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N UTRITION THOUGH THE L IFESPAN
N UTRITION & P REGNANCY Nutrition before conception Photo © PhotoDisc
F OODS TO AVOID DURING PREGNANCY Alcohol Certain types of fish Insel, Turner & Ross, 2010
I NFANCY Growth is the best marker of nutritional status. Weight gain Double birth weight by 4-6 months Triple birth weight by 12 months Length gain Increase length by 50% by 12 months
E NERGY & NUTRIENT NEEDS : I NFANTS Requirements based on composition of breast milk Energy – highest needs of any life stage Protein – highest needs of any life stage Insel, Turner & Ross, 2010
E NERGY & N UTRIENT NEEDS : I NFANTS Key vitamins and minerals Vitamin D Vitamin K Vitamin B12 Iron Fluoride Insel, Turner & Ross, 2010
T HE S TART H EALTHY F EEDING G UIDELINES Photos © PhotoDisc
C HILDHOOD Energy and nutrient needs during childhood… Energy and protein Vitamins and minerals Insel, Turner & Ross, 2010
C HILDHOOD NUTRITION What influences childhood food habits? Caregiver is responsible for what to eat Child is responsible for how much and when to eat. External factors © SW Productions/PhotoDisc/Getty Images
N UTRITIONAL CONCERNS OF CHILDHOOD Malnutrition and hunger Food security Federal assistance programs Insel, Turner & Ross, 2010
N UTRITIONAL CONCERNS CONTINUED Food and behavior Foods associated with hyperactivity Childhood obesity Insel, Turner & Ross, 2010
A DOLESCENCE Physical growth and development Growth spurts Changes in body composition Changes in emotional maturity
N UTRIENT NEEDS FOR ADOLESCENTS Energy and protein Highest total calories and protein grams per day Vitamins and minerals Insel, Turner & Ross, 2010
I NFLUENCES ON ADOLESCENT FOOD INTAKE Insel, Turner & Ross, 2010
O THER NUTRITION - RELATED CONCERNS Fitness and sports Acne Eating disorders Obesity
G ROWING OLDER … Age-related changes Mobility Immunity Taste and smell Gastrointestinal changes
N UTRIENT -R ELATED CONCERNS & A GING Vitamins & Minerals Medications Other diseases Meal replacements
M ACULAR D EGENERATION
D IABETIC R ETINOPATHY
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The process by which the body takes in and uses food The process of nourishing or being nourished, especially the process by which a living organism.
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Components of Any Healthful Diet Everyone eats food based on their health, age, religious beliefs, cultural backgrounds and activity levels. Regardless.
DIET – IT’S A LIFESTYLE!. Key stages in life Why does the body require different amounts of energy during different stages? age; gender; body size; level.
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HEALTH CONCERNS. WEIGHT MANAGEMENT Self Evaluation How fit am I right now? What are my fitness habits? How can I improve my fitness? How does.
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