Presentation on theme: "Second Annual Report Hearing Meeting Brussels, March 7, 2006 Design and Engineering of the Next Generation Internet Towards convergent multi-service networks."— Presentation transcript:
Second Annual Report Hearing Meeting Brussels, March 7, 2006 Design and Engineering of the Next Generation Internet Towards convergent multi-service networks
2 Content General Information and Euro-NGI domain Organization evolution Taking into account the Y1 Recommendations Integration objectives and achievements Spreading of the Excellence objectives and achievements Events (conferences, workshops, summer school, PhD courses) Jointly Executed Research achievements Shared and co-developed software tools and platforms Management objectives and achievements Summary on provided effort Summary and Conclusion
3 General Information, Main Targets From “European Commission guide on the provisions for implementing networks of excellence” Networks of excellence are designed to strengthen scientific and technological excellence on a particular research topic by integrating at European level the critical mass of resources and expertise needed to provide European leadership and to be a world force in that topic. creating a progressive and durable integration while at the same time advancing knowledge on the topic.
4 General Information, Main Targets Networks of excellence are an instrument designed primarily to overcome the fragmentation of European research where the main deliverable consists of a durable structuring and shaping of the way that research in Europe is carried out on particular research topic. Each network will also be given a mission to spread excellence beyond the boundaries of its partnership. Training will be an essential component of this mission.
5 General Information, Main Targets Euro-NGI main target Create and maintain the most prominent European centre of excellence in Next Generation Internet design and engineering, Act as a source of collective intelligence (or “think tank”) for the European Information Society industry and thus contribute to establishing European leadership in this domain.
6 General Information 59 institutions, 202 researchers, more than 300 PhD students, 18 countries Academy and industry European Commission Contribution: 5 000 000 Euros (15% of the total budget) For the first 3 years Starting Date: December 1st, 2003
7 Consortium 51 Research Centres/Universities 4 Telecom Operators France Telecom, Deutsche Telekom, Telefónica and Telenor 1 major Manufacturer Alcatel 1 Institution with an important experience in technology transfer Coritel, partnership between Ericsson Lab Italy and three Universities 1 SMEs involved with the take-up of new technologies Infosim 1 Support on financial and contractual issues CDC
8 Domain: Next Generation Internet (NGI) What is NGI? The Next Generation Internet (NGI) will offer multi-service and multimedia, global mobility (“always best connected”), services converge, services ubiquity and context awareness, as well as self organization and autonomous networking as the norm. From technology to network architectures and services Euro-NGI studies the innovative network architectures through which the full potential of recent technological advances can be exploited to create new and valuable communications services
9 Main addressed topics In this context, the main topics addressed by the NoE are: Overcoming the challenge of technology diversity (vertical and horizontal integration) in the design of efficient and flexible NGI architectures. Providing innovative traffic engineering and network dimensioning approaches adapted to the new requirements and developing the appropriate quantitative methods for analysis, simulation and measurement.
10 Content General Information and Euro-NGI domain Organization evolution Taking into account the Y1 Recommendations Integration objectives and achievements Spreading of the Excellence objectives and achievements Events (conferences, workshops, summer school, PhD courses) Jointly Executed Research achievements Shared and co-developed software tools and platforms Management objectives and achievements Summary on provided effort Summary and Conclusion
12 Prospective Cell Francois Baccelli, New quantitative methods and modern Information Theory Augusto Casaca, Wireless Networks Protocols and Architectures Vicente Casares, Mobility, Always Best Connected Costas Courcoubetis, Pricing Emmanuel Dotaro, Future equipment architectures Markus Fiedler, Socio-Economic aspects Klaus Hackbart, Regulation Terje Jensen, Telecom operators network architectures and planning Mikael Johansson, Wireless networks Daniel Kofman, Future network architectures Gabriele Kotsis, Distributed Systems Paul Kuehn, Optical networking Hermann De Meer, Self-organizing systems James Roberts, Traffic Engineering, Traffic and congestion control Michal Pioro, Network optimization Roberto Sabella, Future core area networks Phuoc Trand Gia, Services architectures evolution, P2P and services overlays
13 Advisory Board Dr. Werner BuxIBM Research GmbH Prof. Erol GelenbeImperial College London Dr. Yuri GittikRAD Data Communications Prof. Roch GuérinUniversity of Pennsylvania Dr. Luoning GuiAlcatel Shanghai Bell Dr. Peter KeyMicrosoft Research, Cambridge Prof. G.S. KuoBUPT Dr. Karl-Heinz Neumann WIK-Consult GmbH Prof. Achille Pattavina,Politecnico di Milano Prof. Jennifer RexfordPrinceton University Prof. Catherine Rosenberg, University of Waterloo Dr. Heinrich StüttgenNEC Europe Ltd. Web page : http://eurongi.enst.fr/p_en_menu1_Commitees_advisory_304.html
14 Content General Information and Euro-NGI domain Organization evolution Taking into account the Y1 Recommendations Integration objectives and achievements Spreading of the Excellence objectives and achievements Events (conferences, workshops, summer school, PhD courses) Jointly Executed Research achievements Shared and co-developed software tools and platforms Management objectives and achievements Summary on provided effort Summary and Conclusion
15 Evaluation Y1 - Recommendations Take remedial solutions towards underperforming partners Foster synergy with other EU IST projects, initiatives and programs Re-evaluate JRA topics in terms of their relevance D.JRA.3.1 must be rewritten and resubmitted. Add state of the art beyond IPv6 and network architectures Provide assessment of contributions to standards organizations Make the public project results publicly available within one month Provide a vision of future Internet architectures
16 Evaluation Y1 - Recommendations D.JRA.3.1 must be rewritten and resubmitted. Add state of the art beyond IPv6 and network architectures Done Provide assessment of contributions to standards organizations Dimitri Papadimitriou, Alcatel, in charge of coordinating the contributions to standards organizations Make the public project results publicly available within one month Done Provide a vision of future Internet architectures Prospective cell and collaboration with the Advisory Board
17 Evaluation Y1 - Recommendations Take remedial solutions towards underperforming partners Rules on usage of (and contribution to) the integration tools First step, budget distribution delay, second step budget distribution reduction Foster synergy with other EU IST projects, initiatives and programs Eugen Borcoci and Vilius Benetis in charge of coordination Euro-NGI presentation in the next concertation meeting on the “Digital Divide” Technical collaboration with the MOME project Link with IST-EC, common event Link with Bread, contribution to B4All conference and other Re-evaluate JRA topics in terms of their relevance Done, new activities on self organization and on wireless sensor networks.
