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IQinVision Training Ramón Grado, CPP Managing Director, EMEA.

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1 IQinVision Training Ramón Grado, CPP Managing Director, EMEA

2 Megapixel Resolution Revolution Megapixel Resolution Revolution

3 Objective To further your curiosity into why we say that IQeye cameras are superior to the competition on the basis of: 1.Total Cost of Ownership 2.Image Optimization 3.Features and Benefits

4 Agenda 1000 – Introduction to IQinVision, the camera line and megapixel cameras 1030 – Lenses for MP cameras 1130 – TCO, project design tools Pro Line cameras image optimization 1200 – Lunch 1245 – Extras: FTP, Telnet, cronscript, 1445 – Break 1500 – Anything goes, Q&A

5 About IQinVision Incorporated in 1998 – growing fast, 10 th anniversary Privately held corporation based in San Juan Capistrano, CA Eastern office in Lancaster, PA European operations in Utrecht, Netherlands Active in 60+ countries Spun out of engineering firm which specialized in networking and imaging technology Pioneering megapixel IP cameras since 1999 Committed to innovation and service excellence 2 Frost & Sullivan awards: Customer Value Enhancement 2006 and Excellence in Technology 2007 Lancaster, PA

6 Leading with Innovation 1999 – First CMOS progressive scan 1999 – First Power-over-Ethernet 1999 – First digital pan/tilt/zoom 2000 – First megapixel IP camera 2003 – First HDTV images 2004 – First multi-megapixel IP cameras 2005 – First and only on-camera Digital Image Authentication 2007 – First all-weather multi-megapixel PoE network camera

7 Video Surveillance Goals General Surveillance - live viewing –High detail on recorded video not a priority Forensic – recognizable images –People, vehicle type, license plates, details for accurate “after the fact” analysis High Detail – “evidentiary quality video” –Currency, facial ID, license plates

8 Resolution Benefits Larger field-of-view More image detail Evidenciary quality in surveillance Fewer cameras needed Less installation and maintence costs (TCO) Replace mechanical PTZ – never miss a thing. Higher results with smart IP video (Video Analytics)

9 Why Megapixel? Why not Megapixel?

10 Megapixel Resolution = Greater Digital Zoom Image Detail What they have What they want If your video is unusable, why bother?

11 What they have What they want

12 IQeye 5.0 MP 2560x1920 IQeye 3.1 MP 2048x1535 IQeye 2.0 MP 1600x1200 Resolutions Compared IQeye 1.3 MP 1280x1024 PAL 720x576 VGA 640x480 CIF 352x288

13 Resolutions Compared

14 Camera Coverage w/ Forensic Detail (131 pixels/m) VGA = 4.9m HD720p = 9.8m HD1080p = 14.6m 3Mpix = 15.5m 5Mpix = 19.5m


16 PARKING LOT Building Forensic General Surveillance NEEDS


18 What Frame Rate do you NEED? = # Images subject speed x fps coverage area

19 VGA HD720p HD1080p 3MP 5MP 21 frames captured 32 frames captured 35 frames captured 43 frames captured 10 frames captured

20 Digital Pan/Tilt/Zoom No moving parts Capture everything, all the time Multiple simultaneous control Lets you virtually move around a large image using a smaller viewing window

21 Digital Pan/Tilt/Zoom – how it works Digital Zoom Factor 1X source 8:1 view Digital Zoom Factor 2X source 4:1 view Digital Zoom Factor 4X source 2:1 view Digital Zoom Factor 8X source 1:1 view Digital Zoom Factor 16X source 1:2 view Digital Zoom Factor 32X source 1:4 view Quality zoom made possible by using Downsampling from multi- megapixel images

22 Digital cifDigital d1 IQeye Digital PTZ IQeye hdtvIQeye 2 MegapixelIQeye DPTZ 3.1 Megapixel How much zoom do you need?

23 The Megapixel Myths..... Megapixel cameras are using too much storage Megapixel cameras are bandwidth killers!!! Megapixel cameras are expensive 3 2 1

24 The Megapixel Myths... too much storage 40KB 57KB36KB 45KB Total 178KB with 4 Cameras

25 The Megapixel Myths One IQ Megapixel IP Camera 140KB

26 It’s the Frame, NOT the Frame Rate! Standard resolution - full motion video “its comfortable” 640 x 480 = YouTube!YouTube! Megapixel resolution - forensic Imaging for meaningful investigations 1600 x 1200 = Identify faces/license platesIdentify faces/license plates Time for a little Paradigm shift… Full Motion Video vs Hi Resolution Forensic imaging

