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Christopher Berry, Kevin Carey, Scott Nachlis, & Caitlin Quillen Ball State University TASK FORCE ON CAMPUS SEXUAL VIOLENCE: A MODEL FOR CHANGE 2014 Virtual.

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Presentation on theme: "Christopher Berry, Kevin Carey, Scott Nachlis, & Caitlin Quillen Ball State University TASK FORCE ON CAMPUS SEXUAL VIOLENCE: A MODEL FOR CHANGE 2014 Virtual."— Presentation transcript:

1 Christopher Berry, Kevin Carey, Scott Nachlis, & Caitlin Quillen Ball State University TASK FORCE ON CAMPUS SEXUAL VIOLENCE: A MODEL FOR CHANGE 2014 Virtual Case Study Competition

2 WHO WE ARE Left to right: Christopher Berry, Kevin Carey, Caitlin Quillen, and Scott Nachlis Christopher Berry works in the Office of Student Rights and Community Standards. He did his undergraduate work at Indiana Wesleyan University. Kevin Carey works with Fraternity and Sorority Life in the Office of Student Life. He hails from Illinois Wesleyan University. Caitlin Quillen is an Assistant Residence Hall Director in Housing and Residence Life, and completed her undergraduate work at The Ohio State University. Scott Nachlis works with Excellence in Leadership in the Office of Student Life. He did his undergraduate work at Ithaca College.

3  4 year  Public Institution  Mid-size  Midwest  Residential Campus  Division I Intercollegiate Athletics  Fraternity and Sorority Life ABC UNIVERSITY (2014)

4  Call to action  Definitions of Terms and Focus  Kotter’s Theoretical Change Model (1996)  Definition and Implementation Strategies of Each Stage  Future Action  References PRESENTATION OUTLINE

5 1 in 5 90% <5%  college women will be the victim of rape or attempted rape  of college women knew their attacker  of attempted or completed rapes are reported THE PROBLEM Fisher, Cullen, & Turner (2000)

6 Sexual Violence includes:  Domestic violence  Relationship Violence  Sexual Assault  Sexual Harassment  Stalking “The sexual harassment of students, including sexual violence, interferes with students’ right to receive an education free from discrimination and, in the vase of sexual violence is a crime.” WHAT WE MEAN Office for Civil Rights (2011)

7 1.Establish Urgency 2.Create a Guiding Coalition 3.Develop a Vision and Strategy 4.Communicate the Change Vision 5.Empower Others to Act 6.Generate Short- Term Wins 7.Build on Progress 8.Make the Changes Stick KOTTER’S EIGHT STEP CHANGE MODEL Kotter (1996)

8 Theoretical Change Model  Move individuals away from complacency  Raising awareness of problem  Understanding and committing to change Action Steps  Target specific student groups to take ownership  Create marketing campaign for communication and awareness  Engage student participation STEP ONE: ESTABLISH URGENCY

9 Theoretical Change Model  Need for buy-in from numerous individuals  Stakeholders adding efforts to change  Essential to bringing power and credibility to change movement Action Steps  Solidify stakeholders for task placed upon institution  Introduce university offices involved with change movement  Continue collaboration with student groups STEP TWO: CREATE A GUIDING COALITION

10 Task Force comprised of Stakeholders  Vice President for Student Affairs (Convener)  Office of Student Conduct  Office of Student Life  Office of Housing & Residence Life  Intercollegiate Athletics  Counseling Center  Health Center  Orientation Services  Public Safety/University Police  Student Government Association Representative  Provost/Academic Affairs Representative CREATE A GUIDING COALITION

11 Targeted Campus Groups for Involvement  Victims and Survivors  Residence Hall Students  Intercollegiate Athletics  Fraternity and Sorority Life  Faculty and Staff CREATE A GUIDING COALITION

12 Theoretical Change Model  Involves most planning and organization  Expertise of coalition members comes in handy  Part 1: Vision  Vivid mental picture of where the institution will be in the future Action Steps  STEP UP & STAND OUT  Campaign Call to Action Slogan  Campaign to end sexual violence on campus STEP THREE: DEVELOP A VISION AND STRATEGY

13 Theoretical Change Model  Institution takes action to make change happen  Vision of future to become reality  Requires knowledge, planning, and goals Action Steps  Overarching Goal:  STAND UP & STEP OUT aids in the primary prevention and awareness of sexual misconduct through training, facilitative education, and relationship building among community of supportive peers  Collaboration with Offices on Task Force and student involvement STEP THREE: DEVELOP A VISION AND STRATEGY

14 STAND UP  Publically advocate against sexual violence through:  Awareness  Prevention programming STEP OUT  Taking action against sexual violence STEP THREE: DEVELOP A VISION AND STRATEGY STAND UP! S E P ! O U T T #SUSO

15 Response to Victims and Survivors  Conduct System  Creation of Victim’s Advocate Position  Support Group  Counseling  Survivor Stories STEP THREE: DEVELOP A VISION AND STRATEGY #SUSO

16  Bystander Intervention Training  Develop ways to increase awareness of sexual assault, such as learning to make observations and recognizing warning behaviors that may require intervention.  Teach the appropriate skills to intervene safely and effectively, in both direct and indirect ways  Target groups who would receive training:  House and Residential Life Staff  Fraternity and Sorority Life Members  Student Athletes STEP THREE: DEVELOP A VISION AND STRATEGY #SUSO

