Presentation on theme: "BAGPIPE B = Beliefs, Ideas, Culture"— Presentation transcript:
1 BAGPIPE B = Beliefs, Ideas, Culture A = America in the World / Global ContextG = Geography and Environment / Physical & HumanP = Peopling / Movement & MigrationsI = Identity / Gender, Class, Racial, EthnicP = Politics and PowerE = Economy / Work, Exchange, Trade, Technology
3 CULTURE, BELIEFS AND IDEAS CUL 1 Compare the cultural values and attitudes of different European, African American, and native peoples in the colonial period and explain how contact affected intergroup relationships and conflicts.Spanish, French and English values and attitudes ( God, Furs, Land)Native Americans values and attitudes (tribes, adapted to land, spiritual)How African Americans kept values and attitudes under slavery?Contact with English and French- French and Indian WarContact with Indians- Pueblo Revolt, King Phillips, Encomienda SystemContact with English and African Americans- slave trade – Stono Rebellion
4 Culture – CUL 2Analyze how emerging conceptions of national identity and democratic ideals shaped value systems, gender roles, and cultural movements in the late 18th century and 19th century.
5 Culture – CUL 3 http://www. crsd Culture – CUL 3 – Pages 4 through 20 on authors and artExplain how cultural values and artistic expression changed in response to the Civil War and the postwar industrialization of the U.S.Realism in art and literature – Mark Twain, Steven Crane, Jack London, Winslow Homer, John Singer Sargent, Mary CassattLeisure time – Barnum and Bailey Circus, Baseball, Basketball, Boxing, Annie Oakley Buffalo BillWomen – Victoria Woodhull, 15th amendment, Susan B AnthonyBlacks – Jim Crow, 13th, 14th, 15thGilded Age – Millionaires – class sturggle
6 CULTURE BELIEFS AND IDEAS – CUL 4 http://atheism. about CULTURE BELIEFS AND IDEAS – CUL 4 Timeline of religionsAnalyze how changing religious ideals, Enlightenment beliefs, and republican thoughts shaped the politics, culture and society of the colonial era through the early Republic.William Penn’s Holy Experiment – (all vote, women’s voice, pacificist)Roger’s Williams separation of church and statePuritan’s theocracy and town meetings and city upon a hillGreat Awakening ( individualism, unity, challenged authority)John Locke, Montesquieu, Voltaire – contract theory and natural rightsCheck and Balance – Enlightenment influencesNew model of government – power goes both waysFederalist and Republican Democrats Ideas on politics
7 CULTURE BELIEFS AND IDEAS – CUL 5 Analyze the ways the philosophical, moral, and scientific ideas were used to defend and challenge the dominant economic and social order in the 19th and 20 the century.Moral - 2nd Great Awakening ( )- clean house for the return of Christ – prohibition, abolition, and other reforms – Mormons and polygamy - Utopian movements based on socialistic principles – (1980’s) Moral Majority – Falwell – conservative support against gays, abortion, etcPhilosophical – (1840’s) Thoreau and Transcendentalism, (1890’s) Spencer and Social Darwinism ( 1890’s) James and PragmatismScientific – Darwin’s theories vs Fundamentalism (Scope Trial), germ theory, atomic theories, vaccinations ( Polio and Jonas Salk), computer chip and Internet
8 CUL – CUL 6Analyze the role of culture and the arts in 19th and 20th century movements for social and political change.American hero and individualism - Last of Mohicans, Scarlet Letter, Moby DickHudson River School(1840’s) – human beings and nature coexist to Ash Can Art depicting alleys, gangs, work and real subjects not glorifiedTranscendentalists(early 1900’s) – influence Gandhi and King – civil disobedienceUncle Tom’s Cabin- abolitionistsRealism in art and literature – Crane, Twain, HomerMuckrackers and Yellow journalism and Dime NovelsGreat Catsby and F Scott Fitzgerald - JazzGrapes of Wrath SteinbeckJackson Pollock – splatter ArtAndy Warhol – challenged traditional art – pop artRock and Roll – Elvis Beatles
9 Culture – CUL 7Explain how and why modern cultural values and popular culture have grown since the early 20th century and how they have affected American politics and society.