27 Megapixel cameras… are bandwidth killers 640 x 20fps = 6.4 Mbit/sec 1600 x 5fps = 5.6 Mbit/Sec Full Motion Video vs Hi Resolution Forensic Imaging OR… using IQeye digital cropping 1600 x 5fps = 2.96 Mbit/Sec

28 Network & Storage Performance Speeds and feeds: Resolution 1.3M 1280 x M 1600 x M 2048 x M 2560 x 1920 Avg. file size (Kbits ) 100,000140,000225,000400,000 Bandwidth utilization (Kbits/sec) 1 FPS 800,0001,120,0001,800,0003,200,000 5 FPS 4,000,0005,600,0009,000,0008,000,000 MAX (IQ700) 24,000,000 (30 fps) 22,400,000 (20 fps) 21,600,000 (12 fps) 32,000,000 (10 fps) Images/Gigabyte 10,0007,0005, * All figures are approximates * File size can vary greatly with image complexity and compression settings

29 Storage and Bandwidth Calculator

30 CCTV Wasted Video CCTV Camera = 4:3 Aspect Ratios IQeye smart cameras can be custom tailored Same file size, twice the information Megapixel can actually save BW and storage!

31 Proper Camera & Lens Selection

32 The IQeye 4 Series VGA to 2 MP resolution Power-over-Ethernet Simple interface Simple installation Includes lens and mount Competitively priced

33 New IQeye 4 Mini Dome

34 The IQeye700/750 Series 1.3 to 5 MP including 720p and 1080p HD On-Camera recording options with IQrecorder Great low-light performance IQ vcam 64 up to independent streams Alarm I/Os, CF card, analog output PoE (<2.5W) input 12 – 24 VDC, 12V AC Image cropping Digital backlight compensation Video motion detection Privacy zones Analytics ready

35 The IQeye Sentinel TM Series IP66/NEMA 5 (-22°F/-30°C to +122°F/50°C) < 6 watts total power, 12-24V AC or DC IEEE 802.3af PoE compliant Installer-friendly Supports wall, ceiling or parapet mounting methods

36 The IQeye Alliance TM Series VGA to 5.0 MP resolution H.264 with audio option 3-axis gimbal Vandal-resistant Low-profile Industry-first pivoting hinged shroud

37 The IQeye510 Camera (EOL in 2010) Global shutter Wide dynamic range, up to 100dB Wide VGA resolution (752 x 480) Up to 60+ fps

38 The IQeye511 Camera 1.3 mp or 720p Competitively priced Low-profile package IQfocus utility Aux power

39 IQeye – Key Features Mature/stable network operating system Multi-megapixel resolution (1.3, 2.0,3.1,5.0) Powerful browser-based image management –Image cropping, exposure window, privacy mask, motion zones –LIGHTGRABBER TM – lowlight enhancement Snapshot and AVI maker - site survey tools Live digital PTZ CMOS progressive scan Analog-out – focus tool CF media slot On-camera recording/playback SW On-camera image authentication IEEE 802.3af PoE compliant NVR friendly

40 The IQeye700/750 Series 5 th & 6 th Generation IQeye Smart Cameras LIGHTGRABBER TM II enhanced low-light technology Simultaneous hi/low res streams Public View Port™ analog output CF slot for on-camera recording IP + analog alarm IO 1,2,3 & 5 megapixel color Real-time at full resolution Available on-camera recording/playback software Available on-camera digital authentication

41 IQeye750 Day/Night Series 6 th Generation IQeye Smart Camera All the features of the IQeye700 series with true day/night performance

42 IQ700 & 750 (day/night) Series High-performance multi-megapixel cameras up to 30 images/second up to 20 images/second up to 12 images/second up to 10 images/second Multi-user digital PTZ with Resolution-on-Demand™ Multi-stream low BW and + high resolution Image cropping, include/exclude exposure windows Available on-camera recording/playback software Available on-camera digital authentication


44 IQ700 & 750 Series – cont’d Public View Port™ Analog output Alarm I/O CF media slot V DC, 24V AC and/or PoE Lens format: 1/2” CS Lowlight sensitivity:.2 lux; < 0.09 (day/night) Power consumption: < 3 watts Operating temp: - 20 to 50C

45 7xx Series vs xx Series Hardware

46 7xx Series vs xx Series Hardware What’s the difference? Sensor Size –7x2, 7x3, 7x5 = ½” sensor –711 and 51x – 1/3” sensor Analog Output –7xx = Full Time –5xx = IQfocus Only I/O Port –7xx = Yes –5xx = No On-board Recording Options –7xx = Onboard Compact Flash (CF) Storage Option –5xx = No Onboard Storage Option Shutter –511, 7xx = Rolling Shutter –510 = Global Shutter Rolling vs Global Shutter

47 Stable, proven operating system Powerful image management/optimization controls Snapshot and AVI maker – site survey tools Digital image cropping, privacy zones Digital backlight compensation/spot metering Multi-zone motion detection Multi-user digital pan/tilt/zoom LIGHTGRABBER TM low-light performance Low power consumption + Power-over-Ethernet CMOS progressive scan sensors Industrial design, interchangeable lens Standard IQeye Features

48 IQeye Sentinel Series All-weather megapixel IP camera Too many cool things to remember Based on the popular 700 series line Super easy to install Redundant environmental protection Amazingly versatile Unique efficient glass de-fogging technology Robust. Attractive. Full-featured.

