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Poetry Unit What is a poem?

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1 Poetry Unit What is a poem?
It is a piece of writing that is written in lines and often uses figurative language and often has rhythm and sometimes rhymes.

2 Poetry Unit Speaker – Who is the speaker of the poem? Is it 1st, 2nd, or 3rd person? 1st Person “Love That Boy” by Walter Dean Myers Love That boy, Like a rabbit loves to run I said I love that boy Love to call him in the morning Love to call him “Hey there, son!” 3rd Person “The Eagle” by Alfred, Lord Tennyson He clasps the crag with crooked hands; Close to the sun in lonely lands, Ring’d with the azure word, he stands. The wrinkled sea beneath him crawls; He watches from his mountain walls, And like a thunderbolt he falls.

3 Diction Diction is the style of speaking or writing as in your choice of words.

4 Examples Formal Diction: Informal Diction: I am feeling well.
‘Til one fine mornin’ I’m gonna reach up and grab me a handfulla stars from “To Satch” by Samuel Allen (Paul Vesey) Use the website to go over terms for soda Use the website to go over dialect throughout United States

5 Imagery Language that appeals to any sense or any combination of senses. The Pond by Amy Lowell Cold, wet leaves Floating on moss-colored water, And the croaking of frogs – Cracked bell-notes in the twilight

6 IMAGERY Imagery is used in literature to refer to descriptive language that evokes sensory experience. It utilizes the five senses. (taste, touch, hear, see, smell) Authors use it to give a feeling of being there.

7 Figurative Language Language that is not intended to be interpreted in a literal sense. Figurative language in movies Figurative language in music (5:00)

8 Analogy An extended comparison showing similarities between two things.

9 Simile A comparison made between two dissimilar things through the use of a specific word of comparison, such as like, as than, or resembles

10 Metaphor A comparison between two unlike things with the intent of giving added meaning to one of them. Metaphor by Eve Merriam Morning is a new sheet of paper for you to write on. VI. The Fifth, who chanced to touch the ear, Said: "E'en the blindest man Can tell what this resembles most; Deny the fact who can, This marvel of an Elephant Is very like a fan!" VII. The Sixth no sooner had begun About the beast to grope, Than, seizing on the swinging tail That fell within his scope, "I see," quoth he, "the Elephant Is very like a rope!" VIII. And so these men of Indostan Disputed loud and long, Each in his own opinion Exceeding stiff and strong, Though each was partly in the right, And all were in the wrong!

11 Personification A figure of speech in which an animal, an object, a natural force, or an idea is given personality, or described as if it were human.

12 Onomatopoeia The car went zooooom past the bee while it expressed a buuzzzz in the city with police cars whoohping and the subway train’s wooshh as people stand on the platform tap-tap-tapping on their watches at the same time as a hungry kitty meows nearby and the close sound of phwooft(f woo’ ft) of newspaper flipping as people read them with the nearby noise the ppppshhh of the doors opening.

13 The use of words that mimic sounds.
Onomatopoeia The use of words that mimic sounds.

14 Alliteration The powerful people of Panama presented purple pansies to the president of Pianist Paradise.

15 Alliteration Lemon Larry loves lying lazily, but Dragon Damien
desests it. Definition- When one consonant is the first letter of the all words in the sentence.

16 Assonance A E I O U -repetition of vowel sounds at the beginning of words or within the words; often used to build internal rhyming; a building block for verse

17 Examples -All around Ariel are alligators and albatrosses. -About everyone around wants out.

18 Idiom An expression that has a meaning different from the meaning of its individual words. (Read Amelia Bedelia)

19 Hyperbole Extreme exaggeration – intentional overstatement

20 Symbolism "O Captain! My Captain!" by Walt Whitman
O Captain! my Captain! our fearful trip is done, The ship has weather'd every rack, the prize we sought is won, The port is near, the bells I hear, the people all exulting, While follow eyes the steady keel, the vessel grim and daring; But O heart! heart! heart! O the bleeding drops of red, Where on the deck my Captain lies, Fallen cold and dead.  O Captain! my Captain! rise up and hear the bells; Rise up--for you the flag is flung--for you the bugle trills, For you bouquets and ribbon'd wreaths--for you the shores a-crowding, For you they call, the swaying mass, their eager faces turning; Here Captain! dear father! This arm beneath your head! It is some dream that on the deck, You've fallen cold and dead. My Captain does not answer, his lips are pale and still, My father does not feel my arm, he has no pulse nor will, The ship is anchor'd safe and sound, its voyage closed and done, From fearful trip the victor ship comes in with object won; Exult O shores, and ring O bells! But I with mournful tread, Walk the deck my Captain lies, Fallen cold and dead.

21 Symbolism (Walt Whitman, an American poet, was born in 1819 on Long Island, New York. He had many careers. He was a school teacher, a propagandist, a carpenter, a printer, and a newspaper editor. He was also a volunteer hospital nurse during the Civil War. His poem "O Captain! My Captain!" was written shortly after the assassination of Abraham Lincoln. Walt Whitman died in 1892.) Any object, person, place, or action that has a meaning in itself and that also stands for something larger than itself, such as a quality, an attitude, a belief, or a value.

22 rhyme 1 2 Buckle My Shoe 1, 2, Buckle my shoe. 3, 4 Shut the door. 5, 6 Pick up sticks. 7, 8 Lay them straight. 9, 10 A big fat hen!

23 rhyme The repetition of a sound in two or more words or phrases that usually appear close to each other in a poem.

