2 Megapixel Resolution Revolution Welcome to the IQinVision Megapixel Technology Webinar - we appreciate your participation in today’s presentation.In consideration of your valuable time, and the challenges of webinars, we have endeavored to keep this presentation lively and informative – SO STAY WITH ME!GO to Next slide
3 ObjectiveTo further your curiosity into why we say that IQeye cameras are superior to the competition on the basis of:Total Cost of OwnershipImage OptimizationFeatures and Benefits
4 Agenda1000 – Introduction to IQinVision, the camera line and megapixel cameras1030 – Lenses for MP cameras1130 – TCO, project design toolsPro Line cameras image optimization1200 – Lunch1245 – Extras: FTP, Telnet, cronscript,1445 – Break1500 – Anything goes, Q&A
5 About IQinVision Incorporated in 1998 – growing fast, 10th anniversary Privately held corporation based in San Juan Capistrano, CAEastern office in Lancaster, PAEuropean operations in Utrecht, NetherlandsActive in 60+ countriesSpun out of engineering firm which specialized in networking and imaging technologyPioneering megapixel IP cameras since 1999Committed to innovation and service excellence2 Frost & Sullivan awards: Customer Value Enhancement 2006 and Excellence in Technology 2007IQinVision is not a new comer to the business of IP cameras or even megapixel IP cameras.Since 1998, IQinVision has managed it’s business carefully to become a profitable world leader in our industry. We are growing fast and adding resources aggressively to maintain our market leardership. And this year we are celebrating our 10 year anniversary!!Headquartered in San Clemente, CA we also have an Eastern office in Lancaster, PA and we just opened an office in the Netherlands to service the growing needs of the European market.As an outgrowth of a network and imaging engineering firm, we have a mature, stable and proven technologyWe have been pioneering megapixel IP cameras since 1999 and lay claim to a number of industry “firsts” such as:The first Power-over-Ethernet and digital PTZ in 1999 and the worlds first megapixel IP camera developed for Philips in 2000Our commitment to ongoing innovation and service excellence means you can count on us to provide cutting edge differentiated products and be there to support your needs.2 Frost & Sullivan awards in 4 months: Customer Value Enhancement 2006 and Excellence in Technology 2007As other manufacuturers follow us with megapixel products of their own, IQinVision will continue to develop new market valuable products and featuresGO to next slideLancaster, PA
6 Leading with Innovation 1999 – First CMOS progressive scan1999 – First Power-over-Ethernet1999 – First digital pan/tilt/zoom2000 – First megapixel IP camera2003 – First HDTV images2004 – First multi-megapixel IP cameras2005 – First and only on-camera Digital Image Authentication2007 – First all-weather multi-megapixel PoE network camera
7 Video Surveillance Goals General Surveillance - live viewingHigh detail on recorded video not a priorityForensic – recognizable imagesPeople, vehicle type, license plates, details for accurate “after the fact” analysisHigh Detail – “evidentiary quality video”Currency, facial ID, license plates
8 Resolution Benefits Larger field-of-view More image detail Evidenciary quality in surveillanceFewer cameras neededLess installation and maintence costs (TCO)Replace mechanical PTZ – never miss a thing.Higher results with smart IP video (Video Analytics)
14 Camera Coverage w/ Forensic Detail (131 pixels/m)VGA = 4.9mHD720p = 9.8mHD1080p = 14.6m3Mpix = 15.5mMegapixel = fewer cameras so now that you know what coverage they need and where they need it, you can select the perfect camera or cameras for the application. This slide shows you how wide an area a camera can cover and provide Forensic Detail.The higher the resolution the greater area a camera coverage so depending on your application you may be able to use a lot fewer high res cameras which can save a lot of money5Mpix = 19.5m14
15 WANTS HIGH Detail Building PARKING LOT They may WANT to have high detail coverage over their entire site, but do they have the budget for it? Probably not. The easy thing to do here would be to tell them to go with lower resolution cameras covering a wide area but is that really what they need? Its up to you to help them understand what they need and can afford. Even though they WANT to have the high detail, it may turn out that (change slides)15
16 NEEDS General Surveillance Building PARKING LOT Forensic Forensic They may really need a lot less.Once you have helped the customer define what image quality they need and where they need it, you have eliminated two variables so now we are into basic number crunching.The most important number we need to crunch is storage and/or bandwidth because that will have a big impact on the system cost.Forensic16
18 What Frame Rate do you NEED? = # Imagessubject speedx fpscoverage areaNow you have determined what type of surveillance you need, what coverage you need and the optimal selection of cameras to cover your area, what frame rate do you need? It depends on 3 things,How many pictures do you want to capture of a subject while it is in the field of view.How fast are the subjects travelling at and last, how wide an area is the camera covering?How wide is the area?18
19 10 frames captured 21 frames captured 32 frames captured VGA10 frames capturedHD720p21 frames capturedHD1080p32 frames captured3MP35 frames capturedPerhaps this will illustrate this better.This slide shows how many images different cameras will capture with all other things being equal. As you can see (hit ENTER) a subject travelling at 16kph takes longer to get through a wider coverage area than a narrow one. The longer it takes, the more images you capture (hit ENTER).If you are covering a narrow area, you need higher fps to capture the same # of images when you are covering a wide area.So in this example, you could run a 5 MP camera at less than ¼ the frame rate as a VGA camera and still capture as many imagesGO to next slide5MP43 frames captured19
20 Digital Pan/Tilt/Zoom Lets you virtually move around a large image using a smaller viewing windowNo moving partsCapture everything, all the timeMultiple simultaneous control
21 Digital Pan/Tilt/Zoom – how it works Quality zoom made possible by using Downsampling from multi-megapixel imagesDigital Zoom Factor 1X source 8:1 viewDigital Zoom Factor 2X source 4:1 viewDigital Zoom Factor 4X source 2:1 viewDigital zoom uses two methods to resize source images for viewing. Downsample is used when the source resolution is larger than the viewing window, and is a lossless zoom. Upsample is used when the source is smaller, and quality degrades after one or two steps. Powerful, high quality digital zoom is made possible by using downsampling from multi-megapixel source images.Digital Zoom Factor 8X source 1:1 viewDigital Zoom Factor 16X source 1:2 viewDigital Zoom Factor 32X source 1:4 view
22 IQeye Digital PTZ How much zoom do you need? IQeye DPTZ 3.1 Megapixel IQeye 2 MegapixelIQeye hdtvDigital d1Digital cif
23 The Megapixel Myths.....1Megapixel cameras are using too much storageMegapixel cameras are bandwidth killers!!!Megapixel cameras are expensive23
24 The Megapixel Myths...too much storage 45KB40KB57KB36KBTotal 178KB with 4 Cameras
25 One IQ702 - 2.0 Megapixel IP Camera The Megapixel Myths......140KBOne IQ Megapixel IP Camera
26 Time for a little Paradigm shift… Full Motion Video vs Time for a little Paradigm shift… Full Motion Video vs Hi Resolution Forensic imagingStandard resolution - full motion video “its comfortable”640 x 480 = YouTube!Megapixel resolution - forensic Imaging for meaningful investigations1600 x 1200 = Identify faces/license platesSo this is the basic principle. Full motion for live viewing. Looks better live. No stomach ache.My experience tells me 2-5 fps is best.Therefore let’s look atIt’s the Frame, NOT the Frame Rate!