11 WORLD – WOR 1 http://abcnews. go WORLD – WOR 1 How discovering America transformed the World – Columbian ExchangeExplain how imperial competition and the exchange of commodities across both sides of the Atlantic Ocean influenced the origins and patterns of development of North American societies in the colonial period.Imperial competition – wars for empire – French and IndianTriangle trade- rum, slaves, sugarNavigation Acts – mercantilism- smugglingIron, Hat, staples ActsTobacco, indigo, rice, cod, lumber,Spanish destruction of Aztecs, Incas, Mayans and search for mineral wealthColumbian exchange – disease, potatoes, sugar, corn,The real story of globalization by Charles Mann
12 World –WOR 2Explain how the exchange of ideas among different parts of the Atlantic World shaped belief systems and independence movement into the early 19th century. Essay we did for UEA on this topic.John Locke’s ideas in Declaration of IndependenceAdam Smith’s ideas on laissez faire and mercantilismFrench RevolutionsHaitian RevolutionsSouth American RevolutionsEnlightenment thinkers – Montesquieu, VoltaireDevine Rights of Kings – Puritans and Pilgrims
13 World – WOR 3Explain how the growing interconnection of the U.S. with the worldwide economic, labor, and migration systems affected U.S. Society since the late 19th century. (late 1800’s)Economic – JP Morgan loans during WWI, Dawes Young Plan – Hawley Smoot, Gold Standard, Marshall Plan, World Bank, free trade, OPEC and embargo, rising of China, U.S. debt, Euro zone, crisis gone globalLabor – unskilled labor during Gilded Age, NAFTA labor in Mexico, sweat shops around the world, child labor around the world, The World IS Flat – exporting jobs to India, Malaysia, Central AmericaMigration – Vietnam, Latin America, H-1B non immigrants
14 World – WOR 4 http://www. crsd World – WOR 4 –Land Acquisition – 13 and 14 Wars – 21 to 23 Foreign policy and tariffs 29-34Explain how the U.S. involvement in global conflicts in the 20th century set the stage for domestic social changeWWI- prohibition, sedition acts,women get the right to vote with 19th amendmentBlacks move North in the Great Migration setting the stage for Harlem RenaissanceWWIIRosie the Riveter – New roles for women- birth of feminist movementTruman – To secure these rights – Integrate the military - freedom for allJapanese Interment Camps –McCarthyism – witch hunt for communists in state departmentGI BillVietnamSDS – student protests – anti-establishment – guns or butter – Great Society and Domestic change or fighting communism- blacks served in greater percentageDon’t Ask Don’t Tell – Clinton Years9-11 – Security vs Privacy – NSA
15 WORLD – WOR 5Analyze the motives behind, and results of, economic, military, and diplomatic initiatives aimed at expanding U.S. power and territory in the Western Hemisphere in the years between independence and the Civil War.1803 – Louisiana Purchase – France in our back yard – agrarian nationWar of 1812 – freedom of seas, Tecumseh – neutralize IndiansMonroe Doctrine – no new colonization- protect Latin American tradeOstend Manifesto – attempt to annex Cuba – slave stateTreaty of 1818 and 1846 – boundaries with Canada - Aroostook WarMexican War – Manifest Destiny
16 World – Wor 6Analyze domestic debates over U.S. expansionism in the 19th century and early 20th century.Manifest Destiny – Texas, Mexican Cession, Slave Vs FreeAlaska – Seward's FollyHawaii, Philippines, Samoa – Mahan’s theory – to be a world power needed navy and a navy needed ports – white man’s burden – social Darwinism-European’s had empires (Imperialism)China – Spheres of influencePanama – national security to link Caribbean with PacificAnti-imperialist league – against ideals of country – we had been a colony – impurity of races from new colonies– immigrants would take American jobs
17 World – WOR 7Analyze the goals of U.S. policymakers in major international conflicts such as the Spanish American War, WWI and II, and the Cold War and explain how U.S. involvement in these conflicts has altered the U.S. role in world affairs.Spanish American War – imperialism – Constitution follow the flagWWI and WWII – isolation and neutrality, appeasement, War to End all Wars - superpowerCold War – containment , massive retaliation, global police force, Vietnam and Korea, who declares war???
