Presentation on theme: "by polysaccharides assisted methodologies"— Presentation transcript:
1 by polysaccharides assisted methodologies Eco-friendly design/synthesis of nano-oxides: control of size, shape, morphology and functionalization of ZnOby polysaccharides assisted methodologies( )Financed: UEFSCDIPN-II-ID-PCE (contract no. 17/2011)
2 TeamProject leader:Dr. Oana Carp- Institute de of Physical-Chemistry “Ilie Murgulescu”,BucharestTeam’s members:Dr. Greta Socoteanu (Patrinoiu)- Institute de of Physical-Chemistry“Ilie Murgulescu”, BucharestDr. Diana Visinescu - Institute de of Physical-Chemistry “Ilie Murgulescu”,Bucharest,Dr. Jose Maria Calderon-Moreno- Institute de of Physical-ChemistryDr. Adina Magdalena Musuc- Institute de of Physical-Chemistry “Ilie Murgulescu”,Dr. Raluca Voda-Universty –University “Politehnica” Faculty for IndustrialChemistry and Environmental Engineering, TimisoaraMasterand Raluca Florentina Negrea- National Institute of Material Physics,Dr. Ruxandra Bârjega-National Institute for Lasers, Plasma and Radiation Physics,Dr. Cornel Munteanu- Institute de of Physical-Chemistry “Ilie Murgulescu”,Dr. Adina Magdalena Musuc-Institute de of Physical-Chemistry “Ilie Murgulescu”,Masterand Alina Stan- Institute de of Physical-Chemistry “Ilie Murgulescu”employed by competition on a free position of the project
3 Generally, the polysaccharide polymer ability to capture, bind and thus preorganizing metal ions, provides preferred nucleation and crystal growth constrained to nanoscale, allowing morphology control and preventing spontaneous particles agglomeration if the crystalline oxide is formed in solution, or sintering, if heating treatment are required for oxide crystallization. The polysaccharides interference in oxide synthesis occur in various stage of synthesis and depend both on intrinsic features like raw materials nature and extrinsic ones materialized in tunable reaction conditions. Since the project aims to analyze how polysaccharides properties may control the design/synthesis of oxide materials under various extrinsic factors, the synthetic methodology was chosen as methodological criterion. For each synthetic procedure, an in-depth characterization of the precursor, its conversion to oxide (if the reaction proceed via a precursor) and of the obtained oxide will be performed, taking advantage of the complementary scientific competences of the research team. Thus, the precursor will be characterized by elemental analysis and FTIR spectroscopy, the precursor→oxide conversion by thermal analysis, while the obtained oxide by optical (FTIR, UV-Vis, PL, Raman spectroscopy), structural (XRD), morphological (SEM, TEM, HRTEM) and specific surface investigations. The different developed synthetic approaches are focused on the synthesis of ZnO materials of nanomeric sizes and various morphologies and functionalizations using polysaccharides build up from D-glucose units linked either by α-glycosidic bonds (starch and dextran) and β-bonds (methyl-cellulose) as raw materials. The choice of these systems is not accidental. Thus, the chosen methodologies can be developed toward eco-friendly approaches, through improving their atom and energy economical (high-yield with small amounts of by-products, low energy consumption, room or low-temperatures synthesis) and minimizing hazard effect on human health and environmental (nontoxic, low cost and bio-renewable raw materials), permitting also a reliable control of the oxide products (crystallinity, purity, size, shape, morphology, functionalization) without compromising their quality, on the contrary improving it. The selected polysaccharide will allow for the first time to accomplish a comparative study concerning the dependence of oxide characteristics on polysaccharides properties. Thus, the effect of the glycosidic bond position (α and β), the polymerization degree, hydrocarbonate chain branching and distinct rheological properties will be equally analyzed. On the other hand, ZnO plays an outstanding role in many aspects of science and engineering due to its unique optical, semiconducting, catalytic and piezoelectric properties. The oxides remarkable properties, tunable through size, morphology, and functionalization, are the starting point for attractive potential applications.Abstract
4 The project implementation plan YearObjectivesActivitiesResults2011Design/synthesis of ZnO nanostructures: solvent, surfactants and additives influenceThe synthesis of different ZnO structures: preliminary results-Raport2012Design/synthesis of ZnO nanostructures by precipitative and combustion procedures-The influence of synthesis experimental parameters on ZnO morphological and structural properties-Photoluminescence and photocatalytical properties-Book chapter-article-participation to national and international conferences2013Design/synthesis of ZnO nanostructures by hydrothermal procedures using polysaccharides as hard-template- The influence of synthesis experimental parameters on template’s size and shape-The influence of deposition techniques on ZnO structural and morphological properties-The use of template for the synthesis of solid and hollow ZnO structures-Book-articles2014-ZnO obtained by hydrothermal procedure using polysaccharides as soft-template-ZnO obtained by gel-template procedures using polysaccharides2015-ZnO obtained by forced hydrolysis proceduresFor all two synthesis protocols will be investigated :
