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BAGPIPE B = Beliefs, Ideas, Culture A = America in the World / Global Context G = Geography and Environment / Physical & Human P = Peopling / Movement.

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Presentation on theme: "BAGPIPE B = Beliefs, Ideas, Culture A = America in the World / Global Context G = Geography and Environment / Physical & Human P = Peopling / Movement."— Presentation transcript:

1 BAGPIPE B = Beliefs, Ideas, Culture A = America in the World / Global Context G = Geography and Environment / Physical & Human P = Peopling / Movement & Migrations I = Identity / Gender, Class, Racial, Ethnic P = Politics and Power E = Economy / Work, Exchange, Trade, Technology

2 CUL –BELIEFS, IDEAS, AND CULTURE

3 CULTURE, BELIEFS AND IDEAS CUL 1 Compare the cultural values and attitudes of different European, African American, and native peoples in the colonial period and explain how contact affected intergroup relationships and conflicts. Spanish, French and English values and attitudes ( God, Furs, Land) Native Americans values and attitudes (tribes, adapted to land, spiritual) How African Americans kept values and attitudes under slavery? Contact with English and French- French and Indian War Contact with Indians- Pueblo Revolt, King Phillips, Encomienda System Contact with English and African Americans- slave trade – Stono Rebellion

4 Culture – CUL 2 Analyze how emerging conceptions of national identity and democratic ideals shaped value systems, gender roles, and cultural movements in the late 18 th century and 19 th century.

5 Culture – CUL 3 20PACKET.pdf – Pages 4 through 20 on authors and art 20PACKET.pdf Explain how cultural values and artistic expression changed in response to the Civil War and the postwar industrialization of the U.S. Realism in art and literature – Mark Twain, Steven Crane, Jack London, Winslow Homer, John Singer Sargent, Mary Cassatt Leisure time – Barnum and Bailey Circus, Baseball, Basketball, Boxing, Annie Oakley Buffalo Bill Women – Victoria Woodhull, 15 th amendment, Susan B Anthony Blacks – Jim Crow, 13 th, 14 th, 15 th Gilded Age – Millionaires – class sturggle

6 CULTURE BELIEFS AND IDEAS – CUL 4 Timeline of religions Analyze how changing religious ideals, Enlightenment beliefs, and republican thoughts shaped the politics, culture and society of the colonial era through the early Republic. William Penn’s Holy Experiment – (all vote, women’s voice, pacificist) Roger’s Williams separation of church and state Puritan’s theocracy and town meetings and city upon a hill Great Awakening ( individualism, unity, challenged authority) John Locke, Montesquieu, Voltaire – contract theory and natural rights Check and Balance – Enlightenment influences New model of government – power goes both ways Federalist and Republican Democrats Ideas on politics

7 CULTURE BELIEFS AND IDEAS – CUL 5 Analyze the ways the philosophical, moral, and scientific ideas were used to defend and challenge the dominant economic and social order in the 19 th and 20 the century. Moral - 2nd Great Awakening ( )- clean house for the return of Christ – prohibition, abolition, and other reforms – Mormons and polygamy - Utopian movements based on socialistic principles – (1980’s) Moral Majority – Falwell – conservative support against gays, abortion, etc Philosophical – (1840’s) Thoreau and Transcendentalism, (1890’s) Spencer and Social Darwinism ( 1890’s) James and Pragmatism Scientific – Darwin’s theories vs Fundamentalism (Scope Trial), germ theory, atomic theories, vaccinations ( Polio and Jonas Salk), computer chip and Internet

8 CUL – CUL 6 Analyze the role of culture and the arts in 19 th and 20 th century movements for social and political change. American hero and individualism - Last of Mohicans, Scarlet Letter, Moby Dick Hudson River School(1840’s) – human beings and nature coexist to Ash Can Art depicting alleys, gangs, work and real subjects not glorified Transcendentalists(early 1900’s) – influence Gandhi and King – civil disobedience Uncle Tom’s Cabin- abolitionists Realism in art and literature – Crane, Twain, Homer Muckrackers and Yellow journalism and Dime Novels Great Catsby and F Scott Fitzgerald - Jazz Grapes of Wrath Steinbeck Jackson Pollock – splatter Art Andy Warhol – challenged traditional art – pop art Rock and Roll – Elvis Beatles

9 Culture – CUL 7 Explain how and why modern cultural values and popular culture have grown since the early 20 th century and how they have affected American politics and society.

