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OVERVIEW OF THE ASM EFFORTS TO MOBILIZE THE SCIENTIFIC DIASPORA OF THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA: 2008 - 2010.

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Presentation on theme: "OVERVIEW OF THE ASM EFFORTS TO MOBILIZE THE SCIENTIFIC DIASPORA OF THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA: 2008 - 2010."— Presentation transcript:

1 OVERVIEW OF THE ASM EFFORTS TO MOBILIZE THE SCIENTIFIC DIASPORA OF THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA: 2008 - 2010

2  Almost 1 million people have left the Republic of Moldova since 1991, according to other sources, estimates may exceed 800,000 in 2006;  As a result of the increasing outflows, remittances has become one of the most important sources of income for many Moldovan households;  Thus, remittances have been one of the main drivers of economic growth since 2002;  Most of this migration is temporary, as an IOM survey has shown, with only 14 per cent of the migrants planning to settle abroad permanently;  Roughly 52 per cent of labour emigrants engage in seasonal work;  About 44 per cent of the population aged between 18 and 40 years (both skilled and unskilled) have indicated serious plans to emigrate in 2007;

3  There are currently no documented official statistics indicating the number and the destination (by the fields or by the countries) of scholar emigrants from Moldovan science;  Unofficial sources indicate that preferential country of destination are Israel, Germany, USA and Russia;  The recent case study on several research institutes confirms that the preferential countries of destinations are: USA, Germany, Russia, Israel;  A fact is obvious: the number of scientific researchers, including those with scientific degree in the framework of the Academy of Sciences has diminished by 83.4%;  Financial insufficiency and instability, lack of experience in the management of science, lack of opportunities for professional recognition, together with material and moral attractiveness of scientific centers in developed countries, are just some of the factors that favored emigration among the national scientific potential;

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5  Since the value of national scientific school is renown, the integration through special programs of Moldovan expatriated scientists is taking place in universities and research institutions abroad;  taking into account the differences between salaries of Moldova and the West, it is clear that policies to deal with migration and encouraging long term return of migrants are for the moment at least inefficient;  given the fact the economic and social gasp in development between Moldova and EU members states are likely to persist, the migration of scientists is likely to continue;  this is why Diaspora option seems to be the one of the solution to stop brain drain, successfully mobilizing the intellectual capacity that the scientific Diaspora owns;

6  Academy of Sciences of Moldova, has launched in 2008 the initiative called “Developing cooperation within the framework of Scientific Diaspora of the Republic of Moldova”;  The central aim is to create a platform for interaction between scientific Diaspora of the Republic of Moldova and scientists from Moldova, by creating at first phase, the Scientific Moldovan Diaspora Network;  ASM initiative is expected to achieve the following results: increased cooperation in science and innovation field among scientists from Moldova and their expatriated colleagues who carry out their research abroad;  increasing the quality of expertise process of the research and innovation projects funded on a competitive basis from the state budget;  properly informed world public opinion on research conducted by scientists in Moldova;  establish lasting contacts between scientists from Moldova and their colleagues outside;  increasing the incentives for foreign investors in research and innovation sector in Moldova;

7  increasing the number of scientists from Moldova which constantly promote the image of national science on the international arena;  enhance their role in promoting the image of Moldovan scientists abroad;  creating a more favorable stimulus to return the most notorious Moldovan scientists in Moldova;  associating researchers abroad as sources of information for the scientific community in the country;  increasing number of academic works published in Moldova and signed out by Moldovan emigrated scientists;  increasing the number of publications issued by scientific Diaspora in cooperation with researchers from Moldova;  contributing to socio-economic development of Moldova in general.

8  continuing efforts to strengthen the scientific Diaspora of the Republic of Moldova, ASM has started several activities that aim to outline a political, theoretical and practical framework;  1. "Connecting scientific Diaspora of the Republic of Moldova to the economic and scientific development of the country of origin“ research project carried out in partnership with EPFL;  2. “Supporting the implementation of the migration and development component of the EU-Moldova Mobility Partnership” IOM project, implemented since January 2010, in partnership other national and local authorities. This project supports an ASM pilot initiative, identifying 30 leading Moldovan Diaspora scientists to undertake a temporary assignment in Moldova at a local research/academic institution;  An IOM consultant for ASM will be appointed that will assist ASM in its work with scientific Diaspora in the frame of the above mention project  3. Chisinau Declaration – drafted and signed in Chisinau on January 31, 2010, by acad. Gheorghe Duca - President of the Academy of Sciences of Moldova, Prof. Dr. Emil Constantinescu - President of Romanian Academic Science Forum, President of Romania (1996-2000), and Acad. Eugen Doga, composer, people's artist, member of the Academy of Sciences;

9  The Advice Committee of Scientists and Culture Personalities that were born on the present territory of the Republic of MOLDOVA was established by the three founders;  Rising awareness and mobilization of our well-known personalities of culture from scientific Diaspora in order to accelerate the accession of Moldova to the European Union is the main task of the Advice Committee;  4. Awarding outstanding results in science and innovation achieved by Moldovan expatriated scientists.  On December 29, 2009, for the first time at a celebratory meeting of the Supreme Council for Science and Technological Development, Ms. Stella Ghervas originating from Moldova, director of studies at the Institut d ' Avancées Etudes in Paris and the Maison des Sciences de l'Homme in Paris was awarded with ASM Certificate of Merit for her huge efforts in promoting abroad, the national and cultural heritage of our country;

10  5. Attracting the Moldovan expatriate scientists on a more permanent basis and their reintegration into the national research system, is an absolute priority for Academy of Science from Moldova;  Professor Anatolii Sidorenco, Doctor of physical and mathematical sciences, after 10 years of fruitful scientific activity in Germany, returned to Moldova in 2008 and was elected as Director of the Institute of Electronic Engineering and Nanotechnologies of ASM.; Valery Kavruk, Dr. in history, director of the National Museum of Eastern Carpathians of Saint George (1998-2009), Romania, returned to Moldova at the invitation of ASM and was appointed as Director of the Institute of Cultural Heritage of the ASM;  Thus we have (a) 30 temporary return grants offered to scientific Diaspora by the International Organization for Migration Mission to Moldova, (b) annual merit diplomas to promote scientific heritage of our country abroad, (c) serious international research concerning the involvement mechanisms of scientific Diaspora in development of the country of origin, (d) the general context, which is excellent

11  to advance further in this direction it is necessary to:  co-opt members of the Diaspora in the editorial boards of national scientific journals;  co-opt members of the Diaspora in the expertise of national scientific projects;  establish a special fund for joint research projects and special grants for temporary return of the scientific Diaspora;  co-opt members of the Diaspora as outstanding teachers in universities in Moldova;  guarantee stimulating working conditions in the national research system for scientific Diaspora who intend to return;  support communication and collaboration between Moldovan researchers and the expatriates;  support research institutions from Moldova in their desire to engage in research projects initiated by the host institutions of expatriate researchers;  develop an electronic portal, an electronic database and an online forum for discussion and interaction between scientists and their colleagues that left the country.  establish a permanent mechanism of interaction between the scientific Diaspora and their collegues from the home country

12 THANK YOU


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