5 Used instrumentations Institute of Physical Chemistry“Ilie Murgulescu” UV-Vis Spectrometer PERKIN-ELMER LAMBDA L35, nmPL spectrometerJASCO FP-8300nmFTIR Spectrometer JASCO -4100cm-1Memmert IncubatorUNB500Simultaneous thermal analysisSTA 449 Jupiter f1Acquisition of the projectSEM MicroscopeFEI - Quanta 3D FEGDual BeamTEM MicroscopeFEI - Tecnai G2-F30coupled with EDX
6 Project obiectivesThe general scientific objective is focused on the developing of innovative environmental friendly strategies polysaccharides-assisted, for the design and synthesis of tailor made oxide-based nanomaterials, exploiting either individually or simultaneously polysaccharides diverse and versatile properties. The project’s specific objectives that constitute also novelty features belonging both to fundamental and applicative research, are as follows:to establish a relationship with a large degree of generalization between polysaccharide peculiarities - synthesis methodology - oxide features, in order to detect a general trend, forwarding polysaccharide-assisted design and synthesis topic;to develop environmentally friendly protocols for the synthesis of nanosized ( Å) ZnO materials, functionalized or not with polysaccharides;to develop environmentally friendly protocols for the synthesis of ZnO spherical structures such as sphere, core/shell, hollow sphere and jingle-bell;to develop environmentally friendly protocols for the synthesis of ZnO/C composites.Besides these scientific objectives (original results in areas of interest and perspective), objectives like international visibility increasing (by publication in journal of high impact factor and participation to prestigious international conference), young researchers motivation (by financial advantages) as well as infrastructure improvement and supplies purchase have to be mentioned.
8 The synthetic protocols and used carbohydrates: the building of a green methods2. Polysaccharides as soft templates for ZnO: precipitation synthetic protocols2.1 Zn2+-starch system: model system2.2. Zn2+-methylcellulose Zn2+-dextran systems3. Polysaccharides as combustion agents for ZnO4. Polysaccharides as hard templates for ZnO spherical structures:4.1 Template synthesis4.2 Synthesis, characterization and applications of ZnO hollow spheresImpregnation deposition methodUltrasound deposition method4.3 Synthesis, characterization and applications of ZnO solid spheres4.4. Synthesis, characterization and applications of ZnO/C spherical structures5. Polysaccharides as soft templates for ZnO: hydrothermal synthetic protocols
9 The synthetic protocols and used carbohydrates: the building of a green methodsAlthough some progress regarding the involvement of saccharides in materials synthesis has been already made, the identification, investigation and development of carbohydrates assisted synthetic routes is (unfortunately) an insufficiently explored research topic of the chemistry. Following a small steps approach, we selected for the start polisaccharides having in common the presence of D-glucose units: polysaccharides starch and dextran containing D-glucose units linked by α-glycosidic bonds and, methylcellulose constituted from D-glucose units linked by β-bonds.
10 2. The main precipitation synthetic methodologies developed with posyccharides as soft templatezincsourceprecipitationagent 1agent 2starchdextranmetyl-cellulose
11 2.1 Zn2+-starch system: model system Various hierarchical spherical shaped assemblies ZnO structures were successfully synthesized via a simple, low-cost starch-mediated precipitation method. It was proved that starch is the key parameter for the synthesis of pure ZnO material with spherical morphologies. The temperature increase lead to a variation of ZnO stoichiometry and implicit its associated defects that determine an interesting change of the optical properties (band gap, photoluminescence characteristics). While ZnO-starch composites obtained initially after the synthesis reaction performed at 80oC are of 5-7 spheres aggregates with diameters of 100 to 500 nm, after the calcination (500oC) their morphologies change into a donut-like ones which centered-located holes shrinks to extinction with further temperature rising (800oC). The donut morphology is connected with the highest surface area and total pore volume. The oxide obtained after calcinations at 500oC demonstrated excellent photodegradation ability under visible light irradiation, a total mineralization of phenol being achieved. Such properties is caused by a combination of relatively significant specific surface area due to its donut morphology, high crystallinity and a favorable combination of defects for band narrowing that permit a enhanced light utilization rate.