27 Megapixel cameras…are bandwidth killers Full Motion Video vs Hi Resolution Forensic Imaging640 x 20fps = 6.4 Mbit/sec1600 x 5fps = 5.6 Mbit/SecOR…using IQeye digital cropping1600 x 5fps = 2.96 Mbit/SecSo the MESSEGE here is to slow down and get more useful pixels on targetKeep in mind we ONLY record on motion and IQ cameras can deliver multiple streams at independent resolutions and frame rates.How do we arrive at the 1600 x 600 resolution?? Let’s take a look . . .
28 Network & Storage Performance Speeds and feeds:Resolution1.3M1280 x 10242.0M1600 x 12003.1M2048 x 15365M2560 x 1920Avg. file size (Kbits)100,000140,000225,000400,000Bandwidthutilization(Kbits/sec)1 FPS800,0001,120,0001,800,0003,200,0005 FPS4,000,0005,600,0009,000,0008,000,000MAX(IQ700)24,000,000(30 fps)22,400,000(20 fps)21,600,000(12 fps)32,000,000(10 fps)Images/Gigabyte10,0007,0005,0003000* All figures are approximates* File size can vary greatly with image complexity and compression settings
34 The IQeye700/750 Series 1.3 to 5 MP including 720p and 1080p HD On-Camera recording options with IQrecorderGreat low-light performanceIQ vcam 64 up to independent streamsAlarm I/Os, CF card, analog outputPoE (<2.5W) input 12 – 24 VDC, 12V ACImage croppingDigital backlight compensationVideo motion detectionPrivacy zonesAnalytics ready
35 The IQeye SentinelTM Series IP66/NEMA 5 (-22°F/-30°C to +122°F/50°C)< 6 watts total power, 12-24V AC or DCIEEE 802.3af PoE compliantInstaller-friendlySupports wall, ceiling or parapet mounting methods
36 The IQeye AllianceTM Series VGA to 5.0 MP resolutionH.264 with audio option3-axis gimbalVandal-resistantLow-profileIndustry-first pivoting hinged shroud
37 The IQeye510 Camera (EOL in 2010) Global shutterWide dynamic range, up to 100dBWide VGA resolution (752 x 480)Up to 60+ fps
38 The IQeye511 Camera 1.3 mp or 720p Competitively priced Low-profile packageIQfocus utilityAux power
39 IQeye – Key Features Mature/stable network operating system Multi-megapixel resolution (1.3, 2.0,3.1,5.0)Powerful browser-based image managementImage cropping, exposure window, privacy mask, motion zonesLIGHTGRABBERTM – lowlight enhancementSnapshot and AVI maker - site survey toolsLive digital PTZCMOS progressive scanAnalog-out – focus toolCF media slotOn-camera recording/playback SWOn-camera image authenticationIEEE 802.3af PoE compliantNVR friendly
40 The IQeye700/750 Series 5th & 6th Generation IQeye Smart Cameras LIGHTGRABBERTM II enhanced low-light technologySimultaneous hi/low res streamsPublic View Port™ analog outputCF slot for on-camera recordingIP + analog alarm IO1,2,3 & 5 megapixel colorReal-time at full resolutionAvailable on-camera recording/playback softwareAvailable on-camera digital authentication
41 IQeye750 Day/Night Series 6th Generation IQeye Smart CameraAll the features of the IQeye700 series with true day/night performance
42 IQ700 & 750 (day/night) Series High-performance multi-megapixel camerasup to 30 images/secondup to 20 images/secondup to 12 images/secondup to 10 images/secondMulti-user digital PTZ with Resolution-on-Demand™Multi-stream low BW and + high resolutionImage cropping, include/exclude exposure windowsAvailable on-camera recording/playback softwareAvailable on-camera digital authentication
43 CF slot for on-camera recording IP + Analog Alarm IO
44 IQ700 & 750 Series – cont’d 12-24 V DC, 24V AC and/or PoE Public View Port™ Analog outputCF media slotAlarm I/OLens format: 1/2” CSLowlight sensitivity: .2 lux; < 0.09 (day/night)Power consumption: < 3 wattsOperating temp: - 20 to 50CCF slot for on-camera recordingIP + Analog Alarm IO
46 7xx Series vs........ 5xx Series Hardware What’s the difference? Sensor Size7x2, 7x3, 7x5 = ½” sensor711 and 51x – 1/3” sensorAnalog Output7xx = Full Time5xx = IQfocus OnlyI/O Port7xx = Yes5xx = NoOn-board Recording Options7xx = Onboard Compact Flash (CF) Storage Option5xx = No Onboard Storage OptionShutter511, 7xx = Rolling Shutter510 = Global ShutterRolling vs Global Shutter
47 Standard IQeye Features Stable, proven operating systemPowerful image management/optimization controlsSnapshot and AVI maker – site survey toolsDigital image cropping, privacy zonesDigital backlight compensation/spot meteringMulti-zone motion detectionMulti-user digital pan/tilt/zoomLIGHTGRABBERTM low-light performanceLow power consumption + Power-over-EthernetCMOS progressive scan sensorsIndustrial design, interchangeable lens