18 World – WOR 8Explain how U.S. military and economic involvement in the developing world and issues such as terrorism and economic globalization have changed U.S. foreign policy goals since the middle of the 20th century.– Cold War – fight communism, economic aid ( CARE and Point 4), Peace Core, Truman Doctrine, domino theory, Korea, Vietnam, UN, IMF, World Bank1970 – détente- Nixon visit China and Russia – OPEC – invasion of Afghanistan, Iran hostages,1980 – Lebanon, Pan Am flight & other attacks, bombing of Libya, Star Wars – Fall of Berlin Wall, WHO and Aids to Ebola1990 – NAFTA – Somalia, Eastern Europe, bombings in Africa, hunt for Bin Laden, Internet, Apple. Microsoft, Kyoto and climate change, fiber-optic cable
20 ENV- Env 1Explain how the introduction of new plants, animals, and technologies altered the natural environment of North American and affected interactions among various groups in the colonial period.Slash and burn technologyGuns and weaponsPlants, tobacco, potato, rubber, rice, corn, sugarAnimals – horses, pigs, sheepDiseaseInteraction – Native American tribes destroyed or forced to move
21 ENV – ENV2Explain how the natural environment contributed to the development of distinct regional groups identities, institutions, and conflicts in the pre-contact period through the independence period.Pre-contact – maize culture, nomadic culture, sea coast foragers, tidewater horticulturalists, arctic huntersNorthern colony – rocky soil, harsh climate, Puritans, triangle trade, communities, strong religion and education, fishing, lumberingSouthern colony – plantation, oligarchy, stratified, indentured servants, slaves, House of BurgessConflicts – war for empire – Washington in Ohio Valley, Pueblo Revolt, Pequot War, King Phillips War, Bacon’s Rebellion, Paxton revolt
22 Environment – ENV 3Analyze the role of environmental factors in contributing to regional economic and political identities in the 19th century and how they affected conflicts such as the American Revolution and the Civil War.
23 Environment 4 – ENV 4Analyze how the search for economic resources affected social and political developments from the colonial period through Reconstruction.- Nature and American Identity
24 ENV -ENV Best web site on environmental history – check under each category from Industrialization to 21centuryExplain how and why debates about and policies concerning the use of natural resources and the environment more generally have changed since the late 19th century.Late 19th century – General Mining Law of 1872, no limitations of timber, homesteading, Deseret Land Act, Stone and Timber Act- Yellowstone 1872TR – national monuments, forest conservations, game preserves, National Park movement Taft – Ballinger Pinochet controversy –FDR – CCC and Dust Bowl and AAA – Hoover Dam – TVA1960 & 1970’s – Silent Spring and DDT, Endangered Species Act, Clean Water Act, Earth Day, EPA, NORACarter- Super Clean Up Fund Love CanalRegan & Bush – James Watt and Secretary of Interior, Exxon Valdez
26 PEO- PEO 1Explain how and why people moved within the America (before contact) and to and within the Americas (after contact and colonization.Bering Strait – land bridge, Incas and Andes, drought, buffalo, slash and burn,Indians moved West after contact – Savanah Indians, Seminoles, etcScotch Irish – AppalachiaIndentured servants – North CarolinaRoger Williams and Anne Hutchinson – Rhode IslandDebtors – GeorgiaPrimogeniture laws, Enclosure laws, religious persecution
27 PEO – Peo – 2 http://www. pbs Explain how changes in the number and sources of international migrants in the 19th (1800’s) to 20th (1900’s) centuries altered the ethnic and social makeup of the U.S. population.– German and Irish – Irish mostly Catholic settled along East Coast – Nativism movement against, unskilled workers – German – Midwest – kindergarten Christmas trees – beer1860- Chinese to build Transcontinental RR – Little China Town – Tongs – Chinese Exclusion Act in Kearnyites against Chinese1880 to 1920 – Southern and Eastern Europeans – non Protestant such as Greek Orthodox, Jews, Catholics, Russian Orthodox, unskilled workers, accused of crime, socialism communism, violence stealing American jobs, polluting the political system (buying votes) 1920’s Quota placed on these New Immigrants1907 Gentlemen’s Agreement – no Japanese immigrants – later Japanese Interment camps1970’s Vietnamese and Cambodians displaced by Vietnam WarCurrent – Latinos – Hispanics – Operation Wet Back – DREAMers – Immigrations ReformWHAT TO DO WITH CHINESE AND INDIAN IMMIGRANTS RETURNING WITH ADVANCED DEGREES?????????
