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Www.viac.eu Vienna as an international arbitration venue.

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Presentation on theme: "Www.viac.eu Vienna as an international arbitration venue."— Presentation transcript:

1 Vienna as an international arbitration venue

2 Folie 2 Vienna International Arbitral Centre – The new Vienna Rules 2013 VIAC Founded in 1975 Jurisdiction:  one of the parties has its place of business or usual residence outside Austria; or  disputes of an „international character “ about 1,500 disputes since its formation

3 Folie 3 Vienna International Arbitral Centre – The new Vienna Rules 2013 Development of Arbitration Cold war period SIAC and VIAC preferred ADR Accepted by foreign trade monopolies because of the neutral status of Austria and Sweden. Phase 1 ca.1990 – 1994 old laws remained in force Phase 2 from 1995 onwards adoption of the UNCITRAL Model Law and transformation into national law, UNCITRAL, ICC and LCIA accepted widely, formalistic interpretation of arbitration by national Courts Phase 3 appearance of new administering institutions, widespread acceptance of arbitration as ADR, improvement of enforcement of awards.

4 Folie 4 Vienna International Arbitral Centre – The new Vienna Rules 2013 Growing number of VIAC-arbitrations :

5 Folie 5 Vienna International Arbitral Centre – The new Vienna Rules 2013 Number of parties in VIAC-arbitrations:

6 Folie 6 Vienna International Arbitral Centre – The new Vienna Rules 2013 Origin of parties (2012): with some overlap 25 %Austria 32 %Western Europe (except for Austria) 27 %East, South and Central Europe 4 %Mediterranean States 3 %Asia 7 %North and South America 2 %Other countries

7 Folie 7 Vienna International Arbitral Centre – The new Vienna Rules 2013 Origin of arbitrators in VIAC-arbitrations (2012): Countries of origin of foreign arbitrators (2012): Austria, Switzerland, Germany, Czech Republic, Hungary, Slovakia, Spain, China, Poland, Slovenia, United Kingdom, Ukraine, Bulgaria, United Arab Emirates, Greece, Rumania, Serbia, USA AustriaForeign countries 65 %35 %

8 Folie 8 Vienna International Arbitral Centre – The new Vienna Rules 2013 Main Changes in the Vienna Rules 2013

9 Folie 9 Vienna International Arbitral Centre – The new Vienna Rules 2013 Issues in Arbitration Proceedings Duration Cost Comprehensive dispute resolution Quality of Arbitrators

10 Folie 10 Vienna International Arbitral Centre – The new Vienna Rules Expediting measures  Expedited procedure (Art 45)  Removal of arbitrators in case of inactivity (Art 21 para 2)  Announcement of anticipated issuance of the final award (Art 32) 2.The constitution of the arbitral tribunal in multi-party proceedings (Art 18) 3.Confirmation of the nomination of arbitrators (Art 19) 4.Joinder of third parties and consolidation of proceedings (Art 14 – 15) 5.Costs and the power of arbitral tribunal to order the non- paying party to reimburse the paying party for the advance on costs (Art 10, 42-44)

11 Folie 11 Vienna International Arbitral Centre – The new Vienna Rules 2013 I.Expedited Procedure (Art 45) Opt in – provision Shorter time limits for payment of the advance on costs  15 days Counterclaims admissible only until the time-limit for submission of the Reply to the Statement of Claim Sole arbitrator, unless parties agreed otherwise Shorter time-limits for the nomination of arbitrators  15 days Time-limit for the issuance of the final award  6 months

12 Folie 12 Vienna International Arbitral Centre – The new Vienna Rules 2013 II. Expedited Procedure (Art 45) Unless otherwise determined by the arbitral tribunal: a)After Statement of Claim and Answer thereto, only one further exchange of written submissions b)Factual arguments and written evidence attached to the written submissions c)Only one oral hearing (if any) d)No written submission after the oral hearing

13 Folie 13 Vienna International Arbitral Centre – The new Vienna Rules 2013 Removal of arbitrators (Art 21 para 2) either party may submit a request to the Secretariat:  if the arbitrator is prevented from exercising his tasks for more than a temporary period of time; or  if an undue delay of the proceedings occurs the Board may remove an arbitrator without a party‘s request:  if the incapacity is not merely temporary; or  if the arbitrator is not fulfilling his duties before deciding on the removal the Board must grant the parties and respective arbitrators the opportunity to comment

14 Folie 14 Vienna International Arbitral Centre – The new Vienna Rules 2013 Announcement of the anticipated issuance of the final award (Art 32) After closure of the proceedings, the arbitral tribunal must inform the Secretary General and the parties of the anticipated date by which the final award will be rendered.

15 Folie 15 Vienna International Arbitral Centre – The new Vienna Rules 2013 I.Constitution of the arbitral tribunal in general (Art 17) The parties are free to decide on the manner of appointment The parties are free to decide:  sole arbitrator; or  panel of three arbitrators If no agreement on the number was reached, Board decides:  complexity of case; or  amount in dispute;  parties‘ interest in expeditious and cost-efficient decision

16 Folie 16 Vienna International Arbitral Centre – The new Vienna Rules 2013 II. Constitution of the arbitral tribunal in general (Art 17) Sole arbitrator:  parties agree on an arbitrator; or  appointment by the Board if the arbitrator is not nominated within the time period Panel of arbitrators:  Each party shall nominate his/her arbitrator;  Otherwise: the Board appoints the arbitrator for the defaulting party;  Co-arbitrators shall jointly nominate chairman;  Otherwise: the Board appoints the chairman