48 IQeye Sentinel Series All-weather megapixel IP camera Too many cool things to rememberBased on the popular 700 series lineSuper easy to installRedundant environmental protectionAmazingly versatileUnique efficient glass de-fogging technologyRobust. Attractive. Full-featured.Based on the popular 700 Series line1.3 to 5 Megapixel, Regular and Day/NightIQfocus utility, Alarm I/OSuper-easy to installEverything about the design focused on fast and simple installationRequires only one tool – and we give you thatPowered by single Cat 5 with 802.3af POE, <6 watts total to power the whole unitBoth hands free for most of the installationRedundant environmental protectionJ-box, camera case, lens lens cover – independently sealedIP66/NEMA 5 (-22°F/-30°C to +122°F/50°C)Amazingly versatileWall mount, ceiling mount, parapet mount with NO additional adaptersSunshield is easily adjustable and removable
49 IQeye Sentinel Series Technical Specifications Available for entire IQ700/750 family up to 5MpixIP66/NEMA 5 (-22°F/-30°C to +122°F/50°C)< 6 Watts total power, 12-24VDC, 24VACIEEE 802.3af PoE compliantIQfocus utility, Alarm I/OSupports wall, ceiling or parapet mounting methods
50 Sentinel Series Easy Installation Install Junction BoxMake ConnectionsClose Junction BoxAdjust Camera PositionRemove Lens CoverSet FOV and FocusClose Lens CoverDONE!Rattle through the steps and go to the next slides if you want to show greater detailPRIMARY MESSAGE: installs go smoothly and quickly.Also discuss ALL CABLES CAPTIVE. No exposed cables in the installation. Reference camera catalogsAll major required tools for installation(3mm Allen Wrench, Punch Down Tool) are included!
51 Sentinel Series ease-of-installation STEP 1: INSTALL JUNCTION BOXDetermine how you want theJunction Box mounted (see photos):Ceiling MountWall MountParapet MountInstall the Junction Box using supplied 2” slotted hex screws (we even threw in a mounting hole template in the box)Hang the camera on either side hanger12Note that we clearly labeled everything on the PCB board and even have an easy to read labeling diagram on the back side of the cover to make it easy to identify all connections.The screw terminals on the center I/O and power strip are clearly labeled in large letters and don’t require a watchmaker’s screwdriver to loosen and tightenVERY easy to tell which connectors are used from cables coming from the wall, and which connections are from cables coming from the camera3
52 Sentinel Series ease-of-installation INSTALL JUNCTION BOX(cont.)Feed PoE CAT 5 Cable throughright side Heyco fittingUse supplied punch down tool toconnect CAT 5 or crimp a CAT 5connector onto the cable and plugit inEthernet via RJ-45or punch downNote that the junction box is so well sealed that merely seating the cover on the box seals it. No torquing of the screws is needed. It just works.Installation Hangers on both sidesTwin Heyco sealed connectors
53 Sentinel Series ease-of-installation STEP 2: MAKE CONNECTIONSConnect the pre-wired CAT 5 connector from the camera to the labeled “camera side” connectorConnect the 8 pin Aux/IO connector from the camera to the labeled “camera side” connectorSTEP 3: CLOSE JUNCTION BOXClose the box using the 3mmhex tool we include!Both hands free towork on camerathrough 90% ofthe installationHanger works regardless of configuration or side (Ceiling, Wall, or Parapet) Perhaps demonstrate this by leaving it on the hanger and tilting it in different directions.Emphasize that the same 3mm tool is used to open/close the box, adjust the camera position, and even to open the lens cover
54 Sentinel Series ease-of-installation STEP 4: ADJUST CAMERA POSITIONSTEP 5: REMOVE LENS COVERUsing the 3mm hex tool, loosen the two screws on the front of the lens coverSlide the lens cover out and let it drop on its captive leashesSTEP 6: SET FOV AND FOCUSUsing the IQfocus port and anyanalog test monitor, adjust field ofview and focusAgain, same tool to open the lens coverSpeak about the glass defogging technology here, speak to the fact that the leashed shroud allows full use of both hands while setting field of view and focusing
55 Sentinel Series ease-of-installation STEP 7: CLOSE LENS COVERSTEP 8: DONE!Entire installation, includingmounting the Junction Box,takes less than 20 minutesNote that the tool used to open/close the junction box is the same one used to do all wall adjustments, and it’s even the same one used to adjust and remove/install the sun shield.Note that it’s designed to look cool with or without the sun shield, and that the sun shield is very easy to adjust and put on or take off.
56 You may wonder why IQ waited so long to come out with a dome…it wasn’t for a lack of Asian manufacturers wanting to make one for us. It’s because, like everything else at IQ, we wanted to do it right. Welcome to the IQeye Alliance Road Show.