28 PEO – Peo 3Analyze the causes and effects of major internal migration such as urbanization, suburbanization, westward movement and the Great Migration in the 19th and 20th centuries.Urbanization – causes industrialization, overproduction on farms – falling farm prices, educational and cultural opportunities, consumer conveniences, effect – crime, pollution, over population, traffic, more opportunities, more liberal ( leave small town mentality)Suburbanization – causes better transportation trolleys, cars, Leavitt towns (post WWI), crime and pollution of cities, white flight from minorities effect – better quality of life from cities, cheap houses, loss of farm land – suburban sprawlWestward expansion – land and soil depletion in South, gold or mineral wealth( Gold Rush), raw materials such as timber and coal for industrialization, neutralization of Indians, Manifest Destiny, effect Jackson’s Frontier Thesis – developed American individualism and safety valve theory, reservation system for Indians, destruction of natural resources and environmental movement such as John Muir, more freedom women get vote, Mormons get Zion, Black ExodustersGreat Migration – WWI job opportunities and black move from South to cities like NY (Harlem), Chicago, and Detroit Effect – Harlem Renaissance (Jazz and Langston Hughes) , Blacks escaped Jim Crow South and sharecropping, more opportunities for black equalityAlso Consider migration due to Dust Bowl during Great drought during Depression and Rust Belt to Sun Belt after WWII
29 PEO- PEO 4 http://classroom. synonym Analyze the effects that migration, disease, and warfare had on the American Indian population after contact with Europeans.Warfare – Pueblo revolt, Peqot War, King Phillips War, Powhatan’s fued, French and Indian War, Pontiac’s RebellionDisease – smallpox, immunities due to no animals,Migration – Proclamation Line of Indians forced to move West
31 ID – ID 1Analyze how competing conceptions of national identity were expressed in the development of political and cultural values from the late colonial through the antebellum period. North (Federalists) – Puritans, manufacturing, strong government, trade with Britain, banks, assumption of debts, government for elite, Hamilton, embraced reforms such as education, prohibition, women’s rights, prisons, Quakers - Abolitionists South (Republican Democrats) – strict interpretations of Constitution, state rights, agrarian, common man, pro French, embraced status quo of women’s role and horse racing and drinking , slavery Salutary Neglect – 70 years to develop own political economic and religious identify in New World Great Awakening – salvation based on individual – led to individualism becoming part of American identity
32 Id – ID -2Assess the impact of Manifest Destiny, territorial expansion, the Civil War, and industrialization on popular beliefs about progress and the national destiny of the United States.Manifest Destiny – Our God Given Right to occupy this hemisphere – strong nationalism – we had best political, economic systems- Go West young man and forge the American dream – West forged strong individualism in struggle for survival and dominate the land - Donnor Party- Mormons – Gold RushTerritorial Expansion – Mexico, Canada, and Indians paid price for American nationalism – Texas, Mexican Cession, Oregon Territory, Aroostook War – Identity divided by slave vs freeCivil War – State identity vs federal power – Webster Hayne Debate – S Carolina secession – Confederacy vs UnionIndustrialization – class struggle – Gilded Age Robber Barons vs labor class –capitalism vs socialism – Pullman Strike vs Eugen Debs – Homestead Strike vs Carnegie
33 Identity – ID 3Analyze how U.S. involvement in international crises such as the Spanish American War, WWI and II, and the Great Depression, and the Cold War influence public debates about American national identity in the 20th century.