18 Content General Information and Euro-NGI domain Organization evolution Taking into account the Y1 Recommendations Integration objectives and achievements Spreading of the Excellence objectives and achievements Events (conferences, workshops, summer school, PhD courses) Jointly Executed Research achievements Shared and co-developed software tools and platforms Management objectives and achievements Summary on provided effort Summary and Conclusion
19 Main Integration Objective P2 P3 P4P4 P1 P2 P4P4 Integration Activities Binding Before Euro-NGI Coordination NoE Target P1 P3 P2P4 Px = Partner x
20 Integration Activities Objectives Situation before and after the first two years of the integration process (as presented to the European Commission during the negotiation of the contract): Establishment of a Knowledge Roadmap Interconnection and sharing of platforms/tools/facilities and coordination of software development Building collective intelligence through Advanced Communication Tools Collaboration with cognitive and social behaviour experts for the implementation and evaluation of the collective intelligence Increase of the mobility for researchers and PhD students Creation of European graduated courses program for PhD students and of Summer Schools Organization of internal workshops for exchanging knowledge and coordinating jointly executed activities
21 Plenary Meetings Kick-off – December 8 to December 11, 2003, 102 participants The organization of the network is efficient The governance has been proven A challenge given the size of the network Clear responsibility and contact persons 1st plenary, February 16 to February 19, 2004 2nd plenary, February 28 to March 2, 2005 3rd plenary, February 20 to February 22, 2006 Plenary, per WP meetings, cross fertilization meetings 1st General Assembly, April 21, 2005 All the treated points have been approved by unanimity (but one that had 1vote against).
22 IA.1 Knowledge Roadmap Objective to provide and maintain a knowledge map of issues related to the architecture, design and engineering of the NGI, and to map the efforts of the Euro-NGI partners on this global map. This shall Make possible the identification of the strengths and weaknesses of European research. Facilitate the coordination and orientation of future research efforts in order to provide coverage of strategic networking issues. Represent a main dissemination tool of Euro-NGI expertise, when part of the knowledge map is made public. From a user point of view: web access to an “organic hypertext” hypertext because its structure is no linear as a book, but relies on links between different parts organic because it grows and evolves.
23 IA.1 Achievements Y1 Specification of the functions of the knowledge roadmap tool for dynamic and collaborative edition of the knowledge map its presentation as an organic hypertext. Y1 A first version of the tool had been shipped to some beta testers.. Y2 Second and third versions shipped, adapted to user requirements More than 200 documents uploaded A specific session during the last plenary meeting was organized to explain the tool and motivate the editing effort Very positive feedback on the new version
24 IA.2 Sharing Methods, Tools and Platform Developments Various Euro-NGI labs had deployed platforms and developed tools for internal usage. These platforms and tools are a key support for the research activities. The target here is to make the existing platforms and tools available for all partners to interconnect the platforms to allow new experimentation to provide THE software for new networking architectures emulation of the Euro-NGI VCE
25 IA.2 Achievements See the presentation of Rui valadas
26 IA.3 Building collective intelligence - Advanced Communication Tools Support for the organization and management (excluding financial issues) of the network, activities and workpackages Follow up of JPA and deliverables Integrated Knowledge Management: distribution and location of information (integrated with IA.1) Various documents produced by the network Access to lecture material, on-line course, etc. Deployment and support of group collaboration tools to accelerate the dissemination of knowledge To increase the productivity of jointly executed activities
27 IA.3 Achievements The Intranet and a collaborative tool (virtual lab) have been enhanced and integrated. They significantly facilitated the collaboration between researchers for establishing the organization of the network and preparing the various workshops, deliverables, reports, etc. of the present reporting period. The researchers use the tools for common research within the various work packages Integration of the tools The Intranet contains the final version of the documents produced by the network, the global agenda, Contacts, Forums, mailing lists, templates, … The Virtual allows for dynamically creation by the users of workspaces with several applications for collaborative work. There is an agenda, forum, fileshare, etc. per workspace. Automatic online forms creation and processing When produced work is in final version, it can be uploaded in the Intranet automatically. Benchmark of videoconferencing tools
28 IA.4 Evaluation of the process of building collective intelligence Collaboration with cognitive and social behaviour experts for the implementation and evaluation of collective intelligence The goal is to improve distant collaboration Activity: Test and adapt the tools and methods to smooth communication amongst the researchers and to increase the collective intelligence of the network. Evaluate the patterns of cooperation between the researchers Evaluate the patterns of use of the collaboration tools Elaborate and test a battery of “collective intelligence indicators”, by coverage of dissemination of expertise and cross-fertilization in the network. Ongoing work Measurements have been done and analyzed, they show a rapid growth of the usage of the tools Fist recommendations have been received, for example concerning the knowledge roadmap
29 IA.5 Facilitating the mobility of researchers and PhD students Objectives: Facilitate the execution of the JPA (common research, writing of papers/books, etc.) Rationalize the research efforts and the usage of tools and platforms Broader the scientific education of researchers and PhD students Allow students to acquire a more in-depth knowledge of his own research subject To promote the co-advisoring of PhD students Mobility is considered by the partners as the main vector of integration The budget is a limitation, Euro-NGI cannot finance all the visits members would like to have.