57 Performance End Users Want Vandal-resistantLow-profileSurface mountTRUE 3-axis gimbalPivoting shroudConcealed electronicsExclusive multi-megapixel rated lensWhen we were designing the Alliance dome we looked at a lot of domes from a lot of manufacturers and it seemed most were designed for the consumer market. They were plastic, some had thin bubbles and could be pretty awkward to install. It was pretty apparent that they were more concerned with cutting out manufacturing costs than designing a truly solid product. At IQinVision we know that if we design products that save time & money on installations and can stand the test of time, our customers will be satisfied today and for a long time to come.So what differentiates the IQeye Alliance? First, lets take a look at the hardware.The IQeye Alliance is aluminum with a GE Lexan bubble that can take quite a shot (video clip of baseball bat shot). It’s low profile design makes it inconspicuous but not covert. The entire camera was designed to be surface mounted so you get that “flush mount” look without having to cut into the ceiling. Also, it is designed with a true 3-axis gimbal that allows you to position it in a wide variety of mounting applications very easily.With a lot of the domes we looked at, you had to adjust to the camera then align the shroud, if they weren’t optimized you had to start again which was frustrating. The Alliance’s pivoting shroud solves that problem, just optimize the field of view and focus the picture and the shroud will snap perfectly in place, we’ll demonstrate this in a minute.We also knew that sometimes light could reflect off the electronics so we installed a black plastic cover over the electronics to eliminate reflection making it difficult to see which way the camera is pointing even though it is a clear bubble. The clear bubble also means better low-light performance.The power and network activity within the Alliance will go out a minute after power-up.Last on this slide, we have designed a custom megapixel board mount lens for the Alliance. We have seen other companies put really cheap lenses on a megapixel camera and let me tell you, you can really make a megapixel image look bad with a lens that is not rated for the camera. It is like putting bike tires on a Ferrari.
58 Simplicity Integrators Appreciate VGA, 1.3 MP and 2 MP modelsIQcameo-64 independent streamsAvailable with H.264/audioIQfocus and full-time analog videoCMOS, PoEAlarm I/OSD card storage for IQrecorderNow let’s look at some other features:First, the Alliance is available in 640x480, 1.3 and 2 megapixel models.The Alliance is a multi-stream camera with our latest IQcameo feature which we’ll show you later. Every IQeye including the Alliance delivers MJPEG images which is the standard for high-quality images. But the Alliance will also be the first IQeye camera to deliver H.264 images simultaneously at up to D1 resolution which is great for remote viewing where bandwidth is a concern.The Alliance actually has TWO analog video outputs. One is a full-time VGA analog output which is great for real-time monitoring or things like Public View Monitors. The other is mounted inside the bubble, and can be used for setting field-of-view and focusing the camera so you don’t have to go to a PC.The IQeye Alliance is almost identical in performance to our popular IQeye700 series, it has alarm I/Os, on-camera recording capability, and like all IQeye cameras is PoE. The Alliance also uses CMOS Progressive Scan which is very low power, so in that sense we are “green”. It also includes standard IQeye features such as digital image cropping, exposure zones, privacy masking, the list goes on.
59 Technical Specs Bubble diameter 4.6” Weight 27.5 oz (about 1.6 lbs) <2.5W power, 12-24V DC, 24V AC0°- 40° C temperature rangeNow for the boring stuff:Read through the specs.5.7”3.8”
60 IQeye Alliance Installation Demo Remove from boxUnscrew dome bubble coverUn-snap camera from mounting plateInstall mounting plateMake connectionsSnap camera back into mounting plateMake camera adjustmentsRe-install dome bubble coverAbout 25 minutes start-to-finish!!!Demo the Alliance installAlso demo the CAMEO functionality.
61 Video recording options Dedicated PC with NVR software – Robust enterprise-wide systemDVR with IP video input - New models coming with megapixel supportNetwork server - IQeye software with existing server or NASOn-Camera Recording- IQ300 & IQ7xx series or IQevent recording system
63 Lenses 101 The basics (and some advanced) Focal Length and Field-of-view widthF-Stop – fast and slow lensesMegapixel rating and spot sizeLens format vs Imager format“Day/Night” lenses – IR correctionManual Iris vs.... Auto-Iris vs Fixed IrisC-mount, CS-mount, board-mount
64 CS-mount & C-Mount lenses There are two mount standardsThey look the same and both have a 1” threadThe difference is the distance from the lens to the sensor when installed on the cameraCS-Mount distance is 17.5mmC-Mount distance is 12.5mm
65 Sensor Size and Lens Format IQeye cameras are available with a 1/3” or ½” sensor sizeLenses are manufactured to match these sizes
66 Focus, Zoom and Iris adjustments Focus adjustment is marked with ‘Near’ and ‘Far’ or ‘N’ andAdjustment for the iris is marked with an ‘O’ and ‘C’ or ‘Open’ and ‘Closed’Typical adjustment for the Field of view is marked with the mm ranges.
67 Sensor Size and Lens Format If the lens format is smaller than the sensor size then you will get dark corners or a “Port Hole” effect
68 Sensor Size and Lens Format Larger lens formats can be used on cameras with smaller sensor sizes.NOTE: The field-of-view will be smaller (more telephoto) because the images captured by the lens is outside the sensor.