34 ID – ID 4Explain how the conceptions of group identity and autonomy emerged out of cultural interactions between colonizing groups, Africans, American Indians in the colonial era.Encomienda System- SpanishGullah language, voodoo, music, Black Methodists, Stono RebellionPuritansSouthern plantersPuritans – city upon a hill, theocracy, work ethic, educationFrench – fur trading, men, integration with tribesSpanish – Gold Glory God – Aztec, Inca, Mayans
35 Identity – ID 5 https://www15. uta. fi/FAST/US2/NOTES/regident Identity – ID 5 https://www15.uta.fi/FAST/US2/NOTES/regident.html – regional identitiesAnalyze the role of economic, political, social, and ethnic factors on the formation of regional identities in what would become the U.S. from the colonial period to 19th century (1800’s).North – bankers, manufacturing, trading, industrialization in late 1800’s, mostly Federalists and later Republicans, socially were more reformers such as abolitionists, women’s rights, education, ethnic make-up was more Irish and later Southern and Eastern Europeans who were persecuted.South – agricultural, agrarian, plantations, mostly Democrats and for state rights, oligarchy in colonial times, stratified social systems, ethnic influence was most strongly slaves or free blacks.West - miners, ranchers, farmers, Whigs on roads and banks, Republican on free soil, Socially more self-reliant and less stereotyping, women get vote in MT and WY, Exodusters,
36 Identity – ID 6 Identity – ID 6 http://lewishistoricalsociety Identity – ID 6 Identity – ID 6 U.S. immigration and migration patterns Analyze how migration patterns to and migrations within the United States have influence the growth of racial and ethnic identities and conflicts over ethnic assimilation and distinctiveness.
37 Identity –ID 7 http://www.bloomu.edu/wrc/timeline Women’s timelines Analyze how changes in class identity and gender roles have related to economic, social, and cultural transformations since the late 19th century.
38 Identity – ID 8 http://www. pbs. org/wnet/aaworld/timeline Identity – ID Black history timelineExplain how civil rights activism in the 20th century affected the growth of African American and other identity based political and social movement.
40 POL – POL 1 http://www. crsd Analyze the factors behind competition, cooperation, and conflict among different societies and social groups in North America during the colonial period.Cooperation – Albany plan, boycotts, Stamp Act Congress, First Continental Congress, Committees of CorrespondenceConflict- Stono Rebellion, Bacon’s Rebellion, Paxton Boys, Regulator Movement, Tories, Patriots, French and Indian WarCompetition- land, trade, mercantilism, slave trade, sugar islands
41 POL – Pol 2 http://www. crsd POL – Pol 2 Political Parties page 14Explain how and why major party systems and political alignments arose and have changed from the early Republic through the end of the 20th century.Federalists vs Republican Democrats – Bank, Debt, North vs South, common man vs elite, Britain vs French, strong govt. vs state rightsFederalist die out due to Hartford Convention in War of 1812Whigs vs Democrats – hate Jackson – South and Calhoun and tariff, North and Webster and Bank, West and Clay and American SystemWhigs die out due to Kansas Nebraska ActRepublicans (Free Soilers) vs Democrats – stop the expansion of slavery – election of 1860Republicans vs Democrats – laissez faire vs regulation, military, entitlements, civil rights, immigration, power of federal government, spendingProgressive – RooseveltDixiecrats – Thurman – anti-integrationWallace – 1968 – anti-Civil Rights
42 POL POL3 http://www. timetoast. com/timelines/93463 POL POL3 – reform moment in U.S.Explain how activists groups and reform movements such as antebellum reformers, civil rights activities, and social conservatives have cause change to state institutions and U.S. society.Antebellum – Horace Mann better education in MA, Dorthea Dix, better asylums, Seneca Falls for women’s rights, abolitionists, Neal Dow no liquor in MaineProgressives – Lafollette changes in WI, WY and MT give women the vote, later 19th amendment, WCTU for prohibition, Spargo against child labor, Margaret Sanger and birth control, John Muir and environmentCivil Rights – MLK, Rosa Parks changed Jim Crow state segregation laws, march on Selma challenged voter registration, Freedom Riders discrimination on buses, Betty Friedan and feminist movementSocial conservatives – challenged Roe vs Wade and state abortion issues (Webster vs Reproductive Services, school prayer, Moral Majority against stem cell research and gay rights, reduce entitlement benefits and cut federal spending – return power to the states- New Federalism