30 Other Integration Activities IA.6 - Creation of a European graduated courses program for PhD students IA.7 - Creation of an annual Summer School IA.8 Four Internal Workshops All of them extremely successful See Roberto Sabella presentation
31 State of the art of IA deliverables 35 deliverables were expected for the reporting period 32 of them have been provided, 3 are delayed They concerned the knowledge map outcomes. The decision of implementing the knowledge roadmap tool has delayed the work There are no structural problems, the deliverables will be provided in the coming reporting period.
32 Conclusion on IAs The integration process progressed as planned. There is a good cross-knowledge of the competences and resources of the network. As reflected for example by the Specific Research Projects The tools for collaborative work, knowledge management and sharing resources are being used. The organization and tools allowed for an important volume of information - structured in Joint Research deliverables and reports - being created in a collaborative approach for researchers that didn’t work together before. The various organized events were very successful with participation of researchers from different fields. They generated new research ideas that materialize on the preparation of new specific research projects A poll of the benefits of having created the network has clearly show the interest of the members in the integration process
33 Example of Feedback Euro-NGI is really running well :) It's like a Jumbo Jet -- it takes a while and a lot of effort to make it take off, but when it flies, it flies. Dr Markus Fiedler, 24/02/2006, Chairman of JRA.6 « Socio Economic Aspects »
34 Content General Information and Euro-NGI domain Organization evolution Taking into account the Y1 Recommendations Integration objectives and achievements Spreading of the Excellence objectives and achievements Events (conferences, workshops, summer school, PhD courses) Jointly Executed Research achievements Shared and co-developed software tools and platforms Management objectives and achievements Summary on provided effort Summary and Conclusion
35 Spreading of the Excellence Activities SE.1 Electronic dissemination - Euro-NGI web site and group communication Significantly extended (contact center, tutorials, etc.) SE.2 Database of Euro-NGI publications in international and European journals and conference proceedings Almost 1500 entries and a tool to evaluate the impact of Euro-NGI SE.3 Publications of books and white papers providing and integrated view of complementary domains A books published, 2 books in preparation, 1 special issue of Questa Springer and Wiley SE.4 Tutorials 48 proposed tutorials, see web site
36 Spreading of the Excellence Activities SE.5 2 nd Summer School see Roberto Sabella presentation SE.6 International and European conferences NGI 2005 Open Workshop on rare events in communications networks see Roberto Sabella presentation SE.7 Synergic collaboration with external organizations and industry See next slides SE.8 Joint training and curriculum development between university members of the consortium Strong program of PhD courses being taught SE.9 Support of Spin-Off Projects from the Euro-NGI NoE Delay
37 Examples of established contacts Establishment of collaboration with other European projects, as detailed before GENI, contact with Jennifer Rexford, member of the Advisory Board of Euro-NGI Chinese institutions BUPT-Beijing University of Post and Telecommunications. SIMIT-CAS (Chinese Academy of Science). CreatNet. We had two meetings with Prof. Inrich Chlamtac, President of CreatNet. It has been agreed to jointly organize an event in 2006. PlanetLab, some partners are members of planetlab. Contact with Christophe Diot, Intel.
38 Examples of established contacts Broadband convergence Network (BcN) Engineering Research Center founded in Information and Communications University (ICU), Korea. to support Ministry of Information and Communication (MIC) and industry for improving policy, regulation and for developing new technologies for BcN Simula Research Lab Founded by the Norvegian gouverment Simula seeks cooperation with industry in order to provide solutions, increase the relevance of the research, and in order to strengthen the funding of basic research. Members of the Advisory Board from NEC, Microsoft, IBM, RAD, Alcatel Shangai Bell
39 Examples of established contacts SIGCOMM/ACM. Contact has been established with Jennifer Rexford, Chairman of the conference. Member of the Advisory Board PhD students scholarships to attend the conference Prof. Ellen Zegura, Editor-in-Chief of IEEE/ACM Transactions on Networking, gave a tutorial at the Euro-NGI main conference Dr Peter Key, Microsoft Research, gave a tutorial at the Euro-NGI main conference and participate to the Advisory Board Alcatel Shangai Bell. Euro-NGI was presented to the CTO and to the VP R&D who accepted to participate to the Advisory Board of Euro-NGI
40 Industrial club A Power Point presentation of the network, targeted for presenting the NoE to the industry, has been prepared. During the first semester of 2006 each partner has the commitment to give the presentation to at least one of his industrial partners to provide a feedback on the meeting and especially on the willingness of the contact to participate to the Industrial Club. The network has been presented to some companies and during events Positive feedback Communication on the web site Contact centre and slide show
41 Very strong relationship with industry Alcatel Cisco Ericsson HP IBM-NY Intel Italtel Juniper Lucent Marconi Microsoft Research Motorola NEC Europe Nokia Philips Quallcomm RAD Communications Siemens Solinet ST Microelectronics Teletel Thales Thomson 4Plus Technologies Algonet AT&T, AT&T Labs Bouygues Telecom British Telecom Deutsche Telecom France Telecom Netway OTE Portugal Telecom Sonera Sprint Telefonica Telenor Telia TNO telecom Vodafone Through YRP: NTT DoCoMo, KDDI, etc.
42 Feedback from an SME: Infosim For us as a SME our research and development is dependent on participations of projects like Euro-NGI. Here we get the international contacts and the input for possible new product developments. Without the support of the European Community it would not be possible for us to be one step in front of the crowd. But this step is essential for our survivability in the market. We start extending our measurement software with ideas we got from university partners which are part of Euro-NGI.
43 Conclusion on SEAs Most of the Spreading of the Excellence Activities of Euro-NGI are progressing as expected. 19 deliverables were expected for the period, 14 have been provided and 5 have been delayed. The delayed deliverables will be provided during Y3.