69 What should be considered in a lens? Megapixel-rated lenses are recommendedManual or fixed iris supportedCS mountC/CS adapter required for C-mount lenses1/2-inch or 1/3-inch formatsIR corrected for day/night camerasLow f-stop
70 Lenses 101 Focal Length and Field-of-view width All lenses have a focal lengthFocal length is the distance between the imager and the forward optics of the lensFocal length is either fixed or varifocalFixed = never changesVarifocal = adjustableIntegrators prefer varifocal because they are adjustable in the fieldFixed focal lenses generally offer better performance than varifocalFewer optics = better performanceThe longer the focal length, the more telephoto the image will be and the higher the F-Stop will be and vise-versaImagerFocal Length
71 Lenses 101 Focal Length and Field-of-view width Shorter Focal Length – 4.5mmImagerShorter Focal Length = Wider Field of View and less zoom
72 Lenses 101 Focal Length and Field-of-view width Longer Focal Length – 13mmImagerLonger Focal Length = Narrower Field of View but more zoom
73 Lenses 101 F-Stop, Fast and Slow Lenses The term “F-Stop” is also referred to as “lens speed”Simply put, the lower the lens F-Stop, the more efficient it is at letting light inEach of these steps is half the light of the previous step:f/1, f/1.4, f/2, f/2.8, f/4, f/5.6, f/8, f/11, f/16, f/22F-Stop rating on a varifocal lens is the rating for the widest setting. It’s F-Stop at the lens’s telephoto setting is usually much higher (slower)
74 Lenses 101 Focal Length and F-Stop Because telephoto by its nature is taking in a smaller field of view, it’s also taking in less light.Telephoto lenses have a higher F-Stop rating than Wide angle lenses.This is very important in low light applicationsi.e. a camera may have a “0.2” lux rating, but if it has a lens with a F2.8 rating, it’s only letting in 1/8 the available light, so it will be darker (more noisy)
75 Lenses 101 Megapixel Rating and Spot Size All lenses have some sort of resolution rating, even if the manufacturer doesn’t publish it. This rating is referred to interchangeably as:TV Line Rating (old school)Resolution (i.e. 1.3 Megapixel, 5 Megapixel, etc.)Spot size (the smaller the better)Most of the time, that rating is the lens center ratingLenses tend to lose resolution toward the edgesManufacturer ratings tend to be unreliableSome lenses that aren’t even megapixel “rated” perform very well on megapixel camerasSome lenses that have a megapixel rating don’t do as well as claimed
76 Lenses 101 Megapixel Rating and Spot Size Some things to keep in mindLens ratings are only a guidelinei.e. our V7 is the best glass on the market but is only officially rated at 3 MP, but works great on our 5 MP camerasLens performance is subjectiveWhat you think looks great and vivid might look blurry to somebody else. In the end we can only guide customers to make the right lens choiceGreat camera plus really cheap lens = bad imageSome customers buy our cameras but then pair them with inexpensive standard resolution lenses, then complain to us about fuzzy imagesIQinVision strenuously qualifies EVERY lens we sell and offer kits that best pair our lenses with the appropriate camera(s)Learn your lenses – you should know automatically which lenses work best (and worst) with which cameras.
77 Lenses 101 Lens format vs........ Imager format Imagers come in different size formatsi.e. 1/2”, 1/3”, 1/4”, 1/6” etc.Today, all IQinVision cameras are either 1/2” or 1/3” formatSo do lensesi.e. 2/3”, 1/2”, 1/3”, etc.Today, all IQinVision lenses are either 1/2” or 1/3” formatMatchupsMatching the format of the lens with the imager is idealHowever you can put a bigger lens on a smaller imager:This uses more of the len’s “sweet spot”But it will make the images more telephotoAlso since the lens is gathering more light than is actually hitting the imager, in effect this raises the F-Stop (slower lens)Putting a smaller format lens on a larger format imager is badYou will get vignettes on the corners of the image.
78 Lenses 101 IR Corrected “Day/Night” lenses Infrared (IR) light bends more quickly than visible lightLenses that have poor or no IR correction will show blurry imagesImagerInfrared LightVisible Light
79 Lenses 101 IR Corrected “Day/Night” lenses IR Corrected lenses correct the IR light bend so it focuses on the same point as visible lightNOTE: You can use IR corrected lenses on non-day/night cameras with no ill effectsImagerInfrared LightVisible Light
80 Lenses 101 Manual Iris vs........ Auto iris vs....... Fixed Iris What is an iris?A fixed or adjustable diaphragm that allows more or less light to hit the sensor.Three typesManual – Has to be adjusted manually by the installer during setupAuto iris – Powered, mechanical iris that adjusts as light conditions changeFixed – Set by the lens manufacturer and is not adjustableSix-bladed camera iris
81 Lenses 101 Manual Iris vs........ Auto iris vs....... Fixed Iris Is Auto iris better?Auto iris lenses were invented for three reasons:CCD sensors have poor dynamic range and one of the ways to counter this is to close the iris during bright conditionsBright sunlight can damage CCD sensorsOlder analog cameras that do not contain advanced digital signal processing like IQeye cameras could not compensate well for changing lighting conditionsAuto iris lenses have some weaknessesMUCH lower life expectancy than manual iris lenses (and when they break, they break closed)They can cause “strobing” or “hunting”Auto iris lens
82 Lenses 101 C, CS and Board Mount Most of our traditional cameras are “CS” mountThey will accept CS mount lensesThey will accept C mount lenses that have the appropriate C to CS mount adapterSome of our cameras are Board mountAll of our board cameras come with the appropriate lens already, there is no “no lens” optionAlliance is an exampleC mount lens with C to CS mount adapterBoard Mount Lens
83 Cameras 101 Parts of a camera Analog Imaging Sensor Digital Signal ProcessorDA ConverterImaging SensorParts of a cameraAnalogImaging SensorDigital to Analog ConverterDigital Signal ProcessorPower Board and ConnectorsCoax ConnectorI/O Connector(s)Auto iris connectorLensPower/IO Board with Coax Connector, I/O Connector, Power Connectors and Auto Iris ConnectorVideo leaves camera in analog form, uncompressed and ready to serve
84 Corporate Network or Internet CCTV/DVRAnalogMonitorAnalogCamerasDVRCOAXCorporate Network or Internet