10 WOR – AMERICA IN THE WORLD

11 WORLD – WOR 1 transformed-world/story?id= How discovering America transformed the World – Columbian Exchange transformed-world/story?id= Explain how imperial competition and the exchange of commodities across both sides of the Atlantic Ocean influenced the origins and patterns of development of North American societies in the colonial period. Imperial competition – wars for empire – French and Indian Triangle trade- rum, slaves, sugar Navigation Acts – mercantilism- smuggling Iron, Hat, staples Acts Tobacco, indigo, rice, cod, lumber, Spanish destruction of Aztecs, Incas, Mayans and search for mineral wealth Columbian exchange – disease, potatoes, sugar, corn, The real story of globalization by Charles Mannhttp://www.wsj.com/articles/SB

12 World –WOR 2 Explain how the exchange of ideas among different parts of the Atlantic World shaped belief systems and independence movement into the early 19 th century. Essay we did for UEA on this topic. John Locke’s ideas in Declaration of Independence Adam Smith’s ideas on laissez faire and mercantilism French Revolutions Haitian Revolutions South American Revolutions Enlightenment thinkers – Montesquieu, Voltaire Devine Rights of Kings – Puritans and Pilgrims

13 World – WOR 3 Explain how the growing interconnection of the U.S. with the worldwide economic, labor, and migration systems affected U.S. Society since the late 19 th century. (late 1800’s) Economic – JP Morgan loans during WWI, Dawes Young Plan – Hawley Smoot, Gold Standard, Marshall Plan, World Bank, free trade, OPEC and embargo, rising of China, U.S. debt, Euro zone, 2008 crisis gone global Labor – unskilled labor during Gilded Age, NAFTA labor in Mexico, sweat shops around the world, child labor around the world, The World IS Flat – exporting jobs to India, Malaysia, Central America Migration – Vietnam, Latin America, H-1B non immigrants

14 World – WOR 4 20PACKET.pdf –Land Acquisition – 13 and 14 Wars – 21 to 23 Foreign policy and tariffs PACKET.pdf Explain how the U.S. involvement in global conflicts in the 20 th century set the stage for domestic social change WWI- prohibition, sedition acts, women get the right to vote with 19 th amendment Blacks move North in the Great Migration setting the stage for Harlem Renaissance WWII Rosie the Riveter – New roles for women- birth of feminist movement Truman – To secure these rights – Integrate the military - freedom for all Japanese Interment Camps – McCarthyism – witch hunt for communists in state department GI Bill Vietnam SDS – student protests – anti-establishment – guns or butter – Great Society and Domestic change or fighting communism- blacks served in greater percentage Don’t Ask Don’t Tell – Clinton Years 9-11 – Security vs Privacy – NSA

15 WORLD – WOR 5 Analyze the motives behind, and results of, economic, military, and diplomatic initiatives aimed at expanding U.S. power and territory in the Western Hemisphere in the years between independence and the Civil War – Louisiana Purchase – France in our back yard – agrarian nation War of 1812 – freedom of seas, Tecumseh – neutralize Indians Monroe Doctrine – no new colonization- protect Latin American trade Ostend Manifesto – attempt to annex Cuba – slave state Treaty of 1818 and 1846 – boundaries with Canada - Aroostook War Mexican War – Manifest Destiny

16 World – Wor 6 Analyze domestic debates over U.S. expansionism in the 19 th century and early 20 th century. Manifest Destiny – Texas, Mexican Cession, Slave Vs Free Alaska – Seward's Folly Hawaii, Philippines, Samoa – Mahan’s theory – to be a world power needed navy and a navy needed ports – white man’s burden – social Darwinism- European’s had empires (Imperialism) China – Spheres of influence Panama – national security to link Caribbean with Pacific Anti-imperialist league – against ideals of country – we had been a colony – impurity of races from new colonies– immigrants would take American jobs

17 World – WOR 7 Analyze the goals of U.S. policymakers in major international conflicts such as the Spanish American War, WWI and II, and the Cold War and explain how U.S. involvement in these conflicts has altered the U.S. role in world affairs. Spanish American War – imperialism – Constitution follow the flag WWI and WWII – isolation and neutrality, appeasement, War to End all Wars - superpower Cold War – containment, massive retaliation, global police force, Vietnam and Korea, who declares war???

