Presentation on theme: "August 28, 2013--Fifty Years Ago. The Great American West 1860-1900 World Perspectives Vocabulary Film: The Real West Map of Western States Railroads."— Presentation transcript:
August 28, 2013--Fifty Years Ago
The Great American West 1860-1900 World Perspectives Vocabulary Film: The Real West Map of Western States Railroads Cattle Industry Indian Wars Stories and Myths Class set of notes on Farming, Ranching, Mining, Logging, Women, Lawmen, Outlaws, Entertainers with Worksheet Test
List 1. Three places you would like to move in the U.S. but outside of Texas 2. Next to each place, name one reason you would move there. 3. Rank the three places as first choice, second, and third. 4. Based on your choices and reasons, what is your greatest priority regarding where you live? (Underline it) 5. Compare your priority with other people in the class. 6. How would your priority be different than your parents or your teachers? 7. How would your priority be different from people your age in the 1860s?
Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs
History is about…people! Who were the people who went Westward from the Eastern side of the United States? What motivated them to leave? What did they leave behind? How did their family history play into their decision to leave? How did their American history and national identity encourage them to go Westward? What was their main priority in determining where they live? Will the West provide that for them?
History is about…places! How has geography influenced the development of the United States? What is expansion? What is manifest destiny? What innovations led to economic prosperity in Western territories? What led Western territories to statehood?
History is about…ideas! “This is the West, sir. When the legend becomes fact, print the legend.”
Manifest Destiny—goal of U.S. lands reaching the West coast
Primary Source: Painting Analysis Central Figure Symbolism of central figure Use of personification Use of hyperbole Posture of figure Clothing of figure Significance of item she is carrying
How many ways could people go Westward from the East? Stagecoach Wagon train Foot Horseback Railroad Ship? River boat?
All water route from New York to California Expensive “Rounding the Horn” Dangerous Took three months One short cut
What were the obstacles for people going Westward from the East? Aggressive animals Aggressive Native peoples Lack of water Rough terrain Disease Weather Lack of supplies and resources
“Go West, young man, go West.”
“Two things could settle the West: women and railroads.”
The West Vocabulary—Chapter 7 P. 258 1.push-pull factors 2.Pacific Railway Acts 3.Morrill Land Grant 4.Transcontinental Railroad 5.Land speculator 6.Homestead Act 7. Exoduster P. 261 8. Great Plains 9. Nomad 10. Reservation 11. Battle of Little Big Horn 12. Ghost dance 13. Massacre at Wounded Knee 14 Assimilation 15. Dawes Act 16. Sooners P. 268 17.Cattle Boom 18.Long drive 19.Homesteader 20.Soddie 21.Dry farming 22.Bonanza farms 23.Turner Thesis 24.Stereotype BONUS: Frederic Remington
Film: The Real West Write one fact for each topic 1.Wagon Trains 2.Why people moved West 3.Threats and Problems 4.Towns 5.Cattlemen 6.Women 7.Miners 8.Good guys and bad guys 9.U.S. Soldiers 10.Native Americans
The Turner Thesis and The American Cowboy Archetypes Dilemmas (“the quest”) Settings Loyal friends Conflicts Talismans Plot Line and resolutions Turner and the “close of the frontier” (“civilization”)
John Wayne--the Orange County airport is named for him
Television Bonanza The Rifleman Gunsmoke The Virginian Wagon Train Rawhide Maverick Lone Ranger Big Valley High Chaparral Wanted: Dead or Alive Wild Wild West
Some Movies High Noon * The Man Who Shot Liberty Valance * Stagecoach * The Searchers * True Grit (old or new) * Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid Tombstone or Wyatt Earp Little Big Man The Magnificent Seven * Rio Bravo Unforgiven * Gunfight at OK Corral Young Guns The Oxbow Incident * Shane * The Wild Bunch Duel in the Sun Fort Apache Rio Grande She Wore a Yellow Ribbon Maverick The Gunfighter Vera Cruz Oklahoma Kid Oklahoma (musical) Lonesome Dove Dances with Wolves Red River *