85 Analog vs DigitalSimulated Analog Wave FormTime
86 Corporate Network or Internet IP Video/NVRNetwork StorageLocal Viewing StationIP CameraCAT-5Corporate Network or Internet
87 Analog vs DigitalZoom in - Simulated Analog Wave FormTime
88 Analog vs DigitalDigital Sampling of Analog WaveTime
90 Compression Compressed vs........ Not compressed Compression types MJPEGMPEG-4H.264
91 Compression MJPEG (IQinVision) Intraframe compression Oldest form of streaming compressionSeries of snapshotsEach frame is individually compressedConsidered superior image quality, particularly in applications with a lot of movementMost practical compression today for megapixelRelatively large file sizes compared to MPEG-4 and H.264
92 Compression MPEG-4 Interframe compression “Temporal” compression I-Frame or “Key” frame is similar to MJPEG frameNext several frames measure changes to I-Frame, these are called reference or “R” framesI-Frames are same size as MJPEG frames, but R-frames can be MUCH smallerSupports audio synch (MJPEG does not)Inefficient and prone to errors in areas of high movementVery processor intensive, difficult to do effectively with Megapixel sensors
93 Compression H.264 Interframe compression Also a form of “Temporal” compression, in fact it’s really the layer 10 standard of MPEG, or MPEG-10Less prone to errors in high motion, more capable of compressing megapixel resolutionsVERY processor intensive, both in compression and decompressionFew or no NVRs support H.264 today, but it is considered the future of temporal compressionThere is no magic bullet compression. Each has its own strengths and weaknesses
94 Neither is better than the other. It depends on the application CCD vs CMOSCMOS Sensors (what IQinVision uses)CMOS = Complimentary Metal-Oxide SemiconductorCheaper to manufacturer in Megapixel resolution than CCDNatively higher Wide Dynamic Range (wait, what’s that?)Requires less powerMost digital cameras and cell phone cameras use CMOSCCD (what most standard res cameras use)CCD = Charge-Coupled DeviceMost Security cameras use CCD sensorsTend to over-saturate reds/greens, but then again, that’s what customers are used toBetter low-light sensitivityMore expensive to produceConsumes more power than CMOSNeither is better than the other. It depends on the application
95 Total Cost of Ownership (TCO) Cost to selectCost to acquireCost to remove legacy systemCost to install new systemCost to make systems work togetherCost to train employees on use of new system (both current and future ee’s)Cost to maintain systemCost to expand systemCost to remove and dispose of system
96 Typical Turnkey Project Profile Technology is only 10% to 15% of the Project!Engineering and Commissioning20 to 25%Peripherals15 to 20%Integral’s Technology10 to 15%Warranty3 to 5%Installation25 to 40%Profit5 to 10%
97 Image Optimization Selecting the correct camera Selecting the correct compression typeUsing Pro Line features:Lightgrabber®Telnet access
99 How IQeye LIGHTGRABBERTM Works Old School Frame IntegrationOn older analog cameras, the cameras had two take 2 or more frames of video, add them together and then send out a single frameVery hard to control blurEach frame was independently white balanced, so the combining of frames often made for odd coloring in changing scenesVery limited exposure controlEffects of gain (graininess) combined as frames added together
100 How IQeye LIGHTGRABBERTM Works What do they do? Our LIGHTGRABBER feature deliver performance that rivals the best day/night cameras in the industry.How do they work? They dynamically adjust each IQeye in real-time for sensitivity and motion using advanced digital frame integration and signal processing to achieve optimal image quality in any lighting situation.Where are they found? Controls are either on the Image tab on firmware versions earlier firmware and on the Setup/Basic tab on firmware 2.9/2 and later.
101 How IQeye LIGHTGRABBERTM Works Earlier than 2.9/2 – “Image” tab2.9/2 and Later – “Setup” tab
102 How IQeye LIGHTGRABBERTM Works IQeye LIGHTGRABBER increases signal gain and exposure time to create brighter images in otherwise dark fields of view.Though IQeye LIGHTGRABBER can significantly increase the brightness of a dark field of view, there are tradeoffs:Increasing the gain also increases the noise or “graininess” of an image.Increasing the exposure time means objects that are moving in the image may be blurred.
103 How IQeye LIGHTGRABBERTM Works Glossary of TermsGain – Amplifying the signal. This makes an image look brighter, but also amplifies the “noise” in the imageExposure – This is the amount of time that the pixels are allowed to gather light before they send out a reading to the processor. Just like a regular camera, the longer you leave the shutter open, the more light comes in. Exposure is normally measured in “Hertz” where 30hz means a full second (30 FPS), so 1hz = 1/30th of a second, 15hz = 15/30 (1/2) a second, etc.Frame rate – This is the number of frames per second that a camera produces, such as 1 fps, 2 fps, 5 fps, etc.Frame Integration – Reference to an analog technology that took two or more frames and added them together before transmission.LIGHTGRABBERTM – IQinVision feature that uses a combination of Gain and Exposure to improve low light performance.
104 How IQeye LIGHTGRABBERTM Works IQeye LIGHTGRABBER has four different settingsDisabled – IQ LIGHTGRABBER functionality disabled1x - Only the gain function is increased. Images may look noisier and grainier*, but not blurrier than if it was disabled.2x - Gain is increased, and exposure time is slowed to 15 Hz (.067 seconds). This will also slow the maximum frame rate to 15 fps.4x - Gain is increased, and exposure time is slowed to 7.5 Hz (.133 seconds). This will also slow the maximum frame rate to 7.5 fps.*If conditions are bright enough, the gain will not increase and images won’t look grainy
105 How IQeye LIGHTGRABBERTM Works Other stuff you should know - When activated, IQeye LIGHTGRABBERTM will override the camera’s frame rate.Example 1: If the camera’s max frame rate is set to 30fps and IQeye LIGHTGRABBER is set to 2x, when it gets dark enough IQeye LIGHTGRABBER will reduce the frame rate to 15 fps. Example 2: If the camera’s max frame rate is set to 30fps and IQeye LIGHTGRABBER is set to 4x, when it gets dark enough IQeye LIGHTGRABBER will reduce the frame rate to 7.5 fps.