12 2.1 Zn2+-starch system: characterization and applications (b)(e)(f)SEM images of: (a-b) ZnO_starch;(c-d) ZnO_500 and (e-f) ZnO_800XRD patternsUV-Vis spectaPhotoluminescencespectraPhenol conversionXPS results for ZnO_500 and ZnO_800
13 2.1 Zn2+-starch system: ZnO/starch formation and transformation mechanism toward ZnONH4(OH)80oC500oC800oCABCDEF=ZnOZnO-starchZnOBiopolymer starch mediated synthetic route of multi-spheres and donut ZnO structures,O. Carp,A. Tirsoaga, B. Jurca, R. Ene, S. Somacescu, A. Ianculescu,Carbohydrate Polymers, 2015, 115 (22),
14 2.1 Zn2+-starch system: influence of synthesis parameters (time, temperature, ultrasound irradiation)The thermal behavior of the ZnO-starch composites consists in three decomposition stages, a dehydration assigned to water evolving and a two-step starch degradation, followed by phase transformation processes assigned to ZnO the crystallization and crystal growth. The starch decomposition is different comparative with pure starch. The degradation occurs at lower temperature ranges being associated with an inferior exothermic effect, behavior attributed to the catalytic effect of ZnO. The registered starch content is explained as a result of two processes, starch homogenization in reaction medium, and Zn2+-starch complex thermal stability. The nucleation and crystal growth processes of ZnO that follow the burning of the carbonaceous materials occur at higher temperatures than in bulk oxide.DTA curves of ZnO-starch composites corresponding to starch decomposing : (a) predissolved starch and heated oC (DT); (b) pregelatinezed starch and heated oC (GT); (c) predissolved or pregelatinezed starch 25 min, ultrasound (D/G15U); (d) predissolved or pregelatinezed starch, 6 h ultrasound (D/G6U).DTA curves of ZnO-starch composites corresponding to ZnO nucleation/growth : (a) predissolved starch and heated oC (DT); (b) pregelatinezed starch and heated oC (GT); (c) predissolved or pregelatinezed starch 25 min, ultrasound (D/G15U); (d) predissolved or pregelatinezed starch, 6 h ultrasound (D/G6U).“Influence of the synthesis parameters on the thermal behavior of some ZnO-starch composites”, Jurca, B., Tirsoaga, A., Ianculescu, A., Carp, O, Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry, 2014, 115 (1),
15 2.2 Zn2+-methylcellulose and Zn2+-dextran systems The developed green synthetic protocols lead to diverse morphologies: spherical, spindle, rod ones.The influence of the synthesis parameters (time, temperature, raw materials nature and ratio, precipitation agent, initial pH and its evolution during the synthesis, ultrasound irradiation) on the shape, size and porosity of the obtained ZnO-based composites is investigated.The thermoreactivity of the synthesized composites is scrutinized.The possibility of obtaining ZnO/C composites is also analyzed, establishing the parameters of polysaccharide carbon containing materials conversion, degree of crystallization/graffitization, influence of Zn2+ amount on final material quality.The optical properties of the ZnO based materials were analyzed by UV-Vis and photoluminescence spectroscopy.A formation mechanism for each system was advanced, evidencing the auto-assembling processes.The composites, either ZnO-saccharide and ZnO/C were tested as photocatalysts and antimicrobian agents, establishing different correlations between the optical properties and the efficiency in these applications.For same composites, electrochemical investigations (linear sweep voltammetry, electrochemical activity analysis) were also performed.One article is in preparation : Methylcellulose based synthesis for ZnO with spindle like morphologies, R.Dumitru, J.M.Calderon-Moreno, R.Birjega, O.Carp.
16 3. Polysaccharides as combustion agents for ZnO In this synthetic procedure the polysaccharides act as high temperature fuels. The obtained ZnO crystallites are larger than those obtained by precipitate method, the specific surface lower (2-4 m2 /g), but the activity in photocatalytic degradation reactions tested for phenol and resorcinol are particularly good, a 100% mineralization of pollutants being achieved. The obtained data are the subject of an article in preparation.SEM images of ZnO: (A) starch-Zn(NO3)2; (B) cellulose-Zn(NO3)2;(C)Sta rch-Zn(CH3COO)2; (D)cellulose-Zn(CH3COO)2
17 SEM images of carbonaceous 4. Polysaccharides as hard templates for ZnO spherical structures:Hard templates syntheses are generally used for obtaining hollow structures. In principle, regardless of the used methodology, the synthesis procedure should include three stages: - hard-template synthesis;introduction /deposition on template surface of the metallic cations; - the remove of the hard-template by further processing (usually thermal ones).We utilized several introduction techniques as impregnation, ultrasound irradiation, or a double deposition (impregnation and impregnation). The diameter and the wall thickness of the obtained spherical morphology, its type (solid or hollow) and porosity depend on the synthesis and calcination parameters.Our research showed for the first time that the template generated by polysaccharides can also function as a template in obtaining solid oxide spherical structures (solid spheres) and also for metal oxide / C composites preserving the same morphology.The scheme of hydrothermal processSEM images of carbonaceoussphere templates4.1 Template synthesis
