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OVERVIEW OF MODERN HEALTH AND SAFETY PRACTICES AND MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS IN NIGERIA 10/06/20101JABULANI CONSULTS.

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Presentation on theme: "OVERVIEW OF MODERN HEALTH AND SAFETY PRACTICES AND MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS IN NIGERIA 10/06/20101JABULANI CONSULTS."— Presentation transcript:

1 OVERVIEW OF MODERN HEALTH AND SAFETY PRACTICES AND MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS IN NIGERIA 10/06/20101JABULANI CONSULTS

2 PRESENTED BY Dr Olugbenga O. Bejide M.B., B.S., M.B.A., M.P.H., F.N.I.M. 10/06/2010JABULANI CONSULTS2

3 OUTLINE Introduction Early Occupational Health Workers Early Development of OHS in Nigeria Types of OHS services in Nigeria Health & Safety Management Systems in Nigeria Prospects, Challenges & Recent Trends of OHS Summary and Conclusion 10/06/2010JABULANI CONSULTS3

4 OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH ………….a speciality concerned with the two-way relationship between health and work HEALTH WORK 10/06/2010JABULANI CONSULTS4

5 Bernadino Ramazini ( ) Father of Occupational Medicine Physician and a professor of Medicine, Modena and Padua In 1700, published ‘De Morbis Artificum Diatriba’ The first to recommend that physicians should enquire about patient’s kind of job 10/06/2010JABULANI CONSULTS5

6 OTHER WORKERS IN OCCUPATIONAL MEDICINE Sir Thomas Legge ( ) He was the first Inspector of Factories in Britain and developed a medical inspectorate which was effective in improving working conditions in the factories 10/06/2010JABULANI CONSULTS6

7 OTHERS Charles Turner Thackray ( ) …..a British physician and a great pioneer of Occupational Medicine who published a book entitled ‘ The effects of the Principal Arts, Trades and Professions and of Civic States and Habits of Living on Health and Longetivity’ This was the first British book on occupational diseases which helped to bring about legislations on improvements to factory conditions 10/06/2010JABULANI CONSULTS7

8 OTHERS F. Ferisman ( ) Was a pioneer in public health in Russia Campaigned for the improvement of the environmental conditions in factories 10/06/2010JABULANI CONSULTS8

9 OTHERS Phillipa Flowerday The first recorded Occupational Health Nurse She worked with J.J. Coleman’s mustard factory in Norwich (1878) She took care of illness and injuries at work She also visited the sick workers at home 10/06/2010JABULANI CONSULTS9

10 OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH IN NIGERIA 1945Labour Code 1955Factory Ordinance 1956Factory Act 1941 Workmen’s Compensation Ordinance Mr Britnell was the first Chief Inspector of Factories and organised the first National Industrial Safety Conference in Lagos in August 1962 Prof G.O. Sofoluwe: Father of Occupational Medicine in Nigeria in /06/2010JABULANI CONSULTS10

11 NISCN …..a tripartite organisation of government, employers and employees formed in May 1964 to address, advise and regulate occupational health and safety matters in Nigeria but currently in the process of re-structuring 10/06/2010JABULANI CONSULTS11

12 NISP ……a technical arm of the NISCN formed in 1980 comprising mainly safety professionals but currently in the process of re-structuring 10/06/2010JABULANI CONSULTS12

13 OH CONCEPT ILO WHO Committee aims at the promotion and maintenance of the highest degree of physical, mental and social well-being of workers in all occupations In summary: ‘the adaptation of work to man and of each man to his job’ 10/06/2010JABULANI CONSULTS13

14 THE OH TEAM Occupational Health Physician Occupational Health Practitioner Occupational Health Nurse Occupational Hygienist Industrial Psychologist Ergonomist/Safety Engineer Safety Officer 10/06/2010JABULANI CONSULTS14

15 TYPES OF OH SERVICES IN NIGERIA No doctor or nurse but a clinic attendant/assistant on ground Company GP sends a doctor or a nurse to run the facility from time to time Full-time Nurse working alone Full-time Nurse with part-time visiting doctor otherwise engaged Full-time OH team (see previous slide 14) 10/06/2010JABULANI CONSULTS15

16 FOR YOU WHAT TYPE OF OH SERVICE IS YOURS? (SEE PREVIOUS SLIDE 15) 10/06/2010JABULANI CONSULTS16

17 HEALTH AND SAFETY MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS (I) SHE e.g. Heineken HSE e.g. Shell EHS e.g. BAT SSHE SHEQ 10/06/2010JABULANI CONSULTS17