18 World – WOR 8 Explain how U.S. military and economic involvement in the developing world and issues such as terrorism and economic globalization have changed U.S. foreign policy goals since the middle of the 20 th century – Cold War – fight communism, economic aid ( CARE and Point 4), Peace Core, Truman Doctrine, domino theory, Korea, Vietnam, UN, IMF, World Bank 1970 – détente- Nixon visit China and Russia – OPEC – invasion of Afghanistan, Iran hostages, 1980 – Lebanon, Pan Am flight & other attacks, bombing of Libya, Star Wars – Fall of Berlin Wall, WHO and Aids to Ebola 1990 – NAFTA – Somalia, Eastern Europe, bombings in Africa, hunt for Bin Laden, Internet, Apple. Microsoft, Kyoto and climate change, fiber-optic cable

19 ENV – Geography and Environment

20 ENV- Env 1 Explain how the introduction of new plants, animals, and technologies altered the natural environment of North American and affected interactions among various groups in the colonial period. Slash and burn technology Guns and weapons Plants, tobacco, potato, rubber, rice, corn, sugar Animals – horses, pigs, sheep Disease Interaction – Native American tribes destroyed or forced to move

21 ENV – ENV2 Explain how the natural environment contributed to the development of distinct regional groups identities, institutions, and conflicts in the pre-contact period through the independence period. Pre-contact – maize culture, nomadic culture, sea coast foragers, tidewater horticulturalists, arctic hunters Northern colony – rocky soil, harsh climate, Puritans, triangle trade, communities, strong religion and education, fishing, lumbering Southern colony – plantation, oligarchy, stratified, indentured servants, slaves, House of Burgess Conflicts – war for empire – Washington in Ohio Valley, Pueblo Revolt, Pequot War, King Phillips War, Bacon’s Rebellion, Paxton revolt

22 Environment – ENV 3 Analyze the role of environmental factors in contributing to regional economic and political identities in the 19 th century and how they affected conflicts such as the American Revolution and the Civil War.

23 Environment 4 – ENV 4 Analyze how the search for economic resources affected social and political developments from the colonial period through Reconstruction. - Nature and American Identity

24 ENV -ENV5 Best web site on environmental history – check under each category from Industrialization to 21century Explain how and why debates about and policies concerning the use of natural resources and the environment more generally have changed since the late 19 th century. Late 19 th century – General Mining Law of 1872, no limitations of timber, homesteading, Deseret Land Act, Stone and Timber Act- Yellowstone 1872 TR – national monuments, forest conservations, game preserves, National Park movement Taft – Ballinger Pinochet controversy – FDR – CCC and Dust Bowl and AAA – Hoover Dam – TVA 1960 & 1970’s – Silent Spring and DDT, Endangered Species Act, Clean Water Act, Earth Day, EPA, NORA Carter- Super Clean Up Fund Love Canal Regan & Bush – James Watt and Secretary of Interior, Exxon Valdez

25 PEO - PEOPLING

26 PEO- PEO 1 Explain how and why people moved within the America (before contact) and to and within the Americas (after contact and colonization. Bering Strait – land bridge, Incas and Andes, drought, buffalo, slash and burn, Indians moved West after contact – Savanah Indians, Seminoles, etc Scotch Irish – Appalachia Indentured servants – North Carolina Roger Williams and Anne Hutchinson – Rhode Island Debtors – Georgia Primogeniture laws, Enclosure laws, religious persecution