18 4 .2 Polysaccharides as hard templates for ZnO spherical structures: synthesis, characterization and applications of hollow structures4.2.1 Deposition: impregnation methodSEM images of Zn2+/carbonaceous templateand ZnO hollow sphereThermal curves of Zn2+/carbonaceous compositeXRD of ZnO hollow spherePhotocatalytical activity in degradation/mineralization of phenolPL spectra of ZnO hollow sphere„A green chemical approach to the synthesis of photoluminescent ZnO hollow spheres with enhanced photocatalytic properties”, G. Patrinoiu, M.Tudose, J.M.Calderon-Moreno, R.Birjega, P.Budrugeac, R.Ene, O.Carp, published in J. Solid State Chem. 2012, 186, citations TOP Most downloaded 25 articles
19 3.2 Polysaccharides as hard templates for ZnO spherical structures: synthesis, characterization and applications of hollow structuresDeposition: ultrasound methodTEM images of ZnO hollow sphere: (a) 3oC/min and (b) 20oC/minBET and PL spectra of ZnO hollow sphere: (a) 3oC/min and (b) 20oC/minThermal curves of the precursor(a) air and (b) argon.XRD of ZnO hollow sphere: (a) 3oC/min and (b) 20oC/minPhotocatalytical activityin degradation of MB under visible irradiation“Eco-friendly synthetic route for layered zinc compound and its conversion to ZnO with photocatalytical properties”, G.Patrinoiu, J.M. Calderon-Moreno,D.C. Culita, R.Birjega, R.Ene, O.Carp, Solid State Sciences, 2013, 23, citations” Carbonaceous spheres: versatile intermediary of metal oxide spherical structures synthesis“ autori G.Patrinoiu, J. M. Calderon-Moreno, S. Somacescu, N. Spataru, A. M. Musuc, R. Ene, R. Birjega, O. Carp, Eur.J.Inorg.Chem. 2014,
20 Polysaccharides as hard templates for ZnO spherical structures: synthesis, characterization and applications of solid structures4.3 Deposition: impregnation and ultrasound methodsMechanism of solid ZnO spheres formationTEM images of ZnO solid spheres:(a-b)impregnation and ultrasound;(c-d) ultrasound and impregnationRaman (A) and PL (B) spectra of the solid spheres (a:U/I and b:I/U) adsorbtion/desorbtion isotherm and pore distribution of (C) U/I and (D) I/UPhotocatalytical activityin degradation of phenol under visible irradiation„Carbonaceous spheres-an unusual template for solid metal oxide mesoscale spheres: Application to ZnO spheres” autori: G.Patrinoiu, J. M. Calderón-Moreno, D. C. Culita, R. Birjega, R. Ene, O. Carp, Journal of Solid State Chemistry, 202, 2013,
21 concentratie atomica relativa Polysaccharides as hard templates and carbon source for metal oxide/C spherical structures:4.4 synthesis, characterization and applications of ZnO/C structuresXRD, adsorbtion/desorbtion isotherm and pore distribution and Raman spectra of the solid ZnO/C spheresXPS data: binding energies, chemical species, atomic relative concentrationsProbaEnergii de legatura, eVconcentratie atomica relativaat%C1sO1sZn2p3/2ZnLMMCOZnZnO/C284,8 (C-C)286.5( OH-C-O)289.6 (C=O)531.5 (O2-)533.4 (OH-C-O,C=O)1022.5499.2848.87.21 min sputtering531.3 (O2-)533.3 (OH-C-O,498.9184.108.40.206 min sputtering531.2 (O2-)533.0 (OH-C-O,498.783.06.810.2” Carbonaceous spheres: versatile intermediary of metal oxide spherical structures synthesis“ autori G.Patrinoiu, J. M. Calderon-Moreno, S. Somacescu, N. Spataru, A. M. Musuc, R. Ene, R. Birjega, O. Carp, Eur.J.Inorg.Chem. 2014,Thermal curves, photocatalytical activy (phenol) and specific capacitance
22 5. Polysaccharides as soft templates for ZnO/saccharide composites The developed one-pot synthetic procedure is green both regarding utilized raw materials [zinc acetate as zinc source, carbohydrates (glucose, fructose, sucrose, dextran, starch and methylcellulose)as growth inhibitors and crystal habit modifiers], and synthetic methodology (mild hydrothermal procedure carried out at low temperature for a short period of time). The general character of the method derives from the possibility of using either mono, di- or polysaccharides that contains D-glucose units. Because the nature of the saccharide rules the construction features of the ZnO structures (rods spindles, hollow and solid spheres), the ability to use various carbohydrates adds to this method a high versatility. The enhanced photocatalytical and antimicrobial performances indicate the great potential of the ZnO based composites in relevant water detoxification and biomedical applications. Correlating the ZnO_SAC antimicrobial activity with the photocatalytical one, and also with their photoluminescence peculiarities we were able to identify that the mechanism of the biocidal action toward the two investigated bacterial strains follows different paths.An article “Green synthesis for green materials: ZnO-saccharide composites for environmental remediation and antimicrobial applications”, A.Stan, C.Munteanu, R.Ene, E.M.Anghel, A.M. Musuc, R.Birjega,A. Ianculescu, I.Raut, L.Jecu, M.Badea Doni, O.Carp, is submitted to Chemistry-An European Journal
23 Polysaccharides as soft templates for ZnO/saccharide composites 30 minutes1 hour2 hours48 hours1 h2 h48 h2 hour1 hours30 minglucosefructosestarchdextranmetylcellolose
24 Decoloration of MO under UV light irradiation in 5. Polysaccharides as soft templates for ZnO/saccharide compositesRoom-temperature photoluminiscence spectra of: (a) ZnO_G, (b) ZnO_F, (c) ZnO_MC (inset ZnO_MC_500) (d) ZnO_ST, (e) ZnO_S, (f) ZnO_DAbsorption spectra of: (a) ZnO_F, (b) ZnO_MC (inset ZnO_MC_500), (c) ZnO_G, (d) ZnO_S, (e) ZnO_ST, (f) ZnO_DRaman spectra of: (a) ZnO_MC_500, (b) ZnO_MC, (c) ZnO_F, (d) ZnO_S, (e) ZnO_ST, (f) ZnO_D, (g) ZnO_G samples within (A) cm-1 and (B) cm-1 spectral rangesGrow curves of P. aeruginosa and B. subtilis in the presence of different concentrations of ZnO_SAC compositesDecoloration of MO under UV light irradiation inthe presence of: (a) ZnO_D, (b) ZnO_S, (c) ZnO_MC, (d) ZnO_ST, (e) ZnO_G, (e) ZnO_F