18 HEALTH AND SAFETY MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS (II) OHSE OHS OSH OH OS Yellow=UK while Green= US 10/06/2010JABULANI CONSULTS18

19 HEALTH AND SAFETY MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS (III) Top Management Safety Anchor Safety Committee Safety Department/Unit Safety Manager/Officer Line Manager 10/06/2010JABULANI CONSULTS19

20 HEALTH AND SAFETY MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS (IV) Occupational Health Physician Occupational Health Nurse Occupational Hygienist Industrial Psychologists Toxicologist Ergonomist 10/06/2010JABULANI CONSULTS20

21 TPM MODELS TPM Safety Pillars Steps and Modules Evidence-based methodologies Result-oriented Integrated with other pillars Sustainable 10/06/2010JABULANI CONSULTS21

22 PROSPECTS (I) Legislative Requirement Corporate Social Responsibility Motivation of employees Public perception Buyers’ Market 10/06/2010JABULANI CONSULTS22

23 PROSPECTS (II) Society’s awareness of rights Pressure from CSO and HRO Indemnity and possibility of litigation Increasing power of the Chief Inspector of Factories Demand for good governance at all levels 10/06/2010JABULANI CONSULTS23

24 CHALLENGES (I) Cheap labour market High level of unemployment Low level of industrialisation Labour overconcentration on wages Labour underconcentration on work conditions 10/06/2010JABULANI CONSULTS24

25 CHALLENGES (II) Poverty in the land Ignorance of workers Inadequate local statistics of OHS diseases and conditions Poor publicity of OHS injuries Undue Partisanship 10/06/2010JABULANI CONSULTS25

26 RECENT TRENDS (1) OHS policy statements with copies to employees, stakeholders and government and also framed copies displayed in the premises Occupational Health and Safety Committees Risk Assessment ( Hazard Inventory) Greater focus on Ergonomics Computerised access control Smarter working uniforms 10/06/2010JABULANI CONSULTS26

27 RECENT TRENDS (2) Employee Assistance Programmes e.g. Du Point and Heineken on alcoholics HIV/AIDS workplace programs Pedestrian and Vehicular WALKWAYS Main gate SAFETY DATA BOARDS Safety digital boards on production floors Safety tags 10/06/2010JABULANI CONSULTS27

28 RECENT TRENDS (3) Safety Guides for visitors Publicised OHS Weeks Road Markings 5S Markings of the shopfloors Housekeeping audits Administrative control 10/06/2010JABULANI CONSULTS28

29 RECENT TRENDS (4) Speed Breakers First Aid Boxes and Trained First Aiders Hanging Functional Fire Extinguishers and Trained Fire Fighting Executives Conspicuous Fire Assembly Points Safety awards and bonuses Safety sanctions 10/06/2010JABULANI CONSULTS29

30 RECENT TRENDS (5) Conspicuous display of framed copies of the Factory Act within the factory premises Safety video clips and induction for guests PPE provision for all guests OHS as a full-fledged department Hearing Conservation program Health Insurance/Capitation 10/06/2010JABULANI CONSULTS30

31 RECENT TRENDS (6) Brief safety talk at every forum/meeting Fame and shame boards Near Miss reporting TPM Safety Pillar Break exercises Keep-fit sessions/gymnasium 10/06/2010JABULANI CONSULTS31

32 RECENT TRENDS (7) Fire Drills Generation of worst-case scenarios Accident Stimulation Computer screen log-on Periodic Medical Examination & Periodic Health Assessment External Safety Audits 10/06/2010JABULANI CONSULTS32

33 RECAP Introduction Early Occupational Health Workers Early Development of OHS in Nigeria Types of OHS services in Nigeria Health & Safety Management Systems in Nigeria Prospects, Challenges & Recent Trends of OHS Summary and Conclusion 10/06/2010JABULANI CONSULTS33

34 SUMMARY & CONCLUSION We are still generally far away from where we should be in OHS in Nigeria and it will take the concerted efforts of you and I to move OHS forward in Nigeria ……….Jabulani Consults 10/06/2010JABULANI CONSULTS34

35 FUTURE OUTLOOK ……..bright but we need to move faster! 10/06/2010JABULANI CONSULTS35

36 THANK YOU 10/06/2010JABULANI CONSULTS36


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