Five-Line Poem: Poetry Lessons 1. On the first line write a noun of your choice. 2. On the second line write two adjectives joined by and or but to describe this noun. 3. On the third line write a verb (use the simple present or "-ing") and an adverb to describe this noun. 4. Start the fourth line with like or as followed by a comparison. 5. Start the final line with if only followed by a wish.
Five-Line Poem Sea By Kim Kyoung Tae sea silent and cruel changing constantly like a capricious woman if only I could fall in love with her Monday Morning 7:00 a.m. By Lee KyoungHuen Alarm! Unconscious but conscious Waking slowly Like in a dream If only today were a holiday
Benefits Provide a means of personal expression Authentic language input Concise yet content-rich reading material (easy to expand) A model of creative language in use A way to introduce vocabulary in context A way to focus students’ attention on English pronunciation, rhythm, and stress
Difficulties Sophisticated in language and content Metaphorical and highly allusive/elusive Broader view of “poem”= a piece of writing in which the words are chosen for their beauty and sound and are carefully arranged, often in short lines which rhyme. Opens the doors to pop-songs, haiku, pattern poems, picture poems, nursery rhymes and folk-songs.
Rhyme 1 I. Rhyming Pair Game All the cards are place faced down and students/small groups take it in turns to pick up two. If the two words rhyme, they keep the two cards. The position of the cards must be kept as at the start to help the students remember where the cards are. http://www.esl-lounge.com/pronunciation/pronrhymingpairgame.php End Rhyme ：尾韻 Full Rhyme 全韻 ( 結尾的母音和子音完全相同 ) ‧ Eye/sky/high ‧ all/ball/call ‧ snow/know/below Half Rhyme 半韻 ( 結尾子音相同，但母音不同 ) ‧ chess/grass ‧ hall/hell ‧ ant/cent Vowel Rhyme 母音韻 ( 母音相同，但子音不同 ) ‧ like/light ‧ rain/name ‧ grape/make
Rhyme 2 II. Fill in the missing rhyme! Before listening After listening
Imagery 1 Life is wonderful. I see trees of green, red roses too. I see them bloom, for me and you. And I think to myself, what a wonderful world. I see skies of blue, And clouds of white. The bright blessed day, The dark sacred night. And I think to myself, What a wonderful world. The colors of the rainbow, So pretty in the sky. Are also on the faces, Of people going by, I see friends shaking hands. Saying, "How do you do?" They're really saying, "I love you". I hear babies cry, I watch them grow, They'll learn much more, Than I'll ever know. And I think to myself, What a wonderful world.
Imagery 2 Auditory, visual, tasting, smelling, sensory A Mind Map Summer at the beach
Imagery 2 A Mind Map Summer at the beach sight blue sky, blue ocean, white sand, tall green palm trees, colorful swimsuits, bright sunshine... hearing music from the radio, the sound of the waves or the wind, people shouting and laughing, a sizzling barbeque... touchhot soft sand, creamy suntan lotion, warm breeze... smell the salty sea breeze, the smell of a barbeque, the fragrance of suntan lotion... tastesalt water, pineapple juice, food on the grill...
Imagery 3 Stopping by Woods on a Snowy Evening Whose woods these are I think I know. His house is in the village though; He will not see me stopping here To watch his woods fill up with snow. My little horse must think it queer To stop without a farmhouse near Between the woods and frozen lake The darkest evening of the year. He gives his harness bells a shake To ask if there is some mistake. The only other sound’s the sweep Of easy wind and downy flake. The woods are lovely, dark and deep. But I have promises to keep, And miles to go before I sleep, And miles to go before I sleep. － Robert Frost (1874-1963) －
What are the metaphors? Fill them in. Before listening After listening
Metaphor 2 Hope is the thing with feathers That perches in the soul, And sings the tune--without the words, And never stops at all, And sweetest in the gale is heard; And sore must be the storm That could abash the little bird That kept so many warm. I’ve heard it in the chillest land, And on the strangest sea; Yet, never, in extremity, It asked a crumb of me. － Emily Dickinson －
Roadmap WHY should I teach poetry? Benefits Difficulties HOW do I teach it? Poetic Devices Classroom Activities (Reading and Writing) Idea Sharing: Design a 50-minute lesson
Classroom Activities 1 Warm-up Prediction task: Show Ss pictures/ List key words and ask—what might be the poem about? Present a unit question: Prepare a question related to the theme of the poem. Ask Ss in the beginning of the class but don’t rush them to answer. Announce that it will be their goal of the lesson. In the end of the lesson, ask Ss the same question again.
Form-Focused Listing: Students make a list of words in a poem.a list of words Unscramble: Ss put the lines/stanzas into the correct order. (T can read the poem first to offer some clues.) Gap Fill – Fill in the words: rhymes / metaphors (T can play the audio file of the poem first to offer some clues.) Missing sentences: Some sentences in the poem are missing. Ss need to put them back. Classroom Activities 2
Classroom Activities 3 Comprehension / Evaluation What does this line mean? Match the explanations with the lines in the poem. (Advanced level: Ask Ss to paraphrase the lines.)explanations Discussion questions Drawing: Storyboard / PictureStoryboard Drama (Role play)
Classroom Activities 4 Expansion Speaking Activities: Ss take turns recite the poem (as a group or as a class). Writing Activities: - Ss expand the poem into a prose/story - Ss write a letter to a character in the poem or to the author - A five-line poem based on a related topicfive-line poem
Classroom Activities Listing: Students make a list of words in a poem A list of pronouns/verbs/concrete objects A list of synonyms/antonyms A list of words with the same idea
Classroom Activities Matching Explanations: Here are some useful websites that offer ready-to-use explanations for poems. http://www.gale.cengage.com/free_resources/poets/ http://www.shmoop.com/road-not-taken/ (with line-by-line, very detailed explanations) http://www.shmoop.com/road-not-taken/
A Five-Line Poem: English English Tough but interesting Absorbing slowly Like a growing puppy If only I could grow up quickly English Simple but complicated Change unpredictably Like a magic cube If only I could solve it
Idea Sharing! Design a 50-minute lesson and share with us.
The Road Not Taken: Resources Audio Files http://www.poets.org/viewmedia.php/prmMID/15717 (Read by the poet) http://poetryoutloud.org/poems-and-performance/listen- to-poetry http://poetryoutloud.org/poems-and-performance/listen- to-poetry (Clear pronunciation) Animation https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=llEf4B_EPQg Worksheet http://tinyurl.com/dx3msdk