25 5. Polysaccharides as soft templates for ZnO/saccharide composites: thermoreactivity of methylcellulose compositesThermal curves of ZnO_MC_H (a) TG (I), DTG (II), DSC (III) and Gram - Schmidt (IV) curves; (b) 3D-FTIR plot of the evolved gasesThermal curves of ZnO_MC_PP (a) TG (I), DTG (II), DSC (III) and Gram - Schmidt (IV) curves; (b) 3D-FTIR plot of the evolved gasesThermal curves of ZnO_MC (a) TG (I), DTG (II), DSC (III) and Gram - Schmidt (IV) curves; (b) 3D-FTIR plot of the evolved gasesFTIR spectra MC (a); ZnO_MC_H (b); ZnO_MC_PP (c); ZnO_MC(d)SEM micrographs of (a) ZnO_MC_H; (b) ZnO_MC_PP and(c) ZnO_MC_500“Synthesis, characterization and thermoreactivity of some methylcellulose-zinc composites”, A.M.Musuc, R. Dumitru, A.Stan, C.Munteanu, R.Birjega and O.Carp, Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry, (submitted, minor revisions)
26 Dissemination of project scientifically results
27 ZnO hollow spheres with enhanced photocatalytic properties A green chemical approach to the synthesis of photoluminescentZnO hollow spheres with enhanced photocatalytic propertiesGreta Patrinoiu, Madalina Tudose, Jose Maria Calderón-Moreno, Ruxandra Birjega, Petru Budrugeac, Ramona Ene, Oana CarpJournal of Solid State Chemistry, 186, 2012, citationsAbstractZnO hollow spheres have been synthesized by a simple and environmentally friendly template assisted route. Starch-derived carbonaceous spheres were used as template, impregnated with Zn(CH3COO)2·2H2O to obtain zinc-containing precursor spheres and thermally treatment at 600°C, yielding hollow ZnO spherical shells. The precursor spheres and hollow shells were characterized by X-ray diffraction, FTIR spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy, thermal analysis and room-temperature photoluminescence measurements. The hollow spherical shells with diameters of ∼150 nm and wall thickness of ∼20 nm, are polycrystalline, with a mean crystallite size of 22 nm, exhibiting interesting emission features, with a wide multi-peak band covering blue and green regions of the visible spectrum. The photocatalytic activities (under UV and visible light irradiations) of the ZnO spherical shells evaluated for the phenol degradation reaction in aqueous solutions are outstanding, a total phenol conversion being registered in the case of UV irradiation experiments.Keywords: Green synthesis; Hollow spheres; Phenol degradation/mineralization; Photoluminescence; ZnOArticle
28 Journal of Solid State Chemistry, 202, 2013, 291-299 Article Carbonaceous spheres-an unusual template for solid metal oxide mesoscale spheres: Application to ZnO spheresGreta Patrinoiu, Jose Maria Calderón-Moreno, Daniela C. Culita, Ruxandra Birjega, Ramona Ene, Oana CarpJournal of Solid State Chemistry, 202, 2013,AbstractA green template route for the synthesis of mesoscale solid ZnO spheres was ascertain. The protocol involves a double coating of the carbonaceous spheres with successive layers of zinc-containing species by alternating a non-ultrasound and ultrasound-assisted deposition, followed by calcination treatments. The composites were characterized by FTIR spectroscopy, thermal analysis, scanning electron microscopy while the obtained ZnO spheres by X-ray diffraction, Raman spectroscopy, scanning and transmission electron microscopy, N2 adsorption-desorption isotherms and photoluminescence investigations. A growth mechanism of the solid spheres is advanced based on these results. While the spheres’ diameters and the mean size values of ZnO are independent on deposition order, the surface area and the external porosity are fairly dependent. The photoluminescence measurements showed interesting emission features, with emission bands in the violet to orange region. The spheres present high photocatalytical activity towards the degradation of phenol under UV irradiation, the main reaction being its mineralization.Keywords: Carbonaceous spheres, ZnO solid spheres, Ultrasound, Green synthesisArticle
29 Journal of Solid State Science 23, 2013, 58-64. Article Eco-friendly synthetic route for layered zinc compound and its conversion to ZnO with photocatalytical propertiesGreta Patrinoiu, Jose Maria Calderón-Moreno, Daniela C. Culita, Ruxandra Birjega, Ramona Ene, Oana CarpJournal of Solid State Science 23, 2013,AbstractLayered basic zinc salt (LBZS) that contains both carbonate and acetate as intercalated anions was obtained by a sonochemical procedure, using a non-basic zinc acetate aqueous solution. The compound was characterized by IR spectroscopy, thermal analysis, SEM and XRD investigations. The LBZS consists in a lamellar structure with two interlayer distances (13.70 and Ǻ), the XRD pattern and SEM images being characteristic for turbostratic materials. The acetate anions are intercalated as free anions and monodentate ligands, while carbonate anions behave as bidentate ligands. A growth mechanism for the LBZS is advanced. Its calcination at 600oC led to ZnO porous sheets with uniform pores and pore density and a BET surface of 10.9 g/m2. ZnO exhibits interesting photoluminescence features, with two multi-peaks bands covering the visible region. The UV photocatalytical activity tested for phenol degradation shows that ZnO acts as a promising photocatalyst, ~90 % of the phenol being mineralized.Keywords: Green synthesis, Layered compounds, Zinc oxide, PhotocatalystArticle
