Presentation on theme: "Health Coaching as an Intervention for Chronic Disease Self-Management."— Presentation transcript:
Health Coaching as an Intervention for Chronic Disease Self-Management
Coaching strives to empower people to enhance their own well-being and healing. Coaching creates a powerful and effective framework which uses the client’s experiences, definitions of health and wellbeing, and unique needs as the starting point for providing EDUCATION, SUPPORT AND PRACTICAL SKILLS to enhance quality of life and re- gain a sense of autonomy and control.
Assessing needs Education Access Support Co-ordination Facilitation Advocacy Documentation System-level changes Team building
* Comprehensive Health Care Integrated Person- Focused care… - empowers people - responds to needs of whole person - encourages integration of services - informs and encourages individuals to participate Individual Needs… Physical Social Practical Informational Emotional Spiritual Psychological At all stages… troublesome symptom testing treatment follow-up after diagnosis treatment return or spread of disease palliative care grief and bereavement 6
Linden, A., Butterwoth, M.S., Prochaska, J.O. (2009). Motivational interviewing-based health coaching as a chronic care intervention. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice, 16, 166-174. Results: Compared with non-participants, programme participants improved their self-efficacy, patient activation, lifestyle change score, and perceived health status, and more participants decreased their stages of change risk over time than non-participants.
Butterworth, S., Linden, A., McClay, W., & Leo, M.C. (2006). Effect of motivational interviewing-based health coaching on employee’s physical and mental health status. Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, 11, 358- 365, 358-365. Results: Health coaching is a relatively new behavioural intervention that has gained popularity in public health because of its ability to address multiple behaviours, health risks, and illness self-management and has been found to be effective in improving both mental and physical health.
Increased understanding and knowledge Emotional, informational and logistical guidance Improved confidence in their decision making and ability to play an active role in healing More effective communication with health care providers Improved coping skills Improved compliance with treatment Improved integration of services
Severe emotional distress as a response to cancer diagnosis (Andersen, Anderson, & deProsse, 1989), as well as chronic stress reactions to cancer treatments and major life disruptions (Andersen, Kiecolt- Glaser, & Glaser, 1994). Common stressors experienced by cancer patients include fatigue, sexual problems, disruptions in intimate relationships and social support, interrupted life tasks and interpersonal turmoil (Spira & Reed, 2003). Behavioural symptoms related to the distress of coping with cancer include appetite disturbances, sleep problems, and self-medicating with alcohol (Andersen et al., 1994).
Lack of knowledge Difficulty communicating with doctors Difficulty accessing and integrating health care providers and services Distress Sense of meaninglessness or hopelessness
Why health coaching? *Many individuals know that they need to make changes to improve their health and quality of life but don’t know where to start. *Coaching helps to provide information about the possible changes, break them down into “smaller pieces”, and establish desired goals. 24
Cancer coaching places the locus of control with the individual. Their experiences, perceptions, and definitions of health and well-being serve as the starting point for all interaction. On-going feedback is essential for program adjustments and to facilitate open communication
Individual coaching provides one on one personal and private time to deal with often unspoken fears and concerns. It allows for time to deal with unique needs, challenging barriers, and establish individual wellness plans. Group coaching provides people with the opportunity to find support through common goals and plans. Synergy between members provides a powerful healing modality and members are often inspired by each other to create wellness plans as supported by a community of peers.
Referrals - Members of the centre may self-refer to the coaching program, or may be referred by community programs, hospitals, doctors, complimentary practitioners, community partners or access to our website of outreach media campaigns. Intake and Screening – Preliminary one hour appointment to determine suitability of member and program, to identify needs, and explain limitations, confidentiality and expectations. Pre-Assessment – orientation apt. any assessments required Post-Assessment - ongoing feedback and discussion of needs - any follow-up assessments.
* Usually 3-6 sessions of approx. 45 min. Phone appts, individual and group. * Individual coaching takes place in private suites/offices that deliberately create a relaxed, non-clinical environment. Lighting, decor, sounds, and smells all contribute to this environment. * Group coaching takes place in either a room with large table and chairs or a more casual living room-like environment.
* Coaching clients first talk to a guest services coordinator who walks them through an orientation process that includes: * Phone or personal interview to assess basic information, screen for distress when appropriate, and assess needs as well as explain our services. * This is usually followed by arranging a tour of the centre and a group orientation in which they register (registration form includes health information as well as a needs assessment).
* Coaches are health care professionals who have completed additional training in health coaching (i.e.Health Coaching Australia). * Each professional's expertise forms the foundation of their clinical work, but health coaching functions as a framework for communication, behaviour/perception change, and ongoing feedback and goal adjustment.
* Step 1. Explain role of coach with emphasis on their definitions of health, and your interest in assisting them to identify their needs. Discuss boundaries, confidentiality, termination strategies, if appropriate. * Step 2. Conversation which allows the patient to be heard, and to access their motivation, and challenges. Identify issues. * Step 3. Reiterate and confirm needs and challenges. Active listening.
Step 4. Identify priorities - tap into motivation. Step 5. Break desired goals/change, or challenges down into smaller steps based on priorities. Identify and address potential barriers. Step 6. Work with individual to identify pathways to move forward. Step 7. Identify how the coach can assist with this movement - i.e. information, support, practical skills. Reinforce access to personal, medical and community resources and past successes. Step 8. Reiterate plan and motivation and determine next steps - door open for future work.
Improved collaboration Increased appreciation of interdisciplinary cooperation Improved satisfaction with care provided Improved communication Improved productivity of consultation time
Improved patient satisfaction Enhanced co-ordination between community –based services and hospital Reduction of service duplication Improved continuity of care (Bruce, 2007; Cancer Care Nova Scotia, 2004; Doll et al., 2003; Hohenadel et al., 2007; Psooey et al., 2004; Vargas et al., 2008, Canadian Partnership against Cancer, 2010).