49 IQeye Sentinel Series Technical Specifications Available for entire IQ700/750 family up to 5Mpix IP66/NEMA 5 (-22°F/-30°C to +122°F/50°C) < 6 Watts total power, 12-24VDC, 24VAC IEEE 802.3af PoE compliant IQfocus utility, Alarm I/O Supports wall, ceiling or parapet mounting methods

50 Sentinel Series Easy Installation 1.Install Junction Box 2.Make Connections 3.Close Junction Box 4.Adjust Camera Position 5.Remove Lens Cover 6.Set FOV and Focus 7.Close Lens Cover 8.DONE! All major required tools for installation (3mm Allen Wrench, Punch Down Tool) are included!

51 Sentinel Series ease-of-installation STEP 1: INSTALL JUNCTION BOX Determine how you want the Junction Box mounted ( see photos ): 1.Ceiling Mount 2.Wall Mount 3.Parapet Mount a.Install the Junction Box using supplied 2” slotted hex screws (we even threw in a mounting hole template in the box) b.Hang the camera on either side hanger 1 2 3

52 Sentinel Series ease-of-installation Ethernet via RJ-45 or punch down Twin Heyco sealed connectors Installation Hangers on both sides INSTALL JUNCTION BOX (cont.) c.Feed PoE CAT 5 Cable through right side Heyco fitting d.Use supplied punch down tool to connect CAT 5 or crimp a CAT 5 connector onto the cable and plug it in

53 Sentinel Series ease-of-installation STEP 2: MAKE CONNECTIONS a.Connect the pre-wired CAT 5 connector from the camera to the labeled “camera side” connector b.Connect the 8 pin Aux/IO connector from the camera to the labeled “camera side” connector STEP 3: CLOSE JUNCTION BOX Close the box using the 3mm hex tool we include! Both hands free to work on camera through 90% of the installation

54 Sentinel Series ease-of-installation STEP 4: ADJUST CAMERA POSITION STEP 5: REMOVE LENS COVER a.Using the 3mm hex tool, loosen the two screws on the front of the lens cover b.Slide the lens cover out and let it drop on its captive leashes STEP 6: SET FOV AND FOCUS Using the IQfocus port and any analog test monitor, adjust field of view and focus

55 Sentinel Series ease-of-installation STEP 7: CLOSE LENS COVER STEP 8: DONE! Entire installation, including mounting the Junction Box, takes less than 20 minutes


57 Performance End Users Want Vandal-resistant Low-profile Surface mount TRUE 3-axis gimbal Pivoting shroud Concealed electronics Exclusive multi-megapixel rated lens

58 VGA, 1.3 MP and 2 MP models IQcameo-64 independent streams Available with H.264/audio IQfocus and full-time analog video CMOS, PoE Alarm I/O SD card storage for IQrecorder Simplicity Integrators Appreciate

59 Technical Specs Bubble diameter 4.6” Weight 27.5 oz (about 1.6 lbs) <2.5W power, 12-24V DC, 24V AC 0°- 40° C temperature range 5.7” 3.8”

60 IQeye Alliance Installation Demo Remove from box Unscrew dome bubble cover Un-snap camera from mounting plate Install mounting plate Make connections Snap camera back into mounting plate Make camera adjustments Re-install dome bubble cover About 25 minutes start-to-finish!!!

61 Video recording options Dedicated PC with NVR software – Robust enterprise-wide system DVR with IP video input - New models coming with megapixel support Network server - IQeye software with existing server or NAS On-Camera Recording- IQ300 & IQ7xx series or IQevent recording system

62 NVR Compatible with all the industry leaders

63 Lenses 101 The basics (and some advanced) Focal Length and Field-of-view width F-Stop – fast and slow lenses Megapixel rating and spot size Lens format vs Imager format “Day/Night” lenses – IR correction Manual Iris vs.... Auto-Iris vs Fixed Iris C-mount, CS-mount, board-mount

64 CS-mount & C-Mount lenses There are two mount standards They look the same and both have a 1” thread The difference is the distance from the lens to the sensor when installed on the camera –CS-Mount distance is 17.5mm –C-Mount distance is 12.5mm

65 Sensor Size and Lens Format IQeye cameras are available with a 1/3” or ½” sensor size Lenses are manufactured to match these sizes

66 Focus, Zoom and Iris adjustments Focus adjustment is marked with ‘Near’ and ‘Far’ or ‘N’ and Adjustment for the iris is marked with an ‘O’ and ‘C’ or ‘Open’ and ‘Closed’ Typical adjustment for the Field of view is marked with the mm ranges.