106 How IQeye LIGHTGRABBERTM Works IQeye LIGHTGRABBER DisabledImage is darkMoving objects are not blurryImage is slightly grainy because of normal gain adjustmentsNo fps change
107 How IQeye LIGHTGRABBERTM Works IQeye LIGHTGRABBER – 1XOnly Gain is affected, no exposure adjustment.Image is a little brighterImage is a little more grainy than usualMoving objects are only slightly blurredNo fps change
108 How IQeye LIGHTGRABBERTM Works IQeye LIGHTGRABBER – 2XMore Gain, and some Exposure increaseImage is brighterImage is a quite grainyMoving objects are blurry15 fps maximum
109 How IQeye LIGHTGRABBERTM Works IQeye LIGHTGRABBER – 4XExposure time is doubledImage is much brighterImage is grainy, but not as much as 2XMoving objects are very blurry7.5 fps maximum
110 How IQeye LIGHTGRABBERTM Works IQeye LIGHTGRABBER – 4X – Bright Field of ViewIQeye LIGHTGRABBER turns itself off in bright conditions.Gain and exposure settings are not modified by LIGHTGRABBERMoving objects show no blurNo perceivable graininessNo fps change
112 Development Cameras Hostname Type IP address devcam1 IQdevcam2 IQdevcam3 IQdevcam4 IQdevcam5 IQdevcam6 IQdevcam7 IQdevcam8 IQdevcam9 IQdevcam10 IQ040Sdevcam11 IQ041Sdevcam12 IQ042Sdevcam13 IQA20SHostname Type IP addressdevcam14 IQA22Sdevcam15 IQA23Sdevcam16 IQA25Sdevcam17 IQdevcam18 IQdevcam19 IQdevcam20 IQdevcam21 IQdevcam22 IQD40Sdevcam23 IQD41Sdevcam24 IQD42Sdevcam25 IQ732NDevcam26 IQ541S
113 Top 10What is the default username & password for an IQeye camera? Username: root Password: system
114 Top 102. How do I reset the IQ4, IQ3xx, IQ5xx, and IQ7xx Series cameras back to factory defaults? 1) Remove power from the camera. 2) Locate the NVR/Reset button on the back of the camera. IQ4 Series – Small hole left of the Ethernet port. IQ3xx -- Small hole between the Ethernet and trigger connectors. IQ5xx -- Small hole above the power connector. IQ7xx -- Small hole between the Ethernet and power connectors. 3) Using a straightened paper clip, push and hold the NVR/Reset button. You should be able to feel the button depress. 4) While continuing to hold the NVR/Reset button, apply power to the camera. Keep the reset button pressed for 10 seconds. 5) Release the button and give the camera extra time to re-boot.
115 Top 103. How do I reset my IQeye Sentinel & IQeye Alliance Series cameras back to factory default? 1) Locate the “Factory” & Reboot” buttons in the power / data back box. 2) Press and hold the “Factory” button. 3) Press the “Reboot” button for 2-3 seconds and release. 4) Continue to hold the “Factory” button for 10 seconds. 5) Release the “Factory” button and give the camera extra time to re-boot.
116 Top 104. What type of CF (Compact Flash) media does the IQeye 7xx series cameras support? The CF (Compact Flash) media slot on the IQeye 7xx series camera supports both Type I or Type II CF media. Type I media is typically flash memory, and Type II media is typically Microdrives.
117 Top 105. What type of SD (Secure Digital) media does the IQeye Alliance Series dome cameras support? The SD media slot on the Alliance series cameras supports SDHC (Secure Digital High Capacity) media. This media is typically 4GB in capacity or higher.
118 Top 106. How can I record an H.264 stream without an NVR? To record an H.264 stream with audio you must use a third party capture software solution, such as VideoLan Player. VLC allows you to request the RTSP stream. VideoLan can be downloaded for free at A technical tip walk-through is also available in the Tech Tips section on this page.
119 Top 107. Can IQrecorder record H.264 stream? IQrecorder will not record the H.264 stream. IQrecorder will only record the MJPEG image stream from the IQeye cameras.
120 Top 108. Why will the lens not focus? When a lens will not focus on an IQeye camera you want to check the type of lens being installed. There are two types of lens mounts, C-mount and CS-mount. All IQeye cameras use a CS lens mount, and can accommodate either a CS-mount of C-mount lens. If a C-mount lens is being installed it will require a C-to-CS adapter. A C-to-CS adapter is a 5mm spacer that threads onto the camera to provide the appropriate spacing between the lens and the camera so the lens can focus. Note: All C-mount lenses shipped from IQinVision include the C-to-CS adapter ring.
121 Top 109. Are IQeye cameras sensitive to infrared light? IQeye cameras use color Megapixel, Wide VGA, or VGA image sensors. An infrared cut filter is placed in front of the image sensor for accurate color reproduction. Therefore IQeye cameras with a permanent infrared cut filer will not be sensitive to infrared light. IQeye cameras with a movable Infrared cut filter will be sensitive to Infrared light with a wavelength of nm. IQeye offers the IQ75x and Sentinel series cameras with true day/night functionality ensuring infrared sensitivity with black and white video at night.