30 Bogdan Jurca, Alina Tirsoaga, Adelina Ianculescu, Oana Carp ArticleInfluence of the synthesis parameters on the thermal behaviour of some ZnO-starch compositesBogdan Jurca, Alina Tirsoaga, Adelina Ianculescu, Oana CarpJournal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry, 2014, 115 (1),AbstractTen ZnO-starch composites were synthesized using a simple precipitation methodology. The IR spectroscopy and XRD investigations reveal the presence of amorphous starch and crystalline ZnO. The obtained composites present a spherical morphology, 5-8 spheres being interconnected into aggregates. The thermal analysis demonstrates that starch decomposition and ZnO thermally induced nucleation and crystal growth depend on synthesis parameters such as starch processing (dissolution or gelatinization), reaction temperature (80, 90, 100 oC), reaction time (15 minutes or 6 hours) and applied treatments (heating or ultrasound irradiation).Keywords: ZnO, Starch , Composites , Thermoreactivity
31 Carbohydrate Polymer, 2015, 115 (22), 285-293 Article Biopolymer starch mediated synthetic route of multi-spheres and donut ZnO structuresOana Carp, Alina Tarsoaga, Ramona Ene, Simona Somancescu, Daniela C. Culita, Adelina IanculescuCarbohydrate Polymer, 2015, 115 (22),AbstractMulti-spheres ZnO were obtained by a simple precipitation procedure in the presence of the biopolymer starch. The starch removing associated with thermal processing induces a change of the structure to a donut-like one. The ZnO-starch composites and their calcinations products were in depth characterized by UV-Vis and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, room-temperature photoluminescence measurements, thermal analysis, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, N2 adsorption-desorption isotherms, scanning and transmission electron microscopy and, X-ray diffraction investigations. The photocatalytic activities of the ZnO structures evaluated for phenol degradation in aqueous solutions are significant, a total phenol mineralization being registered using donut-like ZnO and visible irradiation. Such a behavior is attributed to the relatively large specific surface area related to its distinctive donut morphology, high crystallinity and favorable combination of defects for band narrowing that permits an enhanced light utilization rate. A formation mechanism in which starch plays a dual role as soft and hard template for the ZnO-starch composites and corresponding oxides is advanced.Keywords: ZnO; Starch; Multi-spheres and donut structure; Visible-photocatalystArticle
32 European Journal of Inorganic Chemistry, 2014, 1010-1019. ArticleCarbonaceous spheres: versatile intermediary of metal oxide spherical structures synthesisGreta Patrinoiu, Jose Maria Calderon-Moreno, Simona Somacescu, Nicolae Spataru, Adina M. Musuc, Ramona Ene, Ruxandra Birjega, and Oana CarpEuropean Journal of Inorganic Chemistry, 2014,AbstractA facile, versatile, genuine green route that uses starch-derived carbonaceous spheres as the templates and carbon source for tailor-made ZnO spherical structures is described. A simple adjustment of the thermal treatment permits the generation of either ZnO/C solid microporous spheres or ZnO hollow spheres, the later with controlled diameter and shell morphology. The spherical structures demonstrate good photocatalytic activity for the visible light degradation of methylene blue. Furthermore, ZnO/C has promising electrochemical capacitor applications and good electrochemical and mechanical stability.Keywords: Carbohydrates , Green chemistry, Semiconductors, Template synthesis, Zinc
33 ArticleSynthesis, characterization and thermoreactivity of some methylcellulose-zinc compositesAdina Magdalena Musuc, Raluca Dumitru, Alina Stan, Cornel Munteanu, Ruxandra Birjega and Oana CarpJournal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry, (submitted, minor revisions)AbstractTwo methylcellulose-ZnO and one methylcellulose-Zn2+ composites were obtained by precipitation and hydrothermal procedures. The thermal behavior of the composites was examined by simultaneous TG, DTG, DSC-FTIR thermal method. It was found that the thermal reactivity of the methylcellulose contained by the composites is strongly dependent on the composites’ synthetic procedure, but in all cases its stability is shifted toward lower temperatures. For each type of composites, the causes that lead to a change of methylcellulose thermoreactivity were highlighted. The structural, morphological and optical characteristics of the ZnO_based materials are also demonstrated.Keywords: Methylcellulose, Zinc-methylcellulose composites, Thermoreactivity
34 Chemistry –An European Journal (submitted) Green synthesis for green materials: ZnO-saccharide composites for environmental remediation and antimicrobial applicationsArticleAlina Stan, Cornel Munteanu, Ramona Ene, Elena Maria Anghel, Adina Magdalena Musuc, Ruxandra Birjega, Adelina Ianculescu, Iulia Raut, Luiza Jecu, Mihaela Badea Doni, and Oana CarpChemistry –An European Journal (submitted)AbstractA bioinspired one-pot approach for the synthesis of ZnO - carbohydrate hierarchical architectures was developed. The synergy between a saccharide (mono, di- or polysaccharide) that contains D-glucose units and triethanolamine is the key parameter of the synthetic methodology. The morphology of the ZnO composites is dictated by the used saccharide, and rod, spindle, solid and hollow spherical-like ZnO structures are obtained varying the carbohydrate. The synthesized composites present good photocatalytical and antimicrobial activity.