44 Content General Information and Euro-NGI domain Organization evolution Taking into account the Y1 Recommendations Integration objectives and achievements Spreading of the Excellence objectives and achievements Events (conferences, workshops, summer school, PhD courses) Jointly Executed Research achievements Shared and co-developed software tools and platforms Management objectives and achievements Summary on provided effort Summary and Conclusion
45 IA.8 WORKSHOPS The workshops planned for the reporting period have been successfully organized. WP.IA.8.1 New trends in Modelling, Quantitative Methods and MeasurementsNew trends in Modelling, Quantitative Methods and Measurements WP.IA.8.2 New trends in Networking Architecture and ServicesNew trends in Networking Architecture and Services WP.IA.8.3 Wireless and mobility in NGIWireless and mobility in NGI WP.IA.8.4 Traffic Engineering, Protection and Restoration for NGITraffic Engineering, Protection and Restoration for NGI They had a very positive impact on the integration process as indicated on the corresponding reports and evaluations (see the corresponding deliverables).
46 NEW TRENDS IN MODELLING, METHODS, AND MEASUREMENTS Main topics IP Traffic characterization, measurements and statistical methods Dynamics of networks under new traffic paradigms Spatial network modelling Network optimization and control Numerical simulation and alaytical methodologies Number of participants 31 EURO NGI members, no external Proceedings & publications Proceedings available on EURO NGI web site
47 NEW TRENDS IN NETWORK ARCHITECTURES AND SERVICES Main topics Horizontal/Vertical integration of fixed and mobile networks Core network evolution IP Networking evolution New services: infrastructure and management New trends in network management Number of participants 31 EURO NGI members, no external Proceedings & publications Extended abstracts of the presented papers available on the web Full version of best papers published in Springer Lecture Nots in Computer Science (Feb 2006)
48 WIRELESS AND MOBILITY IN NGI Main topics Mobile networks Wireless LAN Ad-hoc networks Mobile Internet Mobile applications Number of participants 41 EURO NGI members, no external Proceedings & publications Extended abstracts of the presented papers available on the web Full version of best papers published in Springer Lecture Nots in Computer Science
49 TRAFFIC ENGINEERING, PROTECTION AND RESTORATION FOR NGI Main topics Routing strategies and related methods and algorithms, applied in different network scenarios Protection and restoration mechanisms and techniques and related methods and algorithms Traffic engineering, pre-emption mechanisms Multi-layer optimization Traffic matrix estimation Number of participants 22 EURO NGI members, no external Proceedings & publications Proceedings available on the EURO NGI web site
50 IA.6 GRADUATED COURSES PROGRAM FOR PhD STUDENTS Objective: Design and Implement a common program of post- graduate courses. The education of researchers in the NGI domain is a key issue for the durability of expertise in the domain an important element of the integration process. Young researchers quickly acquire a strong network of contacts and a global view of European activities. Most partners organize Ph.D. courses in the areas of their research interests or have even complete Ph.D. programs. By integrating them, Euro-NGI will make it easier for Ph.D. students and their advisers to compose well-balanced, international, high-level programs tailored to the needs of each individual Ph.D. student.
51 IA.6 GRADUATED COURSES PROGRAM FOR PhD STUDENTS Achievements The Network has implemented a well structured common program of post-graduate courses (18 courses). The common program will increase the productivity of the researchers since they will no longer need to duplicate the same courses and will naturally promote the co-advisoring of PhD students. The topics of the courses are directly related with the JRAs. The outcomes of the JRA will be included in the courses in a structured way. 3 courses have been taught in 2005, 2 courses have been taught in 2006 and 11 courses are scheduled in 2006
52 PhD COURSES Three PhD course provided in 2005: Rare event simulation methods for stochastic models of computer and communication systems Main trends in service architecture Multi-commodity flow networks – modelling and optimization
53 RARE EVENTS SIMULATION… Scientific content Rare events, importance sampling, importance sampling for Markovian models, adaptive importance sampling, introduction to RESTART Number of participants 7 from EURO NGI, 5 external
54 MAIN TRENDS IN SERVICE ARCHITECTURES Scientific content Overview of P2p services and related components, structures and algorithms Technical features of p2p services Unstructured p2p networks p2p infrastructures Analysis of p2p services Performance and traffic management Number of participants 9 from EURO NGI, 1 external
55 MULTI-COMMODITY FLOW NETWORKS – MOD. & OPTIM. Scientific content Modelling and optimization Theoretical and practical aspects of multi-commodity flow networks Number of participants 17 from EURO NGI, 2 external
56 IA.7 CREATION OF AN ANNUAL SUMMER SCHOOL Objective: to establish a further scientific qualification for Ph.D. and research students at the highest European level to promote the joint research of young European scientists to provide up-to-date material for further advanced education in Europe Spread the excellence outside the network since it is open to non members. External experts (from industry and North American, Chinese and Japanese universities, for example) invited to present tutorials to provide an external and complementary view of the domain.
57 Achievements The second Summer School has been organized on the topic of “Network architectures” Important success with 67 participants (students and lecturers) of 14 countries and a very fruitful exchange IA.7 CREATION OF AN ANNUAL SUMMER SCHOOL
58 2nd EURO NGI SUMMER SCHOOL Scientific content New trends on optical access networks: MAC mechanisms and management of resources Open service architectures Congestion control – how to cope with traffic jams on the Internet Common control planes for new generation multilayer networks Internet Quality of Service Network management P2P Wireless sensor networks Mobile ad-hoc networks Security aspects of the ETSI TISPAN next generation network Future key wireless technologies
59 2nd EURO NGI SUMMER SCHOOL: NUMBERS AND PARTICIPANTS EURO NGI members 12 Lecturers and senior members 6 Local organizers 40 Participating students External participants 5 Lecturers 4 Participating students Total number of participants 67 People
60 WORKING CONFERENCE HET-NET ‘05 Chairman Demetres Kouvatsos, Univ. Of Bradford, UK Scope Performance modelling and evaluation of heterogeneous networks Main Technical/Scientific topics Traffic measurements, modelling, characterization, management and engineering Performance modelling, quantitative analysis Modelling & analysis of heterogeneous networks Design/dimensioning of next generation Internet
61 WORKING CONFERENCE HET-NET ‘05 Number of papers 66 technical papers plus 10 tutorials Number of participants About 100 participants Proceedings Published in: Technical proceedings, HET-NET ’05, D. Kouvatsos (Editor), Networks UK Publisher, ISBN 0-9550624-0-3, 2005 Tutorial proceedings, HET-NET ’05, D. Kouvatsos (Editor), Networks UK Publisher, ISBN 0-9550624-2-X, 2005
62 SEA 6.2 INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE NGI 2005 Objective: provide an international forum for the presentation of high quality, peer-reviewed papers relating to the modeling, design and engineering of next generation Internet networks NGI networks will have to cope with challenging requirements: support multiple wired and wireless access technologies, provide different types of services, with a range of Quality-of-Service (QoS) levels, ensure various classes of resilience and robustness against network failures. The first edition had a particular focus on traffic engineering (TE). Actually, TE aims at facilitating efficient and reliable network operations, optimizing network resource utilization and traffic performance. Furthermore, TE has to make the network reactive with respect to changes in the traffic loads, or to changes in the network itself due to topology variation, failure and so forth.
