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Marlen Flores Advisors: Dr. Donaldo Urioste Dr. Rafael Gómez Romanticism in the novel El Zarco by Ignacio Manuel Altamirano.

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Presentation on theme: "Marlen Flores Advisors: Dr. Donaldo Urioste Dr. Rafael Gómez Romanticism in the novel El Zarco by Ignacio Manuel Altamirano."— Presentation transcript:

1 Marlen Flores Advisors: Dr. Donaldo Urioste Dr. Rafael Gómez Romanticism in the novel El Zarco by Ignacio Manuel Altamirano

2 Abstract For most Latin American countries, including Mexico, Romanticism was the first great creative period. Inspired by their recent political independence from Spain, cultural independence swept the region and Latin American romantics embraced the romantic views of freedom, emotional intensity and individualism, and placed emphasis on nationalism and the national scene. Like his contemporaries, Ignacio Manuel Altamirano believed that literature, and specifically fiction, could be used to impart the nineteenth century principles of “freedom and order,” and to create national pride. And to this end, he promoted the nationalization of Mexican letters by introducing issues, experiences, events, and character types that were uniquely Mexican. Such is the case of Clemencia and El Zarco, the two novels being addressed and analyzed in this Capstone project.

3 Agenda  Who is Ignacio M. Altamirano?  The ideas he embraced as romantic writer  Definition of romanticism  Characteristics of romanticism  How these characteristics are applied to the novel El Zarco?  Conclusion

4 Ignacio M. Altamirano  He was born on November 13, 1834 in Tixtla Guerrero Mexico  He was pure Indian  His family adopted their last name after the Spaniard Juan Altamirano  He graduated from law school, and then he became politician  He is considered one of the most important writers of Mexico during the XIX century  He died on February 13, 1893

5 The ideas he embraced as writer  Through his books he tried to educate the marginalized Indians, blacks, and the working class people  He promotes democracy and liberal ideas  He is characterized for his patriotism  He wrote about issues that Mexico faced  Some of his characters reflect his own personal experiences

6 What is the romanticism?  “The romanticism in literature is defined as an artistic and literary movement. Suggests the freedom of expression on feelings. It breaks the rules on art and life” (Mujica 207).  It started during the XVIII century in great Britain and Germany then it spread to Italy, France, and Spain.  It was after the Mexican independence (1821) that the romanticism became popular in Mexico.

7 El Zarco  It was written between 1887-1889, but published in 1901, after the death of Altamirano  Its plot is developed during the War of Reform (1858-1861)  The novel mention historic facts as wells as historic characters  Los Plateados (historic fact) Group of thieves that used to kill and kidnap for money  Benito Juarez ● President of Mexico during 1858-1872

8 Plot of the novel El Zarco  Manuela wants to be with el Zarco and have a life full of wealth and adventures  She rejects the true love of Nicolás  Pilar is in love with Nicolás  Manuela decides to run away with el Zarco, for her rebelliousness her mother dies.  Nicolás faced dangerous challenges trying to defend Manuela’s honor  Manuela realize that she was wrong, el Zarco was not what she thought he was  Manuela and el Zarco die  Pilar and Nicolás get married

9 Some romantic characteristics and how they are applied to El Zarco  Typical characteristics of women in romantic novels Greed and selfishness  Defense of the weak ● Disagreement toward tyranny and injustice  Indians and Mestizos (the oppressed) become the main characters ● Nicolas y Pilar  The plot is based on a historic event ● Los plateados  Worship to the unknown ● The owl on the tree

10 Conclusion  Some characters reflect Altamirano’s personal experiences  Through his novels he expressed his ideas  He encourages prosperity to the oppressed  His works teach a lesson to the reader

11 Bibliography  12 de Februery de 2012. EL ROMANTICISMO HISPANOAMERICANO- CONTEXTO HISTÓRICO- CARACTERÍSTICAS. 7 de December de 2012.  Abud, Eduardo. «Practica Narrativa de Ignacio Manual Altamirano.» 7 de December de 2012.  Altamirano, Ignacio M. Clemencia. Mexico D.F.: Editorial Porrua, 1968.  Altamirano, Ignacio Manuel. El Zarco. Mexico: Editorial Porrua, 1901.  «Biografias y vidas.» Ignacio Manuel Altamirano. 4 de November de 2012.  Editores, Fernandez. «La literatura hispanoamericana romántica y realista del siglo XIX.» Tarea ya. 21 de november de 2012.  Gomez-Gil, Horlando. «El romanticismo, La poesia.» Gomez-Gil, Horlando. Historia Critica de la Literatura Hispanoamericana. Holt, Rinehart and Winston, Inc, 1968. 238-342.  Historicos, Centro de Estudios. Historia general de Mexico. Mexico : El colegio de Mexico, 2000.  Lindstrom., Naomi. Early Spanish American narrative. Austin: University of Texas Press, 2004.  Mexico, Universidad Autonoma de. «cialc.» 7 de December de 2012.  Mujica, Barbara. «Siglo Diecinueve: del Romanticismo al Naturalismo.» Mujica, Barbara. Milenio: Mil Años de Literatura. Washington D.C.: Jonh Wiley & Sons Inc., 2001. 207-281.  Scrib. «Literatura Mexicana en el siglo XIX.» Scrib. 21 de November de 2012.


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