35 Applied Surface Science (submitted) ArticleFacile ultrasound mediated protocol for ZnO flower-like structures synthesis: formation mechanism, structural, optical and photocatalytic propertiesOana Carp, Alina Tirsoaga, Ramona Ene, Adelina Ianculescu, Paul Chesler, Gabriela Ionita, Viorica Pirvulescu, Raluca F. NegreaApplied Surface Science (submitted)AbstractA facile, versatile, genuine green route that used starch-derived carbonaceous spheres as template and carbon source for tailor-made ZnO spherical structures is described. A simple adjustment of the thermal treatments permits the generation of either ZnO/C solid microporous spheres or ZnO hollow spheres, the later with controlled diameter and shell morphology. The spherical structures demonstrate a good photocatalytic activity for the visible light degradation of methylene blue dye. Also, ZnO/C has promising electrochemical capacitor applications, revealing a good electrochemical and mechanical stability.Keywords: Carbohydrates, Green chemistry, Semiconductors, Template synthesis, Zinc
36 Polysaccharides route: a new green strategy for metal oxides synthesis Diana Visinescu, Greta Patrinoiu, Alina Tirsoaga, Oana CarpIn Environmental Chemistry for Sustainable World, Editor E.Lichtfouse, J.Scharzbauer, D.Roberts, Vol I. Nanotechnology and Health Risk, Springer , 2012, pp , ISBNBook chapter 2012AbstractThe present paper reviews some of the most important polysaccharide-based synthetic strategies of metal oxides, highlighting the polysaccharides multitasking abilities in the synthesis of nanosized oxide particles. The perspectives but also the unexplored areas of this new and promising green chemistry topic are also examined.Keywords: polysaccharides; starch; cellulose; dextran; alginate; carrageenan; chitosan; metal oxides synthesisTable of content1. Introduction2. Polysaccharides in our world3.The role of the polysaccharides in metal oxides synthesis4. Starch (Co)-precipitation synthesis Sol-gel synthesis Combustion synthesis Alternative solution synthesis5. Cellulose (Co)-precipitation synthesis Surface sol-gel synthesis Hydrothermal synthesis Combustion synthesis Alternative synthesis6. Dextran(Co)-precipitation synthesis Gel template synthesis7.Alginate(Co)-precipitation synthesis Gel-template synthesis Hydrothermal synthesis8. Chitosan (Co)-precipitation synthesisHydrothermal synthesis Post synthesis procedures Gel-template methods9. Carrageenan10. Perspectives and conclusionsReferences
37 THERMAL ANALYSIS. FUNDAMENTS AND APPLICATIONS Book: Romanian Publishing House 2013ISBNTHERMAL ANALYSIS. FUNDAMENTS AND APPLICATIONSKinetic Analysis of Heterogenous Transformation(in romanian)ANALIZA TERMICĂ. FUNDAMENTE ŞI APLICAŢIIAnaliza cinetică a transformărilor heterogeneAuthors: Petru Budrugeac, Oana Carp, Nicolae Doca, Crişan Popescu, Titus Vlase, Eugen Segal
38 Procedeu de obtinere a unor oxzi metalici PatentProcedeu de obtinere a unor oxzi metalicicomplecsi si simpliNr /Authors: Oana Carp, Diana Beatrice Visinescu, Greta Mihaela Socoteanu,Alina Jurca, Madalina Tudose, Bogdan Jurca, Claudiu Octavian Mazilu, CarmenStefanescu, Andrei Cucos, Petru Budrugeac, Adelina-Carmen Ianculescu
39 Participation to national and international conferences 2012 - Greta M. Socoteanu, Madalina Tudose, Jose M. Calderón-Moreno , Ruxandra Birjega, Oana Carp, Old Starch: New Approaches on Synthesis of ZnO with Spherical Structures, 26th International Carbohydrate Symposium (ICS2012) , iulie 2012, Madrid-Raluca Dumitru, Jose Calderon-Moreno, Ruxandra Barjega , Oana Carp, Zinc oxide controlled biopolymer assisted synthetic route, 4th EuCheMS Chemistry Congress, august, 2012 Praga- Greta Socoteanu, Madalina Tudose, Jose Maria Calderón-Moreno, Ruxandra Birjega, Oana Carp, From Layered Basic Zinc Salts to ZnO Hollow