Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

U.S. Space-Based PNT International Cooperation David A. Turner, Deputy Director Office of Space and Advanced Technology Bureau of Oceans, Environment and.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "U.S. Space-Based PNT International Cooperation David A. Turner, Deputy Director Office of Space and Advanced Technology Bureau of Oceans, Environment and."— Presentation transcript:

1 U.S. Space-Based PNT International Cooperation David A. Turner, Deputy Director Office of Space and Advanced Technology Bureau of Oceans, Environment and Science U.S. Department of State May 14, 2009

2 Overview U.S. Space -Based Positioning, Navigation and Timing (PNT) Policy GPS Program Status U.S. International Diplomatic Activities

3 U.S. Space-Based PNT Policy ( Excerpts focused on International Relations) Goals: U.S. space-based PNT systems and services remain essential components of internationally accepted PNT services Promote U.S. technological leadership in applications involving space- based PNT services To achieve this, the United States Government shall: Encourage foreign development of PNT services/systems based on GPS –Seek to ensure foreign space-based PNT systems are interoperable with civil GPS and augmentations –At a minimum, ensure compatibility The Secretary of State shall: Promote the use of civil aspects of GPS and its augmentation services and standards with foreign governments and other international organizations Lead negotiations with foreign governments and international organizations regarding civil PNT matters

4 4 Planned GNSS Global Constellations –GPS (24) –GLONASS (30) –Galileo (27) –Compass (30 global and 5 regional satellites) Regional Constellations –QZSS (3) –IRNSS (7) Satellite-Based Augmentations –WAAS (2+1) –MSAS (2) –EGNOS (3) –GAGAN (2) –SDCM (2)

5 5 U.S. Objectives in Working with Other GNSS Service Providers Ensure compatibility ― ability of U.S. and non-U.S. space-based PNT services to be used separately or together without interfering with each individual service or signal –Radio frequency compatibility –Spectral separation between M-code and other signals Achieve interoperability – ability of civil U.S. and non-U.S. space-based PNT services to be used together to provide the user better capabilities than would be achieved by relying solely on one service or signal –Primary focus on the common L1C and L5 signals Ensure a level playing field in the global marketplace Pursue through Bi-lateral and Multi-lateral Cooperation

6 6 The Goal of RNSS Civil Interoperability Ideal interoperability allows navigation with one signal each from four or more systems with no additional receiver cost or complexity Interoperable = Better Together than Separate GPS QZSS GALILEO COMPASS IRNSS GLONASS

7 Current International Signal Plans 7 Future CDMA signal SBAS (US, Europe India, Japan) QZSS (Japan) IRNSS (India) COMPASS (China) Galileo (Europe) GLONASS (Russia) GPS (US) L1 L5 L2 Compass & IRNSS In S-band

8 8 Bilateral to include –Europe –Russia –Japan –India –Others Multilateral –International Committee on GNSS –Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation –ICAO, IMO, and ITU International Cooperation Venues

9 9 U.S. - Europe Cooperation 2004 U.S.-EU agreement provides foundation for cooperation Four working groups were set up under the agreement: –Technical, trade, and security issues working groups have met Improved new civil signal (MBOC) adopted in July 2007 First Plenary Meeting successfully held in October 2008 Oct. 22, 2008, EU-U.S. Plenary delegations meeting under the auspices of the GPS-Galileo Cooperation Agreement Signing ceremony for GPS-Galileo Cooperation Joint Statement, Oct. 23, 2008 (Michel Bosco, European Commission; Kenneth Hodgkins, U.S. Depa rtment of State)

10 10 Additional Bilateral Cooperation U.S.-Japan Joint Statement on GPS Cooperation in 1998 –Japan is a global leader in applications and commercial GNSS markets –Japan’s Quasi Zenith Satellite System (QZSS) designed to be fully compatible and highly interoperable with GPS –U.S. working with Japan to set up QZSS monitoring stations in Hawaii and Guam in exchange for data access U.S.-Russia Joint Statement issued in Dec 2004 –Negotiations for a U.S.-Russia Agreement on satellite navigation cooperation underway since late 2005 –Working Groups on compatibility/interoperability, search and rescue U.S.- India Joint Statement on GNSS Cooperation in 2007 –Technical Meetings focused on GPS-India Regional Navigation Satellite System (IRNSS) compatibility and interoperability held in 2008 and 2009

11 11 International Committee on Global Navigation Satellite Systems (ICG) ‏ Emerged from 3rd UN Conference on the Exploration and Peaceful Uses of Outer Space July 1999 –Promote the use of GNSS and its integration into infrastructures, particularly in developing countries –Encourage compatibility and interoperability among global and regional systems Members include: –GNSS Providers (U.S., EU, Russia, China, India, Japan) –Other Member States of the United Nations –International organizations/associations