67 Sensor Size and Lens Format If the lens format is smaller than the sensor size then you will get dark corners or a “Port Hole” effect

68 Sensor Size and Lens Format Larger lens formats can be used on cameras with smaller sensor sizes. NOTE: The field-of-view will be smaller (more telephoto) because the images captured by the lens is outside the sensor.

69 What should be considered in a lens? Megapixel-rated lenses are recommended Manual or fixed iris supported CS mount C/CS adapter required for C-mount lenses 1/2-inch or 1/3-inch formats IR corrected for day/night cameras Low f-stop

70 Lenses 101 Focal Length and Field-of-view width All lenses have a focal length –Focal length is the distance between the imager and the forward optics of the lens –Focal length is either fixed or varifocal Fixed = never changes Varifocal = adjustable –Integrators prefer varifocal because they are adjustable in the field –Fixed focal lenses generally offer better performance than varifocal Fewer optics = better performance –The longer the focal length, the more telephoto the image will be and the higher the F-Stop will be and vise-versa Imager Focal Length

71 Lenses 101 Focal Length and Field-of-view width Shorter Focal Length – 4.5mm Shorter Focal Length = Wider Field of View and less zoom Imager

72 Lenses 101 Focal Length and Field-of-view width Longer Focal Length – 13mm Longer Focal Length = Narrower Field of View but more zoom Imager

73 Lenses 101 F-Stop, Fast and Slow Lenses The term “F-Stop” is also referred to as “lens speed” –Simply put, the lower the lens F-Stop, the more efficient it is at letting light in –Each of these steps is half the light of the previous step: f/1, f/1.4, f/2, f/2.8, f/4, f/5.6, f/8, f/11, f/16, f/22 –F-Stop rating on a varifocal lens is the rating for the widest setting. It’s F-Stop at the lens’s telephoto setting is usually much higher (slower)

74 Lenses 101 Focal Length and F-Stop Because telephoto by its nature is taking in a smaller field of view, it’s also taking in less light. –Telephoto lenses have a higher F-Stop rating than Wide angle lenses. –This is very important in low light applications i.e. a camera may have a “0.2” lux rating, but if it has a lens with a F2.8 rating, it’s only letting in 1/8 the available light, so it will be darker (more noisy)

75 Lenses 101 Megapixel Rating and Spot Size All lenses have some sort of resolution rating, even if the manufacturer doesn’t publish it. This rating is referred to interchangeably as: –TV Line Rating (old school) –Resolution (i.e. 1.3 Megapixel, 5 Megapixel, etc.) –Spot size (the smaller the better) Most of the time, that rating is the lens center rating –Lenses tend to lose resolution toward the edges Manufacturer ratings tend to be unreliable –Some lenses that aren’t even megapixel “rated” perform very well on megapixel cameras –Some lenses that have a megapixel rating don’t do as well as claimed

76 Lenses 101 Megapixel Rating and Spot Size Some things to keep in mind –Lens ratings are only a guideline i.e. our V7 is the best glass on the market but is only officially rated at 3 MP, but works great on our 5 MP cameras –Lens performance is subjective What you think looks great and vivid might look blurry to somebody else. In the end we can only guide customers to make the right lens choice –Great camera plus really cheap lens = bad image Some customers buy our cameras but then pair them with inexpensive standard resolution lenses, then complain to us about fuzzy images –IQinVision strenuously qualifies EVERY lens we sell and offer kits that best pair our lenses with the appropriate camera(s) –Learn your lenses – you should know automatically which lenses work best (and worst) with which cameras.

77 Lenses 101 Lens format vs Imager format Imagers come in different size formats –i.e. 1/2”, 1/3”, 1/4”, 1/6” etc. –Today, all IQinVision cameras are either 1/2” or 1/3” format So do lenses –i.e. 2/3”, 1/2”, 1/3”, etc. –Today, all IQinVision lenses are either 1/2” or 1/3” format Matchups –Matching the format of the lens with the imager is ideal –However you can put a bigger lens on a smaller imager: This uses more of the len’s “sweet spot” But it will make the images more telephoto Also since the lens is gathering more light than is actually hitting the imager, in effect this raises the F-Stop (slower lens) –Putting a smaller format lens on a larger format imager is bad You will get vignettes on the corners of the image.