63 INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE NGI ‘05 Chairman Roberto Sabella, Ericsson - CoRiTeL, Italy Scope It is the main event of EURO NGI open to worldwide community, relating to Next Generation Internet, with a special focus on Traffic Engineering Supporting institutions IEEE Communications Society is the main supporter IFIP – TC6 is the co-supporter Proceedings The proceedings have been published by IEEE in CD The papers are also accessible through IEEEXplore digital library
64 INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE NGI ‘05 Conference program 9 oral and 2 poster sessions. Technical sessions: QoS routing, optical networks, queuing management, congestion & admission control, MPLS networks, traffic management & security, traffic models and characterization, wireless networks, IP network evolution Local organization The conference was guested by the Italian Ministry of Communications. The Italian Minister of Communications, member of the Italian Government, gave the welcome speech to all the participants
65 INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE NGI ‘05 Paper selection and quality Each paper was reviewed by at least 3 referees Out of 130 submitted papers, 62 papers were accepted: 34 for oral and 28 for poster presentation Invited talks 3 invited talks were given by reputed experts outside the EURO NGI community Papers from the EURO NGI community One half were originated within EURO NGI network Number of participants More than 150 registered participants plus 50 people from the Italian Ministry of Communications
66 Content General Information and Euro-NGI domain Organization evolution Taking into account the Y1 Recommendations Integration objectives and achievements Spreading of the Excellence objectives and achievements Events (conferences, workshops, summer school, PhD courses) Jointly Executed Research achievements Shared and co-developed software tools and platforms Management objectives and achievements Summary on provided effort Examples of consortium excellence Summary and Conclusion
67 General organization Organization in Activities and Workpackages to integrate and rationalize ongoing research efforts Research effort not financed by the Euro-NGI budget Specific research projects for improving European knowledge in targeted topics considered of main importance significant innovation potential not sufficiently covered at present sharply focused and designed to gain new knowledge and explore the need for more research effort, anticipating scientific and technological needs
68 JRA Achievements 6 research domains 25 workpackages
69 JRA.1 Network architecture 1.1 Horizontal and vertical integration 1.2 Core network evolution 1.3 IP networking evolution 1.4 New services 1.5 Network management
70 Zoom on JRA.1.4 – New services leader K. Tutschku (U. Würzburg), 6 partners main focus: overlays, P2P, CDN, VoIP, M2M, GRID,... 3 deliverables in 2005: State of the art QoS management of overlays (6 papers) Applicability of overlays to QoS/mobility/security management (11 papers) cooperation: meeting at Barcelona plenary SJRP – (2005) AutoMon, (2006) Redlarf
71 JRA.2 – Traffic control and QoS 2.1 Congestion control 2.2 Traffic management 2.3 Traffic Engineering 2.4 Wireless QoS
72 Zoom on JRA.2.4 – Wireless QoS leader A. Proutière (FT), 11 partners main focus (wide scope): admission control, handover, wlan, mesh, umts, ad hoc, vehicular nets, pricing,... 1 deliverable in 2005 partner activity reports, list of 96 papers cooperation visits, joint papers joint meeting with JRA.2.1, JRA.5.4 SJRP: (2005) ACT-ABC, Cellular, RAW-QoS, V-NET (2006) Cellular, VNET, CITWIN
73 JRA.3 – Network optimization 3.1 Optimization of core networks 3.2 Optimisation of access networks 3.3 Network resilience 3.4 Design tool development
74 Zoom on JRA.3.1 – Optimization of core networks leader M. Pioro (Warsaw U. T.), 10 partners main focus: methods, algorithms & prototypes, maily for optimizing MPLS/GMPLS networks 4 deliverables in 2005 problems and models selected algorithms papers by partners prototypes cooperation visits, joint papers joint meetings with JRA.2.3, JRA.3.*, JRA.4.2 STREP proposal, SJRP: (2005) NGI Design, NGI-TE (2006) AdvIPOpt, STEP
75 JRA.4 – Experimentation and Validation Through Platforms 4.1 Integration of platforms 4.2 Test-Beds for Traffic Engineering 4.3 Measurement Platforms 4.4 Ultra gigabit/s trials
76 Zoom on JRA 4.3 – Measurement Platforms leader R. Valadas (IT Portugal), 4 partners main focus: research network on measurement, tool development, trace data base 1 deliverable in 2005 report on research, tools and traces cooperation collaboration with MOME (IST project) cooperation with JRA.5.1 SJRP: (2005) IPAM
77 JRA.5 – Modelling, Quantitative Methods and Measurements 5.1 IP traffic characterization 5.2 New traffic models 5.3 Spatial modelling 5.4 Network optimization and control 5.5 Simulation and analytic methodologies
78 Zoom on JRA.5.1 – IP traffic characterization leader U. Kreiger (U. Bamberg), 10 partners main focus: traffic characterization, measurements and statistical methods 2 deliverables in 2005 objectives and research issues developed methods, techniques and tools cooperation joint PhD tutoring, visits, MOME joint meetings with JRA.4.3 (Aveiro) SJRP: (2006) WebTC, CITWIN
79 JRA.6 – Socio-Economic Aspects of the Next Generation Internet 6.1 User-perceived QoS 6.2 Payment and cost models 6.3 Advanced Security Concepts
80 Zoom on JRA.6.1 – User-perceived QoS leader M. Fiedler (Blekinge I.T.), 10 partners main focus from network performance to user perception, monitoring, auction mechanisms 3 deliverables in 2005 state of the art contributions by partners work on feedback mechanisms cooperation joint work with 6.1.2 (pricing) SJRP (2005) AutoMon (with JRA.1.4) STREP proposal Grid4TV
81 General organization Organization in Activities and Workpackages to integrate and rationalize ongoing research efforts Research effort not financed by the Euro-NGI budget Specific research projects for improving European knowledge in targeted topics considered of main importance significant innovation potential not sufficiently covered at present sharply focused and designed to gain new knowledge and explore the need for more research effort, anticipating scientific and technological needs
82 Specific Joint Research Projects 2005, Statistics I Total budget for SJRPs is 900 kEuro: 450 kEuro in 2005 450 kEuro in 2006. Proposals in 2005: 23 proposals submitted 13 proposals accepted. Individual budgets: 8 proposals were assigned the maximum budget of 45 kEuro budget assigned to the remaining proposals varied between 8 and 25 kEuro.
