Presentation on theme: "13.3 Plantation South MAIN IDEA The invention of the cotton gin and the demand for cotton caused slavery to spread in the South. WHY IT MATTERS NOW The."— Presentation transcript:
13.3 Plantation South MAIN IDEA The invention of the cotton gin and the demand for cotton caused slavery to spread in the South. WHY IT MATTERS NOW The spread of slavery created lasting racial and sectional tensions.
Standards 8.7.1 Describe the development of the agrarian economy in the South, identify the locations of the cotton-producing states, and discuss the significance of cotton and the cotton gin. 8.7.2 Trace the origins and the development of slavery; its effects on black Americans and on the region’s political, social, religious, economic, and cultural development; and identify the strategies that were tried to both overturn and preserve it (e.g., through the writing and historical document on Nat Turner, Denmark Vesey). 8.7.3 Examine the characteristics of white Southern society and how the physical environment influenced events and conditions prior to the Civil War. 8.9.6 Describe the lives of free blacks and the laws that limited their freedom and economic opportunities.
Daily Guided Questions How were northern textile mills and Southern cotton plantations linked? What key invention deepened this connection? How was life different for plantations slaves, city slaves and free blacks in the South? What were some of the ways enslaved people resisted slavery?
Silent Read Read silently pages 270-274. Everything on those pages. Read the Vocabulary Builders. Read the Main Ideas. Look and read over the graphs and pictures. Read over the Check Your Progress.
The Cotton Kingdom Eli Whitney invented the use of interchangeable parts, what was the other invention of his that revolutionized the cotton industry? How did it work? Eli Whitney invented the _______and it… How did cotton affect the social and economic life of the South? Cotton affected the social and economic life of the South by…
Slave Labor Who benefitted from cotton production in the North? In the North, the people that benefitted from cotton production… About how many southern farmers did not own slaves? What did they farm instead? What do you notice about the graphs on page 271?
Defending Slavery Why did most southern white people support slavery although many didn’t own slaves? Although many southern whites didn’t own slaves they support it because… How did the supporters of slavery compare it to the factory system in the North, saying it was more humane? Supporters of slavery defended slavery by…
African Americans in the South About what percentage of slaves were free and what was one way they could obtain their freedom? About ___% were free and one way they could obtain their freedom was by____. Although free, free southern blacks could not do what? Freed African-Americans could not… Why were free blacks in the south discouraged from traveling? Free blacks were discouraged from traveling because…
Life Under Slavery What were slave codes? Slave codes were… What were some of the jobs of slaves and their punishments? What were spirituals? Spirituals were…
Primary Source and Questions pg. 629 Read the primary source, Twelve Years a Slave by Solomon Northrup, on page 629. Read everything on the page and answer the three questions at the bottom.
Study Guide pg. 120 Copy and complete the study guide on page 120. Use your notes and textbook pages 270-274 to complete the study guide.
Essential Questions 1.Why did Americans take different paths (North, South, and West) in the early 1800’s? 2.How did the new technology of the Industrial Revolution change the way Americans lived? (pg. 258-261) 3.How did urbanization, technology, and social change affect the North? (pg. 264-269) 4.What obstacles did blacks face in the North? (pg. 269) 5.How were northern textile mills and Southern cotton plantations linked? What key invention deepened this connection? (pg. 270) 6.How was life different for plantations slaves, city slaves and free blacks in the South? (pg. 272-274) 7.What were some of the ways enslaved people resisted slavery? (pg. 274)
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