78 Lenses 101 IR Corrected “Day/Night” lenses Infrared (IR) light bends more quickly than visible light –Lenses that have poor or no IR correction will show blurry images Imager Visible LightInfrared Light

79 Lenses 101 IR Corrected “Day/Night” lenses IR Corrected lenses correct the IR light bend so it focuses on the same point as visible light –NOTE: You can use IR corrected lenses on non-day/night cameras with no ill effects Imager Visible LightInfrared Light

80 Lenses 101 Manual Iris vs Auto iris vs Fixed Iris What is an iris? –A fixed or adjustable diaphragm that allows more or less light to hit the sensor. Three types –Manual – Has to be adjusted manually by the installer during setup –Auto iris – Powered, mechanical iris that adjusts as light conditions change –Fixed – Set by the lens manufacturer and is not adjustable Six-bladed camera iris

81 Lenses 101 Manual Iris vs Auto iris vs Fixed Iris Is Auto iris better? –Auto iris lenses were invented for three reasons: CCD sensors have poor dynamic range and one of the ways to counter this is to close the iris during bright conditions Bright sunlight can damage CCD sensors Older analog cameras that do not contain advanced digital signal processing like IQeye cameras could not compensate well for changing lighting conditions –Auto iris lenses have some weaknesses MUCH lower life expectancy than manual iris lenses (and when they break, they break closed) They can cause “strobing” or “hunting” Auto iris lens

82 Lenses 101 C, CS and Board Mount Most of our traditional cameras are “CS” mount –They will accept CS mount lenses –They will accept C mount lenses that have the appropriate C to CS mount adapter Some of our cameras are Board mount –All of our board cameras come with the appropriate lens already, there is no “no lens” option –Alliance is an example C mount lens with C to CS mount adapter Board Mount Lens

83 Cameras 101 Parts of a camera Analog –Imaging Sensor –Digital to Analog Converter –Digital Signal Processor –Power Board and Connectors –Coax Connector –I/O Connector(s) –Auto iris connector Video leaves camera in analog form, uncompressed and ready to serve Lens Imaging Sensor DA Converter Digital Signal Processor Power/IO Board with Coax Connector, I/O Connector, Power Connectors and Auto Iris Connector

84 Analog Cameras DVR Analog Monitor COAX Corporate Network or Internet CCTV/DVR

85 Analog vs Digital Simulated Analog Wave Form Time

86 CAT-5 IP Video/NVR IP Camera Local Viewing Station Network Storage Corporate Network or Internet

87 Analog vs Digital Zoom in - Simulated Analog Wave Form Time

88 Analog vs Digital Digital Sampling of Analog Wave Time

89 Analog vs Digital Raw Digital Sample Time

90 Compression Compressed vs Not compressed –Compression types MJPEG MPEG-4 H.264

91 Compression MJPEG (IQinVision) –Intraframe compression Oldest form of streaming compression Series of snapshots Each frame is individually compressed Considered superior image quality, particularly in applications with a lot of movement Most practical compression today for megapixel Relatively large file sizes compared to MPEG-4 and H.264

92 Compression MPEG-4 –Interframe compression “Temporal” compression I-Frame or “Key” frame is similar to MJPEG frame Next several frames measure changes to I-Frame, these are called reference or “R” frames I-Frames are same size as MJPEG frames, but R-frames can be MUCH smaller Supports audio synch (MJPEG does not) Inefficient and prone to errors in areas of high movement Very processor intensive, difficult to do effectively with Megapixel sensors

93 Compression H.264 –Interframe compression Also a form of “Temporal” compression, in fact it’s really the layer 10 standard of MPEG, or MPEG-10 Less prone to errors in high motion, more capable of compressing megapixel resolutions VERY processor intensive, both in compression and decompression Few or no NVRs support H.264 today, but it is considered the future of temporal compression There is no magic bullet compression. Each has its own strengths and weaknesses

94 CCD vs CMOS CMOS Sensors (what IQinVision uses) –CMOS = Complimentary Metal-Oxide Semiconductor Cheaper to manufacturer in Megapixel resolution than CCD Natively higher Wide Dynamic Range (wait, what’s that?) Requires less power Most digital cameras and cell phone cameras use CMOS CCD (what most standard res cameras use) –CCD = Charge-Coupled Device Most Security cameras use CCD sensors Tend to over-saturate reds/greens, but then again, that’s what customers are used to Better low-light sensitivity More expensive to produce Consumes more power than CMOS Neither is better than the other. It depends on the application

95 Total Cost of Ownership (TCO) Cost to select Cost to acquire Cost to remove legacy system Cost to install new system Cost to make systems work together Cost to train employees on use of new system (both current and future ee’s) Cost to maintain system Cost to expand system Cost to remove and dispose of system

96 Typical Turnkey Project Profile Integral’s Technology 10 to 15% Profit 5 to 10% Warranty 3 to 5% Installation 25 to 40% Engineering and Commissioning 20 to 25% Peripherals 15 to 20% Technology is only 10% to 15% of the Project!