83 Specific Joint Research Projects 2005, Statistics II The scientific areas of the approved SJRP are as follows: Wireless and Mobility (3 projects) QoS Control (3 projects) Network Design (3 projects) Traffic Measurement and Estimation (2 projects) Queueing Systems (1 project) Pricing Mechanisms (1 project).
84 SJRP 2005, Wireless and Mobility I A Contribution to the ABC Solution (JRA.1) University of Antwerp (BE), University of Bradford (GB), University of Passau (DE), University of Valencia (ES). Budget: 20 kEuro. Objectives: to contribute to the vertical integration of heterogeneous networks by proposing new location management and hand-off management algorithms. Results: (i) proposal of open queueing network models for the analysis of novel hand off channel assignment schemes for 4G cellular network with bursty multimedia flows; (ii) comparative study of mobility schemes to reduce the overall location management cost; (iii) 6 published papers.
85 SJRP 2005, Wireless and Mobility II Cross Layer Design and QoS in Heterogeneous Wireless Networks (JRA.1) Centrum voor Wiskunde en Informatica (NL), France Telecom R&D (FR), GET/INT (FR), Helsinki University of Technology (SF), INRIA (FR), Royal Institute of Technology (SE). Budget: 45 kEuro. Objectives: to seek for a global understanding and optimization of wireless network design by identifying and analysing the cross-layer interactions at all levels. Results: (i) interaction between scheduling and TCP performance; (ii) optimization of TCP for a given radio channel; (iii) applications of the concept of balanced fairness; (iv) 12 published papers. Project to be continued in 2006.
86 SJRP 2005, Wireless and Mobility III Vehicular Networks (JRA.1) Politecnico di Milano (IT), University of Antwerp (BE), Politecnico di Torino (IT). Budget: 45 kEuro. Objectives: to define effective MAC, Radio Resource Management and Routing solutions well suited for inter- vehicle communication and to consider effective cross- layer solutions. Results: (i) implementation and testing of the ADHOC MAC protocol; (ii) implementation in ns2 of realistic mobility models; (iii) definition of a routing framework for road safety applications; (iv) 3 published papers. Project to be continued in 2006.
87 SJRP 2005, QoS Control I Design and Evaluation of Distributed, Self-Organized QoS Monitoring for Autonomous Network Operation (JRA.1) Blekinge Institute of Technology (SE), Infosim (DE), University of Wurzburg (DE). Budget: 45 kEuro. Objectives: evaluation of a self-organizing management overlay of Distributed Network Agents for distributed service surveillance. Results: (i) evaluation of generic end-to-end QoS metrics for distributed measurements; (ii) demonstration of the capability of the Network Utility Function to include user-perception and of the capability of the Throughput Utility Function to capture the impact of traffic variation and loss; (iii) 4 published papers.
88 SJRP 2005, QoS Control II Fair and Efficient Scheduling in Wired and Wireless Networks (JRA.2) Centrum voor Wiskunde en Informatica (NL), GET/ENST (FR), Eindhoven University of Technology (NL), INRIA (FR), Tel-Aviv University (IL). Budget: 45 kEuro. Objectives: to investigate fairness, delay and scheduling in a number of networking environments and to develop new metrics, models and tools for the performance evaluation of these systems. Results: (i) metrics and models developed for the performance evaluation of fair and efficient scheduling at application level and also in wireless LANs in the access network; (ii) formulation of fairness criteria in peer-to-peer network scheduling; (iii) 6 published papers. Project to be continued in 2006.
89 SJRP 2005, QoS Control III Reputation Aware QoS Control in Wireless Ad Hoc Networks (JRA.2) Centrum voor Wiskunde en Informatica (NL), CERTH (GR), EPFL (CH), INRIA (FR), VTT Finland (SF). Budget: 45 kEuro. Objectives: to propose novel reputation models for wireless ad-hoc networks and evaluate their performance. Results: (i) design of a suite of cross-layer power control algorithms that attain maximum possible data throughput; (ii) algorithms to minimize energy consumption in addition to fairness and throughput objectives; (iii) 10 published papers.
90 SJRP 2005, Network Design I Advanced Network Design Methods for Core NGI (JRA.3) AGH Cracow (PL), Ericsson Italy (IT), Institute of Telecommunications (PT), Lund Institute of Technology (SE), University Roma 2 (IT), Warsaw University of Technology (PL). Budget: 45 kEuro. Objectives: to develop state-of-the-art mathematical optimization methods for difficult network design/optimization problems. Results: (i) algorithms and computer procedures for selected problems to be inserted into the Euro-NGI design tool; (ii) research report; (iii) 10 published papers. Project to be continued in 2006.