17 Folie 17 Vienna International Arbitral Centre – The new Vienna Rules 2013 Constitution of the arbitral tribunal in multi-party proceedings (Art 18) Principles of Art 17 apply with following supplements: Panel of arbitrators: a)Regular case: Each side shall jointly nominate their arbitrator, otherwise Board appoints the arbitrator for the defaulting party. b)In exceptional cases: Appointment of all arbitrators by the Board (after granting the parties the opportunity to comment)

18 Folie 18 Vienna International Arbitral Centre – The new Vienna Rules 2013 I. Confirmation of the Nomination of Arbitrators (Art 19) Requirements: Acceptance of office Declaration of impartiality and independence Declaration of availability Declaration of submission to the Vienna Rules No doubts as to impartiality or independence of the arbitrator to carry out his mandate Art 16 para 3

19 Folie 19 Vienna International Arbitral Centre – The new Vienna Rules 2013 II. Confirmation of the Nomination of Arbitrators (Art 19) Confirmation by the Secretary General If deemed necessary by the Secretary General: confirmation by the Board If the Board refuses the confirmation: new nomination of the arbitrator by the party If the Board again refuses the confirmation of the new arbitrator: appointment by the Board

20 Folie 20 Vienna International Arbitral Centre – The new Vienna Rules 2013 I. Joinder of Third Parties (Art 14) The arbitral tribunal decides on the admissibility of the joinder as well as on the manner of such joinder after hearing all parties and the third party to be joined and considering all relevant circumstances

21 Folie 21 Vienna International Arbitral Centre – The new Vienna Rules 2013 II. Joinder of Third Parties (Art 14) Joinder with Statement of Claim requires submission of the Statement of Claim to the Secretariat hearing of all parties and the third party and allows third party to participate in the constitution of the arbitral tribunal if no arbitrator has yet been appointed (Art 18)

22 Folie 22 Vienna International Arbitral Centre – The new Vienna Rules 2013 III. Joinder of Third Parties (Art 14)  The arbitral tribunal may return the Statement of Claim with a request for joinder of a third party to the Secretariat to be treated in separate proceedings, if joinder is not granted or not possible.  The Board may in this case order the new appointment of the arbitral tribunal(s) in the separated proceedings.

23 Folie 23 Vienna International Arbitral Centre – The new Vienna Rules 2013 I.Consolidation of proceedings (Art 15) The Board decides on consolidation after hearing the parties and the arbitrators already appointed and considering all relevant circumstances

24 Folie 24 Vienna International Arbitral Centre – The new Vienna Rules 2013 II.Consolidation of proceedings (Art 15) “Relevant circumstances” may be: compatibility of the arbitration agreements, respective stage of the proceedings, composition of the arbitral tribunal etc

25 Folie 25 Vienna International Arbitral Centre – The new Vienna Rules 2013 III.Consolidation of proceedings (Art 15 ) Requirements are: same place of arbitration in all of the arbitration agreements, and agreement of the parties; or nomination or appointment of the same arbitrators

26 Folie 26 Vienna International Arbitral Centre – The new Vienna Rules 2013 Advance on costs – power of arbitral tribunal to order the non-paying party to reimburse the paying party (Art 42) The parties mutually undertake to bear the advance on costs in equal parts (para 2) If the advance on costs is not received in full within the time limit specified, the outstanding amount is to be paid by the opposing party (para 3) The arbitral tribunal may order the non-paying party to reimburse the paying party (provided it has jurisdiction over the main dispute) (para 4)

27 Folie 27 Vienna International Arbitral Centre – The new Vienna Rules 2013 Main differences to other institutional rules

28 Folie 28 Vienna International Arbitral Centre – The new Vienna Rules Conscious decision against emergency arbitration 2.Counterclaim may be filed until end of proceedings, but returned to Secretariat if it would lead to substantial delay of the proceedings (Art 9) 3.Power of arbitral tribunal to order non-paying party to reimburse paying party for advance on costs (Art 42) 4.Explicit rules on remission of arbitral proceedings to the arbitral tribunal in case arbitral award is set aside (Art 40)

29 Folie 29 Vienna International Arbitral Centre – The new Vienna Rules 2013 Austrian Supreme Court as first and final instance for annulment claims

30 Folie 30 Vienna International Arbitral Centre – The new Vienna Rules 2013 I.Historical Background: Austrian Arbitration Act 2006 based on the UNCITRAL Model Law three court instances for annulment proceedings lengthy and expensive main competitors have shorter annulment proceedings Arbitration Amendment Act 2013: in force as from 1 January 2014

31 Folie 31 Vienna International Arbitral Centre – The new Vienna Rules 2013 I.Austrian Supreme Court as first and final instance (1)§ 615 ACCP for claims challenging an arbitral award, claims regarding the declaration of the existence or non- existence of an arbitral award and for proceedings as to the formation of the arbitral tribunal  appointment of a(n) (substitute) arbitrator  challenge of an arbitrator  early termination of arbitrators‘ mandates  appointment of substitute arbitrators

32 Folie 32 Vienna International Arbitral Centre – The new Vienna Rules 2013 II.Austrian Supreme Court as first and final instance (2)The current procedural levels remain in force for disputes involving a consumer and labor law disputes (§§ 616, 617 ACCP) (3)County Courts remain competent for: recognition and enforcement of arbitral awards enforcement of interim and protective measures judicial assistance

33 Folie 33 Vienna International Arbitral Centre – The new Vienna Rules 2013 III.Austrian Supreme Court as first and final instance (4) The provisions of the Austrian Act on Non-Contentious Matters (“Außerstreitgesetz”) apply to disputes regarding the formation of the arbitral tribunal (§ 616 para 10 ACCP) (5) Court fees: 5 % of the value in dispute (with a minimum fee of EUR 5,000) (6) Appointment and challenge of an arbitrator and the early termination of an arbitrator‘s mandate: € 2,010

34 Folie 34 Vienna International Arbitral Centre – The new Vienna Rules 2013


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