97 Image Optimization Selecting the correct camera Selecting the correct compression type Using Pro Line features: –Lightgrabber® –Telnet access


99 Old School Frame Integration On older analog cameras, the cameras had two take 2 or more frames of video, add them together and then send out a single frame Very hard to control blur Each frame was independently white balanced, so the combining of frames often made for odd coloring in changing scenes Very limited exposure control Effects of gain (graininess) combined as frames added together How IQeye LIGHTGRABBER TM Works

100 What do they do? Our LIGHTGRABBER feature deliver performance that rivals the best day/night cameras in the industry. How do they work? They dynamically adjust each IQeye in real-time for sensitivity and motion using advanced digital frame integration and signal processing to achieve optimal image quality in any lighting situation. Where are they found? Controls are either on the Image tab on firmware versions earlier firmware and on the Setup/Basic tab on firmware 2.9/2 and later. How IQeye LIGHTGRABBER TM Works

101 Earlier than 2.9/2 – “Image” tab2.9/2 and Later – “Setup” tab How IQeye LIGHTGRABBER TM Works

102 IQeye LIGHTGRABBER increases signal gain and exposure time to create brighter images in otherwise dark fields of view. Though IQeye LIGHTGRABBER can significantly increase the brightness of a dark field of view, there are tradeoffs: Increasing the gain also increases the noise or “graininess” of an image. Increasing the exposure time means objects that are moving in the image may be blurred. How IQeye LIGHTGRABBER TM Works

103 Glossary of Terms Gain – Amplifying the signal. This makes an image look brighter, but also amplifies the “noise” in the image Exposure – This is the amount of time that the pixels are allowed to gather light before they send out a reading to the processor. Just like a regular camera, the longer you leave the shutter open, the more light comes in. Exposure is normally measured in “Hertz” where 30hz means a full second (30 FPS), so 1hz = 1/30 th of a second, 15hz = 15/30 (1/2) a second, etc. Frame rate – This is the number of frames per second that a camera produces, such as 1 fps, 2 fps, 5 fps, etc. Frame Integration – Reference to an analog technology that took two or more frames and added them together before transmission. LIGHTGRABBER TM – IQinVision feature that uses a combination of Gain and Exposure to improve low light performance. How IQeye LIGHTGRABBER TM Works

104 IQeye LIGHTGRABBER has four different settings Disabled – IQ LIGHTGRABBER functionality disabled 1x - Only the gain function is increased. Images may look noisier and grainier*, but not blurrier than if it was disabled. 2x - Gain is increased, and exposure time is slowed to 15 Hz (.067 seconds). This will also slow the maximum frame rate to 15 fps. 4x - Gain is increased, and exposure time is slowed to 7.5 Hz (.133 seconds). This will also slow the maximum frame rate to 7.5 fps. *If conditions are bright enough, the gain will not increase and images won’t look grainy How IQeye LIGHTGRABBER TM Works

105 Other stuff you should know - When activated, IQeye LIGHTGRABBER TM will override the camera’s frame rate. Example 1: If the camera’s max frame rate is set to 30fps and IQeye LIGHTGRABBER is set to 2x, when it gets dark enough IQeye LIGHTGRABBER will reduce the frame rate to 15 fps. Example 2: If the camera’s max frame rate is set to 30fps and IQeye LIGHTGRABBER is set to 4x, when it gets dark enough IQeye LIGHTGRABBER will reduce the frame rate to 7.5 fps. How IQeye LIGHTGRABBER TM Works

106 IQeye LIGHTGRABBER Disabled Image is dark Moving objects are not blurry Image is slightly grainy because of normal gain adjustments No fps change

107 How IQeye LIGHTGRABBER TM Works Only Gain is affected, no exposure adjustment. Image is a little brighter Image is a little more grainy than usual Moving objects are only slightly blurred No fps change IQeye LIGHTGRABBER – 1X

108 How IQeye LIGHTGRABBER TM Works IQeye LIGHTGRABBER – 2X More Gain, and some Exposure increase Image is brighter Image is a quite grainy Moving objects are blurry 15 fps maximum

109 How IQeye LIGHTGRABBER TM Works Exposure time is doubled Image is much brighter Image is grainy, but not as much as 2X Moving objects are very blurry 7.5 fps maximum IQeye LIGHTGRABBER – 4X