91 SJRP 2005 Network Design II Advanced Traffic Engineering Methods for Core NGI (JRA.2) Ericsson Italy (IT), Lund Institute of Technology (SE), University Roma 2 (IT), Warsaw University of Technology (PL). Budget: 17 kEuro. Objectives: developing integrated solutions for traffic engineering and resiliency in GMPLS based IP over DWDM networks. Results: (i) specification of an integrated solution; (ii) test-bed; (iii) 5 published papers. Project to be continued in 2006.
92 SJRP 2005, Network Design III Implementation of Novel Optimization and Control Methods for the Internet (JRA.5) Eindhoven University of Technology (NL), University of Cambridge (GB), University Carlos III Madrid (ES), University of Haifa (IL). Budget: 8 kEuro. Objectives: to identify Internet problems for application of a unified (strong) control methodology developed by the partners. Results: (i) a set of identified problems; (ii) computer procedures; (iii) 5 published papers Project to be continued in 2006.
93 SJRP 2005, Traffic Measurement and Estimation I Integration of Passive and Active Measurement Platforms (JRA.4) Blekinge Institute of Technology (SE), GET (FR), Institute of Telecommunications (PT), Royal Institute of Technology (SE). Budget: 45 kEuro. Objectives: development of the Euro-NGI Measurement Platform for traffic and performance measurements in the Internet. Results: (i) implementation of a platform prototype including passive and active measurement systems; (ii) a statistical tool; (iii)10 published papers.
94 SJRP 2005, Traffic Measurement and Estimation II Origin-Destination Demand Matrices: Estimation Techniques (JRA.2) GET (FR), Helsinki University of Technology (SF), Royal Institute of Technology (SE), University Roma 2 (IT). Budget: 25 kEuro. Objectives: to develop statistical models of end-to-end traffic in the Internet. Results: (i) a set of estimation approaches to be used for realistic performace analysis models; (iii) 8 published papers.
95 SJRP 2005 Queueing Systems Gaussian Toolbox for Storage Systems (JRA.5) Centrum voor Wiskunde en Informatica (NL), University of Pisa (IT), VTT Finland (SF). Budget: 45 kEuro. Objectives: development of an analytical methodology for queueing sytems fed by Gaussian inputs. Results: (i) a toolbox in Mathematica equipped with a tutorial enabling the use of the developed advanced methodology; (ii) 3 published papers.
96 SJRP 2005, Pricing Pricing Mechanisms Based on Auctions for QoS and Resource Allocation (JRA.6) Athens University (GR), INRIA (FR), University of Cantabria (ES), University Roma 2 (IT), University of Versailles (FR). Budget: 20 kEuro. Objectives: study of pricing/auction models for inter- and intra- domain capacity assignment in Tier 3 IP core networks including QoS aspects under different economical aspects as benefit maximization or overall welfare (an example is the wholesale capacity services for Tier 3 ISP’s). Results: (i) development of analytical methods and comparison of different auction mechanisms (showing that the popular “second price auctions” are questionable); (ii) research report; (iii) 4 published papers.
97 SJRP 2006, Statistics I Budget for SJRPs in 2006: 450 kEuro. Proposals in 2006: 22 proposals submitted 13 proposals accepted 6 proposals are continuations of SJRPs from 2005. Individual budgets: 4 proposals were assigned the maximum budget of 45 kEuro budget assigned to the remaining proposals varies between 22.5 and 37 kEuro.
98 SJRP 2006, Statistics II The scientific areas of the approved SJRP are as follows: Wireless and Mobility (5 projects) QoS Control (1 project) Network Design (5 projects) Queueing Systems (1 project) Networking (1 project).
99 State of the art of deliverables 48 Jointly Executed Research Activities deliverables were expected for the period. Among them, 44 were provided on time 4 are delayed, they will be provided during Y3 All the reports on SJRP have been received on time Presentations have been given during the last plenary meeting
100 Conclusion on JRAs The Jointly Executed Research Activities have successfully progressed. New jointly executed research has developed between teams that didn't collaborate before
101 Content General Information and Euro-NGI domain Organization evolution Taking into account the Y1 Recommendations Integration objectives and achievements Spreading of the Excellence objectives and achievements Events (conferences, workshops, summer school, PhD courses) Jointly Executed Research achievements Shared and co-developed software tools and platforms Management objectives and achievements Summary on provided effort Summary and Conclusion
102 Network Platforms Covers IA.2.1 and IA.2.2 Closely related with JRA.4.1-JRA.4.4 Main goals: Sharing and interconnecting platforms and software tools Integrate existing tools whenever possible and promote common developments (in relation with specific JRAs) Presentation Web Portal Integration of Linux based testbeds EuroNGI Measurement Tool Collaboration with the MOME project
104 Core: Coritel Testbed on which other contributions are being adapted (GET AGAVE and Uni.Pisa testbed) Distributed MPLS-TE control plane offline/dynamic LSPs setup/teardown requests CBR/pre-emption/re-routing failure recovery for paths (if required) MPLS Edge router Node Decision Engine OSPF-TE Thresholds Module RSVP-TE Request Generator SLA & Route Database CSPF Network topology Local link state updates RSVP: notifies Node Engine about signalling events and communicates to OSPF available bandwidth on links; OSPF receives notifications of available bandwidth on links, updates the state of the links of the network flooding opaque-lsa, and notifies Node Engine when a link failure/restoration event occurs. Integration of Linux based testbeds
105 The EuroNGI Measurement Tool (1/3) EMP is a system for active and passive measurements Active measurements: J-OWAMP (developed by IT) and Saturne (developed by GET); Passive measurements: DPMI (developed by BTH); Advanced statistical analysis: Tstat (developed by TNG-Polito); Web front-end providing integrated access to these tools). Several improvements in J-OWAMP, Saturne, DPMI and Tstat were also carried out in EuroNGI. Current version of EMP: http://18.104.22.168/emp/emp.php.http://22.214.171.124/emp/emp.php Developed as part of the IPAM Specific Joint Research Project