12 12 ICG Providers Forum Six space segment providers listed previously are members Purpose: –Focused discussions on compatibility and interoperability, encouraging development of complimentary systems –Exchange detailed information on systems & service provision plans –Exchange views on ICG work plan and activities Providers have agreed that all GNSS signals and services must be compatible and open signals and services should also be interoperable to the maximum extent possible –Working definition of compatibility includes respect for spectral separation between each system’s authorized service signals and other systems’ signals –Interoperability definition addresses signal, geodetic reference frame realization, and system time steerage considerations

13 13 ICG Providers Forum Definition of Compatibility Compatibility refers to the ability of global and regional navigation satellite systems and augmentations to be used separately or together without causing unacceptable interference and/or other harm to an individual system and/or service The International Telecommunication Union (ITU) provides a framework for discussions on radiofrequency compatibility. Radiofrequency compatibility should involve thorough consideration of detailed technical factors, including effects on receiver noise floor and cross-correlation between interfering and desired signals. Compatibility should also respect spectral separation between each system’s authorized service signals and other systems’ signals. Recognizing that some signal overlap may be unavoidable, discussions among providers concerned will establish the framework for determining a mutually-acceptable solution. Any additional solutions to improve compatibility should be encouraged.

14 14 ICG Providers Forum Definition of Interoperability Interoperability refers to the ability of global and regional navigation satellite systems and augmentations and the services they provide to be used together to provide better capabilities at the user level than would be achieved by relying solely on the open signals of one system Interoperability allows navigation with signals from different systems with minimal additional receiver cost or complexity. Multiple constellations broadcasting interoperable open signals will result in improved observed geometry, increasing end user accuracy everywhere and improving service availability in environments where satellite visibility is often obscured. Geodetic reference frames realization and system time steerage standards should adhere to existing international standards to the maximum extent practical. Any additional solutions to improve interoperability are encouraged.

15 15 Progress on implementing ICG Work Plan within established working groups: A. Compatibility and Interoperability Plans established for two workshops on interoperability to be held before ICG-4 C. Information dissemination, education, outreach & coordination Regional UN Centres for Space, Science and Technology Education will act as ICG Information Centers ICG and UNOOSA to support regional workshops D. Interaction with monitoring & reference station network organizations Task Forces on Geodetic References & Time References established ICG -3 – December 2008, Pasadena ICG-4 and 3 rd Providers Forum to meet Sep , 2009, in St. Petersburg, Russia

16 Summary International cooperation in the context of National Space Policy and Space- Based PNT Policy is a top priority for the U.S. Government The U.S. is actively engaged in bi-lateral, and multi-lateral cooperation on satellite navigation issues As new regional and global navigation satellite systems are emerging, interoperability is the key to “success for all”

17 Contact Information David A. Turner Deputy Director Space and Advanced Technology U.S. Department of State OES/SAT, SA-23, Suite 410 Washington, D.C (office) (mobile)

18 U.S.-China Coordination Operator-to-operator coordination under ITU auspices Bi-lateral Meetings at Geneva June 2007; Xian, China May 2008; and Geneva October 2008 Discussions at multi-lateral Providers Forum in Bangalore, India September 2007; and Pasadena, California, December 2008

19 19 U.S. - Russian Federation Cooperation U.S.- Russia Joint Statement issued in December 2004 Negotiations for a U.S.-Russia Agreement on satellite navigation cooperation have been underway since late 2005 Several very productive technical working group meetings have been held: –Active exchange of information regarding future signal designs –GLONASS signal architecture still under discussion within the Russian Government

20 20 U.S. - India Cooperation Policy and technical consultations on GPS cooperation underway since 2005 –One aim is to ensure interoperability between GPS augmentation system WAAS and India’s planned GAGAN augmentation system based on GPS –Another aim is to improve solutions for ionospheric effects U.S.-India Joint Statement on GNSS Cooperation issued in February 2007 in Washington –Bi-lateral meeting held in Bangalore in September 2007 –Technical Meetings focused on GPS-IRNSS compatibility and interoperability held in January and July 2008, and January 2009

21 21 U.S. - Japan Cooperation Japan’s status as a world leader in GPS applications and user equipment makes it an important partner Regular policy consultations and technical meetings on GPS cooperation began in 1996 and led to the 1998 Clinton-Obuchi Joint Statement Both countries have benefited from the close relationship: –QZSS is designed to be compatible and highly interoperable with GPS –U.S. signed agreements with Japan to set up QZSS monitoring stations in Hawaii and Guam


Download ppt "U.S. Space-Based PNT International Cooperation David A. Turner, Deputy Director Office of Space and Advanced Technology Bureau of Oceans, Environment and."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google