27 PEO – Peo – 2 Explain how changes in the number and sources of international migrants in the 19 th (1800’s) to 20 th (1900’s) centuries altered the ethnic and social makeup of the U.S. population – German and Irish – Irish mostly Catholic settled along East Coast – Nativism movement against, unskilled workers – German – Midwest – kindergarten Christmas trees – beer Chinese to build Transcontinental RR – Little China Town – Tongs – Chinese Exclusion Act in Kearnyites against Chinese 1880 to 1920 – Southern and Eastern Europeans – non Protestant such as Greek Orthodox, Jews, Catholics, Russian Orthodox, unskilled workers, accused of crime, socialism communism, violence stealing American jobs, polluting the political system (buying votes) 1920’s Quota placed on these New Immigrants 1907 Gentlemen’s Agreement – no Japanese immigrants – later Japanese Interment camps 1970’s Vietnamese and Cambodians displaced by Vietnam War Current – Latinos – Hispanics – Operation Wet Back – DREAMers – Immigrations Reform WHAT TO DO WITH CHINESE AND INDIAN IMMIGRANTS RETURNING WITH ADVANCED DEGREES?????????

28 PEO – Peo 3 Analyze the causes and effects of major internal migration such as urbanization, suburbanization, westward movement and the Great Migration in the 19 th and 20 th centuries. Urbanization – causes industrialization, overproduction on farms – falling farm prices, educational and cultural opportunities, consumer conveniences, effect – crime, pollution, over population, traffic, more opportunities, more liberal ( leave small town mentality) Suburbanization – causes better transportation trolleys, cars, Leavitt towns (post WWI), crime and pollution of cities, white flight from minorities effect – better quality of life from cities, cheap houses, loss of farm land – suburban sprawl Westward expansion – land and soil depletion in South, gold or mineral wealth( Gold Rush), raw materials such as timber and coal for industrialization, neutralization of Indians, Manifest Destiny, effect Jackson’s Frontier Thesis – developed American individualism and safety valve theory, reservation system for Indians, destruction of natural resources and environmental movement such as John Muir, more freedom women get vote, Mormons get Zion, Black Exodusters Great Migration – WWI job opportunities and black move from South to cities like NY (Harlem), Chicago, and Detroit Effect – Harlem Renaissance (Jazz and Langston Hughes), Blacks escaped Jim Crow South and sharecropping, more opportunities for black equality Also Consider migration due to Dust Bowl during Great drought during Depression and Rust Belt to Sun Belt after WWII

29 PEO- PEO 4 Analyze the effects that migration, disease, and warfare had on the American Indian population after contact with Europeans. Warfare – Pueblo revolt, Peqot War, King Phillips War, Powhatan’s fued, French and Indian War, Pontiac’s Rebellion Disease – smallpox, immunities due to no animals, Migration – Proclamation Line of Indians forced to move West

30 ID - IDENTITY

31 ID – ID 1 Analyze how competing conceptions of national identity were expressed in the development of political and cultural values from the late colonial through the antebellum period. North (Federalists) – Puritans, manufacturing, strong government, trade with Britain, banks, assumption of debts, government for elite, Hamilton, embraced reforms such as education, prohibition, women’s rights, prisons, Quakers - Abolitionists South (Republican Democrats) – strict interpretations of Constitution, state rights, agrarian, common man, pro French, embraced status quo of women’s role and horse racing and drinking, slavery Salutary Neglect – 70 years to develop own political economic and religious identify in New World Great Awakening – salvation based on individual – led to individualism becoming part of American identity

32 Id – ID -2 Assess the impact of Manifest Destiny, territorial expansion, the Civil War, and industrialization on popular beliefs about progress and the national destiny of the United States. Manifest Destiny – Our God Given Right to occupy this hemisphere – strong nationalism – we had best political, economic systems- Go West young man and forge the American dream – West forged strong individualism in struggle for survival and dominate the land - Donnor Party- Mormons – Gold Rush Territorial Expansion – Mexico, Canada, and Indians paid price for American nationalism – Texas, Mexican Cession, Oregon Territory, Aroostook War – Identity divided by slave vs free Civil War – State identity vs federal power – Webster Hayne Debate – S Carolina secession – Confederacy vs Union Industrialization – class struggle – Gilded Age Robber Barons vs labor class – capitalism vs socialism – Pullman Strike vs Eugen Debs – Homestead Strike vs Carnegie

33 Identity – ID 3 Analyze how U.S. involvement in international crises such as the Spanish American War, WWI and II, and the Great Depression, and the Cold War influence public debates about American national identity in the 20 th century.

