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The beginning of Modern Art

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Presentation on theme: "The beginning of Modern Art"— Presentation transcript:

1 The beginning of Modern Art
Impressionism The beginning of Modern Art

2 Objectives Understand the goals of the Impressionists
Identify the addition of pastel as a new art medium Indentify major outside influences on Impressionist artists Name the notable impressionist artists and describe some of their works Place impressionism on a timeline

3 What came before…? 1790-1850-Romanticism
Remember the emotional-scenes full of drama- of the Romanticism artists….Turner in England Painted scenes at different times of day to capture the effects of weather and time. S. Giorgio Maggiore: Early Morning 1819; Watercolor

4 J. M. W.Turner After painting in watercolors at the beginning of his career, he began painting landscapes in oils. He became less and less interested in showing nature in realistic detail. He concentrated on the effects that light and atmosphere have on subject matter. In time, light and atmosphere became the most important part of Turner’s works. Rain, Steam and Speed 1844; Oil on canvas,

5 J.M.W. Turner and Oils Snow Storm: Steamboat off a Harbor’s Mouth 1842
Oil paint on canvas Nature at its most violent. Bold use of sweeping light and color rather than with detail. When this was exhibited at the academy, critics were shocked and angered. They were used to traditional pictures of ships at sea, and failed to find value in this painting of blurred and violent impressions.

6 Realism In France, some artists wanted to paint every day scenes as they really looked. Ordinary people were the subject matter. Jean Francois Millet, The Gleaners

7 Edouard Manet Captured people in everyday situations The Railway
A Bar at the Folies-Bergère,

8 Compare Romanticism-Realism

9 First half of 20th century
Modern Art First half of 20th century

10 Modern Art First half of 20th century
Modern art begins with Impressionism and continues until present day. Impressionism is the combination of everyday scenes and the affects of light Claude Monet, La Grenouillere, 1869 10

11 Quest for Realism-one step further
Impressionism Quest for Realism-one step further

12 At a distance-the eye blends the color together
Compare Realism to Impressionism Critics said “ looks like they fired paint at the canvas with a pistol” At a distance-the eye blends the color together 12

13 Impressionism 1870-1920 Rejected: Main goal: Renaissance perspective
Balance Focal point Painting in a studio Main goal: To present an “impression” : a brief glimpse. This is much like a photograph

14 Influences Contributions:
Photography-candid (un-posed views of people) Japanese prints-first imported into France 1860’s Contributions: Established the artist’s right to experiment with personal style 14

15 Color Impressionists realized color is not permanent but changes constantly according to the effects of light, reflection, or weather on the objects surface Full sunlight, dull weather, full sunlight Full sun Dull weather Full sun

16 Claude Monet Haystacks
Help us improve Wikipedia by supporting it financially. Haystacks (Monet) From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Jump to: navigation, search Wheatstacks (End of Summer)                                                                                     Artist Claude Monet Year Type Oil on canvas Dimensions 60 cm × 100 cm (23.625 in ×  in) Displayed Art Institute of Chicago Haystacks is the title of a series of impressionist paintings by Claude Monet. The primary subjects of all of the paintings in the series are stacks of hay that have been stacked in the field after the harvest season. The title refers primarily to a twenty-five canvas series (Wildenstein Index Number ) begun the autumn of 1890 and continued through the following spring, using that year's harvest. Some use a broader definition of the title to refer to other paintings by Monet with this same theme. The series is known for its thematic use of repetition to show differences in perception of light across various times of day, seasons, and types of weather. The subjects were painted in fields near Monet's home in Giverny, France. The series is among Monet's most notable works. Although the largest collections of Monet's work are held in Paris at the Musée d'Orsay and Musée Marmottan Monet, Boston, Massachusetts at the Museum of Fine Arts, New York City at the Metropolitan Museum and Museum of Modern Art and Tokyo at the National Museum of Western Art,[1] six of the twenty-five haystacks pieces are currently housed at the Art Institute of Chicago in Chicago, Illinois, United States.[2][3][4][5] The Museum of Fine Arts in Boston, Massachusetts, United States holds two,[6][7] and The Louvre in Paris, France holds one. Other museums that hold parts of this series in their collection include the Hill-Stead Museum in Farmington, Connecticut (which also has one of five from the earlier harvest),[8] National Gallery of Scotland in Edinburgh, Scotland, United Kingdom,[9] Minneapolis Institute of Arts in Minneapolis, Minnesota, United States,[10] Kunsthaus Zürich in Zürich, Switzerland, and Shelburne Museum, Shelburne, Vermont, United States.[11] Several private collections also hold Haystack paintings. Contents [hide] Monet background Series background Thematic issues series paintings Notes References External links Claude Monet Haystacks Sunlight, foggy day, snow effect, midday, in the mist, morning snow, end of summer haystacks from autumn through spring-one harvest

17 Pastel as a new medium Mary Cassatt. Mother Playing with Her Child. c Pastel on paper. Mary Cassatt. Maternal Kiss Pastel on paper

18 Edgar Degas First to introduce pastels as a medium

19 Objectives revisited…..
What were the goals of the Impressionists? Who was the first artist to use pastel as a new art medium? What were the major outside influences on Impressionist artists? Name the notable impressionist artists and describe some of their works Place impressionism on a timeline

20 New Project Use pastel as the medium
Draw a part of an object from an unusual angle-like Monet did with Rouen Cathedral Parts of the object must go off the paper 2. Draw an ordinary scene around you-such as a classroom of students, the cafeteria at lunch, movie theater scene, etc. Parts of the scene must go off the paper-like Japanese prints did

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