoded hippocampal memory during SWS  eventually leads to transfer of the memory to cortical regions for long term storage

11 My Opinion Strengths: - Clear diagrams/graphs - Interesting study Weaknesses: - unorganized; no headings for sections Next steps: - Examine whether the type of the odour would have different effects

12 Cited Article Rasch, B., Buchel, C., Gais, S., & Born, J. (2007). Odor cues during slow-wave sleep prompt declarative memory consolidation. Science magazine, 315,

13 Questions?


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