34 ID – ID 4 Explain how the conceptions of group identity and autonomy emerged out of cultural interactions between colonizing groups, Africans, American Indians in the colonial era. Encomienda System- Spanish Gullah language, voodoo, music, Black Methodists, Stono Rebellion Puritans Southern planters Puritans – city upon a hill, theocracy, work ethic, education French – fur trading, men, integration with tribes Spanish – Gold Glory God – Aztec, Inca, Mayans

35 Identity – ID 5 https://www15.uta.fi/FAST/US2/NOTES/regident.html – regional identities https://www15.uta.fi/FAST/US2/NOTES/regident.html Analyze the role of economic, political, social, and ethnic factors on the formation of regional identities in what would become the U.S. from the colonial period to 19 th century (1800’s). North – bankers, manufacturing, trading, industrialization in late 1800’s, mostly Federalists and later Republicans, socially were more reformers such as abolitionists, women’s rights, education, ethnic make-up was more Irish and later Southern and Eastern Europeans who were persecuted. South – agricultural, agrarian, plantations, mostly Democrats and for state rights, oligarchy in colonial times, stratified social systems, ethnic influence was most strongly slaves or free blacks. West - miners, ranchers, farmers, Whigs on roads and banks, Republican on free soil, Socially more self-reliant and less stereotyping, women get vote in MT and WY, Exodusters,

36 Identity – ID 6 Identity – ID 6 U.S. immigration and migration patterns Analyze how migration patterns to and migrations within the United States have influence the growth of racial and ethnic identities and conflicts over ethnic assimilation and distinctiveness.

37 Identity –ID 7 Women’s timelines Analyze how changes in class identity and gender roles have related to economic, social, and cultural transformations since the late 19 th century.

38 Identity – ID 8 - Black history timeline Explain how civil rights activism in the 20 th century affected the growth of African American and other identity based political and social movement.

39 POL – POLITICS AND POWER

40 POL – POL 1 20PACKET.pdf 20PACKET.pdf Analyze the factors behind competition, cooperation, and conflict among different societies and social groups in North America during the colonial period. Cooperation – Albany plan, boycotts, Stamp Act Congress, First Continental Congress, Committees of Correspondence Conflict- Stono Rebellion, Bacon’s Rebellion, Paxton Boys, Regulator Movement, Tories, Patriots, French and Indian War Competition- land, trade, mercantilism, slave trade, sugar islands

41 POL – Pol 2 20PACKET.pdf Political Parties page PACKET.pdf Explain how and why major party systems and political alignments arose and have changed from the early Republic through the end of the 20 th century. Federalists vs Republican Democrats – Bank, Debt, North vs South, common man vs elite, Britain vs French, strong govt. vs state rights Federalist die out due to Hartford Convention in War of 1812 Whigs vs Democrats – hate Jackson – South and Calhoun and tariff, North and Webster and Bank, West and Clay and American System Whigs die out due to Kansas Nebraska Act Republicans (Free Soilers) vs Democrats – stop the expansion of slavery – election of 1860 Republicans vs Democrats – laissez faire vs regulation, military, entitlements, civil rights, immigration, power of federal government, spending Progressive – Roosevelt Dixiecrats – Thurman – anti-integration Wallace – 1968 – anti-Civil Rights

42 POL POL3 – reform moment in U.S. Explain how activists groups and reform movements such as antebellum reformers, civil rights activities, and social conservatives have cause change to state institutions and U.S. society. Antebellum – Horace Mann better education in MA, Dorthea Dix, better asylums, Seneca Falls for women’s rights, abolitionists, Neal Dow no liquor in Maine Progressives – Lafollette changes in WI, WY and MT give women the vote, later 19 th amendment, WCTU for prohibition, Spargo against child labor, Margaret Sanger and birth control, John Muir and environment Civil Rights – MLK, Rosa Parks changed Jim Crow state segregation laws, march on Selma challenged voter registration, Freedom Riders discrimination on buses, Betty Friedan and feminist movement Social conservatives – challenged Roe vs Wade and state abortion issues (Webster vs Reproductive Services, school prayer, Moral Majority against stem cell research and gay rights, reduce entitlement benefits and cut federal spending – return power to the states- New Federalism