122 Top 1010. How do I initiate a telnet session? 1) Open a command prompt. 2) Type 'telnet <camIP> 3) At Username> root 4) At Local2_> su (short for Super User) 5) At Password> <root password> - default is 'system' 6) Local _2 >> Double carat indicates we are logged on with priveleges.
123 Camera & Lens Selection (Image Detail, Horizontal FOV, Distance)To select the proper camera/lense combination you must first decide what image detail you want. To recognize faces or read a license plate you need at least 40 pixels/foot (131 pixels/meter)
126 TelnetTelnet enables access to the advance functionality of the cameraTo initiate a telnet sessionOpen a command promptType: telnet <Cam IP>At the Username prompt type: rootAt the Local_2> type: su (short for Super User)At the password prompt type the administrative password for the root username (the default is ‘system’).Note: when typing in the password, the characters will not appear as you type.You will now see a Local_2>> (the double carat indicates that we are logged into the camera with privileges)
127 Troubleshooting with Telnet NetstatShows the current IP’s connected to the cameraHandy for seeing what IP’s are accessing the camera.Great for checking if too many simultaneous connections to the camera are causing network bottlenecks
128 TelnetInitiate a telnet sessionLogin to the camera via. telnet
129 TelnetAproposThe Apropos command contains commands for the specified keywordIf the keyword cannot be found, the display will output will state ‘nothing appropriate’You can think of this command as asking ‘where do I start’?
130 TelnetHelpThe Help command will display all of the commands that are currently available for that string.A ? Can also be used to represent ‘help’You can think of the ‘help’ and ‘?’ as asking ‘what comes next’?
131 Telnet Set, Save, Define commands Set Save Define This command changes the parameters value immediately, but not permanently.This is a good command to use for experimentation, without changing any permanently stored parametersSaveThis command is used after the ‘set’ command to save it into permanent memory.This is used after you have determined that you want to keep the ‘set’ entry permanentlyDefineThis command changes the parameter permanently, but not immediately. You will need to reboot to see the change.Note: not all ‘Set’ commands have a corresponding ‘Save’command. Define may need to be used to set certain parameters. To determine which parameters have been saved to permanent memory use the ‘List’ command. We will cover this next.
132 Telnet List vs........ Save commands List Show This command will display the permanent settings in the camera (those made by the ‘Define’ command)ShowThis command will display the current settings in the camera (those made by the ‘set’ command, but not permanently ‘saved’ or ‘defined’)
133 Troubleshooting with Telnet Show VersionShows the current software/hardware versions of the cameraVery handy for determining what version of firmware is running
134 Troubleshooting with Telnet Show Server CountersShows the counter values of the cameraHandy for seeing camera uptime (since last reboot) and network failures.Also displays the cameras MAC address
135 Troubleshooting with Telnet Show IPShows Statistics about the network configuration of the cameraHandy for seeing the IP, netmask and gatewayAlso shows time protocol characteristics
136 Troubleshooting with Telnet NetstatShows the current IP’s connected to the cameraHandy for seeing what IP’s are accessing the camera.Great for checking if too many simultaneous connections to the camera are causing network bottlenecks
137 Troubleshooting with Telnet Show ImageShows the image parametersHandy for checking settings like Shutter Speed, JPEG Quality, Max FPS setting, current light level
138 CronscriptsA cronscript configures the camera to perform tasks at specified times and dates.The commands are held in a file called ‘crontab’ (no file extension). This is stored locally on the cameras /Flash/ directory.The files holds the commands (based off of telnet commands), along with the time parameters on when to execute the given commands.Each task will contain time/date fields, along with corresponding command.You can use comma’s and dashes in the time/date field.You can use * as a wildcard to tell the camera to disregard that fieldYou can use the # symbol in a line, to tell the script to ignore the entire line.This is beneficial to add a description to the cronscript
139 Cronscripts Time fields (from left to right). Minute (0-59) Hour (0-23)Day of the month (1-31)Month of the year (1-12)Day of the week (0-6 with 0=Sunday)
141 Exposure Settings Explained The exposure settings will optimize only for the pixels inside of the exposure windowAverage will optimize for both the brightest and the darkest pixels inside of the exposure windowClipAverage will ignore the brightest and darkest pixels inside of the exposure window, and optimize for the median of the pixels. This is IQeye’s default exposure settingDarkDetect will optimize for the darkest pixels inside of the exposure windowPeakDetect will optimize for the brightest pixels inside of the exposure window
142 Rolling Shutter versus Global Shutter Exposes the entire imager at once (simultaneously).The entire frame is exposed and gathers light.After the shutter speed has passed the sensor stops gathering light and turn the light into an image.There is no physical shutter that covers / uncovers the sensor – its all accomplished via timing.In real-time the global shutter process happens at 1/60th of a second.ROLLING SHUTTERThe rolling shutter exposes different portions of the frame a t different points in time.There is no physical moving shutter.Different portion of the sensor is sensitive to light at different moments in time.The rolling shutter process proceeds down the sensor until the entire frame is exposed.In real time the rolling shutter takes 1/60 of a second.IQ511 – IQ700 / 750IQ800 / 850 (Sentinel)IQ510IQeye510
144 vSMAC and IQCameo What is vSMAC and what are the features? Video System Management And ControlMulti-StreamLow and High resolution motion videoIndependent frame rate and resolution per streamRegions of interest (IQCameo)64 virtual camera streamsOdd aspect ratio support
145 vSMAC - Benefits Minimal CPU Utilization Bandwidth friendly Store Hi-resolution /show thumbnailHave more cameras per CPUBandwidth friendlyTransmit hi-resolution only on motionTransmit metadata onlyRecall from replay buffer only if motionEfficient for AnalyticsDown-sampling of imagesY data only – no artifactsSupport more cameras per analytics server