110 How IQeye LIGHTGRABBER TM Works IQeye LIGHTGRABBER turns itself off in bright conditions. Gain and exposure settings are not modified by LIGHTGRABBER Moving objects show no blur No perceivable graininess No fps change IQeye LIGHTGRABBER – 4X – Bright Field of View

111 Support IQU Development Cameras FAQs Design Tools

112 Development Cameras Hostname Type IP address devcam1 IQ devcam2 IQ devcam3 IQ devcam4 IQ devcam5 IQ devcam6 IQ devcam7 IQ devcam8 IQ devcam9 IQ devcam10 IQ040S devcam11 IQ041S devcam12 IQ042S devcam13 IQA20S Hostname Type IP address devcam14 IQA22S devcam15 IQA23S devcam16 IQA25S devcam17 IQ devcam18 IQ devcam19 IQ devcam20 IQ devcam21 IQ devcam22 IQD40S devcam23 IQD41S devcam24 IQD42S devcam25 IQ732N Devcam26 IQ541S

113 Top 10 1.What is the default username & password for an IQeye camera? Username: root Password: system

114 Top How do I reset the IQ4, IQ3xx, IQ5xx, and IQ7xx Series cameras back to factory defaults? 1) Remove power from the camera. 2) Locate the NVR/Reset button on the back of the camera. IQ4 Series – Small hole left of the Ethernet port. IQ3xx -- Small hole between the Ethernet and trigger connectors. IQ5xx -- Small hole above the power connector. IQ7xx -- Small hole between the Ethernet and power connectors. 3) Using a straightened paper clip, push and hold the NVR/Reset button. You should be able to feel the button depress. 4) While continuing to hold the NVR/Reset button, apply power to the camera. Keep the reset button pressed for 10 seconds. 5) Release the button and give the camera extra time to re-boot.

115 Top How do I reset my IQeye Sentinel & IQeye Alliance Series cameras back to factory default? 1) Locate the “Factory” & Reboot” buttons in the power / data back box. 2) Press and hold the “Factory” button. 3) Press the “Reboot” button for 2-3 seconds and release. 4) Continue to hold the “Factory” button for 10 seconds. 5) Release the “Factory” button and give the camera extra time to re-boot.

116 Top What type of CF (Compact Flash) media does the IQeye 7xx series cameras support? The CF (Compact Flash) media slot on the IQeye 7xx series camera supports both Type I or Type II CF media. Type I media is typically flash memory, and Type II media is typically Microdrives.

117 Top What type of SD (Secure Digital) media does the IQeye Alliance Series dome cameras support? The SD media slot on the Alliance series cameras supports SDHC (Secure Digital High Capacity) media. This media is typically 4GB in capacity or higher.

118 Top How can I record an H.264 stream without an NVR? To record an H.264 stream with audio you must use a third party capture software solution, such as VideoLan Player. VLC allows you to request the RTSP stream. VideoLan can be downloaded for free at A technical tip walk-through is also available in the Tech Tips section on this page.

119 Top Can IQrecorder record H.264 stream? IQrecorder will not record the H.264 stream. IQrecorder will only record the MJPEG image stream from the IQeye cameras.

120 Top Why will the lens not focus? When a lens will not focus on an IQeye camera you want to check the type of lens being installed. There are two types of lens mounts, C-mount and CS-mount. All IQeye cameras use a CS lens mount, and can accommodate either a CS-mount of C-mount lens. If a C-mount lens is being installed it will require a C-to-CS adapter. A C-to- CS adapter is a 5mm spacer that threads onto the camera to provide the appropriate spacing between the lens and the camera so the lens can focus. Note: All C-mount lenses shipped from IQinVision include the C-to-CS adapter ring.

121 Top Are IQeye cameras sensitive to infrared light? IQeye cameras use color Megapixel, Wide VGA, or VGA image sensors. An infrared cut filter is placed in front of the image sensor for accurate color reproduction. Therefore IQeye cameras with a permanent infrared cut filer will not be sensitive to infrared light. IQeye cameras with a movable Infrared cut filter will be sensitive to Infrared light with a wavelength of nm. IQeye offers the IQ75x and Sentinel series cameras with true day/night functionality ensuring infrared sensitivity with black and white video at night.

122 Top How do I initiate a telnet session? 1) Open a command prompt. 2) Type 'telnet 3) At Username> root 4) At Local2_> su (short for Super User) 5) At Password> - default is 'system' 6) Local _2 >> Double carat indicates we are logged on with priveleges.