17 Fraternity and Sorority Life SAFE Homes  Sexual Abuse Free Environment (SAFE)  SAFE House  Identify 1 Fraternity and 1 Sorority Chapter Facility  Provides peer education to broaden awareness of sexual violence  Aids in the prevention of sexual assault  At public parties, members of chapters who participate provide “SAFE Squad” to make sure sexual violence does not occur.  In future, all chapters that are housed would become SAFE House trained. STEP THREE: DEVELOP A VISION AND STRATEGY #SUSO

18 Males Athletes Against Violence  MAAV is an effort to involve men so there can be an understanding that violence is very much a “man’s issue”  Creation of Student Coordinator of MAAV  Student Organization  Participates in educating all men on campus related to sexual violence and White Ribbon Campaign  Creation of promotional video of male athletes to raise awareness and show support of Stand Up and Step Out! STEP THREE: DEVELOP A VISION AND STRATEGY #SUSO

19 Marketing Campaign based on Step Up and Stand Out!  Marketing Materials would be distributed at Orientation, Bystander Intervention, Sexual Violence Student Symposium, and through campus initiatives.  Window clings for office, cars, and residential door  Buttons/Ribbons for backpacks and coats  Poster campaign for building, residence halls, and Greek houses  Social Media campaign with Facebook and Twitter accounts, using the Stand Up and Step Out (SUSO)  #SUSO would create a prevention and awareness culture on campus  Website would be created with all initiatives stated STEP THREE: DEVELOP A VISION AND STRATEGY #SUSO

20 Sexual Violence Student Symposium  An opportunity to have a panel discussion with survivors and victims  Provide educational resources  Opportunity to be Bystander Intervention trained  Launch of marketing campaign  Cross-collaboration among departments and office on campus to provide educational experiences during symposium  Annual Stand Up and Step Out (#SUSO) Support Walk  “Standing up to recognize survivors and victims and stepping out to end sexual violence!” STEP THREE: DEVELOP A VISION AND STRATEGY #SUSO

21 Orientation Services  Utilize and Haven software created by EverFi to educate incoming first year students on alcohol use and sexual violence  Introduce services for survivors and victims on campus  #SUSO campaign materials provided to them to show support STEP THREE: DEVELOP A VISION AND STRATEGY #SUSO

22 Theoretical Change Model  “The real power of a vision is unleashed only when most of those involved... Have a common understanding of its goals and directions” (Kotter, 1996, p. 85).  Actively communicate vision and strategy Action Steps  Implement STAND UP & STEP OUT social media campaign  Communicate with all students on campus through prevention and awareness strategies STEP FOUR: COMMUNICATE THE CHANGE VISION

23 Theoretical Change Model  Individuals with least amount of power must be empowered to act  Individuals need training in new skills and policies  System needs to be aligned to new vision Action Steps  Through workshops, motivate all campus community members involved to act  Required training for all students to participate in change movement  Provide new policies on Title IX to Faculty and Staff STEP FIVE: EMPOWER OTHERS TO ACT

24 Theoretical Change Model  Vital to prove to stakeholders that the vision is important  If change process takes too long, individuals may give up Action Steps  Provide evidence that sacrifices are worth it  Reward change agents for their hard work  Help fine-tune vision and strategy  Undermine cynics and resisters  Keep high-level administrators on board  Build momentum for the future STEP SIX: GENERATE SHORT-TERM WINS

25 Theoretical Change Model  Natural counterpart to celebrating short-term wins  Effective change requires time  Reestablish urgency so momentum is not lost Action Steps  Comply with future legislation and regulations  Evaluate and Celebrate all successes  Continually engage task force and students in piloted programs STEP SEVEN: BUILD ON PROGRESS

26 Theoretical Change Model  All about institutional culture  Depends on results and takes time  Relies on strong resisters to leave organization  Turnover can help and harm process Action Steps  Create Assessment of piloted initiatives  Future creation of Sexual Assault and Prevention Awareness Center  Creation of Full-time Staff  Project Prevention Coordinator STEP EIGHT: MAKE THE CHANGES STICK

27 CONTACT INFORMATION/ QUESTIONS Christopher Berry Scott Nachlis Kevin Carey Caitlin Quillen

28 Ball State University (2014). Office of victim services. Retrieved from AdministrativeOffices/VictimServices.aspx/ Dear Colleague Letter, 72 Fed. Reg. 3432 (2007). Education Amendments of 1998, 20 U.S.C. 1681 et seq. (1998). Fisher, B.S., Cullen, F.T., & Turner, M.G. (2000). The Sexual Victimization of College Women. National Institute of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics. Kotter, J. P. (1996). Leading change. Boston, MA: Harvard Business School Press. Macalester College. Sexual Assault Support Team. Retrieved from support/sast/ Minnesota State Colleges and Universities. (2012 February,15). Procedure 1B.1.1 Report/Complaint of Discrimination/Harassment Investigation and Resolution. Retrieved from Obama, B. (2014, January 22). Establishing a white house task force to protect students from sexual assault. Office of the Press Secretary. Retrieved from memorandum-establishing-white-house-task-force-protect-students-sexual-a Purdue University. (2014). Bystander intervention. Retrieved from bystanderintervention/index.shtml Schulhofer, S. J. (1998). Unwanted sex: The culture of intimidation and the failure of the law. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. Sexual Harassment Guidance, 62 FR 12034 (2001). University of Maine. (2014). Male Athletes Against Violence. Retrieved from Valparaiso University. (2014). Sigma Phi Epsilon safe house. Retrieved from REFERENCES

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