43 POL – Pol 4 http://www. cengage POL – Pol 4 - go to the years of new Deal, Great Society and ConservativesAnalyze how and why the New Deal. The Great Society, and the modern conservative movement all sought to change the federal government’s role in U.S. political, social, and economic life.New Deal – ( ) War on Great Depression, problem too big for individuals, new power to federal government, WPA, CCC, PWA, HOLC, AAA, TVA, Social Security– fix employment, housing, farms, SEC, NIRA, FDIC - financial institutions and business, stack the court – politicalGreat Society ( ) War on Poverty – Civil Rights Act, Job Corp, Head Start, Medicare, Medicaid - Office of Economic Opportunity – HUD, political – Barry Goldwater and conservativesConservatives – Nixon – New Federalism, less federal government, deregulation, budget cuts except military, moral majority, backlash against civil rights, cut entitlements, anti gay and anti abortion
44 Supreme Court decisions – page 11 and 12Analyze how arguments over the meaning and interpretation of the Constitution have affected U.S. politics since 1787.Marbury Vs Madison – judicial review and the power of the Supreme Court to decided ConstitutionalityMcCullough Vs Maryland – the power to tax is the power to destroy – the power to create suggests the power to protect – Bank of U.S.Dred Scott – Slave is property according to Constitution and slave has no voice in court systemPlessy vs Ferguson and Brown vs Board of Education – the power to segregate blacks and the reversal of that decision that blacks must be integratedSlaughterhouse cases – Corporations protected by the 14th amendmentRoe V Wade – a women’s right to choose an abortion using 9th amendment
45 POL – Pol 6 http://www. crsd POL – Pol Wars – page 22 and 23Analyze how debates over political values (such as democracy, freedom, and citizenship) and the extension of American ideals abroad contributed to the ideological clashes and military conflicts of the 19th century (1800’s) and 20th century (1900’s).War of freedom of the seas during Napoleonic Wars – Federalists opposed – Hartford ConventionTexas War for Independence – 1836 – fought by Americans not U.S. government – Sam Houston – freedom from Mexico City and Santa Anna- AlamoMexican War – – a war for spreading our ideological ideas of democracy and capitalism – Manifest Destiny – Clash over Spot ResolutionsCivil War – ideological clash over state rights vs the federal government and citizenship of BlacksSpanish American War – Atrocities of Butcher Weyler in Cuba protecting Cubans – really a war over Imperialistic pursuits and does Constitution follow flag – invasion of Philippines and Emilio AguinaldoWWI – War to Make the World Safe for Democracy – War to End All Wars- Failure of Wilson’s 14 points – ideological clash over violation of isolation policiesWWII – fascism vs democracyKorea – Vietnam – Cold War – spread of communism – domino theory – guns or butter – Congress authorized to declare war not UN or Presdient
46 POL – Pol 7 http://www. crsd POL – Pol 7 America in Crisis – page 25 Scandal Page 21Analyze how debates over civil rights and civil liberties have influence political life from the early 20th century through the early 21st century.WWI – restriction of free speech – Sedition Acts – 19th amendmentScottsboro Trial – 1930’s – 9 blacks accused of rapeWWII – Japanese Internment Camps – Korematsu Vs U.S.1950’s -McCarthyism- To Secure These Rights1960’s – Civil Rights Act of 64- Voting Rights Act 65- rights of accusedDOMA – Defense of Marriage Act
48 WXT – WXT 1Explain how patterns of exchanging commodities, peoples, and ideas around the Atlantic World developed after European contact and shaped North American colonial era societies.Commodities - Triangle Trade – rum slaves, sugar, Barbados systemIdeas - Enlightenment – Deism, ages of reason, John Locke- racial stereotyping- MercantilismPeoples- debtors, second sons, Puritans, Pilgrims, Quakers, indentured servants, African Americans.
