Islamic Achievements Number System : o Islamic scholars borrowed Indian number system & spread it through Mediterranean o “Arabic” numbers include groups of ten & concept of zero 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, etc. I, II, III, IV, V, VI, VII, VIII, etc.
Islamic Achievements Navigation : o Astrolabe—sailors could reliably determine location by using the fixed position of stars o Lateen sail—triangular sails allowed merchants to sail with and into the wind
Islamic Achievements Banking : o Muslim caliphs created banks throughout the empire that extended credit to merchants o Muslim trade grew because merchants could cash checks in any Islamic bank in the empire
Islamic Achievements Education : o Scholars translated Greek, Persian, Indian, Arabic texts in the “House of Wisdom” o This open-mindedness kept alive many Greek ideas that would have died otherwise
Islamic Achievements Art : o Muslim artists used geometric & floral designs rather than painting people or animals o Left very unique artistic style o Calligraphy is a beautiful writing style that shows honor for the written material