43 POL – Pol 4 tic_policy/timeline.html - go to the years of new Deal, Great Society and Conservatives tic_policy/timeline.html Analyze how and why the New Deal. The Great Society, and the modern conservative movement all sought to change the federal government’s role in U.S. political, social, and economic life. New Deal – ( ) War on Great Depression, problem too big for individuals, new power to federal government, WPA, CCC, PWA, HOLC, AAA, TVA, Social Security– fix employment, housing, farms, SEC, NIRA, FDIC - financial institutions and business, stack the court – political Great Society ( ) War on Poverty – Civil Rights Act, Job Corp, Head Start, Medicare, Medicaid - Office of Economic Opportunity – HUD, political – Barry Goldwater and conservatives Conservatives – Nixon – New Federalism, less federal government, deregulation, budget cuts except military, moral majority, backlash against civil rights, cut entitlements, anti gay and anti abortion

44 T.pdf T.pdf Supreme Court decisions – page 11 and 12 Analyze how arguments over the meaning and interpretation of the Constitution have affected U.S. politics since Marbury Vs Madison – judicial review and the power of the Supreme Court to decided Constitutionality McCullough Vs Maryland – the power to tax is the power to destroy – the power to create suggests the power to protect – Bank of U.S. Dred Scott – Slave is property according to Constitution and slave has no voice in court system Plessy vs Ferguson and Brown vs Board of Education – the power to segregate blacks and the reversal of that decision that blacks must be integrated Slaughterhouse cases – Corporations protected by the 14 th amendment Roe V Wade – a women’s right to choose an abortion using 9 th amendment

45 POL – Pol 6 20PACKET.pdf Wars – page 22 and PACKET.pdf Analyze how debates over political values (such as democracy, freedom, and citizenship) and the extension of American ideals abroad contributed to the ideological clashes and military conflicts of the 19 th century (1800’s) and 20 th century (1900’s). War of freedom of the seas during Napoleonic Wars – Federalists opposed – Hartford Convention Texas War for Independence – 1836 – fought by Americans not U.S. government – Sam Houston – freedom from Mexico City and Santa Anna- Alamo Mexican War – – a war for spreading our ideological ideas of democracy and capitalism – Manifest Destiny – Clash over Spot Resolutions Civil War – ideological clash over state rights vs the federal government and citizenship of Blacks Spanish American War – Atrocities of Butcher Weyler in Cuba protecting Cubans – really a war over Imperialistic pursuits and does Constitution follow flag – invasion of Philippines and Emilio Aguinaldo WWI – War to Make the World Safe for Democracy – War to End All Wars- Failure of Wilson’s 14 points – ideological clash over violation of isolation policies WWII – fascism vs democracy Korea – Vietnam – Cold War – spread of communism – domino theory – guns or butter – Congress authorized to declare war not UN or Presdient

46 POL – Pol 7 20PACKET.pdf America in Crisis – page 25 Scandal Page PACKET.pdf Analyze how debates over civil rights and civil liberties have influence political life from the early 20 th century through the early 21 st century. WWI – restriction of free speech – Sedition Acts – 19 th amendment Scottsboro Trial – 1930’s – 9 blacks accused of rape WWII – Japanese Internment Camps – Korematsu Vs U.S. 1950’s -McCarthyism- To Secure These Rights 1960’s – Civil Rights Act of 64- Voting Rights Act 65- rights of accused DOMA – Defense of Marriage Act

47 WXT-ECONOMY WORK, EXCHANGE, TECHNOLOGY

48 WXT – WXT 1 Explain how patterns of exchanging commodities, peoples, and ideas around the Atlantic World developed after European contact and shaped North American colonial era societies. Commodities - Triangle Trade – rum slaves, sugar, Barbados system Ideas - Enlightenment – Deism, ages of reason, John Locke- racial stereotyping- Mercantilism Peoples- debtors, second sons, Puritans, Pilgrims, Quakers, indentured servants, African Americans.