Making Connections (“If it’s not true, it ought to be.”) Story Traveling the Great Plains Frank Calabrese Spaghetti Westerns Harvard’s President Jefferson, Texas Sheep vs. cattle The meat industry (Fast Food Nation) Drummer or cowboy Pork vs. beef Bonanza and Comstock Lode Fools’ Gold Women teachers TWU—college for women RR in Denton The Weather “One riot, one Ranger” Message about The West
Questions: 1.When was the frontier officially “closed”? 2.Who said it was closed and why? 3.What is the significance of the “closing of the frontier” for Americans? 4.How did the West shape the American character? 5.How do non-Americans view us in terms of our western experience? 6.What is our legacy regarding Native Americans? 7.What is our legacy regarding conservation? 8.Why do you think western movies have been so popular? 9.How does the stereotype of the cowboy influence the archetype of the Great American Hero? 10.What is the American dream and how did the western migration influence it? 11.How does the food we eat in our cafeteria reflect our western experience? 12.How did the railroad determine the future of Dallas? Denton? 13.Recall the story of Jefferson, Texas. How could one man determine the future of Texas towns? 14.How is the recent drought in Texas affecting the economy of Texas? How do politics play into natural disasters?
15. What push factors might get you to move from your home? What pull factors would entice you to move? 16. Why do some other countries reject U.S. beef? 17. What is a “spaghetti western” and why was it popular? 18. Why is the population of the Great Plains significantly lower than the population of the East or on the coasts? 19. What would you rather raise: cattle, sheep, or crops ? Why? 20. How did Stanford University get started? What advice would you give to the President of Harvard when you recall the story? 21. What is the attraction of the cowboy to people like Frank Calabrese, who lived in a northern city his whole life? 22. Clothes, music, architecture, film, art, expressions—can you imagine your life without the influences of The American Western Culture? 23. How did Chinese and Japanese immigration contribute to American Western culture? 24. What unique role did Spanish-speaking inhabitants of the West play in its economic and social development? 25.What impact did the reservation system have on the Native Americans? What are reservations known for today? 26.How was the role of women greater in Western states and why? 27. Consider that the Dust Bowl is the result of overuse of the Great Plains by the sodbusters
West Test—AP—short answer List four economic developments of the West and two details for each. List five aspects of the conflict between the U.S. and Native American tribes of the Great Plains. List two contributions of the historian, Frederick Jackson Turner on The West and elaborate on each.
Test Review Who announced the close the frontier in 1890? Who said the American character is defined by the western experience? Answer: Frederick Turner
Test Review Study all vocabulary in context. Study questions 1-33 Study all notes on The West Read about Native Americans (class set of notes) 25 Multiple Choice Questions Three questions on the primary source painting on Manifest Destiny Three short answer questions—two required one bonus
Short Answer Questions List five economic activities in the West. Answer: silver mining, gold mining (prospecting), construction (RRs and other structures), homesteads, bonanza farms, sheep ranching, cattle ranching, logging, running stores and businesses, providing services (doctors, teachers, blacksmiths, post-office, law enforcement,etc.) List three aspects of Native American culture or experience between 1860-1900. Explain how Americans maintain images of the rugged Westerner in three ways.
More questions What was the largest mine? Comstock Lode What is Manifest Destiny? What two things could settle the West? What closed the range, causing anger in cattlemen? Who settled Utah? What are the “Boomers and Sooners”? What was the U.S. strategy to defeat the Plains Indians?
What two immigrant groups built the railroads? What did the dime novel do? Recognize Western States. Recognize Native American Tribes of the Plains. What are the two most important Indian battles? Who won? How did the U.S. acquire Western lands? How did people go West? What was their motivation to go West?