49 Work Exchange – WXT2 http://www. pbs Work Exchange – WXT2 Technology TimelineAnalyze how innovations in markets, transportation, and technology affected the economy and the different regions of North America from the colonial period through the end of the Civil War.Colonial – North vs South, Atlantic Sea CoastEli Whitney – Cotton gin and interchangeable parts – slavery profitableSamuel Slater – factory system – later Lowell factory for female workersRobert Fulton – steam engine – rivers used as arteries of transportation – both waysErie Canal and canal age – opened Western markets – New York hub for Atlantic trade – market specializationMarket Revolution – specialized production, produced more than for just family consumption, farmers began businessmen, international markets – increased sectionalism, producing for the market not just selfJohn Deere and McCormick Reaper – higher agricultural productionSamuel Morse – Morse code and communication eventually trans Atlantic cableClipper Ships and the Iron CladsRailroads - Cooper
50 Work, Exchange – WXT3Explain how changes in transportations, technology, and the integration of the U.S. economy into world markets have influence U.S. society since the Gilded Age.Transportation –Iron Clads, transport ships to cargo ships ( contract labor), airplanes – Charles Lindberg to Jumbo jets, Henry Ford ( Model T)Technology – Bell, Bessemer, refining oil (Standard Oil), assembly line,Internet, Facebook, Skyppe, fiber optic cableIntegration – Alfred Thayer Mahan, tariffs,
51 WXT- WXT 4 http://www. aflcio WXT- WXT 4 Labor Timeline – extends beyond questionExplain the development of labor systems such as slavery, indentured servitude and free labor from the colonial period through the end of the 1700’s. Essay on 3-29 and 3-30 on this topic.Slavery –1607 Jamestown, Anthony Johnson free slave, Stono Rebellion, Barbados System, 4 million by eve of Civil War - 3/5 compromise- 1808Indentured servants – 60% of all immigrants in colonial period, usually in South, usually men, usually 2 to 7 year periodFree labor
52 WXT- WXT6 http://www. ait. org WXT- WXT6 Economic TimelineExplain how arguments about market capitalism, the growth of corporate power, and the government polices influence economic policies from the late 18th century through the early 20th century.Market capitalism – laissez faire, Social Darwinism, Market revolution and specialization, even Adam Smith and mercantilismGrowth of corporate power Nicholas Biddle and Bank, Carnegie, Rockefeller, Morgan, Horizontal and vertical consolidation, holding companies, stocks, mergers,Government policies – currency – specie circular to bimetallism Tariffs from Tariff of Abomination to McKinley – Legislation from RR grants Sherman Anti-Trust, Interstate Commerce Act, labor laws (contract labor), Hepburn Act, Fair Trade Act, Federal Reserve ,
53 WXT – WXT 7 - http://www. crsd WXT – WXT Go to Page 15Compare the beliefs and strategies of movements advocating changes to the U.S. Economic system since industrialization, particularly the organized labor, Populist, and Progressive movement.Organized labor – redistribution of wealth, worker need to have better hours, wages, condition, no child labor, socialism strategies were strikes like Homestead and Pullman, organized labor unions such as Knight of Labor and AFL, boycotts like Danbury Hat, picketsPopulist – change government to bring changes for labor, no immigration, 8 hr day, distribution of wealth, more money in worker’s pockets strategies secret ballot, proposed income tax, bimetallismProgressives – correct abuses of capitalism to save capitalism, workman’s comp, no child labor, 8 hr work day, labor not a trust, safety after Triangle Shirtwaist strategies – muckrackers exposing ills like John Spargo, legislation like Adamson Act, Clayton Anti Trust Act, Workman’s Comp, building inspections
54 WXT – WXT 8Explain how and why the role of the federal government in regulating economic life and the environment has changed since the end of the 19th century. (1800’s)Economic Life- Progressives, New Deal, Great Society, New FederalismAP%20US%20REVIEW%20PACKET.pdf – Go to page 16Environment- John Muir – CCC – Nixon – EPA – Endangered Species, Clean Air, Carter – 3 Mile Island – Love Canal – Superfund- exxon Valdex Go To – This link provides a list of all environmental legislation. Click link at time for Progressive – 20th century – 21 century