Presentation on theme: "STATION 3: ONLY PRINT THE PICTURES, NOT THE ANSWERS ISLAM: THE CONTRIBUTIONS."— Presentation transcript:
STATION 3: ONLY PRINT THE PICTURES, NOT THE ANSWERS ISLAM: THE CONTRIBUTIONS
Islamic Achievements Activity For each slide, guess what area of achievement you think the image is depicting. You will see the actually answers as we continue.
Islamic Achievements Number System : o Islamic scholars borrowed Indian number system & spread it through Mediterranean o “Arabic” numbers include groups of ten & concept of zero 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, etc. I, II, III, IV, V, VI, VII, VIII, etc.
Islamic Achievements Algebra : o Developed “Al-Jabar” (algebra) to solve difficult mathematical problems o Substitute x, y, z for numbers in order to solve math problems
Islamic Achievements Chemistry : o Islamic scholars were the 1 st to separate chemical compounds from one another o Led to developments in modern chemistry
Islamic Achievements Navigation : o Astrolabe—sailors could reliably determine location by using the fixed position of stars o Lateen sail—triangular sails allowed merchants to sail with and into the wind
Islamic Achievements Banking : o Muslim caliphs created banks throughout the empire that extended credit to merchants o Muslim trade grew because merchants could cash checks in any Islamic bank in the empire
Islamic Achievements Education : o Scholars translated Greek, Persian, Indian, Arabic texts in the “House of Wisdom” o This open-mindedness kept alive many Greek ideas that would have died otherwise
Islamic Achievements Art : o Muslim artists used geometric & floral designs rather than painting people or animals o Left very unique artistic style o Calligraphy is a beautiful writing style that shows honor for the written material
Islamic Achievements Chess : o Indian game made popular by Muslims offered an intellectual challenge
Islamic Achievements Literature : o Poetry considered to be greatest Islamic artistic style; usually sung & kept short o Arabian Nights is a collection of folktales about a genie in magical lamp
Islamic Achievements Architecture : o Muslims built beautiful mosques to show respect for Allah o Used domes, columns, golden writing, & geometric designs