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The Decay of the Roman Empire -Key Concepts-. I. The Tetrarchy (284-337 AD) Diocletian (284-305 AD) --Military Crisis --Economic Crisis Ruled like an.

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Presentation on theme: "The Decay of the Roman Empire -Key Concepts-. I. The Tetrarchy (284-337 AD) Diocletian (284-305 AD) --Military Crisis --Economic Crisis Ruled like an."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Decay of the Roman Empire -Key Concepts-

2 I. The Tetrarchy ( AD) Diocletian ( AD) --Military Crisis --Economic Crisis Ruled like an Oriental despot Reorganization of Imperial Administration --Empire divided in half --augusti --caesari --dioceses

3 I. The Tetrarchy (cont) Imperial inflation Attempted economic reforms Constantine ( AD) --Shifted capital from Rome to Constantinople

4 II. Reasons for the Decay of the Empire Re-assertion of local loyalties Decline in the quality of the Roman army Invasion of the Germanic Tribes across the Rhine- Danube frontier --motivation for invasions --Fear of the Huns --The invasion of the Visigoths

5 II. Reasons for the Decay of the Empire (cont) “Federates” Alaric’s sack of Rome (410) Domination of the Franks --Clovis Vandal invasion Invasion of the Angles and Saxons Non-Roman monarch rules in the West (476)

6 II. Reasons for the Decay of the Empire Economic Crisis Decay of urban life and culture Spiritual Crisis Population Decline Growing significance of the landed estates Political Crisis

7 Remember... Roman Empire continues in the East until 15 th century AD Rome did not “fall”, it simply “changed” --Edward Gibbon

8 Remember... Roman culture and political forms continued to exercise tremendous influence: --Roman law --Roman buildings and roads --Prevalence of the Latin language --Dominance of the Christian Church


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