49 Work Exchange – WXT2 Technology Timeline Analyze how innovations in markets, transportation, and technology affected the economy and the different regions of North America from the colonial period through the end of the Civil War. Colonial – North vs South, Atlantic Sea Coast Eli Whitney – Cotton gin and interchangeable parts – slavery profitable Samuel Slater – factory system – later Lowell factory for female workers Robert Fulton – steam engine – rivers used as arteries of transportation – both ways Erie Canal and canal age – opened Western markets – New York hub for Atlantic trade – market specialization Market Revolution – specialized production, produced more than for just family consumption, farmers began businessmen, international markets – increased sectionalism, producing for the market not just self John Deere and McCormick Reaper – higher agricultural production Samuel Morse – Morse code and communication eventually trans Atlantic cable Clipper Ships and the Iron Clads Railroads - Cooper

50 Work, Exchange – WXT3 Explain how changes in transportations, technology, and the integration of the U.S. economy into world markets have influence U.S. society since the Gilded Age. Transportation –Iron Clads, transport ships to cargo ships ( contract labor), airplanes – Charles Lindberg to Jumbo jets, Henry Ford ( Model T) Technology – Bell, Bessemer, refining oil (Standard Oil), assembly line, Internet, Facebook, Skyppe, fiber optic cable Integration – Alfred Thayer Mahan, tariffs,

51 WXT- WXT 4 Labor Timeline – extends beyond question Explain the development of labor systems such as slavery, indentured servitude and free labor from the colonial period through the end of the 1700’s. Essay on 3-29 and 3-30 on this topic. Slavery –1607 Jamestown, Anthony Johnson free slave, Stono Rebellion, Barbados System, 4 million by eve of Civil War - 3/5 compromise Indentured servants – 60% of all immigrants in colonial period, usually in South, usually men, usually 2 to 7 year period Free labor

52 WXT- WXT6 Economic Timeline Explain how arguments about market capitalism, the growth of corporate power, and the government polices influence economic policies from the late 18 th century through the early 20 th century. Market capitalism – laissez faire, Social Darwinism, Market revolution and specialization, even Adam Smith and mercantilism Growth of corporate power Nicholas Biddle and Bank, Carnegie, Rockefeller, Morgan, Horizontal and vertical consolidation, holding companies, stocks, mergers, Government policies – currency – specie circular to bimetallism Tariffs from Tariff of Abomination to McKinley – Legislation from RR grants Sherman Anti-Trust, Interstate Commerce Act, labor laws (contract labor), Hepburn Act, Fair Trade Act, Federal Reserve,

53 WXT – WXT Go to Page 15 Compare the beliefs and strategies of movements advocating changes to the U.S. Economic system since industrialization, particularly the organized labor, Populist, and Progressive movement. Organized labor – redistribution of wealth, worker need to have better hours, wages, condition, no child labor, socialism strategies were strikes like Homestead and Pullman, organized labor unions such as Knight of Labor and AFL, boycotts like Danbury Hat, pickets Populist – change government to bring changes for labor, no immigration, 8 hr day, distribution of wealth, more money in worker’s pockets strategies secret ballot, proposed income tax, bimetallism Progressives – correct abuses of capitalism to save capitalism, workman’s comp, no child labor, 8 hr work day, labor not a trust, safety after Triangle Shirtwaist strategies – muckrackers exposing ills like John Spargo, legislation like Adamson Act, Clayton Anti Trust Act, Workman’s Comp, building inspections

54 WXT – WXT 8 Explain how and why the role of the federal government in regulating economic life and the environment has changed since the end of the 19 th century. (1800’s) Economic Life- Progressives, New Deal, Great Society, New Federalism AP%20US%20REVIEW%20PACKET.pdf – Go to page 16 AP%20US%20REVIEW%20PACKET.pdf Environment- John Muir – CCC – Nixon – EPA – Endangered Species, Clean Air, Carter – 3 Mile Island – Love Canal – Superfund- exxon Valdex Go To – This link provides a list of all environmental legislation. Click link at time for Progressive – 20 th century – 21 century


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