24 Rhyme Scheme The pattern of rhyme in a type of poem

25 Casey at Bat by Ernest L. Thayer https://www. youtube. com/watch
The outlook wasn't brilliant for the Mudville nine that day, The score stood four to two, with but one inning more to play. And then when Cooney died at first, and Barrows did the same, A pall-like silence fell upon the patrons of the game. A straggling few got up to go, leaving there the rest, With that hope which springs eternal within the human breast. For they thought, "if only Casey could but get a whack at that.” They'd put up even money now, with Casey at the bat. But Flynn preceded Casey, as did also Jimmy Blake. And the former was a pudd’n, and the latter was a fake. So on that stricken multitude a deathlike silence sat; For there seemed but little chance of Casey getting to the bat. But Flynn let drive a single, to the wonderment of all. And the much-despised Blakey “tore the cover off the ball.” And when the dust had lifted, and they saw what had occurred, There was Blakey safe at second and Flynn a-hugging third. Then from the gladdened multitude went up a joyous yell— It rumbled in the mountaintops, it rattled in the dell; It struck upon the hillside and rebounded on the flat; for Casey, mighty Casey, was advancing to the bat. There was ease in Casey's manner as he stepped into his place, there was pride in Casey's bearing and a smile on Casey's face. And when responding to the cheers he lightly doffed his hat, No stranger in the crowd could doubt t'was Casey at the bat.

26 Ten thousand eyes were on him as he rubbed his hands with dirt
Ten thousand eyes were on him as he rubbed his hands with dirt. Five thousand tongues applauded when he wiped them on his shirt; Then, while the writhing pitcher ground the ball into his hip, Defiance flashed in Casey's eye, a sneer curled Casey's lip. And now the leather-covered sphere came hurtling through the air, and Casey stood a-watching it in haughty grandeur there. Close by the sturdy batsman the ball unheeded sped; "That ain't my style," said Casey. "Strike one!" the umpire said. From the benches, black with people, there went up a muffled roar, Like the beating of the storm waves on a stern and distant shore. "Kill him! Kill the umpire!" shouted someone on the stand; And it's likely they'd have killed him had not Casey raised his hand. With a smile of Christian charity, great Casey's visage shone, He stilled the rising tumult, he made the game go on; He signaled to the pitcher, and once more the spheroid flew, But Casey still ignored it, and the umpire said, "Strike two!“ "Fraud!" cried the maddened thousands, and echo answered "Fraud!" But one scornful look from Casey and the audience was awed; They saw his face grow stern and cold, they saw his muscles strain, and they knew that Casey wouldn't let that ball go by again. The sneer has fled from Casey's lip, the teeth are clenched in hate. He pounds with cruel vengeance his bat upon the plate. And now the pitcher holds the ball, and now he lets it go, And now the air is shattered by the force of Casey's blow. Oh, somewhere in this favored land the sun is shining bright, The band is playing somewhere, and somewhere hearts are light; And, somewhere men are laughing, and somewhere children shout, But there is no joy in Mudville: mighty Casey has struck out.

27 The syllables follow a certain pattern
Rhythm and Meter Rhythm is the flow of how a line or poem goes. Just like in music, poems with certain rhythms flow in a certain way. For example: ONCE uPON a DREARy DAY HE sat ON a FARM to PLAY The syllables follow a certain pattern

28 Meter Meter is the relation to a foot in poetry
A foot consists of two or more syllables The type of meter depends on the number of syllables in the foot In Iambic Pentameter the pattern goes unstressed syllable then stressed five times in the line Like this: taDA taDA taDA taDA taDA

29 Free Verse The fog comes on little cat feet. It sits looking
It sits looking over harbor and city on silent haunches and then moves on.

30 Poetry that has no fixed pattern
Free Verse Poetry that has no fixed pattern Video on meter

31 Inverted Word Order Which would be inverted?
“Ready are you? What know you of ready? For eight hundred years have I trained Jedi. My own counsel will I keep on who is to be trained. A Jedi must have the deepest commitment, the most serious mind. This one a long time have I watched. All his life has he looked away... to the future, to the horizon. Never his mind on where he was. Hmm? What he was doing. Hmph. Adventure. Heh. Excitement. Heh. A Jedi craves not these things. You are reckless.” Which would be inverted? The news ran like squirrels. The news like squirrels ran.

32 Inversion The words in a line are turned around so that they do not occur in the usual or expected position.

33 Form Form - Did the form of the poem match the content? Did it use stanzas, a rhyme scheme, or structure in the lines?

34 Stanza Stanza - a group of consecutive lines in a poem that forms a single unit. It is comparable to a paragraph essay.

35 Tone Tone – the speaker’s mood, attitude, or emotion behind the words? Is the tone angry, thoughtful, joking, tired, or some other emotion?

36 Literary Devices

37 Figurative Language
Number paper 1 – 38. Stop at blue screen and write answer When done click on next slide and check answers.

38 Figurative Language Answers
1. metaphor 2. simile 3. hyperbole 4. simile 5. alliteration 6. simile 7. metaphor 8. simile 9. simile 10. simile 11. metaphor OR alliteration 12. simile 13. metaphor OR alliteration 14. metaphor OR alliteration 15. metaphor 16. personification 17. metaphor 18. simile OR alliteration 19. personification 20. hyperbole 21. simile 22. simile 23. metaphor 24. personification 25. metaphor 26. hyperbole 27. metaphor 28. personification 29. hyperbole 30. hyperbole 31. metaphor OR alliteration 32. metaphor OR alliteration 33. hyperbole 34. personification 35. simile 36. simile 37. simile 38. simile

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