107 The EuroNGI Measurement Tool (3/3) Registration of J-OWAMP MPs in EMP Front-End.
108 Collaboration with the MOME project (1/2) Strong collaboration with the MOME project (http://www.ist- mome.org/ ).http://www.ist- mome.org/ Participated in the OWAMP Testing Event (http://www.ist- mome.org/events/interop/owamp.html) organized by MOME in November 2005.http://www.ist- mome.org/events/interop/owamp.html Tested J-OWAMP and Internet2 OWAMP. Tests carried out between IT (Portugal) and the Salzburg Research Advanced Networking Center (Austria). Joint paper presented at the IPS-MoMe 2006 Workshop (http://www.ips2006.org/).http://www.ips2006.org/
109 Collaboration with the MOME project (2/2) Internet2 OWAMP owampd NTP (Is a GPS-equipped Stratum 1 NTP server) Router IT OWAMP-Test Traffic J-OWAMP Control-Client J-OWAMP Session-Sender NTP Client PC IT (IP 126.96.36.199) PC Salzburg (cmdaemon.salzburgresearch.at) Router 188.8.131.52 Internet Test set-up
110 Content General Information and Euro-NGI domain Organization evolution Taking into account the Y1 Recommendations Integration objectives and achievements Spreading of the Excellence objectives and achievements Events (conferences, workshops, summer school, PhD courses) Jointly Executed Research achievements Shared and co-developed software tools and platforms Management objectives and achievements Summary on provided effort Summary and Conclusion
111 Steering Board Members François Baccelli, Augusto Casaca, Klaus Hackbart, Daniel Kofman (Chairman), Gabriele Kotsis, Paul Kuehn, Michal Pioro, Jim Roberts, Roberto Sabella The Steering Board has met 3 times during the reporting period The minutes of the meetings are available in the Intranet Main Achievements: Supervising that the Joint Program of Activities is correctly executed. Supervising the Consortium Management Team to check that the policies defined in the Consortium Agreement and those he decided are correctly implemented Decisions on budget distribution Organization of the Call for specific research projects and selection of projects Relationship with external organizations Establishment of the Advisory Board Reporting to the General Assembly (on April 2005)
112 Consortium Management Team Members Jean-Noel Forget, Yuan Laurent – CDC, Daniel Kofman (chairman), Myriam Morcel, Vanessa Demanoff – GET With the collaboration of legal, administrative and financial staff of CDC and GET The main achievements are: The signature of the contract with the European Commission The signature of the Consortium Agreement The development by the CDC of a tool designed to facilitate the reporting on man power and expenses The development by the GET of a tool designed to follow-up of the progress of the different activities The distribution of the budget according to the rules described on the contract, detailed during the first Steering Board Committee and validated by the participants during the kick-off meeting. Implementing the Steering committee financial decisions Handling, monitoring and follow-up of all contractual commitments The edition of the first semester and present reports All related relations with Commission officials Monitoring and follow-up of the Steering committee management decisions Cash management and all financial transfers and collections Cost claims consolidation Collecting and monitoring direct costs appropriations (missions, conferences, workshops, etc) Issues related with IPR
113 Reviewing 1st year difficulties Higher coordination effort than expected: Due to the large number of different persons needed to be involved for successful delivery in time The Additional Cost model is not well adapted for a network of excellence. This was not understood when signing the contract. Some partners considered that the audit cost represent a too high percentage of the budget they have received. It is difficult to obtain the financial and administrative information from some partners A limited number of participants didn’t provide the expected effort Cooperation would have been further developed if budget would allow for more physical meetings Too much administrative and reporting overhead
114 Content General Information and Euro-NGI domain Organization evolution Taking into account the Y1 Recommendations Integration objectives and achievements Spreading of the Excellence objectives and achievements Jointly Executed Research achievements Shared and co-developed software tools and platforms Events (conferences, workshops, summer school, PhD courses) Management objectives and achievements Summary on provided effort Summary and Conclusion
115 Summary Strategic Domain: Next Generation Internet Social and economic impact Key importance of the integration for developing an European leadership Deals with the design of the required NGI innovative architectures Complex problem of integrating the various heterogeneous technologies into end-to-end architectures that supports existing and future services in an efficient and reliable way Do not concentrate in one specific technology
116 Summary Integrates renowned researchers of 2 scientific communities: "network architecture" and "traffic engineering and related quantitative methods” Key element of several successful stories in the US west coast Strong relationship with industry Strong Joint Program of Activities Impact on research, technology transfer and knowledge dissemination, post-graduate studies, etc. More than 50 workpackages A strong organization
117 Conclusion The integration process has evolved as planned The consortium has established excellent means for communication and collaboration a good balance of personal meetings and collaboration through electronic work spaces which helped in creating a much better awareness of the mutual fields of research and which brought up new collaborations. It has motivated the creation of effective research groups consisting of several partners with compatible as well as complementary research interests and expertise of international quality in both theoretical and applied aspects relating to the design and dimensioning of the NGI.
118 Conclusion The main technical and scientific outcomes of the first year was a series of state of the arts and tutorials on the various covered domains During the second year, and thanks to the integration process, significant results from joint research were provided The Specific Research Projects would not have exist without Euro-NGI Spreading of the Excellence has progressed through the web site, publications database, Summer School, Conferences and workshops, PhD courses and several contacts and partnerships.
119 Conclusion A poll showed the high interest of the partners in the network, the motivation for continuing executing the Joint Program of Activities is very high Only one concern has been highlighted by several partners: the required administrative effort to be conform with European Commission rules is high The decisions concerning the audit certificate and the plans for reducing the required administrative effort for the FP7 have been very welcome