123 Camera & Lens Selection (Image Detail, Horizontal FOV, Distance) To select the proper camera/lense combination you must first decide what image detail you want. To recognize faces or read a license plate you need at least 40 pixels/foot (131 pixels/meter)

124 Pixels/foot How much is enough?

125 Pixels/foot How much is enough?

126 Telnet Telnet enables access to the advance functionality of the camera –To initiate a telnet session Open a command prompt Type: telnet At the Username prompt type: root At the Local_2> type: su (short for Super User) At the password prompt type the administrative password for the root username (the default is ‘system’). –Note: when typing in the password, the characters will not appear as you type. You will now see a Local_2>> (the double carat indicates that we are logged into the camera with privileges)

127 Troubleshooting with Telnet Netstat –Shows the current IP’s connected to the camera Handy for seeing what IP’s are accessing the camera. Great for checking if too many simultaneous connections to the camera are causing network bottlenecks

128 Telnet Initiate a telnet session Login to the camera via. telnet

129 Telnet Apropos –The Apropos command contains commands for the specified keyword –If the keyword cannot be found, the display will output will state ‘nothing appropriate’ –You can think of this command as asking ‘where do I start’?

130 Telnet Help –The Help command will display all of the commands that are currently available for that string. –A ? Can also be used to represent ‘help’ –You can think of the ‘help’ and ‘?’ as asking ‘what comes next’?

131 Telnet Set, Save, Define commands –Set This command changes the parameters value immediately, but not permanently. –This is a good command to use for experimentation, without changing any permanently stored parameters –Save This command is used after the ‘set’ command to save it into permanent memory. –This is used after you have determined that you want to keep the ‘set’ entry permanently –Define This command changes the parameter permanently, but not immediately. You will need to reboot to see the change. Note: not all ‘Set’ commands have a corresponding ‘Save’command. Define may need to be used to set certain parameters. To determine which parameters have been saved to permanent memory use the ‘List’ command. We will cover this next.

132 Telnet List vs Save commands –List This command will display the permanent settings in the camera (those made by the ‘Define’ command) –Show This command will display the current settings in the camera (those made by the ‘set’ command, but not permanently ‘saved’ or ‘defined’)

133 Troubleshooting with Telnet Show Version –Shows the current software/hardware versions of the camera Very handy for determining what version of firmware is running

134 Troubleshooting with Telnet Show Server Counters –Shows the counter values of the camera Handy for seeing camera uptime (since last reboot) and network failures. Also displays the cameras MAC address

135 Troubleshooting with Telnet Show IP –Shows Statistics about the network configuration of the camera Handy for seeing the IP, netmask and gateway Also shows time protocol characteristics

136 Troubleshooting with Telnet Netstat –Shows the current IP’s connected to the camera Handy for seeing what IP’s are accessing the camera. Great for checking if too many simultaneous connections to the camera are causing network bottlenecks

137 Troubleshooting with Telnet Show Image –Shows the image parameters Handy for checking settings like Shutter Speed, JPEG Quality, Max FPS setting, current light level

138 Cronscripts A cronscript configures the camera to perform tasks at specified times and dates. The commands are held in a file called ‘crontab’ (no file extension). This is stored locally on the cameras /Flash/ directory. The files holds the commands (based off of telnet commands), along with the time parameters on when to execute the given commands. Each task will contain time/date fields, along with corresponding command. You can use comma’s and dashes in the time/date field. You can use * as a wildcard to tell the camera to disregard that field You can use the # symbol in a line, to tell the script to ignore the entire line. –This is beneficial to add a description to the cronscript

139 Cronscripts Time fields (from left to right). –Minute (0-59) –Hour (0-23) –Day of the month (1-31) –Month of the year (1-12) –Day of the week (0-6 with 0=Sunday)

140 Cronscripts Example Script

141 Exposure Settings Explained The exposure settings will optimize only for the pixels inside of the exposure window Average will optimize for both the brightest and the darkest pixels inside of the exposure window ClipAverage will ignore the brightest and darkest pixels inside of the exposure window, and optimize for the median of the pixels. This is IQeye’s default exposure setting DarkDetect will optimize for the darkest pixels inside of the exposure window PeakDetect will optimize for the brightest pixels inside of the exposure window

142 Rolling Shutter versus Global Shutter Rolling ShutterGlobal Shutter IQ511 – IQ700 / 750 IQ800 / 850 (Sentinel) IQ510 IQeye510

143 IQCameo Example

144 vSMAC and IQCameo What is vSMAC and what are the features? –Video System Management And Control –Multi-Stream Low and High resolution motion video Independent frame rate and resolution per stream –Regions of interest (IQCameo) 64 virtual camera streams Odd aspect ratio support

145 vSMAC - Benefits Minimal CPU Utilization –Store Hi-resolution /show thumbnail –Have more cameras per CPU Bandwidth friendly –Transmit hi-resolution only on motion –Transmit metadata only –Recall from replay buffer only if motion Efficient for Analytics –Down-sampling of images –Y data only – no artifacts –Support more cameras per analytics server

146 Questions?

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