Spheres by an Eco-Friendly Sonochemical Procedure, 4th EuCheMS Chemistry Congress, august, 2012 Praga- Oana Carp, Greta Patrinoiu, Adelina Tarsoaga, Ruxandra Barjega, Jose Calderon Moreno, Adelina Ianculescu , Photoluminescent and photocatalytic properties of different ZnO morphologies controlled by biopolymer assisted routes, Structure-Property Relationships in Solid State Materials Conference, iunie, Bordeuax- Oana Carp, Alina Tirsoaga, Paul Chessler, Viorica Pirvulescu, Adelina Ianculescu, Raluca Damian, Ultrasound assisted synthesis of zno flower-like structures and their photoluminescence and photocatalytic properties, XI International Conference on Nanostructured Materials, august, 2013, Rhodos2013-Adina Magdalena Musuc, Alina Stan, Raluca Dumitru, Adelina Ianculescu, Oana Carp, Synthesis, characterization and thermal behaviour of some ZnO – methylcellulose composites,2-nd Central and European Conference on Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry, august, 2013, Vilnius, Lituania-Oana Carp,Alina Tarsoaga, Adelina Ianculescu, Bogdan Jurca, Ramona Ene, ZnO obtaied by a ultrasound-assisted method in the presence of starch, Sustainable Chemical Summit, 5-7 iunie, 2013, Montreal, Canada, Alina Stan, Adina Musuc, Adelina Ianculescu, Oana Carp, Carbohydrates-assisted synthetic routes of ZnO ROMPHYSCHEM 15, Bucuresti, 9-11 septembrie 2013Alina Stan, Adelina Ianculescu, Adina Musuc, Oana Carp, ZnO obtained by methyl celulose-mediated synthesys, ROMPHYSCHEM 15, Bucuresti, 9-11 septembrie 2013Adina Magdalena Musuc, Alina Stan, Adelina C. Ianculescu, Raluca Dumitru, The thermal reactivity of some ZnO-methylcellulose composites, Oana Carp, ROMPHYSCHEM 15, Bucuresti, 9-11 septembrie 2013Diana Visinescu, Oana Carp, Raluca Negrea, Ruxandra Birjega, Jose Calderon Moreno, Mariana Scurtu, Ioan Balint, ZnO nanocrystal clusters: polyol-assisted synthesis, optical and catalytic properties, ROMPHYSCHEM 15, Bucuresti, 9-11 septembrie 2013Greta M. Socoteanu, Jose M. Calderón-Moreno, Ruxandra Birjega, Daniela C. Culita, Simona Somacescu, Adina M. Musuc, Raluca Ene, Oana Carp, Starch-derived Carbonaceous Spheres - Versatile Templates for Spherical Structures, ROMPHYSCHEM 15, Bucuresti, 9-11 septembrie 2013Oana Carp, Greta M. Patrinoiu, Alina Stan, Ruxandra Birjega, Jose Calderon Moreno, Nicolae Spataru, Adelina Ianculescu, Sinteze ale materialelor oxidice mediate de zaharide, Zilele Academice iesene, 3-5 octombrie, 2013
40 2014- OanaCarp, Greta Patrinoiu, Jose Calderon Moreno, Adina Musuc, Simona Somacescu, Ruxandra Barjega, Nicolae Spataru, Versatile metal spherical structure via carbonaceous templates, “Forth International Congress on Grenn Chemistry”, 7 – 10 aprilie 2014, Sevilia, Spania.- Oana Carp, Spherical metal oxides structures obtained by saccharide-assited synthetic routes, plenary lecture, 7th Edition of symposium with international participation - New trends and strategies in the chemistry of advanced materials with relevance in biological systems, technique and environmental protection – iunie, 5-6,Timisoara, 2014. - Oana Carp, Saccharides-assisted synthetic routes of ZnO nanostructures, plenary lecture, Journée Franco-Roumaine, 15 iunie 2014, Brasov.
41 Training-Dr. Cornel Munteanu : Transmission electron microscopy “Tecnai Basic”, iune, 2012, Eindhoven, Olanda-Dr. Jose M.Calderon-Moreno: Transmission electron microscopy Tecnai Basic”, iune, 2012, Eindhoven, Olanda
42 In work- 2014In present four articles are under preparation. Their titles (provisionally) are:- Carbonaceous spheres: versatile templates towards metaloxide spherical structures;- Methylcellulose based synthesis for ZnO with spindle like morphologies;- From hollow toward solid spheres: a saccharide mediated synthesis;- ZnO-strarch: magic spheres for advanced materials